COLCHESTER: Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital

 STANWAY RECTORY V.A.D. HOSPITAL

Stanway, nr. Colchester Essex

Stanway Rectory, Stanway, Colchester, Essex. Courtesy of/© Christina Edwards.

Stanway Rectory, Stanway, Colchester, Essex. Courtesy of/© Christina Edwards.

The Stanway Rectory was built c1885.  The building is now ‘Comrie House’ and part of the private St. Mary’s School.  

At the beginning of the First World War, the Rev. Richard Hartley O’Reilly and his wife Bertha offered the Rectory to the British Red Cross for the purpose of it being used as an Auxiliary Home Hospital. 

Women began to organize the hospital, ready to accept patients.  Vicar’s wife Bertha O’Reilly would have been one of that team, surely – along with Mrs. Mary Grace Weller (Commandant)?  It is known that Mrs. Jane Marie Norfolk, who would become the Hospital’s Quartermaster, was definitely one of the women who helped to make the preparations.

The book ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir, The Great War 1914-1918’ (Printed/Published by The Essex Telegraph 1923) documented the fact “there were many branch Red Cross Hospitals in the area” but only noted the following, along with their Commandants: Ardleigh: Miss Mounsey; Mersea: Mrs. Egerton Green and Mrs. Pierrepont Edwards; Stanway: Mr. L. L. Griffin, Miss S. M. Round, Mrs. Symmons & Mrs. Weller; Wivenhoe: Mrs. Barlow.

The Stanway Rectory Hospital appears to have only been open for seven weeks – within a ‘British Red Cross Roll Of Hospitals In 1915’ list, under HOSPITALS CLOSED OR WITHDRAWN” … “The Rectory, Stanway, near Colchester (Mrs. Weller, Commandant) … No. of Beds 20, Open 7 weeks.” – perhaps from 8 November 1914 to 21 January 1915, or thereabouts.

The book ‘Stanway c1900 – c1920, A Community & its Fallen Soldiers’ (by Christina Edwards) notes “…  local people had donated money and loaned goods to equip the building as a hospital or convalescent home. … Soldiers who were treated there wrote gratefully of their stay but by July 1916 it was obvious that no further use would be made of the facility and locals were invited to collect items that had been loaned.”



LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT STANWAY RECTORY V.A.D. HOSPITAL:  if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to ‘Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital length of service]:-

BEARHAM, Mr. John William (10.10.1915-6.5.1916. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’,  Colchester)

BLOMFIELD, Mrs. Ann (20.10.1914-18.3.1919. Nursing and needlework. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

BOYS, Miss Everilda Mary Bingham (10.1914-? V.A.D. Cook)

CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (10.1914- V.A.D. Nursing & General Work. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley)

CHURCHILL, Mr. Charles Lacey (?21.1.1915-early 1916? Night Orderly. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

CLAMPIN, Mr. Walter (17.1.1915-29.5.1919+ Night Orderly. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

CRAWLEY, Miss Caroline Bertha (2 weeks. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea and Essex County Hospital, Colchester)

CUDMORE, Mr. Edward (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

DOE, Miss Ellen Pettitt (21.11.1914-24.12.1914. V.A.D. Cooking)

EVERITT, Mr. Alfred (7.12.1914-11.1.1915. V.A.D. General Orderly. Night /duty.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

GOFFIN, Mr. Lawrence Laver (15.1.1915-8.3.1919. Quartermaster. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

MASON, Mrs. Florence Violet (11.1914-3.1915. V.A.D. Cooking)

NORFOLK, Mrs. Jane Maria (8.1914-? V.A.D. Quartermaster. Also worked at Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House, Colchester)

O’REILLY, Mrs. Bertha Florence Newsome (V.A.D. Night Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House)

RIDGEWELL, Miss Grace Annie (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

ROUND, Sibyl Mary (Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; St. Martin’s House [Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester]; ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital, Colchester)

RUSHFORTH, Miss Mary (12.1914-1.1915. V.A.D. Cooking for patients)

SACH, Miss Ivy Margaret (10.1914-10.1917. V.A.D. Nursing & General Work.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House and ‘Gostwycke’)

STORE, Miss Gladys Somerville (V.A.D. Nurse)

SYMMONS, MRS. = Mrs. Rose Castillson Hingeston Symmons nee Randolph.  (Commandant)

VYEE: Mr. John Vye (3.10.1915-15.2.1919. General Orderly. Night Duty. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922) Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

WALFORD, Miss Maude Mary (1918-1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton; ‘Gostwycke’; and Essex County Hospital)

WEBB, Mr. Ernest (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

WELLER, Mrs. Mary Grace (9.1914-4.1918. V.A.D. Commandant & Nurse. Day & Night Duty. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester; ‘Gostwyck’; and Essex County Hospital)



PROFILES: 

BEARHAM, Mr. John William (10.10.1915-6.5.1916. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’,  Colchester)

Born 1Q 1880 Great Tey, Essex.  Baptised 6 April 1873 at Great Tey.  Son of Sible Hedingham-born Horse Keeper Joseph Bearham and his Great Tey-born wife Charlotte Hannah (nee Saunders).

1881 Census:   Nr. Chalkney Wood, Gt. Tey. At home, with parents.

1891 Census:   ? House, (adjacent Hill Farm), Ford Street, Aldham.  At home, with parents and widowed grandmother.

1901 Census:   7 London Road, Copford, Essex. At home with parents.

1903, 13 Sept: Married Annie Maria French at Copford, Essex.

1911 Census:   Watch House Corner, Wakes Colne, Essex. Occ: Grocer & Draper. With wife; 1 son; and 3 daughters.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwick+colchester&id=14702&first=true

ADDRESS: Water Lane, Little Hedingham; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 06/05/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/05/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time. 96 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: This man was called to the Colours early, in May 1916 & serving in France (at home stations – deleted) still. Served at – Stanway Hospital Colchester. 21 hours. Dec 10 1914 – Jan 21 1915. rest of time night orderly at Gostwick Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. Essex.


BLOMFIELD, Mrs. Ann (20.10.1914-18.3.1919. Nursing and needlework. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

Born  c1854 Culford, Suffolk.  Daughter of Huntingdonshire-born Farmer George Gifford and Mary Ann (nee Ayres).

1860, 4Q:         Mother Mary Ann died.

1861 Census:   Culford, Suffolk. With widowed father; spinster Aunt; 1 brother; and 1 sister. “Ann”.

1871 Census:   Langham Lane, Langham, Essex. With widowed father; 2 sisters; 1 brother; 1 cousin; and 1 Servant. “Annie”.

1879, 12 Jun:   Married Farmer Frederick William Blomfield at Hornsey Rise, Islington. “Annie”.

July 1880:         Birth of daughter Mary Grace. See ‘WELLER’ below.

1881 Census:   Beckingham Hall, Copford, Essex. With husband; a sister-in-law; 9month old daughter Mary Grace; and 2 servants.

1891 Census:   Beckingham Hall Farm, Birch, Essex. “Annie”. With husband and 1 Domestic Servant.

1901 Census:   Beckingham Hall, Birch, Essex. With husband; a Gifford nephew; and 2 servants.

1911 Census:   Beckingham Hall, Copford, Essex. With farmer husband; along with 1 Farm Pupil; 1 Cook; and 1 Housemaid.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=21179&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Beckingham Hall, Birch, By Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/10 /1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 18/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 450 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Helped with nursing at the V.A.D. Hospital Stanway, Colchester, during its existence when needed; and have since given help when required, or as able, with needlework for the soldiers at the Essex County Hospital and Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital at Colchester. I have also made garments from Birch Hall for the Colchester & Winstree War Work Dept; COMMISSION: Essex Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.

1944, 4 Jun:     Ann “of Elmcroft Marks Tey” died at Stanway, Essex.


BOYS, Miss Everilda Mary Bingham (10.1914-? V.A.D. Cook)

Born 1883 1Q Chatham, Kent. Daughter of Westminster-born Clergyman Henry J. Boys and his Kent-born wife Sarah Georgina Mary Bingham (nee Day).

1891 Census:  The Vicarage, Layer Marney, Essex. With parents; 3 sisters; 1 brother; 1 cousin; 1 Boarder; and 4 servants.

1901 Census:   Eastham Street, Bungay, Suffolk. Boarder. Student of Music.

1911 Census:   The Rectory, Layer Marney, Essex. With parents; 1 sister; and 1 servant.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=24861

ADDRESS: 124 Unthank Road, Norwich; SERVICE FROM: 1916; SERVICE TO: still continuing; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Stanway V.A.D. Hospital, “Refectory”; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: over; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Norfolk War Hospital Canteen; WHOLE OR PART TIME: once a week 10-30- to 3-30; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Short time Stanway Essex Nov. 1918 still continuing Norfolk War Hospital Thorpe, Norwich; COMMISSION: Essex.

1941, 1 Jul:  Everilda “of Lorne House, Rochester spinster” died at The County Hospital, Chatham.


CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (10.1914- V.A.D. Nursing & General Work. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley)

Born 1892 Stanway, Essex. Daughter of Suffolk-born Gardener Charles W. Chaplin and his Lexden-born wife Charlotte Ann (nee Lawrence).

1901 Census:  London Rd, Stanway.  At home with gardener father; laundress mother; and gardener brother.

1911 Census:  Ebenezer Cottage, London Rd, Stanway.  At home with gardener father; laundress mother; and gardener brother .

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=39595

ADDRESS: Ebenezer Cottage, London Rd, Stanway; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/1918; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1 pound; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing and General work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 140 and whole time for 2 weeks for which I received the above sum; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Dressings Strekwood Street, Colchester Gen Duty Stanway Red Cross Hospital pd interper Duty Woodhouse Red Cross Hospital pd interper Duty Colchester Military Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.

1929, 2Q: ?Married Herbert Burton.


CHURCHILL, Mr. Charles Lacey (?21.1.1915-early 1916? Night Orderly. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

1891 Census: Holt Street, Earls Colne, Essex. With parents; 1 brother; and 1 sister.

1901 Census: The Auberies, Bulmer, Essex. Footman for retired Lt. Colonel Walter St. George Burke (Landlord & Farmer) and his family. (1 of 8 servants)

1904, 31 Aug: Married Norfolk-born Emily Holman.

1911 Census:  Rose Green, Chappel.  “Lacey Churchill”. Chauffeur. With his wife; 2 daughters; and a School-Teacher Boarder.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=41587&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Green, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 02/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 09/12/1916; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/12/196; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 156 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.  This man was called to the Colours in early 1916 & still serving in France. Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 21 hours Dec 9 1914 – Jan 20 1915 Instructed in drills at Marks Tey – 101 hrs. one day a week Rest of time night orderly Gostwyke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.

1917, 19 Feb:  Enlisted in to the Army Service Corps (Mechanical Transport). Occupation “Chauffeur” at the time of enlisting.  When Charles enlisted he had 2 daughters and 1 son.  Awarded the British War Medal and the Victory Medal.  His WW1 Service/Pension Records have survived.

1952, 29 May:        Charles “of Rose Cot Chappel” died at The Cottage Hospital, Halstead. Death entry Halstead Registration District.


CLAMPIN, Mr. Walter (17.1.1915-29.5.1919+ Night Orderly. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

Born 1869 Mount Bures, Essex. Baptised 1 August 1869 Mount Bures.Son of Mount Bures parents – Farmer Labourer William and his wife Mary.

1871 Census:  Fordham Road, Mount Bures, Essex. At home with parents and 4 brothers.

1881 Census:  Chappel Road, Fordham.  At home with parents and 4 brothers.

1891 Census:  Colne Road, Fordham. “Wheelwright”.  At home with widowed mother and 1 brother.

1895: Married Julia Ann.

1901 Census:  Penlan Road, Fordham. “Wheelwright”.  At home with wife; 2 daughters; & 1 Boarder.

1911 Census:  Peace Villa, Colchester Road, Chappel, Essex.  “Wheelwright”.  With wife; 3 daughters; 1 son; and 1 niece.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=41759&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Colchester Road Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 16/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 01/03/1919; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part 552 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 18 hrs Dec 12 1914 – Jan 16-1915 Rest of time night orderly at Gostwyke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.

1957,14 Dec:  A Walter Clampin “of 42 Cressing Road, Witham” died at St. John’s Hospital, Chelmsford.


CRAWLEY, Miss Caroline Bertha (2 weeks. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea and Essex County Hospital, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=51670

ADDRESS: Harborough Hall Messing Kelveden; COUNTY: Essex; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 11/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3028 hours part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Middlesex hospital Clacton Essex whole time Nov 1 – 15 1914 Stanway Red Cross Hospital Colchester (2 weeks to part time 6 hrs) Colchester County Hospital ( 2 weeks part time 3 weeks whole time) Graveness Court Auxiliary hospital 8 weeks of 14 days at a time; COMMISSION: Lexden and Winstree Division – Miss Round.


CUDMORE, Mr. Edward (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=53634&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Morning Dawn Farm, Mount Bures; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 31/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 20/04/1918; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/04/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (night);WHOLE OR PART TIME: 348 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. 13.12.1914 to 01.01.1915, served at Stanway Hospital Colchester, 18 hrs Dec 13 1914 – to Jan 17 1915 rest of time at Gostwyck Hospital, Colchester as night orderly; COMMISSION: Essex.


DOE, Miss Ellen Pettitt (21.11.1914-24.12.1914. V.A.D. Cooking)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=62392&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Easthorpe Hall, Kelvedon; SERVICE FROM: 21/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 24/12/1914; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 24/12/1914; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 195; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Stanway Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


EVERITT, Mr. Alfred (7.12.1914-11.1.1915. V.A.D. General Orderly. Night /duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=71520&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Green, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 24/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 19/10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General orderly duty (night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 396 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 18 hrs Dec 7 1914 – Jan 11. 1915 Gostwyckes Hospital Colchester – rest of time; COMMISSION: Essex.


GOFFIN, Mr. Lawrence Laver (15.1.1915-8.3.1919. Quartermaster. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=85869&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Goodwyns, Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 02/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 08/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quarter master; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quarter master; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/03/1919’ PAY AT TERMINATION: nil’ PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: 864 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Specially mentioned for “valuable services rendered during the war” Served at Stanway Hospital in Colchester 15 hrs Dec 11.1914 – Jan 15 1915. Instructed in Drill at Stanway 18 hrs Rest of time night duty Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round, Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: “Mentioned”.


MASON, Mrs. Florence Violet (11.1914-3.1915. V.A.D. Cooking)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=146888&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Easthope Rectory, Kelvedon; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1915; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 263; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Stanway Red Cross Hospital Essex.


NORFOLK, Mrs. Jane Maria (8.1914-? V.A.D. Quartermaster. Also worked at Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=161337&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Layer Hall, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quarter Master; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; DATE OF TERMINATION: Spring/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Helper with first consignment of patients there, collected & conveyed equipment & helped prepare Stanway R.C. Hospital (Dressed with formentations & bandages. Soldiers poisoned arms at St Martins House, Colchester & spent several afternoons making blankets at Colchester General Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time only – hours not recorded by me; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Stanway V.A.D. Hospital. nr Colchester Essex County Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex.


O’REILLY, Mrs. Bertha Florence Newsome (nee Baxter) (V.A.D. Night Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House)

Born 1878, Wath Upon Dearne, Yorkshire. Baptised 10 December 1878 Wath Upon Dearne. Daughter of Doncaster-born Surgeon/Dentist/Chemist John Newsome and his wife Clementine Mary (nee Turner).

Bertha F.N. Baxter. Courtesy/© of Nick Beale

Bertha F.N. Baxter. Courtesy/© of Nick Beale

1881 Census:   31 High Street, Wath Upon Dearne, Yorkshire. With parents; 2 sisters; and 1 servant.

1891 Census:   ?

1901 Census:   ?

1910 2Q:           Married Richard Hartley O’Reilly in Fulham.

1911 Census:   The Rectory, Stanway, Essex. With Clergyman husband; 1 Schoolteacher visitor; 1 Housekeeper; plus 1 General Domestic Servant.

Rev. Richard & Mrs. Bertha O’Reilly. Courtesy/© of Nick Beale.

Rev. Richard & Mrs. Bertha O’Reilly. Courtesy/© of Nick Beale.

Mrs. Bertha F. N. O’Reilly, with husband. Courtesy of/© Christina Edwards.

Mrs. Bertha F. N. O’Reilly, with husband. Courtesy of/© Christina Edwards.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=163960&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Stanway Rectory, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 11/1918; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Attended at Stockwell St. on soldiers with bad arms after vaccination; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: One week at the County Hospital, Colchester, Day Nurse at Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital, Night Nurse at Gostwycke; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time, no record of hours kept; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Part time (358 hours) Stockwell St, Colchester Stanway Red Cross Hospital Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital – night nurse Essex County Hospital, Colchester – 1 week; COMMISSION: Essex, Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.

1962, 25 Sept:  Widow Bertha ,“of 5 Athelstan Road, Colchester”, died at Myland Hospital, Colchester.   Bertha and Richard had no children.

N.B. The tiny images of Bertha Florence Newsome Baxter; Mrs. Bertha O’Neill; and the Rev. Richard O’Neill are reproduced above courtesy/© of Nick Beale, a great nephew of Bertha.  Nick is always striving to discover more about his family, if any person can enlighten him further – nicbeale@bigpond.net.au.


RIDGEWELL, Miss Grace Annie (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stockwell+st.&id=175472&forwards=true

ADDRESS: London Rd., Copford, Nr Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Dressings and meals; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time about 50 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Dressings: Stockwell St. Colchester Stanway Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


ROUND, Sibyl Mary (Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester [St. Martin’s House]; ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital, Colchester)

Born 1872 (registered 1 Quarter, St George Hanover Square, London).  Daughter of M.P./J.P./Essex Landed Gentry James Round and Ovington-born wife Sibylla Joanna Freeland.

1881 Census:      ‘The Holly Trees, East Hill, Colchester.  Living with parents, siblings plus 9 members of staff.

1891 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 8 members of staff.

1901 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 7 members of staff.

1911 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 8 members of staff.

1918, 8 Feb: Chelmsford Chronicle: “The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, maintenance and administration of hospitals:-  ….   Round, Miss Sybil Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=180115

ADDRESS: The Cross House, Layer de la Haye, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; CHARACTER: Mentioned in despatches Jan 1918; SERVICE FROM: 1910; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1910; RANK AT TERMINATION: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nursing & administration work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5200 hours 2 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Vice President – Lexden & Winstree Division since 1911 & Commandant of Essex 44 1914 1 week nursing Middlesex Hosp. Clacton 1914 5 months nursing Stanway Hosp. Colchester 1914 Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester 1915 – 1916 Padding splint, work rooms. 1916 2 months County Hospital Colchester 1917-1919. 2 years Commandant of Gostwycke Auxiliary Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 44 Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.

1949, 27.07:        Death (registered Colchester).    Sibyl never married.


RUSHFORTH, Miss Mary (12.1914-1.1915. V.A.D. Cooking for patients)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=181286&forwards=true

ADDRESS: London Road, Copford, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 12/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking for patients; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 120; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Russell Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Stanway Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex 66.


SACH, Miss Ivy Margaret (10.1914-10.1917. V.A.D. Nursing & General Work.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House and ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=182201&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Pantiles, Copford; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & General Work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [part time] 309; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Stockwell St: Colchester. Stanway Red Cross Hospital. Gostwyke Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


STORE, Miss Gladys Somerville (V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=200225&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 60 Belsize Park Gds, Hampstead, London; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; 52, Welbeck Street, W1; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D.Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 2 years of time 10/ weekly; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D.Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: cooking & nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time & part time 200 Hrs see overleaf; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Stanway V.A.D Hospital part time Leicester Higfield {sic} Hospital. 3 months whole time New Zealand Hospital 2nd General 2 years 10/- a week whole time Miss McCauls Hospital Welbeck Street 3 months 6 hours a day; COMMISSION: Essex 44; HONOURS AWARDED: 2. Stripes.


SYMMONS, MRS. = Mrs. Rose Castillson Hingeston Symmons nee Randolph.  (Commandant)

Bn 1870 Ringmore, Devon.  Daughter of Cornish-born Rector Francis Charles Hingston and Westminster-born wife Martha Jane (nee Randolph). After parents’ 1860 marriage, surname was often “Hingston-Randolph”.

1881 Census:      Ringmore Rectory, Ringmore, Devon.  With parents & 7 siblings – also a cousin of father.  Plus 6 servants including a Governess.

1891 Census:      Ringmore Rectory, Ringmore, Devon.  With parents & 6 siblings.  Plus 5 servants.

1897:                     Married Percy Wilson Symmons in Devon.

1901 Census:      Causeway Cottage, Great Horkesley, Essex.  With husband & 1 daughter.  Plus 2 servants.

1911 Census:      The Near, London Road, Copford, Nr Colchester.  With Civil Engineer husband, son & daughter. Plus 1 General Domestic Servant.

1939:                     Died in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England


VYEE: Mr. John Vye (3.10.1915-15.2.1919. General Orderly. Night Duty. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922) Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=214416&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Cottage. Wakes Colne Place, Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 03/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 15/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 552 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division Miss Round. Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 21 hours Dec 8 1914 – Jan 19. 1915 rest of time night orderly at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WALFORD, Miss Maude Mary (1918-1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton; ‘Gostwycke’; and Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=215301&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 235 Maldon Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 03/1911; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1911; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3300 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Part time given at Middlesex Hospital Clacton on Sea 1914 Stanway V.A.D. Hospital 1914 – 1915 Essex County Hospital 1915 – 1919 Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester 1918 – 1919; COMMISSION: B.R.C.S. Essex 44.


WEBB, Mr. Ernest (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

Born 1871 Earls Colne, Essex.  Baptised Ernest Henry on 8 December 1871.  Son of Earls Colne-born parents – Agricultural Labourer John Webb and his wife Jane (nee).

1881 Census:  Tey Road, Earls Colne, Essex. With parents;  4 sisters; and 1 brother.

1891 Census:  Tey Road, Earls Colne, Essex. With parents; 4 sisters; and 1 brother.

1897, 1Q:         Married Chappel-born Lily Beatrice Everitt.

1901 Census: Rose Green, Chappel, Earls Colne, Essex. Licensed Woodman. With wife and 1 son.

1911 Census: Rose Green, Chappel, Earls Colne, Essex.  “Labourer”. With his wife and 3 sons.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=217601&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Green, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 12/03/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/03/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 72 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. This man was called to the Colours early in 1916 & now finally discharged. Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 18 hours Dec 13 1914 to Jan 17 1915 rest of time Gostwyck Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WELLER, Mrs. Mary Grace (9.1914-4.1918. V.A.D. Commandant & Nurse. Day & Night Duty. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester; ‘Gostwyck’; and Essex County Hospital)

Born July 1880 Copford, Essex.  Daughter of Beckingham Hall Farmer Frederick Blomfield and his wife Ann – see ‘BLOMFIELD’ above.

1881 Census:   Beckingham Hall, Copford, Essex. With parents; an aunt; and 2 servants.  9months old.

1891 Census:   Meriden House School, Wellesley Road, Colchester. Boarder.

1901 Census:   Beckingham Hall, Birch, Essex. With parents; a Gifford cousin; a Cook; & a housemaid.

1906, 3Q:          Married William Cooper Weller.

1911 Census:   Bockingham Hall, Copford, Essex.  Living with husband; son Maynard; daughter Marjorie; and 2 “Lady Help”s.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=221317&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Bockingham Hall, Copford, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1914; SERVICE TO: 04/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Dressed soldiers arms at Stockwell St. Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Comdt. of Stanway Hospital also day & night nurse at Stanway Gostwycke & 1 week at County Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: no record; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Dressings Stockwell St. Colchester Comdt. Stanway Red Cross Hospital Night Nurse Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital 1 week Colchester County Hospital Aug. 21st. 1914 Preparation for hospital. October 1914 Dressing Soldiers arms. November February, Hospital opened, other work at intervals. (Part time) (478 hours) Side 1: Christian Names – ‘Commandant’; COMMISSION: Essex.

1974, 15 Mar:     Mary died at West Bergholt, Essex.


NEXT: EARLS COLNE: Red Cross V.A.D. Hospital

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