GREAT HORKESLEY: ‘Woodhouse’ & Horkesley V.A.D. Hospital (Essex 46)

WOODHOUSE & HORKESLEY V.A.D. HOSPITAL (ESSEX 46)

Woodhouse Lane, Coach Road, Great Horkesley

Photograph from V.A.D. Nurse Lily Nevard’s Photograph Album. Courtesy/© of David Seaborn.

Photograph from V.A.D. Nurse Lily Nevard’s Photograph Album. Courtesy/© of David Seaborn.

“The Great Horkesley Voluntary Aid Detachment of the British Red Cross opened and fully equipped a hospital at Woodhouse, Coach Road, in September 1914.    

Woodhouse was the home of Col. H. J. Lermitte (Henry James Lermitte of the Essex Yeomanry) and his wife (Susan Ismay), the latter was Commandant of the hospital.   Col. Lermitte died 20 June 1918 aged 60. 

The first wounded soldiers arrived on 22 October 1914 and the number of beds quickly rose from 15 to 60.  During the course of the war no less than 1,522 wounded soldiers passed through the hospital and not one died while in care thanks to the devotion of the staff. 

Woodhouse finally closed on 15 April 1919.  Mrs. Lermitte was awarded the Royal British Red Cross Decoration by King George V in 1917.”

The above text is taken from the Photograph Album of ‘Woodhouse VAD’ Nurse Lily Nevard.  See the next chapter for Lily’s photographs.


Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 30 October 1914 [sic]:

“Thirteen of the wounded who arrived at Colchester have been quartered at West-Wood House, Great Horkesley, the residence of Col. And Mrs. H. J. Lermitte, where a capital barn has been converted into a hospital.  The charming grounds are open to those able to walk, and Col. Lermitte’s smoking-room has been placed at their disposal for mid-day meals.   The Hospital is carried on under the superintendence of Mrs. H. J. Lermitte, who is the Commandant of the Essex, 46, Red Cross V.A.D., and a trained nurse.  Dr. Cant, of Great Horkesley, is the hon. Medical attendant.” 


Saturday 31 October 1914Essex Newsman [sic]:

ESSEX  WOUNDED. Thirteen of the wounded who arrived at Colchester have been quartered at West-Wood House, Great Horkesley, the residence of Col. And Mrs. H. J. Lermitte, where a capital barn has been converted into a hospital.  The charming grounds are open to those able to walk, and Col. Lermitte’s smoking-room has been placed at their disposal for mid-day meals. The Hospital is carried on under the superintendence of Mrs. H. J. Lermitte, who is the Commandant of the Essex, 46, Red Cross V.A.D., and a trained nurse.  Dr. Cant, of Great Horkesley, is the hon. Medicalattendant.”

Was PRIVATE 8849 GEORGE SAUNDERS of the SOUTH LANCASHIRE REGIMENT (who was wounded on 20 September 1914), one of the above-mentioned 13 wounded soldiers who arrived at ‘Woodhouse’?  See the end of Lily Nevard’s photograph album chapter.


Chelmsford Chronicle, Friday 24 December 1915 [sic]:

GREAT HORKESLEY.  AN ENJOYABLE ENTERTAINMENT was given on Tuesday evening to the wounded soldiers at the V.A.D. Hospital at Woodhouse, the residence of Col. and Mrs. H. J. Lermitte, by Mr. Peart, Mr. Barker, and scholars from the Colchester Royal Grammar School.  Trooper Wade, Essex Yeomanry, also assistanted.  The hospital was established by Col. and Mrs. Lermitte sixteen months ago, and over 250 men have been treated there.”


October 1917 War Office List:

In a War Office List of V.A.D. Hospitals (under Eastern Command), dated October 1917, Woodhouse had 17 occupied beds and Mrs. Lermitte was named as Commandant.


Chelmsford Chronicle, Friday 18th Apr 1919 [sic]:

HORKESLEY HOSPITAL CLOSING.  Woodhouse Hospital, Great Horkesley, opened in October, 1914, was closed on Tuesday.  It started with seventeen beds, and gradually increased to sixty.  Some 1,522 men have passed through, and no deaths have occurred.  This is the last of the local auxiliary hospitals in the district to be closed.  Mrs. Hickinbotham, who was Sister at Woodhouse Hospital for three years, has presented the Commandant, Mrs. Lermitte, with an antique carved oak desk and a large brass Normandy milk jug.  Sister Price has received a set of table plate and cutlery, on a mahogany tray, and Miss Dawes, quartermaster, a silver hairbrush.”


Surviving Hospital Card for ‘Woodhouse’ Hospital. ©/Permission to reproduce courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Hospital Card for ‘Woodhouse’ Hospital. ©/Permission to reproduce courtesy of The British Red Cross.


LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT ‘WOODHOUSE’ HOSPITAL: if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to ‘Woodhouse’].  Where a service card image appears, it is because that card is not available to view online at the British Red Cross search facility:- 

BARROW, Miss Gladys Mary (3.11.1918-4.1919. General Service member. Ward Probationers Work)

BARTAM, Mrs. Jane (21.10.1914-3.1919. Cook. Cooking and mending)

BEADDY, Mrs. Annie (10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse, also mending)

BLES, Miss Rose Sophia (V.A.D. ?Nurse)

BOURNE, Miss Kathleen Derby (11.11.1918-15.04.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

BUCKLE, Mrs. Matilda (6.10.1914-1916. V.A.D. Cook Storekeeper. Also worked at Col. Mil. Hospital)

CANT, Miss Amy Muriel (21.10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

CANT, William Edmund  (Medical Officer at ‘Woodhouse’ and ‘Gostwycke’ Aux. Hospital, Colchester).

CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (10.1914-1.1918. V.A.D. Nursing. General Work. Also worked at Stanway Hospital; Col. Military Hospital; and St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

CHILTON, Miss Margaret Rosalind (10.1914-10.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

DANIELL, Mrs. Grace Marion (9.1914-6.1915. V.A.D. Assistant Commandant. Quartermaster. Housekeeping/Accounts.  Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

DAWES, Miss Ellinor Jessie (3.1917. Nurse.  7.1917-4.1919. Quartermaster)

DEANE, Miss Monica Mary (3.3.1918-8.11.1918. V.A.D. Probationer. General Duties)

DICK, Dorothy M. (9.7.1917-10.1.1918. Quartermaster. Also worked ?at Essex County Hospital)

DIPNALL, Miss Dorothy Lucy (3.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. Repairing hospital clothing)

DIPNALL, Mrs. Sophia Mary (3.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. Repairing hospital clothing)

ELEY, Mrs. Kathleen Isabella  (10.1914 for 10 weeks. Helping generally)

ELMER, Mrs. Ethel Rosa (2.11.1914-1.3.1919. V.A.D. Cooks Assistant. Ward cleaning Washing)

FARRINGDON, Katherine (30.1.17 to 12.2.17. Trained Nurse)

HARRIS, Mrs. Augusta E. (21.10.1914-9.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

HICKINBOTHAM, Mrs. Beatrice Elliot (10.1914-9.1917. Trained Nurse/Sister)

HICKINBOTHAM, Dr James Ryland M.B. M.R.C.S. L.R.C.P. (Medical Officer)

HORSMAN, Miss Maude Mary (10.1914-8.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Probationer duties)

HULME, Mrs. Lizzie Olive (10.1914-1916. V.A.D. Nurse)

KERRIDGE, Mrs. Kate Emmelene (6.1917-12.1918. V.A.D. Darning socks)

LEFROY, Miss Mary Elizabeth (20.10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. General Ward Work)

LERMITTE, Mrs. Susan Ismay (nee West) (21.10.1914-15.9.1919. Commandant and Matron. Staff nurse. Awarded Royal Red Cross 2nd Class and Medaille Belge de la Reine Elisabeth)

MASKELL, Miss Daisy Elizabeth (21.10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Asst. Quartermaster. Nurse)

MOSS, Mrs. Louisa (21.10.1914-20.9.1918. St John Ambulance Assn. Nursing & Helping)

MUMFORD, Mrs. Beatrice (23.10.1914-13.9.1915. V.A.D. Nurse)

MUNSON, Mrs. Ellen (21.10.1914-20.11.1916. V.A.D. Nurse)

NEVARD, Miss Lily Maude (1.11.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

NICHOLSON, Dr. Mr. Benjamin Hugh M.B. C.M. (12.1917=3.1919. Senior Surgeon at Essex County Hospital – 3 visits a week) 

NUNN, Miss Annie Edythe Isabel (31.10.1918-4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

ORPEN, Mrs. Mary Eva (21.10.1914-7.10.1917. V.A.D. Nurse)

PAGE, Mrs. Laura (3.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. Repairing clothes)

PEACHEY, Mrs. Ellen (8.1916-2.1918. V.A.D. Probationer. Cook)

PRICE, Dorothea Winifred (10.12.1917-30.4.1919. Trained Staff Nurse/Sister)

SAGE, Mabel Emily (22.7.1916-15.6.1917 & 8.10.1918-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Cook. Storekeeper.  Also worked at General Military Hospital.)

SINGLETON, Rev. Thomas Bayden (8.1.1917-5.8.1918. Chaplaincy & Divisional “War Pensions” Visitor – also to Essex County Hospital)

SMITH, Miss St. Osyth Mahala Eustace (10.1914-5.1815. V.A.D. Various capacities. Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’ and ‘Singholm’)

SPARKS, Mrs Emily Maud (2.2.1918-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Cook)

TAYLOR, Miss Fanny Jane (10.1914-1915+ V.A.D. Nurse)

WALSH, Mrs. Violet Jennie (4.10.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. General Service)

WARD, Meggie Isabella (Staff Nurse/Sister. Documentation and deputed Sister mention)

WEIR, Miss Enid Moncia Collison (6.5.1918-19.9.1918. V.A.D. General duties)


PROFILES 

BARROW, Miss Gladys Mary (3.11.1918-4.1919. General Service member. Ward Probationers Work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=12598&first=true

ADDRESS: “Horspits” West Bergholt; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/11/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General service member. Chiefly Ward Probationers Work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 82 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


BARTAM, Mrs. Jane (21.10.1914-3.1919. Cook. Cooking and mending)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=13076&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Wisteria Cottage Gt. Horkesley, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: joined detachment Essex 46 in 1910; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking & Mending; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1,162; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


BEADDY, Mrs. Annie (10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse, also mending)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=14370&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Tyle House Farm, Gt Horkesley; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: VAD nurse also for mending; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1696; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


BLES, Miss Rose Sophia (V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=21060&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Wellesley House Lr Sloane St. S.W; SERVICE FROM: 00/11/1914; SERVICE TO: Present time; HOSPITAL: Chelsea VAD, 13, Grosvenor Crescent ; Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; Clock Hospital, Embankment ; Eccleston Hospital, 22, Eccleston Square, SW; 17, Park Lane, W1; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. ordinary member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: as V.A.D. Motor Driver; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Canteen worker & Motor Driver; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 4368 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Westminster Hospital Chelsea V.A.D. Hosp. Gt. Horkesley V.A.D. Hosp (Colchester) Clock House Hospital Sloane Sq. Canteen. Motor Driver at Eccleston Hospital 53 Gerstley House & Russian Hospital 17 Park Lane; COMMISSION: L.72 Chelsea V.A.D. Hop; HONOURS AWARDED: B.R.C.S. 1st Aid & HN. N.H. Society’s cert for first aid & B.R.C.S. Associate’s badge.


BOURNE, Miss Kathleen Derby (11.11.1918-15.04.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=23662&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Cloves Cottage, Boxted; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 11/11/1918; SERVICE TO: 15/04/1919; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/11/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 200 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 46.


BUCKLE, Mrs. Matilda (6.10.1914-1916. V.A.D. Cook Storekeeper. Also worked at Col. Mil. Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=31122&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St George Mile End Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: although in V.A.D. Essex 46 most of the work was done as special service member at Colchester General Military Hospital; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/10/1914;  PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 18/-; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/07/1916 still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 32/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital (handwritten) Gt Horkesly Colchester Working in Hospital at opening October 1914. Working as Special Service Member at Colchester General Military Hospital, Since 1916 Still Serving; COMMISSION: Essex.


CANT, Miss Amy Muriel (21.10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

Born 1890, Braiswick, Colchester.  Daughter of Colchester-born [Mile End Rose Grower] Frank Cant and his Wix-born wife Mary Elizabeth.  Member, as was William Cant (below) of the local Cant family.

1891 Census:      Bakers Farm, Bakers Lane, Braiswick, Colchester, Essex. Living with parents; two older brothers; and two servants.

1901 Census:

1911 Census:      Braiswick, Colchester, Essex.  Living with parents; younger brother Clifford; and two servants.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=36177&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Braiswick, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 21/10/1914; SERVICE TO: April 15th. 1919 exclusive of 1916 – Sept 17; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined Detachment 1911; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1,222; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: V.A.D. “Woodhouse” Hospital, Great Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex. 46.


CANT, William Edmund  (Medical Officer at ‘Woodhouse’ and ‘Gostwycke’ Aux. Hospital, Colchester).  (MRCS 9 May 1867; FRCS 11 June 1874; MD Durham 1885; LRCP 1868; MBE.)

Born 30 June 1845 Colchester, Essex. Only son of Mile End Seed Grower William Cant and his wife Elizabeth Cross. 

1871 Census:      Union Workhouse, Watford, Hertfordshire.  Occupation: Medical Officer.

1881 Census:      Royal Albert Hospital, Stoke Damerel, Devon.   Occupation: Resident Medical Officer Surgeon.

1891 Census:      Jerusalem. In charge of ‘Order of St. John’ ophthalmic hospital.

1901 Census:      Jerusalem. In charge of ‘Order of St. John’ ophthalmic hospital.

1911 Census:      Jerusalem. In charge of ‘Order of St. John’ ophthalmic hospital.


CANT, Mr. Esq. William Edmund M.D., F.R.C.S., M.B.E.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=36178&forwards=true

ADDRESS: THE MILL HOUSE, LEXDEN, COLCHESTER; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley;  PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: SIMILAR ONE AT WOODHOUSE AUXILLIARY HORKESLEY COLCHESTER; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: MEDICALOFFICER; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: NIL; RANK AT TERMINATION: MEDICAL OFFICER; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: NIL; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: SURGICAL; WHOLE OR PART TIME: ACCORDING TO REQUIREMENTS; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Red X Hospital, Colchester M.O. 1915 to 1919; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES MARCH 1919 M.B.E. 10 Mos.

“HONOURS.

A SPECIAL Supplement to the London Gazette, dated March 30th (1920), contains the following promotions in and appointments to the civil division of the Order of the British Empire for services in connexion with the war:  M.B.E. …… William Edmund Cant, M.D.,F.R.C.S., Medical Officer, Woodhouse & Great Horkesley and ‘Gostwycke Auxiliary Hospitals, Colchester.”

William “was educated at the Royal Grammar School, Colchester, and afterwards entered St George’s Hospital, where he acted as house surgeon.   For some years he took house surgeoncies at the Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital, at the Seamen’s Hospital, Greenwich, and at the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children.   From 1878 to 1885 he was surgeon in charge of the government lock hospitals and was assistant surgeon at the Central London Ophthalmic Hospital.  He was, too, tutor in the medical school at Bristol.  In March 1888 he went to Jerusalem under the auspices of the Order of St John of Jerusalem to take charge of their ophthalmic hospital, which at that time was the only hospital in Palestine devoted to the treatment of eye disease.   Here he soon made a name for himself.   In the early days many patients – nervous, wild, and free – escaped from the hospital and only returned months later in a worse state than when they had first been admitted.   The skill and patience of Dr Cant, ably assisted by his wife, caused the Arabs in time to bring their children as well as their elders.   The growth of the work led to the appointment of an English assistant ophthalmic surgeon and later still of English nurses in addition to the devoted native assistants who had been properly trained.  Dr Cant resigned his position and returned to England in December 1911.  As a reward for his services he was made a Knight of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, and was later decorated MBE.    He died on 17 August 1936 at the ‘Mill House’, Lexden, Colchester, survived by his widow, nee Mary Hill, but without children.   He was, at the time of his death, the senior FRCS.   Mrs. Cant died on 5 December 1936.”

(MRCS 9 May 1867; FRCS 11 June 1874; MD Durham 1885; LRCP 1868; MBE.) Courtesy of The Royal College of Surgeons of England 

N.B:   See William E. Cant also within ‘COLCHESTER: Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital’.


CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (10.1914-1.1918. V.A.D. Nursing. General Work. Also worked at Stanway Hospital; Col. Military Hospital; and St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=39595&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ebenezer Cottage, London Rd, Stanway; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/1918; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1 pound; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing and General work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 140 and whole time for 2 weeks for which I received the above sum; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Dressings Stockwell Street, Colchester Gen Duty Stanway Red Cross Hospital pd fortnight Duty Woodhouse Red Cross Hospital pd fortnight Duty Colchester Military Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


CHILTON, Miss Margaret Rosalind (10.1914-10.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=41032&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Horkesley Rectory, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 3 months at Balham 188 (hrs) included in this period; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 1144 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Part time Woodhouse Hospital Gt, Horkesley Colchester 2030 crossed through on hours; COMMISSION: Essex.


DANIELL, Mrs. Grace Marion (9.1914-6.1915. V.A.D. Assistant Commandant. Quartermaster. Housekeeping/Accounts.  Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=55526&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 5 The Avenue Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Housekeeping – Accounts; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3000; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Great Horkesley Essex V.A.D. Hosp. as Assistant Commandant & Quartermaster Sept 1914 – June 1915 Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester May 1917 – April 1919 as Quartermaster; COMMISSION: Essex.


DAWES, Miss Ellinor Jessie (3.1917. Nurse.  7.1917-4.1919. Quartermaster)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=jessie&sname=dawes&id=58101&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Holmbury, Bedford; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: Till termination of winding up hospital affairs after closing; PAY AT TERMINATION: £30 pa from July 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: ( In charge of hospital clothing etc & rations ( secretarial duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time from July 1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: written under Date of Engagement: “Joined detachment March 1917 – nurse, July 1917 – Quartermaster”. Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


DEANE, Miss Monica Mary (3.3.1918-8.11.1918. V.A.D. Probationer. General Duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=59113&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Longwood Nayland Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 03/03/1918; SERVICE TO: 08/11/1918; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Probationer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/03/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: -none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Probationer; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/11/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: -none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: About 10 Hours per week from March 1917 for about 8 Months. Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: County Essex “46”.


DICK, Dorothy M. (9.7.1917-10.1.1918. Quartermaster. Also worked ?at Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=60828&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Josselyns, Little Horkesley, Nr. Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster. Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/07/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Issuing of khaki clothing – and charge of hospital clothing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Essex County Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


DIPNALL, Miss Dorothy Lucy (3.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. Repairing hospital clothing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=61507&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Willows Gt. Horkesley; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Repairing Hospital Clothing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: afternoon (About 3½ hrs. once a month) (every 5 weeks); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service began about March 1917. ended April 1919 Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley; Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


DIPNALL, Mrs. Sophia Mary (3.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. Repairing hospital clothing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=61509&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Willows, Gt Horkesley; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Repairing Hospital Clothing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1 afternoon every 5 weeks (about 3 1/2 Hrs once a month); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service began March 1917 Ended April. 1919. Wood House Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


ELEY, Mrs. Kathleen Isabella  (10.1914 for 10 weeks. Helping generally)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=68403&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Altyre House Great Horkesley Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: early in 1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: helping generally; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 8 hrs per week at first, irregular later; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Wood house Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester About 10 hours a week October and November 1914; Services terminated early 1915; COMMISSION: Essex.


ELMER, Mrs. Ethel Rosa (2.11.1914-1.3.1919. V.A.D. Cooks Assistant. Ward cleaning Washing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=69406&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hillside, Boxted, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 10s per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cooks Assistant; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1.0.0 per wk; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward cleaning Washing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Voluntary 1 day per week till March 1915. 5 hrs every fortnight from April 1917 till Oct 1918 whole time till March 1st 1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


FARRINGDON, Katherine (30.1.17 to 12.2.17. Trained Nurse)

No British Red Cross Card has been found for her.   She may be the same “Kath Farringdon” who is found on the British Red Cross Card for ‘Singholme Park’ Red Cross Hospital, Walton-on-the-Naze –  26.9.16 to 28.11.16.

Born 1Q 1876 Steyning, Nr. Brighton, Sussex.   Daughter of Ironmonger Benjamin & Martha Farringdon.

1901 Census:   Enfield Isolation Hospital, Enfield, London.  Occupation: Hospital Nurse.

1911 Census:   16 Hatter Street, Bury St. Edmunds (Boarder).  Occupation: School Nurse and Health Visitor.

?26.09.1916 – 28.11.1916 Nurse at ‘Singholme Park’ Red Cross Hospital, Walton-on-the-Naze?

?30.01.1917 – 12.02.1917 Nurse at ‘Woodhouse’ West Bergholt V.A.D. Hospital?


HARRIS, Mrs. Augusta E. (21.10.1914-9.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=97434&forwards=true

ADDRESS: School House, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Gt Horkesley. Joined Detachment Essex 46. 1910 – 1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Quartermaster 1912 – 1914; “nurse” 1914 – 1918; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time, 2030; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


HICKINBOTHAM, Mrs. Beatrice Elliot (10.1914-9.1917. Trained Nurse/Sister)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=104233&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 52 Wimpole Road, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Trained Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt, Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


HICKINBOTHAM, Dr James Ryland M.B. M.R.C.S. L.R.C.P. (Medical Officer)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=104237&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 52 Wimpole Road, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: M.O; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: 4d per bed part time; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Medical Officer; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt.Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


HINDES, Mrs. Eleanor Amy (10.1914-8.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=105963&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Croft, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 2080 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


HORSMAN, Miss Maude Mary (10.1914-8.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Probationer duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=110450&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Rosary, Berghall Rd, Colchester; COUNTY:Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Member of Detachment Probationers Duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [part time] 10. Hrs. Weekly; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


HULME, Mrs. Lizzie Olive (10.1914-1916. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=113144&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Grove Cottage, Wormingford, Colchester; COUNTY: Ex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 1916; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley:; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Red Cross Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Red Cross Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: At Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service in Hospital began October 1914, Terminated 1916. Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


KERRIDGE, Mrs. Kate Emmelene (6.1917-12.1918. V.A.D. Darning socks)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=125394&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Hollies, Gt. Horkesley, Nr Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Darning Socks; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 656 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


LEFROY, Miss Mary Elizabeth (20.10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. General Ward Work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=132493&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Lodge, Boxted, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General ward work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part 10-15 hrs weekly; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt. Horkesley, Colchester Usually worked 10. Hours weekly for 4 1/2 years; COMMISSION: Essex.


LERMITTE, Mrs. Susan Ismay (nee West) (21.10.1914-15.9.1919. Commandant and Matron. Staff nurse. Awarded Royal Red Cross 2nd Class and Medaille Belge de la Reine Elisabeth)

Born 1871 Farmleigh Ferns, Wexford, Ireland.

1881 Census:        ?

1891 Census:        ?

1892, 26 Jan:       Married Henry James Lermitte in Dublin, Ireland.

1901 Census:        West Lodge, West Lodge Road, Colchester. With Retired Army Hon. Lt. Col. Husband Henry James Lermitte.   (H.J.L. also Director of Brewing Company – Colchester Brewing Co. Ltd.).

1911 Census:        Woodhouse, Great Horkesley, Essex. With Retired Army Hon. Lt. Col. Husband Henry James & 2 daughters Nancy & Betty.   + 4 servants.  (H.J.L. also Director of Brewing Company).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=133203&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined detachment February 1912; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Till termination of winding up hospital affairs after closing; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Matron of hospital – nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Great Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: R. Red Cross 2nd Class. Medaille Belge de la Reine Elisabeth.

1917, 2 Nov: Chelmsford Chronicle:  ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.  The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:– To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2  Class).Mrs. Ismay Lermitte, Comdt., Woodhouse Aux. Hpl., Great Horkesley.”

1922:                     Awarded the Royal Red Cross and the ‘Médaille de la reine Élisabeth’.

1959, 24 Aug:       Susan “of Lower Farm, Edgcott, nr Aylesbury” died.


MASKELL, Miss Daisy Elizabeth (21.10.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Asst. Quartermaster. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=146687

ADDRESS: New Barn Farm Gt. Horkesley Nr. Colchester; COUNTY:  Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined detachment Essex 46. in 1912; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: A.Q.M. & Nurse for 18 mths for A.Q.M. duties; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: ₤12- per year; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing duties & A.Q.M duties, helping with Clothes; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3864 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


MOSS, Mrs. Louisa (21.10.1914-20.9.1918. St John Ambulance Assn. Nursing & Helping)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=156199&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Grove Cottage, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined St John Ambulance Assn. Sept 1910, 2 Certificates First Aid, 2 home nursing at Gt Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/09/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & helping generally; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2256; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


MUMFORD, Mrs. Beatrice (23.10.1914-13.9.1915. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=157071&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Achmasons. Braiswick, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 23/10/1914; SERVICE TO: 13/09/1915; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 13/09/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: two 1/2 days p.w; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: “Woodhouse” Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


MUNSON, Mrs. Ellen (21.10.1914-20.11.1916. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=157277&forwards=true

ADDRESS: (2) Brick Kiln Lane, Gt. Horkesly (Nr. Colchester}; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/11/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 10 hours weekly; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


NEVARD, Miss Lily Maud (1.11.1914-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

Born in Brighton, Sussex.    Birth registered during 1888 4Q.  However, her parents were Great Totham-born Grocer/Draper Edward John Nevard (b1864) & his Boxted-born wife Eliza Green.

V.A.D. Nurse Lilian Maud Nevard. Courtesy/© David Seaborn.

V.A.D. Nurse Lilian Maud Nevard. Courtesy/© David Seaborn.

Lilian’s paternal grand-parents were Carpenter John Nevard  (b1836) & his wife Emma (both born Boxted) and her maternal grand-parents were Harvey Robert Green& his wife Miriam Garrad (both born Great Horkesley).   Thus, Lilian may not have been born in the area but it was in her DNA.

1891 Census:      9 Albion Hill, Brighton, Sussex.   Living with her “Grocer & Provisions Dealer” father; her mother                and her older brother Douglas.  “2” years old.

1901 Census:      Grocers Shop, The Causeway, Gt. Horkesley.   Living with her Grocer/Draper father and mother.   “12” years old.

1910:                     Joined Great Horkesley British Red Cross Voluntary Aid Detachment.

1911 Census:      Grocer/Draper Dealer, The Causeway, Gt. Horkesley.   “22” years old.  National School Teacher (Assistant).    Living with parents plus a male Shopkeeper’s Assistant Berners Shadrach Maskell  and a Boarder Victor Samuel Green (Carpenter).

1914-1919:          As a Member of the Great Horkesley Voluntary Aid Detachment of the British Red Cross,

worked as a V.A.D. nurse at the ‘Woodhouse & Horkesley V.A.D. Hospital’ (Essex 46) in Coach Road,   Great Horkesley.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=159264&forwards=true

ADDRESS: ‘Gardenhurst’ Gt: Horkesley, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined Detachment “Essex 46” in 1910; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time. 2, 340 hours. 10 hours per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.

1919, 02 Sept:    Founder Member of the Great Horkesley Women’s Institute.

1921, 3Q:             Married Godfrey H. Seaborn.

A link to Lilian Nevard’s ‘Woodhouse’ photographs appears at the end of this chapter.


NICHOLSON, Dr. Mr. Benjamin Hugh M.B. C.M. (12.1917=3.1919. Senior Surgeon at Essex County Hospital – 3 visits a week)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=160490&forwards=true

ADDRESS: East Lodge Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Senior Surgeon Essex County Hospital Colchester. Captain 1st Eastern Hospital Cambridge; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: 12/6 per day; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Visits to Hospital 3 times weekly; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt.Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


NUNN, Miss Annie Edythe Isabel (31.10.1918-4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=162081&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Castlebridge Wexford Ireland; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 4 years under Red X Cross. Depot to August 1918 under V.W; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £13 p.a; RANK AT TERMINATION: nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04; PAY AT TERMINATION: £13 p.a; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


ORPEN, Mrs. Mary Eva (21.10.1914-7.10.1917. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=164183&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hillside, West Bergholt, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 21/10/1914; SERVICE TO: 07/10/1917; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined Detatchment Dec: 1911; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/10/1917; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1560; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 46.


PAGE, Mrs. Laura (3.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. Repairing clothes)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=165488&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Woodlands, Gt. Horkesley; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley;; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Repairing clothes; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1 afternoon every 5 wks. (about 3½ Hrs. once a month); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service began about March 1917. Ended April 1919. Woodhouse Hospital, Gt. Horkesley; Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


PEACHEY, Mrs. Ellen (8.1916-2.1918. V.A.D. Probationer. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=168859&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Church Street Boxted; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Probationer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 10/- per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: From August 1916 to March 1917 1/2 day week voluntary; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5 Hrs a week August 1916 to March 1917. Daily March 1917 to Feb 1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


PRICE, Dorothea Winifred [or Dorothy] (10.12.1917-30.4.1919. Trained Staff Nurse/Sister)

Born 2Q 1888 Neath, Glamorgan, Wales.  Daughter of Manufacturing Engineer Charles E. Price & wife Annie.

1911 Census:  East London Hospital For Children & Dispensary For Women, Glamis Rd., Shadwell East, London.  Occupation:  Hospital Nurse.

Service Card for Dorothea Winifred Price. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Dorothea Winifred Price. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=242995&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Stout Hall, Reynoldstone Gower. S. Wales; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sister; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/12/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 52 guineas p. a; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester Still a member of V.A.D. Essex 46. Demobilized on closing of Hospital 15.4.19. Demobilisation on closing of Hospital 15.04.1919; COMMISSION: Essex.


SAGE, Mabel Emily (22.7.1916-15.6.1917 & 8.10.1918-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Cook. Storekeeper.  Also worked at General Military Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=182356&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St George, Mile End, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Although in VAD Essex 46 most of the work was done as Special Services member at Colchester General Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/07/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook Storekeeper; DATE OF TERMINATION: continuing [see “Details”]; PAY AT TERMINATION: 18/- 31/6; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester [Dates from front of card:] 22 July 1916 to 15 June 1917 8 Oct 1918 continuing; COMMISSION: Essex.


SINGLETON, Rev. Thomas Bayden (8.1.1917-5.8.1918. Chaplaincy & Divisional “War Pensions” Visitor – also to Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=3&id=190344

ADDRESS: Stratford -on-Avon (This address is sufficient. Full address unknown.); HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 8/1/17 (Circ); PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 05/08/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Usual routine of Hon. Chaplaincy & Divisional “War Pensions” Visitor to Colchester General Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


SMITH, Miss St. Osyth Mahala Eustace (10.1914-5.1815. V.A.D. Various capacities. Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’ and ‘Singholm’)

Born 05 January 1886, Hampstead.  Baptised 09 May 1886 Belsize Park, Camden.  Daughter of Colchester-born Barrister at Law Thomas Eustace Smith and his Bedford-born wife Katherine (nee St. Osyth Howard).

1891 Census:      16 Upper Park Road, Hampstead, London. With parents and three servants.

1901 Census:     ?

1911 Census:      Wormingford Grove, Wormingford, Essex.  With parents and three servants.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&id=194135&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Wormingford Grove, Wormingford; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See reverse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Worked in various capacities from outbreak of war for 5 months at Woodhouse Acted supply Quartermaster Gostwycke, Colchester for 1 month 1915 Acted Commandant for a fortnight at Singholme Walton on Naze 1915; COMMISSION: Essex.


SPARKS, Mrs Emily Maud (2.2.1918-15.4.1919. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=3&id=195588&forwards=true

ADDRESS: P.T.O; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined Detachment 15.11.18; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/02/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 16/- per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: 16/- per wk; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 2,194; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Permanent address. The Dog Hotel, Wethersfield, Braintree. “Woodhouse” Hospital, Gt. Horkesley, Colchester {Previous Address} Rosedale Cottage, Green Lane. Gt Horkesley, Essex {Note on front of card} Gone Away 4/8/21l COMMISSION: Essex.


TAYLOR, Miss Fanny Jane (10.1914-1915+ V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=3&id=204681&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Cheshnuts, West Bergholt; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: p.t.o; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester Worked from the opening of the hospital, October 1914, only very occasional service since 1915. Still a member of the Essex / 46 VAD; COMMISSION: Essex.


WALSH, Mrs. Violet Jennie (4.10.1917-4.1919. V.A.D. General Service)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=3&id=216929&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Stourbank”, Nayland; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: St. George’s Hospital, London, & Canteen work in London; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/10/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Service; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [part time]; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Still a member of the Essex /46/ Woodhouse Hospital Gt. Horkesley Colchester. Side 1: Date of Engagement/Date of Termination – ‘Served Intermittently’; COMMISSION: Essex.


WARD, Meggie Isabella

Born 1Q 1878 Rowhedge, East Donyland, Essex.  Daughter of Mariner Moses Ward & wife Elizabeth.

1901 Census:      Bethnal Green Infirmary, Bethnal Green, London.  Occupation:  Probationer Nurse.

1911 Census:      ‘Tanilba’, Mundon, nr. Maldon, Essex (Visiting Minnie Heap).   Occupation:  Professional Nurse.

1917, 19 May:    JOINT WAR COMMITTEE: The British Journal of Nursing:  “Home Hospitals. The following Sisters have been deputed for duty in Home Hospitals:-  …   Woodhouse Hospital, Gt. Horkesley, Essex. — … Miss M. I. Ward …”

Service Card for Meggie Isabella Ward. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Meggie Isabella Ward. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Meggie Isabella Ward. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Meggie Isabella Ward. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.


WEIR, Miss Enid Moncia Collison (6.5.1918-19.9.1918. V.A.D. General duties. Also worked at Ardleigh)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=3&id=221048&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Highfields, Langham, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; Red Cross Hospital, Ardleigh; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Ardleigh Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/05/1918; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Generally useful; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 9 till half past 6, twice a week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital Gt Horkesley Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=3&id=221049&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Highfields, Langham, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 26/10/1917; SERVICE TO: 03/01/1919; HOSPITAL: Red Cross Hospital, Ardleigh; Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 26/10/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/01/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Generally useful; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 174 hrs. 6 hours twice a week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Red Cross HP Ardleigh March 1917 – Jan 1919. Great Horkesley, Woodhouse HP [“previous engagements” originally read:] Horkesley Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex


Acknowledgements and thanks go to Mr. David Seaborn, Mr. Chris Stanfield and Pauline Taylor.


One more volunteer has been found connected to Great Horkesley.  Although she did not work at ‘Woodhouse’, she is worth recording here:

ROLLESTON, Mrs. Marjorie Kathleen (9.1916-12.1918. V.A.D. Pantry & Ward Work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=great+horkesley&page=2&id=179151&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Great Horkesley, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1916; SERVICE TO: 12/1917; HOSPITAL: Red Cross Hospital, Ardleigh; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. memb; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Pantry and Ward work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 410 hrs. Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Red Cross HP Ardleigh; COMMISSION: Essex.


NEXT:  GREAT HORKESLEY: V.A.D. Nurse Lilian Maud Nevard’s Photographs

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