COLCHESTER: St. Martin’s House and The Public Hall

ST. MARTIN’S HOUSE, West Stockwell Street, Colchester, Essex

and THE PUBLIC HALL, behind St. Peter’s Church, North Hill

St. Martin's Hall (top) and The Public Hall.

St. Martin’s Hall (top) and The Public Hall.


St. Martin’s House is intrinsically linked to the ‘Gostwycke’ Field Hospital at 4 Cambridge Road, Colchester because every woman (bar 3) discovered working at the House also worked at ‘Gostwycke’.  In turn, the Public Hall is linked to St. Martin’s House – through location and ownership.  That is why this chapter comes after ‘Gostwycke’, out of alphabetical order.

The Public Hall and St. Martin’s House properties are located so close together that, at the time both were operating simultaneously during the First World War, soldiers and staff could have walked from the Hall to the back garden of St. Martin’s House that fronted West Stockwell Street.  It could not be done today, however.

All the following historical information about St. Martin’s House, the Public Hall, and the role ‘The Essex and Suffolk Equitable Insurance Society Limited’ played during the First World War (in relation to these two properties), has been gleaned from Bernard Drew’s book “‘The Fire Office’ being the history of The Essex and Suffolk Equitable Insurance Society Limited 1802 – 1952”.

In 1914, the two properties of St. Martin’s House and the Public Hall were owned by The Essex and Suffolk Equitable Insurance Society Limited, which was 112 years old at the time. The ‘Essex and Suffolk’ had its Headquarters in ‘The Essex and Suffolk Fire Office’, which stood at the western end of the Colchester High Street – with an overflow of staff in St. Martin’s House.

The following postcard depicts a substantially decorated ‘Essex and Suffolk Fire Office’, probably adorned for a St. George’s Day commemoration. It is a building that generations of Colcestrians have grown up with and, possibly, taken for granted most of the time. The card was postally-used in 1908.

Essex and Suffolk Fire Office, Colchester. c1908. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Essex and Suffolk Fire Office, Colchester. c1908. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Early in 1914, the Society received a request from the Postmaster General – to rent the St. Martin’s House.   This was accepted and a lease agreed for ten years, affective from 25 March 1915, but this had repercussions.

In order for this rental to happen, the Society’s staff at St. Martin’s House had to be accommodated back at ‘The Fire Office and that meant enlarging ‘The Fire Office’ building.  The alterations included another storey – this was considered an improvement to “the aspect and dignity of the building”.

The following postcard depicts the Fire Office’s additional storey – the building is adorned for the 1951 Festival of Britain celebrations.

Essex and Suffolk Fire Office, Colchester. 1951. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Essex and Suffolk Fire Office, Colchester. 1951. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

At the outbreak of the First World War, like companies across the Allied nations, ‘The Essex and Suffolk Equitable Insurance Society Limited’ rose to the challenge.  The high quality of service given and the duty shown by the ‘Essex and Suffolk’ and its employees, both to the town of Colchester and the nation, is worthy of remembering.

For whatever reason, probably because of the Society’s known commitment to doing all it could for the war effort, ‘The Fire Office’ soon became the place where people; organisations; and the Military gravitated to when problems arose.

‘Fire Office’ employees were able to achieve the supply of clothes; boots; mattresses; pickaxes; washing facilities; and “a thousand other things”  … “at a moment’s notice”.

A prime example of the capabilities of the ‘Essex and Suffolk’ staff can be illustrated here – through the acquisition of 4,000 shirts:

The Mayor of Colchester received an urgent telegram on the eve of the British Expeditionary Force’s departure overseas.   The telegram came from Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston – to the effect “if Colchester really wanted to help the Expeditionary Force, would they let him have 4,000 by the following morning at his camp at Hendon?”.   

Colchester Councillor Wm. Gurney Benham showed the telegram to Mr. Sydney C. Turner, General Manager of the Fire Office.   Stunned at first, Sydney Turner then remembered that Mr. Arthur F. Lake* (one of the Society’s Directors in London) was in contact with all the wholesale houses.  [*This may have been Arthur Frederick Lake, an East India Merchant]

Sydney Turner telephoned Arthur Lake who, in turn, acted – in two hours, Mr. Lake replied that 4,000 shirts were ready and on a lorry.  Another telegram arrived from Hunter-Weston … cancelling the request, it wasn’t necessary to send the shirts because the War Office would source them!  When the news came through that the War Office had failed in its quest and the B.E.F. had left for France without shirts, no-one was surprised.

The aforementioned book described the Society’s Court of Directors’ “public-spirited action”, which was “ably supported to the utmost of his powers by the General Manager, Mr. S. C. Turner, in doing everything possible to supply comforts and conveniences to the many thousand soldiers …”.



ST. MARTIN’S HOUSE

St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Not long after the outbreak of the First World War, the Military Hospital became over-stretched with wounded and ill men who had begun arriving from the Front and this put a strain on resources.

A request for help was made to the ‘Essex and Suffolk’ Society, in relation to dispensing work for the Military Hospital.  The Society offered space in St. Martin’s House for a temporary over-flow dispensary, which was accepted.  Apparently, it was utilised for this purpose up until the time the Postmaster General took up the lease on the property (?24 March 1915?).

The Military Hospital needed more help though … dressing soldiers’ arms after vaccinations. Every new recruit had to be vaccinated and, with such huge numbers of men converging on Colchester, there was a high number who experienced an adverse reaction to the vaccination.  The local Branch of the Red Cross Society offered to undertake some of the vaccination dressings for the Military Hospital – it accepted. However, the question was asked “where could these dressings take place?”

Again, the Society obliged and, within twenty-four hours, St. Martin’s House had been converted into a Dressing Station – under the supervision of the Medical Officer and a staff of nurses.  Some of the Society’s staff members from the Fire Office acted as clerks and assistants.  It is reported that 10,000 dressings were carried out there.

Necessity decreed that another operation became based at St. Martin’s House, to cater for two needy groups – Belgian refugees and British troops.

There was an influx of refugees from Belgium into Great Britain, once the First World War began and, in this regard, it is reported that the Society’s ‘Fire Office’ became “a natural centre to which money, clothes and comforts were sent for distribution amongst them”.

To help in this regard, a Depot was set up at St. Martin’s House for the distribution of clothing and footwear.  The Society had a motor car and it was used extensively in this cause, taking full loads of donations to the London Depot.

Alongside the need of the Belgian refugees, was the problem facing troops.  Most of the troops were continuing to wear the civilian clothes and footwear they enlisted in.  Clothing and footwear factories in Great Britain could not manufacture military uniforms and boots quick enough – they could not meet the Military authorities demands.   

With all the training, it wasn’t long before the soldiers’ civilian clothes and boots were wearing out and a store was set up in St. Martin’s House.   Local people were asked to send in any spare boots and clothes, to help ease the situation.   It is reported that the store supplied many recruits with these items “for many months”, free of charge.   It is deduced that this store probably carried on supplying from the Public Hall, after the British Red Cross came out of St. Martin’s House.                                                                                       

Two of the British Red Cross volunteers, Kent-born sisters Misses Gertrude and May Culley, managed the “Depot for Receiving & & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall” from August 1914 until October 1914.

The British Red Cross was given free use of St. Martin’s House and worked out of it for just a short period but, in that time, it would appear that sterling work was carried out there.

The book “‘The Fire Office’ being the history of The Essex and Suffolk Equitable Insurance Society Limited 1802 – 1952” gives the period the British Red Cross used St. Martin’s House as 15 October 1914 to 6 December 1914.  However, the Service Card of one volunteer, Miss Dora Gwendolin Beard, gives her finish date for “dressing vaccinated arms” as March 1915.

After leasing St. Martin’s House for ten years to the Postmaster General, the ‘Essex and Suffolk’ Society accepted an offer to sell it to the postal authorities in June 1925.

St. Martin’s House can be easily found on West Stockwell Street – off the High Street.  The Grade II Listed property stands on the west side of the street, a short distance below Colchester’s Town Hall.   A firm of solicitors now occupies the property.



THE PUBLIC HALL also known as St. George’s Hall

The ‘Public Hall’ or St. George’s Hall, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson

The ‘Public Hall’ or St. George’s Hall, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Grade II Listed Public Hall is tucked away at the back of St. Peter’s church, at the top of North Hill.  It can be reached by taking the churchyard path to the left of the church building.  In turn, the Hall also sits behind a building which is adjacent to ‘The Fire Office’ in the High Street – once the Colchester Repertory Theatre, it now houses a branch of the Co-operative Bank.

At the outbreak of the First World War, the Society offered the Public Hall to the British Government, via the British Red Cross.  The Society offered the Hall as a hospital for the wounded and offered to fit it out at its own expense.  Fate declared that the British Red Cross deemed the Hall unsuitable for its purpose but did, graciously, write a ‘thank-you’ letter to the Society.   It was soon realised that, although the British Red Cross didn’t want the building, someone else did – the Mayor of Colchester and the troops that would find themselves in the town.

Almost immediately after the rejection from British Red Cross, the Mayor asked the Society if the Hall could be used as a Social Club for all the troops that would be based in Colchester.  All this before the end of August 1914.

The Society’s Court of Directors was pleased to agree and with its agreement came a free supply of gas; water; electric light; plus £25 towards helping to furnish the Hall – with no rates; rent; and taxes to be paid. The only proviso was “all the men of H.M. Forces should be free to come and go as they liked”.

The next item on the Society’s agenda was to satisfy the urgent need of providing the troops with bathing facilities in Colchester.  The national emergency meant that Military Barracks could not cope.  Initially, ordinary Colchestrians made their baths available but that soon proved inadequate. Thus, the Society came up with the money for a shed and baths to be put in place, beside the Public Hall.

In the super-fast time of ten days, a Bath-House was erected adjoining the Hall on land owned by the Society.  The Bath-House was kitted out with 13 hot and cold water baths – it proved invaluable and was of great assistance to all the troops that came through Colchester.

A committee of men and women from Colchester was set up and helpers were enlisted to run the Social Club at the Public Hall.

At the time of writing, only two people can be identified as working at the Public Hall – they are the Kent-born sisters Misses Gertrude and May Culley, who have already been mentioned under St. Martin’s House.

The Social Club at the Public Hall was operational for four years and eight months, seven days a week, without a break.  It is reported that 5,000,000 visits were made to the Club by men of H.M. Forces during that time.

On 24 April 1919, the Society’s Annual General Court received a deputation from the Soldiers’ Club.  Thanks were expressed for “the timely aid and generosity” that the ‘Essex and Suffolk’ Society had given to Colchester.

Additionally, a tribute was paid to the Society’s General Manager, Mr. Sydney Claridge Turner, “for his energy and the immense amount of work he had done for the Club”.

Colchester Public Hall: Left: South end; Right: North end. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Colchester Public Hall: Left: South end; Right: North end. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.



LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT ST. MARTIN’S HOUSE & THE PUBLIC HALL: if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile (dates in () refer to St. Martin’s House and/or Public Hall service).

BEARD, Miss Dora Gwendolin (8.1914-3.1915. Dressing vaccinated arms.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Acting Staff Nurse.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

BEATTIE, Mrs. Gwendolyn Edith (10.1914-? Enrolled as “Morton”. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

BULLOCK, Miss Amy Bertha (5.10.1914-11.1914. Dressing of Soldiers Septic arms. P/T.  V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Essex County Hospital and at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

BYRNE, Miss Madeleine (?-? Attending to septic arms. Also worked at Gostwycke Hospital: Ward & Kitchen Quartermaster duties. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (10.1914- V.A.D. Nursing & General Work. Also worked at Stanway Rectory Hospital and ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley)

CULLEY, Miss Gertrude Brenda (8.1914-10.1914. “Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall, Colchester”.  Also nursed at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital.  Mentioned in dispatches.  Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth). Sister to Katherine below.

CULLY, Katherine Mona (8.1914-10.1914. “Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall, Colchester”.   V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ in Cambridge Road, Colchester & the Public Hall, Colchester. Mentioned in dispatches. Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth).  Sister to Gertrude above.

ELLISON, Mrs. Jessie Alice (11.1914-? Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’. Then ?3.1919 at Military General Hosital, Colchester)

HEAP, Miss Florence Emily (8.1914-? Bandaging etc. septic arms through vaccination. V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

INGALL, Miss Mary Charlotte (8.1914-? Attendance on the men who had been vaccinated. Asst. Dispenser & Commandant of Essex/2.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester and Colchester General Military Hospital)

MACFIE, Mrs. Hilda Agnes McArthur (nee Moir) (10.1914-12.1914. Attending to the men who had been vaccinated. British Red Cross V.A.D.   Also at ‘Gostwycke’ and Essex County Hospital)

MAY, Mrs. Helen Anna Sinclair Cowan (8.1914-? Dressing septic vaccinated arms etc. British Red Cross V.A.D. member.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

MOYEE, Mrs. Annie (1914-? Nursing/ Needlework duties. British Red Cross V.A.D., also at ‘Gostwycke’ & Essex County Hospitals)

NORFOLK, Mrs. Jane Maria (8.1914-? V.A.D. Quartermaster. Also worked at Stanway Rectory Hospital and Essex County Hospital)

O’REILLY, Mrs. Bertha Florence Newsome (10.1914-? Attended on soldiers with bad arms.  V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Essex County Hospital; ‘Gostwycke’; and Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital during service period 10.1914-11.1918)

PASK, Miss Ruby Elizabeth (8.1914-? V.A.D. Nursing duties.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

POINTING, Miss Elsie (8.1914-? Attending Sceptic Arms. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nursing, attending to septic arms, also at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

PRITCHARD, Mrs. Margaret Evelyn (Autumn of 1914. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse, also at ‘Gostwycke’)

RIDGEWELL, Miss Grace Annie (10.1914-? Dressings. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital)

ROUND, Sibyl Mary (1914 Dressing Vaccination. Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital; ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital, Colchester)

SACH, Miss Ivy Margaret (10.1914-? V.A.D. Nursing & General Work.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ and Stanway Hospital)

SANDERS, Miss Kathleen Elfeda (8.1914-10.1914. Dressing vaccination arms. British Red Cross V.A.D. Staff Nurse, also at ‘Gostwycke’)

SORSBIE, Miss Mary Catherine (10.1914-? Helping with the men who had been vaccinated. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked for ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital. Cambridge Road, Colchester and Colchester Military Hospital)

STANNARD, Miss Anne Goldsmith (8.1914-? Treating septic arms.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse, also at ‘Gostwycke’)

START, Mrs. Alice (10.1914-12.1914. Attending to the men who have been vaccinated.   V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Colchester)

TWYMAN, Mrs. Alice Elizabeth (Autumn 1914. Dressing Soldiers Septic Arms. Also worked at Essex County Hospital & ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester. Department Commandant. Nursing and clerical. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922) (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

WELLER, Mrs. Mary Grace (9.1914-? Dressings. V.A.D. Nurse. Day & Night Duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’;  St. Martin’s House; and Essex County Hospital)

WYATT, Miss Ruby Gertrude (8.1914-? Dressing Vaccinated Arm; Nursing. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse, also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)


PROFILES:

BEARD, Miss Dora Gwendolin (8.1914-3.1915. Dressing vaccinated arms.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Acting Staff Nurse.  Also nursing at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=14654&first=true

ADDRESS: St. Margarets. 3 Cambridge Rd Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D act Staff nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5200 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: August 1914 to March 1915 Dressing Vaccination Arms at St. Martins House Colchester March 1915 to March 1919 Nursing at Goshwycke V.A.D. Auxilary Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


BEATTIE, Mrs. Gwendolyn Edith (10.1914-? Enrolled as “Morton”. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester) 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=155905&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Heath Lodge Lexden Nr Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 05/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 05/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Sometimes “whole” sometimes “part”, gained 3 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Enrolled as “Morton” now Beattie Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round S. Martins House Colchester Gostwycke Red X Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2. 

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 22 August 1919 : “NURSING SERVICE MENTIONS.  The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:-  Beattie, Nurse Mrs. G., V.A.D. Gostwycke Aux. Hosp., Colchester;  …”


BULLOCK, Miss Amy Bertha (5.10.1914-11.1914. Dressing of Soldiers Septic arms. P/T. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hospital & ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=31677&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Firs, 32 Maldon Rd., Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 05/1916; SERVICE TO: 20/07/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Whole time Netley British Red Cross Hospital, May 20th 1916 – July 20th 1918 Essex County Hospital Feb 7th – May 7th 1916 5 Oct & Nov. 1914 Dressing of Soldiers Septic arms, Evening work Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part. About 106 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Part time Gostwycke Hospital Whole time Essex County Hospital Whole time Netley Red Cross Hospital Member of Essex/92 July 22nd 1913 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex/92 VAD.


BYRNE, Miss Madeleine (?-? Attending to septic arms. Also worked at Gostwycke Hospital: Ward & Kitchen Quartermaster duties. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=34602&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 9 Gladstone Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: S. Martins House, Attending to Septic Arms of Soldiers; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Qr.Mr Essex/92; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Qr.Mr. Essex/92; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward & Kitchen (Cook). Helping with Equipment of Detachment; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 960+; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester Joined Detachment July 22nd 1913. Serving Detachment at present time; COMMISSION: Essex /92 V.A.D.


CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (10.1914-? Dressings. V.A.D. Nursing & General Work. Also worked at Stanway Rectory Hospital and ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=39595

ADDRESS: Ebenezer Cottage, London Rd, Stanway; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/1918; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1 pound; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing and General work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 140 and whole time for 2 weeks for which I received the above sum; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Dressings Stockwell Street, Colchester Gen Duty Stanway Red Cross Hospital pd interper Duty Woodhouse Red Cross Hospital pd interper Duty Colchester Military Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


CULLEY, Miss Gertrude Brenda (8.1914-10.1914. “Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall, Colchester”.  Also nursed at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital.  Mentioned in dispatches.  Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth).  Sister to Katherine below.

Born 18 October 1881 Old Charlton, Kent.  Baptised 28 December 1881 St. Thomas, Charlton, Greenwich.  Daughter of Marine Superintendent (Submarine/H.M. Telegraphs) Manchester-born William Richard Culley and his Newcastle-born wife Annie.

1891 Census:      Innismore Villas, 3 Innismore Gardens, Salisbury Road, Charlton, Dover.  Living with parents; 2 sisters; and 2 servants.

1901 Census:      Lanark House, Fairfield Road, Charlton.  At home, with parents; 2 sister; 1 visitor; and 2 sisters.

1967:                   Death registered for Gertrude, in the Depwade district, Norfolk.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=53764&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Dilbridge Hall Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Staff Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole 4 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Aug 1914 to Oct 1914 Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martins House & Public Hall Colchester. Oct 1914 to March 1919 Nursing at Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester, Essex ; COMMISSION: Lexden and Winstree Division Miss Round, Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Mentioned in dispatches. Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth.


CULLY, Katherine Mona (8.1914-10.1914. “Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall, Colchester”.  V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked ‘Gostwyke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester. Mentioned in dispatches. Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth)

Born 4th Quarter 1880 Charlton, Woolwich, Kent.  Daughter of Manchester-born Civil Servant (Submarine Superintendent, H.M. Telegraphs) William Richard Culley and his wife Newcastle-born Annie. Sister to Gertrude above. 

1881 Census:  15 Maryon Road, Charlton, Woolwich, Kent.  Living with parents + older sister Alice.  5 months old.

1891 Census:  3 Innismore Gardens, Salisbury Road, Dover.  Living with parents, 2 sisters + 2 servants.

1901 Census:  ‘Lanark House’, Fairfield Road, Charlton. With parents, siblings & visiting Army Colonel + 2 servants.

1911 Census:   ‘Lanark House’, Fairfield Road, Charlton, Kent. Living with mother and sister Alice + 2 servants.  No occupation given.  N.B. father William: Crewman on the ship ‘Monarch’, H M Telegraph Ship, at anchor In Yarmouth, Norfolk.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=53767&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Dilbridge Hall, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Staff nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Aug 1914 to Oct 1914 Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall, Colchester. Oct. 1914 to March 1919 nursing at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: 4 stripes. Mentioned in Dispatches. Médaille de la Reine Elizabeth. 

Katherine (“of Jasmine Cottage, Hopton”) died on 02 June 1960 at ‘The Osborn Nursing Home’, Thetford, Norfolk.       Katherine never married.


ELLISON, Mrs. Jessie Alice (11.1914-? Bandaging and dressing septic arms.  Also worked at the ‘Gostwycke’.  Then ?3.1919 at Military General Hospital, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins++colchester&id=69336

ADDRESS: 3 Queens Road, Colchester; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: voluntary worker; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: voluntary worker; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: I have roughly speaking only worked with Essex II Detachment V.A.D. for about 4 months starting with the work at St Martins & at Gostwyck Red X Hospital the first few months of the war. Since then I have entirely devoted my time to the Military Gen. Hospital Colchester helping in any way that I could; COMMISSION: Essex.


HEAP, Miss Florence Emily (8.1914-? Bandaging etc. septic arms through vaccination. V.A.D. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Rd., Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=101508&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 47 Roman Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 16/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: At St Martin’s House Colchester (bandaging &c. septic arms through vaccination) RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part whenever desired by ‘Gostwycke’ authorities generally weekend duty 2000 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nursing duty at Gostwycke Hospital (VAD) Cambridge Rd Colchester Member of Essex 92 V.A.D. July 22nd 1913 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex VAD 92.


INGALL, Miss Mary Charlotte (8.1914-? Attendance on the men who had been vaccinated. Asst. Dispenser & Commandant of Essex/2.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester and Colchester General Military Hospital. “served with distinction”)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=115301&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 16 The Avenue, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst Dispenser & Comt of Essex/2; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 28/ per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Asst Dispenser & Comt of Essex/2; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Asst. Dispenser in Colchester Mil. Hosp; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. From Aug 1914 to Jan 1916 worked voluntarily from time to time a month or fortnight at a time at various work. At S. Martin’s House in attendance on the men who had been vaccinated, and at Gostwyke {sic} Hospital, etc, etc. From Feb 1916 onwards been working at General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2.


MACFIE, Mrs. Hilda Agnes McArthur (nee Moir) (10.1914-12.1914. Attending to the men who had been vaccinated. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ and Essex County Hospital).

Born c1888 Chakrata, India – British Subject by parentage.  See more under ‘Gostwycke’.

1911 Census:      Thornholm, Brigg, Lincolnshire.  Visitor to Edward Johnson Brown & his sister Mary.

1915, 14 July:      Married James Denniston Macfie, in Colchester.

1938, 2 Sept:      Died in Colchester, “of 21 Fitzwalter Road, Colchester”.  

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=140812&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Deotan Lexden Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 06/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Gostwycke Red X Hospital & Essex County Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nursing member; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 828; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Assisted at St. Martins House Colchester in attending to the men who had been vacanated Oct 1914 to Dec. 1914 Since then has helped when possible at Gostwycke Red X Hosp. & the Essex County Hospital Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex/2.


MAY, Mrs. Helen Anna Sinclair Cowan (8.1914-? Dressing septic vaccinated arms etc. British Red Cross V.A.D. member.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=148341&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 15 St Johns St,, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Attending at St Martins House dressing Vaccination & Septic Arms etc; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1,500; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke House Red Cross Hospital Cambridge Road, Colchester. Member of Detacht, July 22nd 1913 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex 92/V.A.D.


MOYEE, Mrs. Annie (1914-? Nursing/ Needlework duties. British Red Cross V.A.D., also at ‘Gostwycke’ & Essex County Hospitals)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=156664&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Great House, Layer-de-la-Haye; SERVICE FROM: 1914; SERVICE TO: 1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & Needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time (at intervals; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund. Essex County Hospital ) Gostwycke Hospital ) Colchester St Martins House ) Further particulars unobtainable; COMMISSION: Essex 44; HONOURS AWARDED: Badges for Proficiency.


NORFOLK, Mrs. Jane Maria (?-? Dressed with formentations & bandages. Soldiers poisoned arms.  Also worked at Stanway Rectory Hospital (V.A.D. Quartermaster) and Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=161337&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Layer Hall, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quarter Master; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; DATE OF TERMINATION: Spring/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Helper with first consignment of patients there, collected & conveyed equipment & helped prepare Stanway R.C. Hospital (Dressed with formentations & bandages. Soldiers poisoned arms at St Martins House, Colchester & spent several afternoons making blankets at Colchester General Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time only – hours not recorded by me; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Stanway V.A.D. Hospital. nr Colchester Essex County Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex.


O’REILLY, Mrs. Bertha Florence Newsome (10.1914-? Attended on soldiers with bad arms.  V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Essex County Hospital; ‘Gostwycke’; and Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital during service period 10.1914-11.1918)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stockwell+st.&id=163960

ADDRESS: Stanway Rectory, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 11/1918; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Attended at Stockwell St. on soldiers with bad arms after vaccination; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: One week at the County Hospital, Colchester, Day Nurse at Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital, Night Nurse at Gostwycke; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time, no record of hours kept; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Part time (358 hours) Stockwell St, Colchester Stanway Red Cross Hospital Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital – night nurse Essex County Hospital, Colchester – 1 week; COMMISSION: Essex, Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.


PASK, Miss Ruby Elizabeth (8.1914-? V.A.D. Nursing duties.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=martin%27s+colchester&id=167823&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14 Old Road, Lee, London SE13; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 09/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Martin’s House and Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ordinary Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ordinary Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/09/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing duties (1st London General Hospital); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Hospital 1st London General Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


POINTING, Miss Elsie (8.1914-? Attending Sceptic Arms. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nursing, attending to sceptic arms. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=240546&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 148 Maldon road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: attending Sceptic Arms at St. Martins House, Stockwell Street, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part about 2100 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwyche Hospital, Cambridge Road, Colchester B.R.C..S July 22nd 1913 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex 92 VAD.


PRITCHARD, Mrs. Margaret Evelyn (Autumn of 1914. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse, also at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=243757&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 49 Wimpole Rd., Colchester; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None – But worked at St. Martins house under local Red Cross in the autumn of 1914; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sister; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 21/-; RANK AT TERMINATION: Sister; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: 21/-; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Full Sister’s Duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund Gostwyche Hospital Cambridge Road, Colchester Essex St Martins House Red Cross Depot. Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: Essex.


RIDGEWELL, Miss Grace Annie (10.1914-? Dressings. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stockwell+st.&id=175472&forwards=true

ADDRESS: London Rd., Copford, Nr Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Dressings and meals; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time about 50 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Dressings: Stockwell St. Colchester Stanway Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


ROUND, Sibyl Mary (1914 Dressing Vaccination. Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital; ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital, Colchester)

Born 1872 (registered 1 Quarter, St George Hanover Square, London).  Daughter of M.P./J.P./Essex Landed Gentry James Round and Ovington-born wife Sibylla Joanna Freeland.

1881 Census:      ‘The Holly Trees, East Hill, Colchester.  Living with parents, siblings plus 9 members of staff.

1891 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 8 members of staff.

1901 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 7 members of staff.

1911 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 8 members of staff.

1918, 8 Feb:  Chelmsford Chronicle: “The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, maintenance and administration of hospitals:- ….   Round, Miss Sybil Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=180115

ADDRESS: The Cross House, Layer de la Haye, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; CHARACTER: Mentioned in despatches Jan 1918; SERVICE FROM: 1910; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1910; RANK AT TERMINATION: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nursing & administration work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5200 hours 2 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Vice President – Lexden & Winstree Division since 1911 & Commandant of Essex 44 1914 1 week nursing Middlesex Hosp. Clacton 1914 5 months nursing Stanway Hosp. Colchester 1914 Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester 1915 – 1916 Padding splint, work rooms. 1916 2 months County Hospital Colchester 1917-1919. 2 years Commandant of Gostwycke Auxiliary Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 44 Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.

1949, 27.07:        Death (registered Colchester).    Sibyl never married.


SACH, Miss Ivy Margaret (10.1914-? V.A.D. Nursing & General Work.  Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’ and Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=182201&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Pantiles, Copford; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & General Work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [part time] 309; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Stockwell St: Colchester. Stanway Red Cross Hospital. Gostwyke Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


SANDERS, Miss Kathleen Elfeda (8.1914-10.1914. Dressing vaccination arms.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Staff Nurse, also at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=183123&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Lexden Park, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Staff Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time, 4 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Raund. August to October1914 at St Martins House. Colchester, Essex. Dressing vaccination arms. October 1914 to March 1919 at Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester, Essex, Nursing; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Royal Red Cross (2nd Class).


SORSBIE, Miss Mary Catherine (10.1914-? Helping with the men who had been vaccinated. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked for ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital. Cambridge Road, Colchester and Colchester Military Hospital)

Born 1859 Rochester, Kent. Daughter of Newcastle-born parents – Vicar Robert Sorsbie and Mary Anne.

1861 Census:  Rochester Cathedral Precinct. Living with parents (father “Precentor at Rochester Cathedral”); and 2 servants.

1871 Census:  Vicarage, Sutton Valance, Kent. With parents; 3 brothers; 3 sisters; Patenal Spinster Aunt Catherine; Governess; 3 servants.

1881 Census:  Trinity Rectory, Ramsgate, Kent. With parents; 5 sisters; Paternal Spinster Aunt Catherine; 1 visitor; and 2 servants.

1901 Census:  ?

1909:                Electorial Register: 1 Queen’s Crescent, Hampstead, Camden.

1911 Census:  ?

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=195199&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 53 Culver Street, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 12/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Voluntary Nursing Member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 500 hrs approx; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. S.Martins House helping with the men who had been vaccinated Gostwycke Hospital Essex County Hospital General Military Hospital, Colchester Odd hours at different times when required & health permitted; COMMISSION: Essex /2.

1949, 1 April:  Died in Bournemouth (“of 49 Queen Mary-avenue, Moordown, Bournemouth”).  Mary never married.


STANNARD, Miss Anne Goldsmith (8.1914-3.1919.  Treating septic arms. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=197349&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 51 Lexden Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: St Martins House, Septic arms; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D (nurse); DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: about 2000 hrs weekends; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwcyke Hospital Cambridge Rd Colchester joined detachment July 22nd 1913 Still a member; COMMISSION: Essex 92. V.A.D.


START, Mrs. Alice (10.1914-12.1914. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=197681&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 45 Wellesley Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1919; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary worker; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary worker; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: About 3,000; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Assisted at S. Martin’s House in attending to the men who have been vaccinated Oct – Dec 1914 Gostwycke Red + Hospital; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex/2.


TWYMAN, Mrs. Alice Elizabeth (Autumn 1914. Dressing Soldiers Septic Arms. Also worked at Essex County Hospital & ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester. Department Commandant. Nursing and clerical. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922) (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=martin%27s+colchester&id=223017&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 55 Roman Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: S. Martin’s House Colchester – Dressing Soldiers Septic Arms. Autumn County Hospital Colchester Jan 1915 – three wks. (to gain experience); RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dept Commandt: Essex /92; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant Essex /92; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing (also correspondence of Detachment Enrolment of Members etc); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 3,000+; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: in Gostwycke Hospital Colchester in County Hospital Colchester (Jan 1915) Dep. Commandant of Essex /92 July 22nd 1913 Commandant of Essex /92 Oct. 1914 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


WELLER, Mrs. Mary Grace (9.1914-? Dressings. V.A.D. Nurse. Day & Night Duty. Also worked at ‘Gostwyke’;  St. Martin’s House; and Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=221317&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Bockingham Hall, Copford, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1914; SERVICE TO: 04/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Dressed soldiers arms at Stockwell St. Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Comdt. of Stanway Hospital also day & night nurse at Stanway Gostwycke & 1 week at County Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: no record; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Dressings Stockwell St. Colchester Comdt. Stanway Red Cross Hospital Night Nurse Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital 1 week Colchester County Hospital Aug. 21st. 1914 Preparation for hospital. October 1914 Dressing Soldiers arms. November February, Hospital opened, other work at intervals. (Part time) (478 hours) Side 1: Christian Names – ‘Commandant’; COMMISSION: Essex.


WYATT, Miss Ruby Gertrude (8.1914-? Dressing Vaccinated Arm; Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=234763&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Bank Buildings, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 15/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nursing at St Martins House, Dressing Vaccinated Arms (septic) August 1914; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward – work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2500 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Working at Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital. Cambridge Road Colchester. Member of Essex/92 V.A.D July 22nd 1913 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex./92.



NEXT: Hamilton Road School, Constantine Road (+ Hamilton Road)

Advertisements