WALTON-ON-THE-NAZE: Singholm Park Red Cross V.A.D. Hospital

SINGHOLM PARK RED CROSS V.A.D. HOSPITAL

41 Naze Park Road, Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex.   (Also known as the ‘Home of Rest’)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.


On 31 May 1910, a new holiday home called ‘Singholm’ was officially opened by the Duchess of Bedford in Walton-on-the-Naze.  The name ‘Singholm’ was created from a combination of the surnames Singer and Holmes – the two significant men behind the venture.  Sometimes, there is an “e” at the end, sometimes there isn’t.

It had all began with Thomas Holmes, who was one of the earliest London Police Court Missionaries – the forerunner of today’s Probation Service.  His dream was “to improve the lives of London Home Workers”.  In 1901, Thomas created a holiday home for these workers in a semi-detached villa in Walton-on-the-Naze.

In 1904, Thomas Holmes formed the ‘Home Workers’ Aid Association’ and took out a lease on the adjoining villa – to expand the original Home next door.   By 1909, work began on building a new Home.   A substantial part of the cost for this build was met by a Mr. Paris E Singer – who was a generous supporter of the aforementioned Association.

At the outbreak of the First World War, holidays at ‘Singholme’ (sic) were discontinued and the property became a Voluntary Aid Detachment convalescent home for soldiers under the control of the British Red Cross.    The British Red Cross Card for the hospital shows it administered to a maximum of 70 beds.

After WW1, the Association continued with its work but, with social conditions gradually improving and fewer people working from home, the need of the people was not so great.   During WW2, ‘Singholm’ was again requisitioned by the military.

In 1953, the Field Lane Charity took over ‘Singholm’ and converted it into a home for the elderly.  Since then, a lift has been installed and an annex built – resulting in an enlarged ‘Singholm’ opening in 1975: www.fieldlane.org.uk; http://media.wix.com/ugd/bb6d1e_5373c8f37c4745ae88b65016fc43f81b.pdf

Today, ‘Singholm’ is ‘Delamer House’ – “Luxury Accommodation for the Retired Elderly”.

‘Singholm’ : ‘Delamer House Care Home’. Courtesy/© of ‘Delamer House’.

‘Delamer House Care Home’. Courtesy/© of ‘Delamer House’.

‘Delamer House’ caters for 55 residents, 33 can be accommodated in the original historic building and 22 in the newly constructed wing.  Each room possesses its own private en-suite facilities and telephone.

There is a Bar Lounge, with a piano; a quiet lounge; and two further lounges – plus a “character” dining room.   There are large rooms and wide corridors, which give residents “space and freedom” to move around safely.  Outside in the garden, there is a garden, summer house and patio areas.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze: WW1 nurses - note the parrot and dog. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze: WW1 nurses – note the parrot and dog.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.


Saturday 03 October 1914, Middlesex Chronicle [sic]:

A GENUINE DOMESTIC NEED

Mrs. A. E. Quicke, of Yew Tree House, Hounslow, writes:–

About seven years ago there was an agitation against the sweating of women workers, and an exhibition at the Olympia, with a worker showing each trade.  Mr. Thomas Holmes, formerly a Police Court Missioner, took the matter up, and founded the Home Workers’ Aid Association, asking for funds from the public, and forming the “sweated workers” into a kind of club.  They pay 1d. a week to become members, and he and his wife and brother are in personal touch with them.

During these years they have accumulated and saved enough to build a large Home at Walton-on-Sea, which they call “Singholm.” And each member who has kept up with her payments during the year has the right of spending a fortnight at this Home.

When the war broke out, they offered this Home to the War Office for the wounded.  Therefore, those women who were to have had their holidays in August and September, and as long as their Home is used, have not been able to do so.  As a subscriber to their funds, I read this in their monthly letter, and I offered to Mr. Holmes to have two women down here for a fortnight, of those who have missed their holidays; also to have four old women down for the day and give them a real good time, besides paying them a day’s wages. Mr. Quicke took the four women to the Alcazar* on the Thursday night before he left for Ireland.  [*Alcazar Cinema, Hounslow]

I thought perhaps some of your readers might also like to give a country holiday to some of these poor workers, who have given so much for their country.  Another scheme of Mr. Holmes is to stack enough coal at summer prices to enable him to sell it to the workers at the rate of 21s. a ton, though taken in small quantities, which now they pay over £2 a ton for.”


26 November 1915Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:

THE BRITISH RED CROSS SOCIETY.  ESSEX BRANCH.

A statement of accounts showing receipts and expenditure in connection with the Special War Fund of the Branch is published in our to-day’s issue.  This has been made as clear and concise as possible, but any further information as to details will be gladly given to anyone interested on application to the County Director or County Secretary, 74 Duke Street, Chelmsford.

A statement of the amount received in the various Divisions of the county on “Our Day” is also published, and workers and contributors alike will be interested in knowing that a total sum of upwards of £5,000 was reached.

A full account of the progress of the work in Essex was reported in the local Press on the 7th May of this year, and since that time the interest of all engaged has been fully maintained.

An increased demand for hospital accommodation has lately arising, and several enlargements of existing premises are in contemplation, which offers of new buildings are being received. … …

Another admirable Home for convalescents is the Home of Rest, Walton-on-the-Naze, kindly offered by the Home Workers’ Aid Association, through the honorary organiser, Mr. Thomas Holmes, which it is expected will be opened almost immediately. … …”


Friday 22 September 1916, Essex County Chronicle [sic]:

LOCAL TRIBUNALS.  … WALTON-ON-THE-NAZE. Friday.-Mr. J. A. Jones presiding. … A jobbing gardener, 36, medically unfit when attested, engaged at Singholm, where there are between 60 and 70 wounded soldiers.—Adjourned for further medical examination.” 


Wednesday 3 April 1918 : Suffolk and Essex Free Press [sic]:

TOPICS OF THE HOUR … Very few men in our time have spent more useful lives in London than Mr. Thomas Holmes, “the police-court missionary,” whose death is mourned in the London under-world.  For about thirty years he worked hard, day and night, in the interests of those Londoners who were most in need of help.  He survived his wife little more than a year.  They were a devoted couple.  “Never mind, dear,” said Mrs. Holmes when dying, “no one can take our forty-five years away from us, not death itself.”  “I am lonely,” Mr Holmes wrote, says the Westminster Gazette, not long afterwards, “but my sorrow has gone, for I would not wish her back, to pass again from me, or from her.

Mr. Holmes spent his later years mostly at Walton-on-the Naze, where his pride was equally divided between his own home and garden and “Singholm,” the seaside hostel which he built for sweated women.  The war turned this hostel into a military hospital, of which Thomas Holmes was the superintendent. His garden was a particular joy. The latest addition consisted of apple-trees, for which Mrs. Holmes expressed a wish during her illness because “she loved apple blossom.”  When they blossomed, however, Mrs. Holmes was dead.  It was found that the tree which blossomed more freely than the others was named “Margaret”—Mrs. Holmes’s Christian name.”


‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze: WW1 nurses, patients and two dogs. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze: WW1 nurses, patients and two dogs.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.


LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT SINGHOLM PARK V.A.D. HOSPITAL:  There is no doubt that many people who assisted in the running of this establishment will never be discovered within records and, thus, they remain un-named. If a British Red Cross-held Service Card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to length of service at Singholm Park V.A.D. Hospital].  Where an image of a Service Card is shown, it is because it cannot be viewed on the British Red Cross website:

A surviving British Red Cross card for Singholme Park V.A.D. Hospital. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross©

A surviving British Red Cross card for Singholme Park V.A.D. Hospital. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross ©


ARMITAGE, Miss Amelia  (2.1916-4.1918. V.A.D. Probationer Nurse. General Service & Nursing. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

ASKINS, Miss Annie (5.12.1917-19.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Cook)

AUSTIN, Miss Florence Mary (1.8.1918-15.3.1919. Cook)

BARKER, Ethel  (30.5.1916-30.12.1916. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nursing Sister)

BLACKMORE, Mary Ann (12.2.1916-30.5.1916. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

CAMPION, Miss Winifred (18.2.1916-29.3.1919. Commandant. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea. Officially “Mentioned” for her service)

CHAMPNESS, Miss Martha Jane (1.1916-8.1917. Household duties. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

CLARKE, Mrs. Dorothy (nee Armitage) (2.1916-4.1918. V.A.D. General Services & Nursing. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

COOPER, Miss A. (Commandant. Mentioned on the Hospital Card)

COPSON, Miss Minnie Evelyn (1.4.1918-1.4.1919. Sister (Trained Nurse) & Masseuse I.S.T.M.)

DANIELS, Miss Margery Charlotte (25.7.1918-28.1.1919. Assistant Quartermaster)

DAVIDSON, Sister S. (From?-to? Trained Nursing Sister)

FARRINGDON, Miss Katherine (26.9.1916-28.11.1916. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse/Sister)

FITTER, Miss Winifred (15.8.1917-12.11.1917. V.A.D. Ward and Pantry Work)

FITZGERALD, Miss Theodora Frances Vesey (4.1916-4.1919. Pantry & house work. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton)

GOSTOLO, Miss Edith Emma (1.12.1917- 16.3.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Cook)

HARRISON, Mrs. Alice Annie (3.1917-3.1919. Needlework)

HARVEY, Miss Ermyntrude Hilda (2.1916-10.1918. Cook. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

HAYNES, Miss Alice Allen (13.7.1917-24.7.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

HOGAN, Nora (17.1.1917-20.7.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

HOWE, Miss Lily (1916-1918? Ward Work)

KELLIE, Mrs. Katie (?-? V.A.D. Trained Nurse. Matron. Also worked at ‘The Recess’, Frinton: Voluntary Military Hospital)

KIDD, Miss Katie Salmond (23.4.1915-21.12.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

KING, Emily Clara (19.2.1918-27.5.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

KING, Emma Louisa (7.9.1918-25.3.1919. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

KNIGHT, Miss Margaret Amy (2.1916-7.1917. V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at ‘The Recess’, Frinton; Middlesex, Clacton-on-Sea; and ‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze)

LOGAN, Mrs. Olive Stockdale: See TUCKER

MILLER, Miss Blanche Eliza (6.10.1916-26.3.1919. V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton)

MILLER, Miss Mary Florence (April 1916 for 3 months. Pantry Maid Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton)

PARRATT, Mrs. Constance Henrietta (10.1918-12.1918. Daily needlework)

PATON, Miss Dorothy (28.2.1916-3.1919. V.A.D. Probationer. Household duties. Nursing?)

PRYCE, Mary Ellen (9.11.1917-11.1.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

RIDLER, Miss Katherine Maude (25.4.1916-4.5.1916. Quartermaster. Also worked at Ardleigh)

SANDERSON, Miss Gertrude Fanny (1.1917-12.1918. Needlework)

SCANLAN, Miss Amy Elizabeth Thyra ( 27.5.1918-10.8.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

SETON, Miss Dora (11.8.1917-29.9.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Kitchen duties)

SHEPHARD, Eleanor Mary (18.1.1918-19.2.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

SMITH, Miss St. Osyth Mahala Eustace (10.1914-5.1815. V.A.D. Various capacities. Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’, Colchester and ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley)

TOWNSHEND-SMITH, Mrs. Helen Margaret (30.11.1916-31.6.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse; Midwife; Sister)

TUCKER, Miss Olive Stockdale Tucker (Mrs. LOGAN) (27.7.1917-25.8.1917.  J.W.C. V.A.D. Nursing Sister, deputed mention)

WHITTON, Eleanor Davison (19.10.1917-27.5.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D.)

WILSON, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Wilson (Unknown positions)

WOLSEY, Miss Eleanor (1.7.1918-29.3.1919. Quartermaster)

WOOD, Miss Hermione Ethel (1.3.1918-30.9.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Earls Colne)

WOOD, Miss Kathleen Lilian Joy (10.1914-7.1917. V.A.D. Pantry Maid and Cook)

WATSON, Miss Edith Howard (1915-1917. General Service)

WORDLEY, Mrs. Sarah Ann (1.1916-12.1918. Mending)

WRAGG, Miss Iris Maud (11.12.1917-19.3.1018 & 14.10.1918-15.3.1919. Also worked at Rickett Conval. Home, Clacton)



PROFILES

ARMITAGE, Miss Amelia  (2.1916-4.1918. V.A.D. Probationer Nurse. General Service & Nursing. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=5344&first=true

ADDRESS: “Wynch Moor”, Connaught Avenue, Frinton-on-Sea; SERVICE FROM: 1916; SERVICE TO: 1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Probationer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Service & Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service given ‘Singholm’ Military Hospital, Walton-on-Naze, and Turret Lodge Casualty Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea. (The total number of hours given is approximately 2,184); COMMISSION: Essex / 126.


ASKINS, Miss Annie (5.12.1917-19.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=6666&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Witherley, Atherstone; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; SERVICE FROM: 05/12/1917; SERVICE TO: 19/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/12/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/03/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Hosp. (Aux.) Walton-on-Naze; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Warwick Res.


AUSTIN, Miss Florence Mary (1.8.1918-15.3.1919. Cook)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. V.A.D. Florence Mary Austin. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. V.A.D. Florence Mary Austin.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.


BARKER, Ethel (30.5.1916-30.12.1916. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nursing Sister)

Service Card for Ethel Barker. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Ethel Barker. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross ©

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=ethel&sname=barker&id=128669&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Newlyn, Clacton-on-Sea; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 35; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: S.J.A.B. Etaples; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sister; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/04/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1-1-0; RANK AT TERMINATION: Sister; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/10/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: £1-4-10; DEPARTMENT: T.N. OVERSEAS RECORD; COMMISSION: France T. N; CERTIFICATE NO: 6989.


BLACKMORE, Mary Ann (12.2.1916-30.5.1916. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born 3Q 1865 Fulham, Middlesex.   Daughter of Commercial Traveller William Blackmore & wife Harriet.

1891 Census:  33 Welton Place, Knightsbridge, London.  Occupation: Sick Nurse.

1901 Census:  Camberwell Infirmary, Camberwell, London.  Occupation: Staff Nurse.

1911 Census:  116 Castelnau, Barnes, Surrey.  With brother Alfred & his wife. Occ: Trained Nurse.

Service Card for Mary Ann Blackmore. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Mary Ann Blackmore. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


CAMPION, Miss Winifred (18.2.1916-29.3.1919. Commandant. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea. Officially “Mentioned” for her service)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=35926

ADDRESS: Lee Shore, Frinton on Sea; SERVICE FROM: 18/02/1916; SERVICE TO: 29/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 18/02/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 29/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Commandant of Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Turret Lodge Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex /126; HONOURS AWARDED: “Mentioned” twice.

11 April 1919, Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: RED CROSS “MENTIONS.”

The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organisation, and maintenance of Hospitals:- … Miss W. Campion, Singholme Aux. Hosp., Walton-on-the-Naze; …”


CHAMPNESS, Miss Martha Jane (1.1916-8.1917. Household duties. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=39392&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hill Crest, Frinton on sea; SERVICE FROM: 01/1916; SERVICE TO: Spring 1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See Over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: Spring 1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Household; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Irregular 4 to 5 hours per day; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Places. Turret Lodge Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea. Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze. Period. February 1916 to August 1917. Hours About 86; DEPARTMENT: Essex 126; COMMISSION: Essex/126.


CLARKE, Mrs. Dorothy (nee Armitage) (2.1916-4.1918. V.A.D. General Services & Nursing. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=42478&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Wynch Moor” Connaught Avenue, Frinton on Sea; SERVICE FROM: 1916; SERVICE TO: 1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See over; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Services & Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service given “Singholm” Military Hospital, Walton-on-Naze, and Turret Lodge Casualty Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea. (The total numbers of hours given is approximately) (2,184) {Date of Engagement – Rank} Probationer crossed through; DEPARTMENT: Essex 126; COMMISSION: Essex / 126.


COOPER, Miss A. (Commandant. Mentioned on the Hospital Card)


COPSON, Miss Minnie Evelyn (1.4.1918-1.4.1919. Sister (Trained Nurse) & Masseuse I.S.T.M.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=48749&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Morden, Burcott Road, Purley; COUNTY: Surrey; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Crescent Croydon War Hospital 2 1/4 yrs; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sister (Trained Nurse) & Masseuse I.S.T.M; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/04/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 120 a yr; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Massage. Electricity & Swedish Remedies; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex / 125; HONOURS AWARDED: Mentioned in Despatches Oct 22nd 1917.


DANIELS, Miss Margery Charlotte (25.7.1918-28.1.1919. Assistant Quartermaster)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=55597&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Oak Cottage, 2nd Avenue, Frinton-on-Sea; SERVICE FROM: 25/07/1918; SERVICE TO: 28/01/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See Over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Assistant Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/07/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/01/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Mending, looking after clothes & linen; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time. 748 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex /126.


DAVIDSON, Sister S. (From?-to? Trained Nursing Sister)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Sister S. Davidson. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Sister S. Davidson.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.


FARRINGDON, Katherine (26.9.1916-31.6.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse/Sister)

Mentioned on the Hospital card for ‘Singholm’. No British Red Cross Card has been found for her. She may be the same “Kath Farringdon” who is found on the ‘Woodhouse’/West Bergholt Voluntary Aid Detachment Auxiliary Hospital Red Cross Card .

Bn. 1Q 1876 Steyning, Nr. Brighton, Sussex.        Daughter of Ironmonger Benjamin Farringdon & wife Martha.

1901 Census:   Enfield Isolation Hospital, Enfield, London.  Occupation: Hospital Nurse.

1911 Census:   16 Hatter Street, Bury St. Edmunds (Boarder).  Occupation: School Nurse and Health Visitor.

26.09.1916 – 28.11.1916: Nurse at ‘Singholme Park’ Red Cross Hospital, Walton-on-the-Naze?

?30.01.1917 – 12.02.1917 Nurse at ‘Woodhouse’ West Bergholt V.A.D. Hospital?

7 October 1916, The British Journal of Nursing:  JOINT WAR COMMITTEE

Home Hospitals.   The following sisters have been deputed for duty in Home Hospitals:-  … Singholme Red Cross Hospital, Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex – Miss K. Farrington. 


FITTER, Miss Winifred (15.8.1917-12.11.1917. V.A.D. Ward and Pantry Work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholme&id=75348&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: 15 Streatham Hill S.W.16; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord. Mem; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/05/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord. Mem; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward and Pantry Work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 3300 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1.7.15 – 1.8.15 Wandsworth Infirmary. 1.3.16 – 1.8.16 King George Hospital Stamford St. 2.2.17 – 3.7.17 Streatham Red Cross Aux: Hosp 15.8.17 – 12.11.17 Singholme Red X Hosp: Walton-on-Naze 1.1.19 – Still serving Streatham Red Cross Aux: Hosp Nellie Morgan Commandant L.224 30.4.19; COMMISSION: London.


FITZGERALD, Miss Theodora Frances Vesey (4.1916-4.1919. Pantry & house work. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton)

Born 27 November 1892  Paddington, London.  Daughter of Paddington-born Solicitor/Barrister John Vesey Leslie Foster Fitzgerald and his first wife Annie Ross (married 13 January 1891 Quebec, Canada). Annie died in 1896 and John married Mabel Edith.

1901 Census:  56 Stanhope Gardens, Kensington, London.  With parents and brother William.  + 7 servants.

1911 Census:  The Hospice, Marlow Hill, Wycombe Abbey, High Wycombe. Pupil. (Girls’ Boarding School).

1929, 18 Mar:  Theodora “of Inchicronan, Frinton-on-Sea, Essex” died.   She never married.   Theodora’s  grave, and that of her father & step-mother, is in the Frinton Churchyard.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=75486&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Inchieronan Frinton-on-Sea; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 04/1916; SERVICE TO: 04/1919; HOSPITAL: 24, Park Street, W1; 58, Queen Anne Street; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: (3 1/2 months at Turrett Lodge Frinton before V.A.D. was formed. (357 hrs; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Service; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Pantry & house work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time about 16 months hrs. 1424; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Turret Lodge Hospital Frinton-on-Sea. Singholm Auxiliary Hospital Walton-on-Naze. Princess Christians Hospital for Officers, Grosvenor Square. Hospital for Officers, 24 Park Street. The Darrel Hospital for Officers, Queen Anne’s Street; COMMISSION: Essex 126; HONOURS AWARDED: 2yrs Service badge.


GOSTOLO, Miss Edith Emma (1.12.1917- 16.3.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=87400&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Bungalow, Tydd, nr Wisbech; COUNTY: Cambs; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 26; SERVICE FROM: 01/12/1917; SERVICE TO: Still serving 8.7.19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/12/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 8.7.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Hos. Walton-on-Naze Auxiliary 1.12.17 – Trans New Zealand Hornchurch Military 16.3.18 – Trans Stannington War Military 5.3.19 – Trans Folkestone Dispersal Unit Military 26.3.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Cambs Res.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=walton-on-naze&id=87401&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Bungalow, Tydd Nr Wisbech; COUNTY: Cambs; SERVICE FROM: 10/1917; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 13/6 a week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Housemember; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 26 £ a year; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: [Crossed out: ]1st. Eastern General Hospital. Cambridge Red + Hospital Walton on Naze Oct 1917 to March 1918 New zealand Hospital Hornchurch March 1918 to Feb 1919 Gatehead War Hospital March 3rd 1919 to March 27th Dispersal Hostel Folkestone March 27th 1919; COMMISSION: R Cambs.


HARRISON, Mrs. Alice Annie (3.1917-3.1919. Needlework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=97950&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Olive -Dean, Southcliffe, Walton-on-Naze; COUNTY: Essex; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part-time 4 hours per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex/126.


HARVEY, Miss Ermyntrude Hilda (2.1916-10.1918. Cook. Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton-on-Sea)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=99188&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Kelvin Lodge. 4th Avenue Frinton-on-sea; COUNTY: Essex; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook from Feb 1916 – Jun e 1917 at a Voluntary Military Hosp. Cook from June 1918 – Oct 1918 at Disabled Officers Convalescent Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Morning work; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Frinton Voluntary Military Hospital, Singholm Convalescent Red Cross Hospital, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Frinton-on-Sea, Officers Disabled Home. (Estimate of the total of hours served since joining Essex 126. in February 1915, (3.405); COMMISSION: Essex /126.


HAYNES, Alice Allen (13.7.1917-24.7.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born 1Q 1865 Pennington, Lancs.  Daughter of Railway Clerk William H. & wife Mary.

1901 Census: Workhouse Infirmary, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancs.  Occupation: Superintendent Nurse.

1911 Census: St. Cuthberts Home, Grange On Sands, Lancs (Nursing Home Institute).   Occ: Trained Nurse (Superior).

21 July 1917, The British Journal of Nursing: JOINT WAR COMMITTEE

Home Hospitals.   The following Sisters have been deputed for duty in Home Hospitals:- … Singholm Red Cross Hosp., Walton-on-Naze – Miss A. A. Haynes.”

1925:  Alice A. Haynes died, aged 60 – in Barrow-in-Furness, Lancs. – she never married.

Service Card for Alice Allen Hayne. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross©

Service Card for Alice Allen Hayne. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Alice Allen Hayne. Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross©

Service Card for Alice Allen Hayne. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

N.B.   Do not employ again”


HOGAN, Nora (17.1.1917-20.7.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born c1890 Ireland

Service Card for Nora Hogan. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Nora Hogan. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


HOWE, Miss Lily (1916-1918? Ward Work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholme&id=111506&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St. Margarets, Sea Road, Northgate-on-Sea; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward work Singholme Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholme Hospital Walton on Naze. Now at Princess Alice’s Home Slough query for “Mrs or Miss” returned unanswered; COMMISSION: Essex.


KELLIE, Mrs. Katie (From?-to? V.A.D. Trained Nurse. Matron. Also worked at ‘The Recess’, Frinton: Voluntary Military Hospital)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Matron Sister K.Kellie. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Matron Sister K.Kellie.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=walton-on-naze&id=124149&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Kidderminster Aux. Hp. Kidderminster; SERVICE FROM: 09/03/1916; SERVICE TO: Date; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Hp. Neath. V. Mil Hp , Frinton-on-Sea: Walton on Naze, Matron Kidderminster Aux Hp. 23.9.18; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord. member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Matron; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Trained nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [whole time] 2 yrs 11 months; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Side 1: Permanent Address – ‘Permanent’ crossed through and replaced with ‘Last’ ‘Gone away ’22/10/20’; COMMISSION: London /190.


KIDD, Miss Katie Salmond (23.4.1915-21.12.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholme&id=125719&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Taymouth, St Mary’s Avenue, Wanstead E.11; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 23/04/1915; SERVICE TO: 21/12/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/04/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholme Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Proficiency Medal.


KING, Emily Clara (19.2.1918-27.5.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born 2Q 1875 West Hartlepool, Durham.  Daughter of Methodist Church Minister Jabez King & wife Mary Ann.

1901 Census:  General Hospital, Birmingham, Warwickshire.  Occupation: Staff Nurse.

1911 Census:  8 South Eaton Place, St George Hanover Square, London.  Occupation: Private Sick Nurse.

Service Card for Emily Clara King. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Emily Clara King. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


KING, Emma Louisa (7.9.1918-25.3.1919. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Emma L. King is one of these nurses. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze. WW1. Emma L. King is one of these nurses.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Service Card for Emma Louisa King. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Emma Louisa King. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


KNIGHT, Miss Margaret Amy (2.1916-7.1917. V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at ‘The Recess’ and ‘Turret Lodge’ in Frinton; Middlesex, Clacton-on-Sea; and ‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Margaret Amy Knight. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Margaret Amy Knight.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=Turret+frinton&id=127775

ADDRESS: The Rectory, Frinton; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 03/1915; SERVICE TO: 07/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 a yr; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Date of Engagement / Date of Termination: March 1915 – June 1915 (Recess) Frinton Feb. 1916 – July 1917 (Turret Lodge) Frinton July 1917 – Nov. 1917 Singholm Jan 1918 -Jan 1919 Middlesex (Clacton); COMMISSION: Essex Essex /126.


MILLER, Miss Blanche Eliza (6.10.1916-26.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Worked at ‘Singholm’ and Turret Lodge during this period.  It is her collection of photographs that are shared within this chapter, with a few duplicated elsewhere.  She was sister to Mary below)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Blanche Eliza Miller. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1. Blanche Eliza Miller.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Blanche Eliza Miller was born in 1889, in Hackney, London.   Her birth was registered during the first quarter of that year.  Blanche was a daughter of Shoreditch-born builder Henry Marsden Miller and his Shoreditch-born wife Caroline Jane (nee Salter).

In the 1891 Census, Blanche was “2” years old and living at ‘Brockhurst’, Slinfold, West Sussex.  She was with her parents; two brothers; older sister Mary; younger sister Maud; a Governess; a Housemaid; and a Cook.

During the first quarter of 1900, the death of Blanche’s mother Caroline Jane was registered.

In the 1901 Census, Blanche was at 85 Clapton Common, in the Borough of Hackney.  She was with her widower father; three brothers; older sister Mary; sister Maud plus three more sisters; three Domestic Servants; a Housemaid; and a Nurse.

In the 1911 Census, Blanche was only living with older sister Mary – Mary was the “Head” of the household.  They are living at ‘Tudor Lodge’, Raglan Road, Frinton-on-Sea, Essex.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=150939

ADDRESS: 85 Clapton Common E.5; SERVICE FROM: B Miller; SERVICE TO: Miss Cooper; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: see over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/10/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 26/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse (V.A.D.); WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Turret Lodge Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea & Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex/126.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1 J.V.A.D. certificate. Blanche Eliza Miller. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. WW1 J.V.A.D. certificate. Blanche Eliza Miller.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Friday 22 August 1919: NURSING SERVICE MENTIONS  …  “The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- … Miller, Nurse Miss B., V.A.D., Singholme Red Cross Aux. Hospital, Walton-on-Naze;  …”

The following ‘COMPAGNIE DE BÉTHUNE’ 50 centimes bank note was, undoubtedly, given to Blanche by one of the soldiers being nursed at ‘Singholm’ or ‘Turret Lodge’ in Frinton-on-Sea.

COMPAGNIE DE BÉTHUNE 50 centimes bank note. 31 Octobre 1917. Courtesy/© Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

COMPAGNIE DE BÉTHUNE 50 centimes bank note. 31 Octobre 1917.
Courtesy/© Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.


MILLER, Miss Mary Florence (April 1916 for 3 months. Pantry Maid Also worked at ‘Turret Lodge’, Frinton. She was sister to Blanche above)

Mary Florence Miller was born in 1885, in Hackney, London.   Her birth was registered during the first quarter of that year.  Mary was a daughter of Shoreditch-born builder Henry Marsden Miller and his Shoreditch-born wife Caroline Jane (nee Salter).

In the 1891 Census, Mary was “6” years old and living at ‘Brockhurst’, Slinfold, West Sussex.  She was with her parents; two brothers; younger sisters Blanche and Maud; a Governess; a Housemaid; and a Cook.

During the first quarter of 1900, the death of Mary’s mother Caroline Jane was registered.

In the 1901 Census, Mary was at 85 Clapton Common, in the Borough of Hackney.  She was with her widower father; three brothers; five younger sisters – including Blanche; three Domestic Servants; a Housemaid; and a Nurse.

In the 1911 Census, Mary was only living with younger sister Blanche – Mary was “Head” of the household.  They were living at ‘Tudor Lodge’, Raglan Road, Frinton-on-Sea, Essex.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=151164&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 85 Clapton Common, London E.5; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Three months (Singholm) 114 hours / Turret Lodge Frinton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: [see over]; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: [see over]; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Pantry Maid; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time (Singholm) – over -; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: (Singholme Hospital) Date of Engagement has “April 1916 – July 1917”, Date of Engagement has “Dec 4th 1917” crossed through. Date of Termination has “Sept. 1917 – 25 March 1919”; COMMISSION: Essex /26.


PARRATT, Mrs. Constance Henrietta (10.1918-12.1918. Daily needlework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=167239&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 143 York Road Woking; COUNTY: Surrey; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Guildford & Singholme Hospital Walton on Naze; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: needlework & mending P.T.O; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: The little amount of work I have done I’m sorry to say has been so intermittent owing to my husband being moved from place to place, that I can give no proper times or dates. My work was of course voluntary. In 1917 I did a little Canteen work at Guildford and then in the same year through towards the end as I was laid up all the summer, I made Swabs under Mrs Dallas twice a week at the Officers Club, Colchester, until Feb.1918. In 1918 from October to end of December I did daily needlework at the Singholm Hospital at Walton-on-Naze. Then my husband got demobilized and we left. [signed] C.H. Parratt; COMMISSION: Essex.


PATON, Miss Dorothy (28.2.1916-3.1919. V.A.D. Probationer. Household duties. Nursing?)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&page=1&id=168051&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 40 The Parade, Walton-on-the-Naze; SERVICE FROM: 28/02/1916; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: SEE OVER; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Probationer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 28/02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Household; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 35 hrs per alternate week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex / 126.


PRYCE, Mary Ellen (18.1.1918-19.2.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born 1Q 1865 Paddington, London.  Daughter of Book Keeper Accountant Thomas Pryce & wife Ellen Elizabeth.

1901 Census: Gressenhall Workhouse, Gressenhall, Norfolk.  Occupation:  Hospital Nurse.

1911 Census: General Infirmary, Leeds, Yorks. (Patient).    Occupation: Trained Sick Nurse

Service Card for Mary Ellen Pryce. Permission given by The British Red Cross©

Service Card for Mary Ellen Pryce. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Mary Ellen Pryce. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Mary Ellen Pryce. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


RIDLER, Miss Katherine Maude (25.4.1916-4.5.1916. Quartermaster. Also worked at Ardleigh Red Cross Hospital).  Died 4 February 1959.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=ardleigh&page=7&id=175513&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Broad Moor, Drewsteignton, Devon; HOSPITAL: Red Cross Hospital, Ardleigh; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Quartermaster, Ardleigh Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Quarter Master. Ardleigh Auxiliary Military Hospital 1915 – 1917. Invalided. Demobilised; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Received Honourable Mention for Services.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=ardleigh&page=7&id=175514&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Arthurholme, Clacton-on-Sea; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Red Cross Hospital, Ardleigh; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/08/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/08/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Keeping Stores, ordering goods, Superint. Kitchen, Ardleigh; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: April 25/16 to May 4/16 Singholme Walton on Naze. Nov. 20 – Dec 2. 1918 Red Cross HP Ardleigh; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Mentioned.


SANDERSON, Miss Gertrude Fanny (1.1917-12.1918. Needlework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=183202

ADDRESS: 10 Churchfield Road Walton-on-Naze; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time – 200 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze. January 1917 to December 1918; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: SEE OVER.


SCANLAN, Amy Elizabeth Thyra (27.5.1918-10.8.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born 1Q 1870 Rock Ferry, Cheshire. Daughter of Irish Steamship Agent Thomas Scanlan and wife Martha.

1901 Census:  49 Hollins Lane, Sowerby Bridge, Yorks.   Occupation: Hospital Trained District Nurse.

1911 Census:  Royal Halifax Infirmary, Halifax, Yorkshire.  Occupation: Ward Sister.

1931, 10 Sept:    Amy Elizabeth Thyra Scanlan died in Halifax, Yorkshire – she never married.

Service Card for Amy E. T. Scanlan. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Amy E. T. Scanlan. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


SETON, Miss Dora (11.8.1917-29.9.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Kitchen duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=186297&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Cross Lane, Newton-le-Willows; COUNTY: Lancs; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 11/08/1917; SERVICE TO: 29/09/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Kitchen; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/08/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 29.09.1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Aux. Hos. Singholm Hos Walton-on-Naze, Essex; DEPARTMENT: JWVAD; COMMISSION: W. Lancs. Res.


SHEPHARD, Eleanor Mary (18.1.1918-19.2.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse; Midwife; Sister)

Born 2Q 1887 Colchester, Essex.  Daughter of Bricklayer Frederick Shephard & wife Emma.

1901 Census:  43 Granville Road, Colchester (“13” years old, with parents and siblings).

1911 Census:  Shoreditch Infirmary, 204 Hoxton Street, Shoreditch (“23” years old).  Occupation: Nurse

Service Card for Eleanor M. Shephard. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Eleanor M. Shephard. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Eleanor M. Shephard. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Eleanor M. Shephard. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


SMITH, Miss St. Osyth Mahala Eustace (10.1914-5.1815. V.A.D. Various capacities. Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’, Colchester and ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley)

Born 05 January 1886, Hampstead.  Baptised 09 May 1886 Belsize Park, Camden.  Daughter of Colchester-born Barrister at Law Thomas Eustace Smith and his Bedford-born wife Katherine (nee St. Osyth Howard).

1891 Census:      16 Upper Park Road, Hampstead, London. With parents and three servants.

1901 Census:     ?

1911 Census:      Wormingford Grove, Wormingford, Essex.  With parents and three servants.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=194135&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Wormingford Grove, Wormingford; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See reverse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Worked in various capacities from outbreak of war for 5 months at Woodhouse Acted supply Quartermaster Gostwycke, Colchester for 1 month 1915 Acted Commandant for a fortnight at Singholme Walton on Naze 1915; COMMISSION: Essex.


TOWNSHEND-SMITH, Mrs. Helen Margaret nee Büchler (30.11.1916-31.6.1917. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse/Midwife/Sister)

Born c1888 South Africa.

1919 Electoral Register:  Helen Townshend-Smith & Walter Townshend-Smith – Newham, Woolwich, London.

Service Card for Helen M. Townshend-Smith. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Helen M. Townshend-Smith. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Helen M. Townshend-Smith. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Helen M. Townshend-Smith. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©


TUCKER, Olive Stockdale (Mrs. LOGAN)  (27.7.1917-25.8.1917.  J.W.C. V.A.D. Nursing Sister, deputed mention)

Born c1882 Somerset, Bermuda.

1918, 18 Mar:     Married Royal Canadian Regiment Major/Lt. Col. Heber Meredith Logan, at St Cuthbert, Kensington, London (bn: April 1891). Died of Heart Failure on 15 November 1944: Buried at sea/Canada.  “Husband of Olive Logan of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada”: from ‘The Halifax Memorial Part II’).

Service Card for Olive Stockdale Tucker (Logan). Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Olive Stockdale Tucker (Logan). Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Olive Stockdale Tucker (Logan). Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Olive Stockdale Tucker (Logan). Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

4 August 1917, British Journal of Nursing: JOINT WAR COMMITTEE

Home Hospitals.   The following Sisters have been deputed for duty in Home Hospitals:- … Singholme V.A.D.  Hospital, Walton-on-Naze – Miss 0. S. Tucker. …”


WATSON, Miss Edith Howard (1915-1917. General Service V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholme&id=219212&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Moorlands, Great Bentley, V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D Auxil. Hospital, Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Service Singholme 1915.-1917. Has since worked at Officers Cadet Club, 70. Cadogan Square. Now Unemployed; COMMISSION: Essex V.A.D/50.


WHITTON, Eleanor Davison (19.10.1917-27.5.1918. J.W.C. V.A.D. Trained Nurse)

Born 2Q 1867 Stockton, Durham/Middlesborough, Yorkshire.  Daughter of Joiner John Whitton & wife Hannah.

1901 Census:  9 Upper Baker Street, Marylebone, London – Boarder.     Occupation: Trained Hospital Nurse.

Service Card for Eleanor Davison Whitton. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

Service Card for Eleanor Davison Whitton. Permission given by The British Red Cross ©

1928, 6 Apr:        Ship Passenger arriving back in London from Durban, S.A.: “Trained Nurse”.  Proposed address:- Office Road, Grosmont, North Yorkshire.   Accompanied by trained nurse Annie Eliza Whitton (sister-in-law?).


WILSON, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Wilson (Unknown positions at ‘Singholm’)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze: Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Wilson. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze: Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Wilson.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Who are Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Wilson of Walton-on-the Naze?

The couple appears to be Walter Edward Wilson & his wife Alicia Elizabeth (nee Patterson).

Walter Edward Wilson was born in 1872 (birth registered during the 1st Quarter) in Duxford, Cambs.  He was baptised on 18 February 1872, at St. John’s church in Duxford – the son of Duxford-born Miller Edward Wilson and his Lambton, Middlesex-born wife Emily (nee Stockwell).

In the 1881 Census, Walter was living at Creed Lane, Bosham, Sussex.  His age was entered as “9” and he was living with his parents; two younger brothers (William H. and baby Charles) and two younger sisters (Matilda J. and Emma L.).

In the 1891 Census, Walter’s parents plus brother Charles and two more younger brothers were still living in Bosham, Sussex (1 Railway View) but Walter was not with them.  At this point in time, it is not known where Walter was.

Alicia Elizabeth Patterson (Mrs. W. E. Wilson) was born on 1 March 1867 in Rathfarnham, Dublin, Ireland – described as “a middle-class suburb” of the city.  She was the daughter of Samuel Patterson and his wife Jane Elizabeth (nee Stephenson).

Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Wilson:  Walter and Alicia were married during the 4th Quarter of 1893, in the Registration District of St. George Hanover Square, London.

In the 1901 Census, Walter & Elizabeth were living at “Killiney”, Wellesley Road, Gt. Clacton, Essex – Walter was an “Auctioneer’s Clerk”.   Mrs. Wilson was entered as “Elizabeth A.”

In the 1911 Census, Walter and Elizabeth were living at ‘Sunnybank’, Holland Road, Clacton-On-Sea – Walter was still an “Auctioneer’s Clerk”.   Mrs. Wilson was entered as “Elizabeth”.

Walter may have died in 1945.  In a 1958 Telephone Directory, Alicia was listed as “Mrs. W. E. Wilson, Nelmes Frinton rd Kirby Cross Frinton-on-S 1057” – the listing suggesting that Walter was dead by then, otherwise the telephone number would have been in his name. 


WOLSEY, Miss Eleanor (1.7.1918-29.3.1919. Quartermaster)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=231425&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Wyncroft”, St George’s Road, Bickley; COUNTY: Kent; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: (see over); RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/07/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 29/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex.


WOOD, Miss Hermione Ethel (1.3.1918-30.9.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Earls Colne)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=earls+colne&page=6&id=231862&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 117 Raining Drive, Westcliff on Sea; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; SERVICE FROM: 02/01/1918; SERVICE TO: 30/09/1918; HOSPITAL: Auxiliary Hospital, Earls Colne; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/09/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 02.01.18 to 30.01.18 – Auxiliary Hospital Earls Colne Essex 01.03.18 to 30.09.18 – Singholme – Walton on the Naze; DEPARTMENT: JW VAD; COMMISSION: Essex 126.


WOOD, Miss Kathleen Lilian Joy (10.1914-7.1917. V.A.D. Pantry Maid and Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=231941&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Lindisfarne, Queen’s Rd Frinton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Pantry maid & cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 8.30 till 1.30; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholm Auxiliary Hospital Walton-On-Naze Miss Cooper Moorlands Grt Bentley; COMMISSION: Essex 126.


WORDLEY, Mrs. Sarah Ann (1.1916-12.1918. Mending)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholme&id=233314&last=true

ADDRESS: 19 The Parade, Walton on Naze; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Mending; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 400 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Singholme Auxiliary Hospital. January 1916 to December 1918; COMMISSION: Essex.


WRAGG, Miss Iris Maud (11.12.1917-19.3.1018 & 14.10.1918-15.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Rickett Conval. Home, Clacton)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=233669&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ashland, Hope Nr. Sheffield; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 18; SERVICE FROM: 21/05/1917; SERVICE TO: 31/04/1919; HOSPITAL: Temple Newsam, Leeds; Auxiliary Military Hospital, Park House, Market Harborough; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/05/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 21.5.17 – 24.11.17: Temple Newsam Aux. Hos. Leeds. 11.12.17 – 19.3.18: Aux. Hos. Singholm Walton- on – Naze 29.6.18: Aux. Hos Park House Market Harborough 14.10.18 – 15.3.19 Aux. Hos. Singholm Walton-on- Naze 17.3.19 – 30.4.19 Aux. Hos. Rickett Conval. Home Clacton-on- Sea; DEPARTMENT: JWVAD; COMMISSION: Notts 80.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=singholm&id=233670&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ashland, Hope Nr. Sheffield; HOSPITAL: Temple Newsam, Leeds; Auxiliary Military Hospital, Park House, Market Harborough; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Temple Newsam Mil. Aux. Hos. near Leeds (6 months) Park House Mil. Aux. Hos. Market Harborough (3 months). See over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/12/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: May to November 1917 at Temple Newsam Auxiliary Hospital, Near Leeds. December 1917 to March 1918 at Singholm Auxiliary Hospital, Walton-on-Naze. June to October 1918 at Park House Auxiliary Hospital, Market Harborough. October 1918 to March 1919 at Singholm Walton-on-Naze; COMMISSION: Essex / 126.



WALTON-ON-NAZE RESIDENTS WORKING ELSEWHERE

Beyond 20 miles from Colchester:

BENNETT, George Edward (15.2.1915-20.1.1917. Motor Ambulance Driver. Where?)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=walton-on-naze&id=16745

ADDRESS: 56 High Street, Walton on Naze; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: No 2 Mac; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Driver; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 15/02/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 35/; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/01/1917; DEPARTMENT: British Red Cross Society Motor Ambulance Department; CERTIFICATE NO: 2355.


HATTEN, Miss Kathleen Hazel (12.10.1918-19.5.1919. Bath Military Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=walton-on-naze&id=99796&forwards=true

ADDRESS: No. 2. Earlsdale Villas, Naze Park, Walton-on-Naze; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; SERVICE FROM: 12/10/1918; SERVICE TO: 19/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT:12/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/05/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: War Hos: Bath; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex Res.



‘SINGHOLM’ PATIENTS

WILLIAM BOARDMANPrivate 34194, 2nd Battalion, West Riding Regiment

‘Singholm’ patient: Private 34194 William Boardman. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’ patient: Private 34194 William Boardman.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

William Boardman was born in 1899, in Manchester, Lancashire (perhaps 27 February?).  William was baptised on 25 October 1899 at the parish church of St. Silas, Ardwick, Lancashire. He was the son of Manchester-born Blacksmith Charles Boardman and his Denton, Lancs.-born wife Emma.

At the time of the baptism, the family was living at 10 Hope Square, Ardwick (Manchester East) and father Charles’ occupation was “Striker” [Blacksmith].

The 1901 Census shows William and his family still living at 10 Hope Square, Ardwick, Lancashire.  He was aged “1”.  William was with his “Blacksmith” father; mother; and three older brothers.

The 1911 Census entry has William living at 15 Joseph Street Gorton Manchester, Lancashire.  He was “11” years old and he was still at school. William was with his “General Blacksmith” father; mother; three older brothers; and two younger brothers.

William’s Army Discharge Document survived the London Blitz bombings on London during the Second World War – a time when 60+% of the First World War records were destroyed.  It only consists of five pages but they are a valuable source of information.

Prior to enlisting, on 10 November 1917, William had worked for the Beyer, Peacock & Company – a Locomotive manufacturer with a factory in Gorton, Manchester.  His occupation was given as a Steel Machinist.   Initially William went into the Manchester Regiment, then the Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding) Regiment.

On 2 November 1918, William was wounded: “GSW Back (R. Side)” – which is a Gun Shot Wound to the right side of his back.  William had served in France for 6 months, prior to being wounded.

The names of hospitals treated in: “No. 4 General, Commers*; Somerset War Hosp.; Singholme, Clacton on Sea”.  *spelling suspect.

A ‘Statement as to Disability’ recorded a physical examination at the P.O.W. Hospital, Park Hall, Oswestry on 24 October 1919. This gave details of William’s war wound: “Large circular scar GSW  R. side of back” … the “present condition thereof” was: “The above large circular scar is painful and prevents him carrying heavy weights on his back.”   He was given a rating of 25% disability.

William’s address was given as “15 Joseph Street, Manchester”, at the time of this examinationWilliam was awarded 12/- a week on 10 November 1919, effective 27 November 1919.  On 1 November 1920, William had a gratuity of £30 approved.

The death of a William Boardman was registered in Manchester, during the first quarter of 1977.

William Boardman’s First World War Medal Index Card National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

William Boardman’s First World War Medal Index Card.
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.


SOLDIERS / PATIENTS BROADMAN, DICKINSON and PETTY

‘Singholm’ patients: Soldiers Boardman, Dickinson and Petty. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’ patients: Soldiers Boardman, Dickinson and Petty.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

The soldier sitting on the left of the above trio of patients is Private 34194 William Boardman (West Riding Regiment), as seen previously.

The soldier in the middle is in the Hampshire Regiment and the soldier sitting on the right is, like Wm. Boardman, in the West Riding Regiment.  It is not known which is Dickinson and which is Petty – there are soldiers with the Petty name and Dickinson name in both regiments.


H. BRIDLE

‘Singholm’ patient: W. H. Bridle. “Christmas 1916”. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’ patient: W. H. Bridle. “Christmas 1916”.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’ patient: W. H. Bridle signature. “Christmas 1916”. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’ patient: W. H. Bridle signature. “Christmas 1916”.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

The signature on the photograph has been interpreted as “W. H. Bridle” – this may be William Henry Bridle, Private 78274 of the Devonshire Regiment (3rd Devons. 1/5th Devons).  Buttons on his uniform represent a rifle regiment and, it would seem that, the Devonshires were linked to the Rifles.

Other contenders are: William H. Bridle, Northamptonshire Regiment 203561 or William H. Bridle, London Regiment, Labour Corps 5039, 387307 and Royal Fusiliers GS/101139.


H. BUSBY

Singholm patient: H. Busby, November 1917. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Singholm patient: H. Busby, November 1917.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Who was H. Busby?


RALPH COWLING, ARGYLL & SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS

Singholm patient: Ralph Cowling, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Singholm patient: Ralph Cowling, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Ralph Cowling was born in 1897, in Gallowgate, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland.   Ralph was baptised on 1 September 1897, at St. Andrew’s Parish Church in Newcastle-upon-Tyne – the son of Bedlington-born Coal Miner Ralph Cowling and his wife Gateshead-born wife Elizabeth (nee Rafton).

In the 1901 Census, Ralph and his family were living at 69 Crank Row, Longbenton, Northumberland.  Ralph was there with his parents; an older brother John (“Jack”); an older sister Elizabeth; and a younger sister Annie.

In the 1911 Census, Ralph was living at 38 Ashfield Road, Gosforth, Northumberland, with parents; older brother “Jack”; three sisters; and three younger brothers.

When Ralph enlisted on 9 January 1915, he became Private 2604 in the Royal Army Medical Corps – specifically, the 3 Line 2 Northumbrian Field Ambulance.  Ralph’s Army Service Record enlistment page notes that he is “18”; 5’ 4½” tall; and a Miner by trade.  Ralph’s Medical Inspection page states he is 5’ 3” tall.

After being transferred on 17 April 1915, he became Private T4/251856 in the Army Service Corps.  On 26 August 1916, Ralph became a Driver in that A.S.C. regiment.

Ralph didn’t go overseas 24 January 1917 – when he served overseas with the Expeditionary Force in Salonica until 1 September 1917.  From 2 September 1917, Ralph’s Service Record shows that he served with the Expeditionary Force in Egypt.  Between 7 and 18 April 1918, travelled from there to France.

From 19 April to 3 September 1918, Ralph served in France – then, on 4 September, he was given Home Leave but was back again in France on 17 September.   Eleven days later, on 28 September 1918, Ralph received a gunshot wound to his left thigh and became a patient at ‘Singholm’.

At some point, Ralph was transferred to the 1/5 Battalion of Princess Louise’s Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders and became Private 202969 – he was an Argyll & Sutherland Highlander when he was wounded.  Ralph was discharged from the Army on 18 March 1919.

‘Singholm’: Ralph Cowling’s WW1 Medal Index Card National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Ralph Cowling’s WW1 Medal Index Card
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

Early in 1925, a Ralph Cowling was married in Newcastle, Northumberland, to a Mary L. Storey … perhaps this was ‘Singholm’ patient Ralph?   This couple had two children: Violet (3rd Q 1925) and Gaskell R[obert?] (3rd Q 1929) – both births were registered in the South Shields District.

The death of a Ralph Cowling was registered in Newcastle, during the first quarter of 1933.  He fits the age for ‘Singholm’ patient Ralph … only 35 years old.

Singholm patient: Ralph Cowling’s boutonnière. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Singholm patient: Ralph Cowling’s boutonnière.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

On his lapel, Ralph appears to be wearing a dried flower boutonnière … it is possibly Rosemary, for remembrance.


JAMES WILLIAM GITTOS

 ‘Singholm’. Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient James Gittos. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’. Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient James Gittos.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

James William Gittos was born in 1899, in Wingerworth, Derbyshire.  He was the son of Much Wenlock, Shropshire-born General Labourer John Edward and his Derbyshire-born wife Dorothy Ann (nee Seaston).

James William Gittos enlisted into the Army on 7 August 1917 and became Private 42815, in the Essex Regiment.  On 16 August, James was vaccinated at Clipstone Camp, near Mansfield, in Nottinghamshire.

In the 1901 Census, James William was living at Pond Head, Wingerworth, Derbyshire.  He was with his parents; two older sisters; and one older brother.  Uncle Arthur Gittos and his family lived next and, next door to Arthur, were the Gittos Grandparents – Boot & Shoe Maker William and Margaret.

In the 1911 Census, James was living in Sutton cum Duckmanton, Derbyshire, with his parents (father was a “Poultry Man”; two older sisters; two younger sisters; and one younger brother.

On 18 April 1918, James received a gunshot wound to left buttock and right groin.  On that day, James’ Battalion repulsed a hostile attack with “not heavy losses” and, later, moved in the village of Riez du Vinage – just to the north of Bethune.

An early medical report, dated 6 March 1919, noted that the bullet’s point of entry left James with a deep adhesion and a couple of scars and the exit point left him with a 3 inch scar over the poupart ligament, which restricted movement of the right hip joint when bending. It was noted that the aforementioned restriction was expected to improve.  James also had slight wasting of muscles of thigh & leg. 

On 29 April 1918, James was admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester.  James was there for 47 days, before being transferred to ‘Woodhouse’ at Great Horkesley on 14 June.  He was at ‘Woodhouse’ for 39 days, before being transferred to ‘Singholme at Walton-on-the Naze.   After 120 days, on 18 November 1918, James was discharged from ‘Singholme’.

‘Singholm’. Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patients J. Gittos and J. Howard. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’. Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patients J. Gittos and J. Howard.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

However, on 19 December, James was back in the General Military Hospital, Colchester … for six days.   All hospital stays were because of his gunshot wound.  For that wound, James was awarded the Silver War Badge.

James was discharged from the Army on 7 March 1919.

‘Singholm’: James Wm. Gittos’ WW1 Medal Index Card National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: James Wm. Gittos’ WW1 Medal Index Card
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

Subsequently, James attended Medical Examinations on: 26 January 1920 (Sheffield: the scars were healed but slightly tender; suffering constipation; and suffering from pain in the back); 6 December 1920 (Chelmsford: the scars were healed but the abdominal wall was weak); 9 January 1922 (Chelmsford: still stiff on bending); 17 January 1923 (Nottingham: no wasting; scars healed/not tender; hip movement free; no treatment).

THE GITTOS GOOD LUCK CHARMS

‘Singholm’ patient James Gittos’ good luck charms. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’ patient James Gittos’ good luck charms.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Much of the following description is based on a very detailed analysis contributed by Mr. Bob Bennett, who examined the image:

Private James Gittos wears a sprig of “lucky” heather in his lapel’s buttonhole.   It is quite a logical item to present to a wounded soldier, as he convalesced.    Heather has long been associated with good luck in the British culture.

The other object is more interesting: it is a keepsake in the form of a tiny doll – with a bushy head; a short body; 2 arms; and 2 legs.  It is made from a chenille stem ‘pipe cleaner’, all stitched together with dark and light coloured thread – decorated to form boots, etc.

The “doll” may be based on the ‘Lucky Golliwog’ or ‘Jolly Golly’ character, which was popular during that era.

Perhaps it is a product created by local ladies or a girls’ sewing class at school.  Making dolls in this way, rather similar to a corn dolly, was again a part of British culture (especially in rural areas) at the time of this First World War – when toys were often made rather than bought.  Pipe cleaners were prevalent at the time because there was an enormous amount of pipe smoking amongst men-folk – additionally, pipe cleaners were relatively cheap.

There seems to be a theme developing which demonstrates, perhaps, the encouragement of local children in supporting wounded and recovering soldiers.

Part of a 1918 advert, for an outfitters’ shop in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk reads “… Special Feature: Gentleman’s Neckwear … Black CatGolly Wog … Flag …” – presumably motifs on ties.

A promotional notice in the Whitby Gazette (23 August 1918) for the Sleights Red Cross Hospital reads: “SLEIGHTS RED CROSS HOSPITAL ANNUAL FLAT DAY IN WHITBY AND DISTRICT, ON SATURDAY, AUGUST 31st.  Black Cats and White Heather.  


ROBERT HENRY HARVEY, LEICESTERSHIRE REGIMENT

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Robert Henry Harvey. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Robert Henry Harvey.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Robert Henry Harvey was born in 1885, in Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire.  His birth was registered during the 3rd quarter, in the Cheltenham District.  He was the son of Gloucestershire-born parents Henry James Harvey and his wife Eliza (nee Gregory).

In the 1891 Census, Robert was with parents; 2 older sisters; and 1 older brother.  They were living at Cockleford, Upper Coberley Hamlet, Gloucestershire.  Parents look as though they may be the Gardener and Housekeeper for a Mr. Charles Norman (Living on own means).

In the 1901 Census, Robert was living at Crockleford Mill, Coberley with his Market Gardener father; mother; and one older sister. There were four Boarders at the property – three stone masons and a blacksmith.

In the 1911 Census, Robert was a “Tiler (Building)”.  He was boarding with another tiler.  They were both “Boarder” with Mrs. Mary A. E. Smith and her daughter May L. at 122 Mill Rd, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire.

On 23 October 1915, Robert enlisted into the Army at Leicester and Robert became Private 22196 in the 11th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment. He gave his Trade as a “Builders Labourer” – he was 30 years old.  On 23 March 1916, Robert embarked for France.

Robert’s promotions were as follows (all were “In the Field”): Lance Corporal, Provisional Corporal – 18 June 1916; Corporal – 27 November 1916; Sgt. – 8 April 1917.

On 9 November 1918, Robert was admitted to the No. 5 Casualty Clearing Station, with P.U.O. – pyrexia of unknown origin or, in layman’s terms, fever.  Robert then went to No. 9 General Hospital at Rouen – on 13 November, he was transferred to England.

On the 14 November 1918, Robert was admitted to Essex County Hospital with Influenza.  He spent 17 days there, before being transferred to ‘Singholm’ on 30 November 1918.   He spent 45 days at ‘Singholm’, under the same “Influenza” reason.  Notes written on Robert’s Army Record against ‘Singholm’ (dated 13 January 1919), read: “Transferred to Central Hospital Colchester”.

On 13 January 1919, Robert was admitted to the ‘Hamilton Road Extension Military Hospital’ in Colchester … still under “Influenza”.

Notes written on Robert’s Army Record, against ‘Hamilton Road Extension’, read: “began in France with P.U.O. temp of 101”; “now recovered”; “Good chest heart lungs dentures, fit for duty”.

‘Singholm’: Robert H. Harvey’s WW1 M.S.M. Award Card. National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Robert H. Harvey’s WW1 M.S.M. Award Card.
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Robert H. Harvey’s WW1 Medal Index Card. National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Robert H. Harvey’s WW1 Medal Index Card.
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

Robert was discharged from the Army on 14 February 1919. Robert’s Record also notes that he was “Transferred to Class 3 Army Reserve”.

A Robert Henry Harvey “of 143 Berners-street Leicester died 25 November 1951 at Mayday-road Croydon Surrey”.   Is this ‘Singholm’ Hospital’s Robert Henry Harvey?    


J. HOWARD

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient J. Howard. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient J. Howard.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Who is J. Howard?

This may be Private 2598, of the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (previous unit: 1/1 Bucks. B.).   The tie pin that he wears may depict the Oxford City Coat of Arms.

J. HOWARD’S WW1 BUTTON-HOLE

Singholm patient: J. Howard’s boutonnière. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Singholm patient: J. Howard’s boutonnière.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Much of the following description is based on a very detailed analysis contributed by Mr. Bob Bennett, who examined the image:

A x20 loupe and a thread counter (linen tester) shows, what appears to be, an ‘Arts and Crafts’-looking posy.  Someone very clever at needlework has stitched the shape of a flower, with leaves, with various pieces of coloured cloths.  Perhaps, it was a personal gift from a young woman.

Or, perhaps, local school girls made and distributed them.  It is known that local initiatives, such as this, encouraged older school girls to make these types of gifts during their needlework classes – for recovering wounded and ill soldiers.

Such things were called “comforts” and they were created to encourage and cheer up wounded soldiers … to raise morale.  They are rarely seen pinned to uniform in that manner.  Practical things like socks and scarves were more common so, perhaps, an intimate acquaintance is suggested on this occasion?


THOMAS WILLIAM LACEY, HON. ARTILLERY COMPANY (INFANTRY)

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Thomas William Lacey. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Thomas William Lacey.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Thomas William Lacey has not been identified, other than the few facts about his Army Service.  He enlisted on 25 July 1917 and became Private 10808, in the 2nd Battalion of the Honourable Artillery Company (Infantry).   Thomas’ Army Service Record has not survived but, from his First World War Medal Roll, his “Theatre of war” service ceased on 11 November 1918.

‘Singholm’: Thomas Wm. Lacey’s WW1 Medal Index Card. National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Thomas Wm. Lacey’s WW1 Medal Index Card.
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.


WALTER PAINTING, DRIVER, ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Walter Painting. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Walter Painting.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Walter Painting has not been identified, other than the few facts about his Army Service.   Whenever Walter enlisted, he became Private 17856, a ‘Driver’ in the Royal Field Artillery.

‘Singholm’: Walter Painting’s WW1 Medal Index Card. National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Walter Painting’s WW1 Medal Index Card.
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.


LANCE CORPORAL W. R. READ

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient W. R. Read. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient W. R. Read.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Who is Lance Corporal W. R. Read?


L. G. SHAW

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient L. G. Shaw. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient L. G. Shaw.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Who is L. G. Shaw?


HARRY TAYLOR, ARMY SERVICE CORPS

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Harry Taylor. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Harry Taylor.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Two pages of Harry’s Service Record have survived.  From those two pages it is discovered that Harry was 35 years old when he enlisted on 30 August 1915 (born c1880); he became Private R4/062784 in the [Royal] Army Service Corps; he was living at 5 Wood Mews, Park Lane, London W; his trade was noted as “Motor Driver”; and he was 5’ 6½” tall.

Harry went off to France on 3 October 1915 and was discharged on 3 March 1919.  Harry Taylor has not been able to be identified any further.

‘Singholm’: Harry Taylor’s WW1 Medal Index Card National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Harry Taylor’s WW1 Medal Index Card
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.


HENRY JAMES TURNER, LEICESTERSHIRE REGIMENT

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Henry James Turner. Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

‘Singholm’, Walton-on-Naze, Essex. Patient Henry James Turner.
Courtesy/© of The Blanche Eliza Miller Collection.

Henry James Turner was born in 1881 in Marsh Lane, Eckington, Derbyshire (his birth was registered during the 4th Quarter) – perhaps he was born at the ‘Fox and Hounds’ public house.   Henry was baptised on 20 November 1881, at Staveley, Derbyshire.   He was the son of Derbyshire-born Innkeeper Joseph Barker Turner and his Derbyshire-born wife Elizabeth (nee Nouch).

In the 1891 Census, Henry was living at the ‘Fox and Hounds’ public house in Marsh Lane, Eckington, Derbyshire.  He was with his “Innkeeper” father; mother; four brothers; and one Domestic Servant.

In the 1901 Census, Henry was living in Cotton Street, Bolsover, Chesterfield, Derbyshire.  Henry was a “Grocer’s Assistant” – he was in the household of “Grocer Manager” Thomas Seambler, along with a House-keeper; a Grocer’s Carter; and a Grocer’s Apprentice.

During the 3rd Quarter of 1907, Henry married one Mary Ann Wasteney in the Worksop District of Nottinghamshire.

In the 1911 Census, Henry was living with Mary and two sons (2yrs’ old and 9months’ old).  Henry’s occupation was “Banksman” working at the surface of a colliery – a Banksman was in charge of the pit bank.  He was responsible for loading and unloading the cage and signalling to the engineman responsible for winding the cage.

On 29 August 1914, Henry enlisted in the Army and became Private 13566 in the Leicestershire Regiment.  His WW1 Pension Record has survived and it notes that he was: 5’ 3” and a “Coal Miner”.  Henry named his wife as ‘Next-of-Kin’, who was living at 3 Church Lane, Dinnington, Rotherham.

On 29 July 1915, Henry embarked for France; a year to the day (29 July 1916), he was admitted to a Field Hospital with Influenza; between 10 – 20 August, he had Leave; he was admitted as “Sick” again on 30 October; and, from Etaples, he was sent to England on 29 November.

On 30 November 1917, Henry was admitted to Coombe Lodge, Gt. Warley with Bronchitis.  After 12 days, on 12 December, Henry was admitted to “Singholm Red Cross Hospital, Walton-on-the-Naze”.  Henry spent 121 days at ‘Singholm’, leaving on 11 April 1918 … when he went on “Sick Furlough” (Sick Leave).

‘Singholm’: Henry James Turner’s WW1 Medal Index Card National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

‘Singholm’: Henry James Turner’s WW1 Medal Index Card
National Archives © & Ancestry.co.uk acknowledged.

On 16 December 1918, it was proposed that Henry be awarded £35 in relation to the ill-health he suffered during his Army service.

Henry was discharged from the Army on 23 January 1919.  In March 1960, the death of a Henry J. Turner was registered in the Rother Valley District of the West Riding of Yorkshire.


More to come …


London Workers’ Holiday Home, Walton-on-Naze, Essex – ‘Singholm’. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

London Workers’ Holiday Home, Walton-on-Naze, Essex – ‘Singholm’.
Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


NEXT: WITHAM: Witham V.A.D. Auxiliary Hospital

Advertisements