FRINTON-ON-SEA: The Rock Red Cross Hospital, 1 Third Avenue

THE ROCK RED CROSS HOSPITAL

The Rock Hotel, 1 Third Avenue, off The Esplanade, Frinton-on-Sea, Essex

The Rock, Frinton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

The Rock, Frinton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

Frinton was only a small village until around 1893 (e.g. water did not come to the village until 1888), when land-owner Sir Richard Powell-Cooper began to develop the area into a sea-side resort – his vision was to create a very high class resort for visitors.   By 1891, the population was still only 87.

At the outbreak of the First World War, at least three properties in Frinton took in wounded soldiers on a convalescent basis – ‘The Recess’ on St. Mary’s Road (Frinton Voluntary Military Hospital); The Rock Hotel on Third Avenue (The Rock Red Cross Hospital); ‘Turret Lodge’ on The Esplanade (also known as ‘The Frinton-on-Sea Officers Disabled Home’).

The property called ‘THE ROCK’ was built in 1895 and still stands today.   It had/has ground, first and second floors, together with a basement.   Today, it still retains many original features e.g. wood paneling and fireplaces.

Mrs. Florence Emma Turner (nee Concanon) offered the property as a Red Cross Hospital – Florence equipped the hospital and opened it on 03 September 1914.  From the surviving British Red Cross hospital card and following news piece, its capacity was 15-17 beds.  On Mrs. Turner’s service card, it notes that the Hospital received War Office grants in 1915 and 1916.

1914, 22 Aug:     Essex Newsman:  WAR NEWS IN BRIEF. … … “Mrs. Turner has offered “The Rock” at Frinton to the Red Cross Society as a hospital.  Seventeen beds are available, and she has arranged for motor transport from Harwich to Frinton.”

Surviving Hospital Card for ‘The Rock’ Hospital. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Surviving Hospital Card for ‘The Rock’ Hospital. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.


LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT ‘THE ROCK’ RED CROSS HOSPITAL: if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile (dates in () refer to ‘The Rock’ Red Cross Hospital).  Where a service card image appears, it is because that card is not available to view online:-

APPLETON, Harriet (1.5.1916-15.6.1916. Trained Nurse/Sister) 

BURGESS, Miss Dorothy Milner (8.1914-25.4.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nursing, ward work)

CARSTAIRS, Miss (Trained Nurse)

CARTER, Miss Violet May (4.10.1915-? Nursing. Also worked at Thorpe Hall, Thorpe-le-Soken)

KELLY, Annie (1.5.1916-16.6.1916. Trained Nurse/Sister)

SEWART, Miss (Trained Nurse)

TURNER, MRS. FLORENCE EMMA (nee CONCANON)  (9.1914-6.1916. Commandant and Matron)

WALKER, Miss Margaret Judith (9.1914-6.1915 & 3.1916-8.1916. V.A.D. Nurse)

‘The Rock’ is at the top left hand corner of this Frinton view. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

‘The Rock’ is at the top left hand corner of this Frinton view. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


PROFILES

APPLETON, Harriet (1.5.1916-15.6.1916. Trained Nurse/Sister) 

Born 20 November 1887 Prescot, St Helens, Lancashire.  Daughter of Sheet Glass Blower William Appleton & wife Mary.  Harriet died 1969 Prescot, St. Helens, Lancs. – she never married.

1911 Census:  The Borough Hospital, Birkenhead, Cheshire.   Occupation: Hospital Nurse.

Service Card for Harriet Appleton. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Harriet Appleton. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

N.B. Above card: “To work with A. Kelly”

Service Card for Harriet Appleton. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Harriet Appleton. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

1916, 13 May:    JOINT WAR COMMITTEE :  The British Journal of Nursing:   “Home Hospitals.   The following Sisters have been deputed for duty in the home hospitals:-  … The Rock Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea – Miss H. Appleton, Miss A. Kelly.”                                                                      

1969:     Harriet died at Prescot, St. Helens, Lancs. – she never married.

(See KELLY, Annie profile below.  Harriet and Annie Kelly were obviously friends – who probably met whilst working together at the Borough Hospital in Birkenhead & the Tiverton Hospital in North Devon)


BURGESS, Miss Dorothy Milner (8.1914-25.4.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nursing, ward work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=32370&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ellerslie, 4th Avenue, Frinton on Sea; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 04/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: The Rock Red X Hospital, Frinton; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per annum; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/04/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing, ward work all the time; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1. The Rock Red X Hospital Part time Aug: 1914-Dec 1915 Whole time : Dec 1915 – April 25 1916 2. The Military Hospital, Old Town, Eastbourne. April 25th 1916 – May 25th 1917 3. Connaught Hospital Aldershot. October 22nd 1917 – April 22nd 1918. Had to leave on account of home duties. 2561 hours at The Rock Hospital. (sgd) Dorothy M. Burgess; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: White Service Bars, & Red Efficiency Stripes.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=32369&backwards=true

ADDRESS: Ellerslie, 4th Avenue Frinton-on-Sea; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 25/04/1916; SERVICE TO: 22/04/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/04/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/04/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital, Eastbourne 25.4.16 – 25.5.17 Connaught Hospital, Aldershot 22.10.17 – 22.4.18; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex 126.


CARSTAIRS, Miss (Trained Nurse)

1914, 28 Nov:     BRITISH RED CROSS SOCIETY.  The British Journal of Nursing: “The under-mentioned nurses have been supplied through the British Red Cross Society for service in the following Red Cross Hospitals at home :- …… Frinton-on-Sea Hospital – Miss Sewart and Miss Carstairs.”


CARTER, Miss Violet May (4.10.1915-? Nursing. Also worked at Thorpe Hall, Thorpe-le-Soken)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=37699&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Killarney, Kirby Cross; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Thorpe Le Soken Auxiliary Hospital; Highbury, Moseley, Birmingham; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil. See over; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: 17/06/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: The Rock Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea. Thorpe Hall Hospital, Thorpe-le-Soken, Essex. Cornelia Hospital, Poole. Dorset. Highbury Auxiliary Hospital, Birmingham; COMMISSION: Essex / 126.


KELLY, Annie (1.5.1916-16.6.1916. Trained Nurse)

Annie is probably the daughter of Timber Feller William Kelly and wife Elizabeth.  Born c1893 Tiverton, North Devon.   Although the British Red Card suggests that Annie was born c1890, there was a birth of one Annie Kelly that was registered in the 2nd Quarter of 1893 in Tiverton.

1901 Census:  4 Cox’s Court, Park St, Tiverton, Devon.  Living with parents & siblings, “8” years old.

1911 Census:  4 Cox’s Court, Park St, Tiverton, Devon.  Occupation:  Errand Girl, Warfing Room (Lace Factory).

Service Card for Annie Kelly. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Annie Kelly. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

N.B.  Above card: Wish to work with H. Appleton”  [See APPLETON, Harriet above].

Service Card for Annie Kelly. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

Service Card for Annie Kelly. ©/Permission to reproduce given courtesy of The British Red Cross.

1916, 13 May:    JOINT WAR COMMITTEE :  The British Journal of Nursing:   “Home Hospitals.   The following Sisters have been deputed for duty in the home hospitals:-  … The Rock Hospital, Frinton-on-Sea – Miss H. Appleton, Miss A. Kelly.”

(See APPLETON, Harriet profile above.  Harriet and Annie Kelly were obviously friends – who probably met whilst working together at the Borough Hospital in Birkenhead & the Tiverton Hospital in North Devon). 

1922, 3Q:             Annie married one Albert Stone at Tiverton, North Devon.

1967, 3Q:             Death registered for Widow Annie Stone (Registration District: Tiverton).


SEWART, Miss (Trained Nurse) 

1914, 28 Nov:     BRITISH RED CROSS SOCIETY.  The British Journal of Nursing: “The under-mentioned nurses have been supplied through the British Red Cross Society for service in the following Red Cross Hospitals at home :- …… Frinton-on-Sea Hospital – Miss Sewart and Miss Carstairs.”


TURNER, MRS. FLORENCE EMMA (nee CONCANON) (3.9.1914-6.1916. Commandant and Matron. Equipped The Rock Hospital).  Later known as ‘Queenie’.

Born 1879 (Birth registered 1st Quarter, St. Pancras).  Baptised on 04 July 1879 at St. John’s Church, Holloway.  Family address: 1 Pemberton Terrace, Islington, London.  Daughter of Irish Stockbroker James Blake Concanon & his English wife Louisa Ann (nee Simm, m 25.03.1874).

1891 Census:  Sussex Square Boarding School, Brighton, Sussex. “Scholar” at private school for girls.  Father listed as “Visitor” at the Hotel Metropole, Kings Road, Brighton.  Mother at home at Humphrey’s Mansions, Westminster, plus 3 servants.

1899:                01 June:   20 year old Florence (of 4 Whitehall Court, London S.W.) was married at St. Margaret, Westminster.    Her husband was Errol Guy Turner, a 30 year old bachelor son of a wine merchant.   His address was the family home Netherton, Wellesley Rd, Croydon – described as a gentleman.

1901 Census:   Flat 14, Chelsea Embankment Court, London.   Living with husband Errol and son Errol plus a cook; a parlour maid; and a nurse.

1911 Census:   42 St. George’s Square, London S.W.   Living with stockbroker Errol.   The family now included  another son Brian and a daughter Helen.   Their staff consisted of a nurse, an under nurse, a cook, 2 house parlour maids and a ‘between maid’.

1912:                The London Gazette:  Errol in partnership with his father in law and others in the firm of J. B.  Concanon and Co.

1913:                Essex Record Office has a plan D/UFr Pb1/427 for additions to The Rock for Mrs E. G. Turner.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=212368&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 45a Nevern Square, Earls Court SW 5; CHARACTER: Very Good M. Ampthill; HOSPITAL: 24, Park Street, W1; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: Devonshire House March 1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: resigned Nov 1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Comdt. The Rock HP Frinton Sept. 1914 to June 1916 Officers HP Park Street June 1916 to March 1917 Comdt. in Charge of Seely Hostel March 1919 to July 1919.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=212368&backwards=true

ADDRESS: 45a Nevern Square, Earls Court SW 5; CHARACTER: Very Good M. Ampthill; HOSPITAL: 24, Park Street, W1; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: Devonshire House March 1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: resigned Nov 1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Comdt. The Rock HP Frinton Sept. 1914 to June 1916 Officers HP Park Street June 1916 to March 1917 Comdt. in Charge of Seely Hostel March 1919 to July 1919.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=212369&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 45a Nevern Square, SW5; HOSPITAL: 24, Park Street, W1; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: No

DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/09/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: No; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant BRCS London 12; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: No; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Matron of Aux Hospital 1914 – 1915; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Equipped The Rock Hospital, Frinton on Sea, opened 3.9.14 maintained 1914 – . 1915; received W.O. grant 1915 – 1916. 17 beds Took in B.E.F; Belgians & local sick & injured. Dental & Massage Departments. Hospital closed June 1916. Acting Quartermaster 24 Park St. W.1. Officers Hospital Sep: 1915 – March 1917. Representative Devonshire House BRCS & St Ermins May 1917. Enrolling Commandant & Head of Uniform Department Devonshire House March 1917 – Nov: 1917. Enrolling Commandant Westminster Division Recruiting week May 1918. In charge of “Gate” at Red Cross Pearl Exhibition Grafton Galleries June 1918. Chauffeuse to Chairman Collections Committee, 83 Pall Mall, April May 1918 Writing & other Detachment Work (1281 hours) to Jan 1919; COMMISSION: London 12; HONOURS AWARDED: 4 years War Service Bar. 5 years Membership Badge BRCS.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=212370&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 45a Nevern Square, S.W.5 HOSPITAL: 24, Park Street, W1; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/09/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/03/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: No; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Acting Quartermaster & Chauffeuse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: X Holder B.R.C.S. at St Ermins May 1917. Equipped the Rock Hospital Frinton-on-Sea opened 3.9.14 maintained 1914 & 1915. Received W.O. grant 1915. 1916. 17 beds. Hospital closed June 1916. Devonshire House. Enrolling Commandant & Head of Uniform department March 1917 November 1917. In charge of “Gate” at Red X Pearl Exhibition June 1918. Chauffeuse to chairman Collections Committee 83 Pall Mall April & May 1918 Hospital for Officers. 24, Park Street, W. V.A.D. Member who has worked at Park Street and elsewhere; DEPARTMENT: Hospital 24 Park Street; COMMISSION: London; HONOURS AWARDED: 4 years War Service Bar, 5 years Membership Badge B.R.C.S.

1917:                Kelly’s Directory : Mrs. Turner : The Rock, Third Avenue.

Errol G. Turner had died 4th Quarter 1935 Westminster. Aged 66 years. Did Florence E. Turner either die 4th Quarter 1954 Marylebone, “75 yrs” OR 2nd Q 1966 St. Pancras, “87 yrs”?  (N.B. Identification & help courtesy of local historian Jane Caddick).


WALKER, Miss Margaret Judith O.B.E. (9.1914-6.1915 & 3.1916-8.1916. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=215904&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 23, Kensington Crescent; SERVICE FROM: 09/1914; SERVICE TO: 11/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing M; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing M; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing member, Rock Hosp. Frinton on Sea; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: A Member since 3.2.12 Sept. 14 – June 15. The Rock Hosp. Frinton on Sea June 5.15 – 2.1.16 Mil. Hosp. France March – Aug. 1916. Rock, Frinton-on-Sea Jan 12.1917 – April 20.17 Devonshire House April 20.1917 to about June Mil. The Hosp. France Invalided home, worked at Devonshire House till Nov: 1917 Resigned 14.11.17; COMMISSION: London 88.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=215905&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 23 Kensington Crescent W. 14; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: France June 1915 – Jan 1916; and April June 1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster BRCS VAD London 12; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: No; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster BRCS VAD London 12; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: In charge of Red Cross Depot 21 St James St; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Quartermaster to Chairman Collections Committee (83 Pall mall) at Red Cross Depot, 21 St James St Jan 1918 to now Jan 1919. This included in charge V.A.D. staff at Pearl & Pearl Necklace Exhibitions, & Christies Red Cross Sale. In charge of stall at Ruhlehen Exhibition Central Hall. Nurse at The Rock Hospital Frinton on Sea Sep 1914 to Jan 1915; & from April 1916 to June 1916; COMMISSION: London 12; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Chevrons.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=frinton&id=215902&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 23 Kensington Crescent, W. 14; CHARACTER: Very good [Signed]; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: [see over]; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: Q/ Master; DATE OF TERMINATION: [see over]; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Sept: 1914 – Jan: 1915 Rock Hospital, Frinton June 1915 – Jan: 1916 Military Hospital, B.E.F. April 1917 – Sept. 1917 Military Hospital, B.E.F. Jan: 1918 – Feb: 1919 R.X. Soho Depôt & R.X. Gift House as R.X. Officer-in-Charge Side 1: Date of Engagement – “Jan: 1917 returned 15.9.17” Date of Termination – “April 1917 Nov: 1917 Resigned” Date of Engagement/Date of Termination – “V.A.D. H.Q.S. / V.A.D. H.Q.S”; HONOURS AWARDED: O.B.E.


Acknowledgements and thanks go to Jane Caddick; Christopher Thornton; and Ken Crowe.


NEXT:  FRINTON-ON-SEA: Turret Lodge Casualty Hospital, The Esplanade

Advertisements