IPSWICH: Orwell Park Auxiliary Hospital, Nacton

ORWELL PARK AUXILIARY HOSPITAL

and SUPPLY DEPOT

Nacton, Ipswich, Suffolk

Orwell Park : WW1 Hospital. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Orwell Park : WW1 Hospital. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Orwell Park grounds lie in the manor of St. Peter’s, Nacton, Ipswich.  For a while, it had connections with Cardinal Wolsey (1475-1530) – who was born in Ipswich and became the Lord Chancellor of England in the reign of Henry VIII.)

The naval hero Admiral Edward Vernon (1684-1757) purchased a house in Nacton on land that became ‘Orwell Park’.

George Tomline (1813-1889) was another resident –he purchased the Orwell Park Estate in 1848.  George was an extremely wealthy, influential, Victorian entrepreneur.  George became an MP for Sudbury and was founder of the port of Felixstowe.    He built the magnificent observatory at Orwell Park, which is still used today.

Today, a leading Independent Co-Ed School occupies the magnificent Grade II building and its grounds.   The school was founded by one Reverend Walter Wilkinson in Lowestoft in 1868.   It then moved to Aldeburgh in 1870, changing its name 3 times – from ‘Crespigny House’ to ‘Eaton House’ to ‘Aldeburgh Lodge’.  In 1937, the school moved to the Orwell Park site in Nacton and was renamed ‘Orwell Park School’.  (http://www.orwellpark.co.uk/)

At the outbreak of the First World War, Orwell Park was offered as an auxiliary hospital affiliated to the General Military Hospital in Colchester.   There was also a Supply Depot based at Orwell Park:

An entry from a ‘LIST OF WAR HOSPITAL SUPPLY DEPOTS ORGANISED BY PRIVATE INDIVIDUALS THROUGHOUT THE UNITED KINGDOM AND ABROAD’:-

… 4486 IPSWICH  LADY BEATRICE PRETYMAN, ORWELL PARK


Bury Free Press, Saturday 29 January 1916 [sic]:

“SUFFOLK RED CROSS SOCIETY. A MEETING OF THE GRAND COUNCIL.  REPORT OF AN EXCELLENT YEAR’S WORK.

Mr. J. Maitland Wilson (the County Director) presided at a meeting of the Grand Council of the Suffolk Branch of the British Red Cross Society held at the County Hall, Ipswich, on Friday afternoon. … The Red Cross Hospitals in the county have done splendid work during the past year, and have been conducted in a most efficient manner.  All the hospitals, with the exception of Lord Iveagh’s hospital at Elveden Hall and Lady Beatrice Pretyman’s convalescent home at Orwell Park, are now receiving Government grant, … The number of patients received in the different Red Cross hospitals and hospitals working in conjunction with the branch up to November 30th, 1915, is 7,229. … …”


16 August 1918, Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:

NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war: …  Barry, Staff nurse Miss E., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Colchester; Bennett, Sister Miss M. Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military General Hospital, Colchester; Bowles, Sister Miss A. A., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military General Hospital, Colchester; Brampton, V.A.D. Nurse Miss A., Military General Hospital, Colchester; De Stourdza Zrinyi, Matron Miss F. G. P., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Dovercourt; Lennock, Nurse Miss F., Essex County Hospital, Colchester; Lloyd, Staff Nurse Miss L., Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; Robinson, Nurse, Mrs. O., Essex County Hospital, Colchester; Turton-Browne, V.A.D. Nurse Miss M., Military General Hospital, Colchester; Wheeler, Staff Nurse Miss M., Middlesex Hospital. Clacton.

The names of the following have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organisation, and maintenance of hospitals:– … … Mrs. A. Krohn, Maldon; Lady Beatrice Pretyman, Suffolk*; … Mrs. E. Wren, Lexden, Colchester.”    

“MORE “JUST SEW” PICTURES: Activities in a Good Cause at Captain Pretyman’s Home in Suffolk.” THE TATLER Sporting and Country House Supplement, page 119, No. 689, September 9, 1914. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

“MORE “JUST SEW” PICTURES: Activities in a Good Cause at Captain Pretyman’s Home in Suffolk.” THE TATLER Sporting and Country House Supplement, page 119, No. 689, September 9, 1914. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

A SEWING PARTY IN THE GARDEN OF ORWELL PARK—MISS M. PRETYMAN, CAPTAIN PRETYMAN, LADY BEATRICE PRETYMAN, AND MISS PRETYMAN.

Orwell Park, Suffolk, is the home of Captain Earnest Pretyman, M.P. for the Chelmsford Division of Essex, and late of the Royal Artillery. He married Lady Beatrice Bridgeman, Lord Bradford’s daughter, and was Secretary to the Admiralty from 1903-6.  Their family consists of three sons and three daughters.  Captain and Lady Beatrice Pretyman are indefatigable workers in the glorious cause of the amelioration of the sufferings of our soldier heroes, and large working parties daily add their quota to the flood of necessities for our wounded.”



LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT ORWELL PARK HOSPITAL: There is no doubt that many people who assisted in the running of this establishment will never be discovered within records and, thus, they remain un-named.  .  If a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to length of service at Orwell Park Hospital]:- 

HAVELL, Dr. Charles Graham (1915-1919. Medical Officer)

KENNER, Miss Matilda (11.1917-13.1.1919. Nursing)

PRETYMAN, Lady Beatrice nee Lady Beatrice Adine Bridgeman (Donor of Orwell Park as Hospital)

PRETYMAN, The Hon. Ernest George [PC, JP, DL. 1860-1931] (Donor of Orwell Park as Hospital)



PROFILES

HAVELL, Dr. Charles Graham (1915-1919. Medical Officer)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=orwell+park&id=99918&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Corner House Cambridge Road, Felixstowe; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: 1919; HOSPITAL: Orwell Park Hospital, Suffolk; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: MO; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1915 about 2 1/2 years; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: No; RANK AT TERMINATION: MO; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: No; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: M.O. Orwell Park Hospital, Ipswich; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; COMMISSION: Suffolk.


KENNER, Miss Matilda (11.1917-13.1.1919. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=orwell+ipswich&id=124894&first=true

ADDRESS: Orwell Park, Ipswich; SERVICE FROM: 11/1917; SERVICE TO: 13/01/1919; HOSPITAL: Orwell Park Hospital, Suffolk; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; DATE OF TERMINATION: 13/01/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: {Cooking for – crossed through} Nursing wounded soldiers [Orwell Park]; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time, 9984 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Red Cross Hospital, Orwell Park, Ipswich {Surname} Hughes crossed through; COMMISSION: Suffolk; HONOURS AWARDED: Mention.


PRETYMAN, Lady Beatrice nee Lady Beatrice Adine Bridgeman (Donor of Orwell Park as Hospital)

Born 02 December 1870 Chelsea, London (she was a descendant of William the Conquerer). She was daughter of London-born 4th Earl of Bradford, George Cecil Orlando Bridgeman and Yorkshire-born wife Ida Annabella Frances (nee Lumley). 

1871 Census:      Weston Park, Weston-under-Lizard, Staffs.   At grandparents home (Earl & Countess of Bradford); also with parents; 2 Aunts; 2 visitors; and 50+ (fifty+) servants.

1881 Census:      Castle Bromwich Hall, Aston, Castle Bromwich, Warwickshire. With father (M.P., J.P., Capt. of Yeomanry); mother; & 5 siblings.  Plus 20 (twenty) servants.

1891 Census:      The Hall, Aston, Castle Bromwich, Warwickshire.  With father (Viscount Newport and Magistrate); mother; 5 siblings; a visiting Aunt, Uncle & cousin; 19 (nineteen) servants; and 2 visitors’ servants.

1894:                   Married Ernest George Pretyman at St George Hanover Square, London.

1901 Census:       Orwell Park, Nacton, Suffolk.  With husband (M.P./Civil Lord of Admiralty) and 4 children. Plus 20+ servants.

1911 Census:      2 Belgrave Square, London.  With M.P. husband and 8 servants.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=orwell+park&id=242910&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Orwell Park; COUNTY: Suffolk; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; SERVICE TO: 13/01/1919; HOSPITAL: Orwell Park Hospital, Suffolk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 13/01/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Donor of Orwell Park Auxiliary Hospital; COMMISSION: Suffolk.

1952, 27.06:        Death  …. “of Lavington Hill, Midhurst, Sussex”.

Probate announcement transcript:-  “PRETYMAN the honourable Beatrice Adine of Lavington Hill Midhurst Sussex widow died 27 June 1952 Probate London 23 September to George Marcus Tomline Pretyman farmer and the honourable Henry George Orlando Bridgeman D.S.O. M.C. retired colonel H.M. army.   Effects £9924 13s 4d.”


PRETYMAN, The Hon. Ernest George [PC, JP, DL. 1860-1931] (Donor of Orwell Park as Hospital)

Ernest George Pretyman was a British Army officer and a Conservative Party politician – being M.P. for Woodbridge in Suffolk (1895-1906) and M.P. for Chelmsford in Essex (1908-1923).  Ernest was the son of the Reverend Frederic Pretyman, Canon of Lincoln and the great-grandson of George Pretyman Tomline, a well-known cleric in the late 18th century. He was also the heir of George Tomline, his father’s first cousin.

Ernest was educated at Eton and at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.   He entered the Royal Artillery in 1880 and retired in 1889.     Ernest served as MP for Woodbridge, Suffolk from 1895–1906 and for Chelmsford from 1908-1923.   He was Civil Lord of the Admiralty from 1900–1903, Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty from 1903–1906, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade from 1915–1916 and Civil Lord of the Admiralty again from 1916 to 1919.  He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1917.    Pretyman Road in Ipswich is named after him.

Ernest married Lady Beatrice Adine Bridgeman (1870–1952) on 28 June 1894, at St George Hanover Square, London.    The couple had three sons and three daughters.



OTHER ORWELL PARK RESIDENTS WHO VOLUNTEERED:-

MEYNELL, Mrs. Ida Beatrice (17.3.1916-27.1.1917. Commandant of Suffolk/84 V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=orwell+ipswich&id=150136&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Orwell Park, Ipswich; SERVICE FROM: 17/03/1916; SERVICE TO: 27/01/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 1914 to February 1917, Commandant of Suffolk / 84; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Commandant of VAD; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant of VAD; DATE OF TERMINATION: 27/01/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing at Suffolk Hospital, Ampton Hall, Bury St. Edmund; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Suffolk / 84.


QUIN, Mrs. Marjorie Elizabeth Wyndham (1.2.1917-8.12. Commandant of Suffolk/84 V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=orwell+ipswich&id=170537&forwards=true

ADDRESS: at Orwell Park Ipswich; SERVICE FROM: 12/09/1915; SERVICE TO: 08/12/1918; HOSPITAL: Somerley House Hospital, Ringwood; Shrubland Park Hospital, Coddenham, Ipswich ; Red Cross Hospital, Finborough Hall, Stowmarket ; Auxiliary Hospital, Brocklesby; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant of VAD. Suffolk/84 since 2/17 still serving; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing. see over; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1478 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: from 12.9.15 to 12.12.15. Melton Red Cross Hosp: Woodbridge from 20.1.16 to 31.7.16. Finborough Red Cross Hosp: Stowmarket. from 24.8.16 to 28.9.16. Somerley, Ringwood, Hants. from 16.9.16 to 11.10.16. Melton Red Cross Hospital, Woodbridge from 26.1.17 to 28.2.17. Brocklesby Park, Lincolnshire from 28.3.17 to 29.4.17. Eaton Square, London. S.W. from 22.4.18 to 8.12.18 Shrubland Park Hospital; DEPARTMENT: Suffolk/84; COMMISSION: Suffolk.


Orwell Park, Nacton, Ipswich. Courtesy of Ed Broom/www.ippo.co.uk

Orwell Park, Nacton, Ipswich. Courtesy of Ed Broom www.ippo.co.uk


NEXT: IPSWICH: Wherstead Park Hospital, Wherstead

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