COLCHESTER: Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital, 4 Cambridge Road

GOSTWYCKE (2nd FIELD AMBULANCE) HOSPITAL

4 Cambridge Road, Colchester, Essex

‘Gostwycke (‘Gostwycke House’) Hospital’ was No. 4 Cambridge Road, Colchester. Courtesy/© of Colchester Historic Buildings Forum.

‘Gostwycke (‘Gostwycke House’) Hospital’ was No. 4 Cambridge Road, Colchester. Courtesy/© of Colchester Historic Buildings Forum.

‘Gostwycke (‘Gostwycke House’) Hospital’ was created at No. 4 Cambridge Road, Colchester. It had recently been vacated by Retail Grocer Edwin J. Sanders (1848-1910) and his family, after they moved to Lexden Park, Colchester. Edwin was a J.P. and a Conservative Mayor for Colchester three times (1888/1889; 1898/1899; and 1904/1905). Edwin Sanders was one of the most prominent civilian supporters of the Army and had lost his eldest son (Harold Evatt Sanders) in the Boer War.

Another of Edwin Sanders sons, Percy Alan, was also to become Mayor of Colchester (1922/23; 1940/41; 1941/42; & 1942/43). Another of Edwin’s children, daughter Kathleen Elfreda Sanders (who would become Conservative Mayor of Colchester in 1953/54) worked at ‘Gostwycke’ as a V.A.D. nurse. 

At the outbreak of the First World War, ‘Gostwycke House’ was designated a ‘UK Home Auxiliary Hospital’. Officially, the property was known as the ‘2nd/Second Field Ambulance Hospital’ but it was also referred to as ‘Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital’ or ‘Gostwycke Military Hospital’ – errors in spelling frequently occurred.   From the one surviving British Red Cross Card, the Hospital appears to have had a maximum of 30 beds.

Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital Staff cSeptember1914-July 1915. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital Staff cSept. 1914-July 1915. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The photograph shown above was taken between September 1914 and July 1915.  We know this because one Private Charles Saul appears in this staff line-up and we know he served at Gostwycke Hospital during this specific period.  Charles’ family possess an identical copy of this photograph.

2014 view from the once-back garden of ‘Gostwycke’: the same house stands in Inglis Road. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

2014 view from the once-back garden of ‘Gostwycke’: the same house stands in Inglis Road. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

The temporary hospital, that was ‘Gostwycke’, was opened 20 August 1914 – after the St. Mary’s Parish Hall and the Essex & Suffolk Fire Office’s Public Hall in Colchester High Street had been discounted because of its sanitary conditions.  ‘Gostwycke’ was empty and had not yet been sold and was ideal for accommodating a hospital.  The property may have been owned at that point by a Mr. T. D. Brook and offered up by him, to be used for this purpose.

The local Red Cross, under Mrs. Ethel Craske and Mrs. Evelyn E.A. Wren (see their following profiles), had planned the hospital prior to war being declared.     Mrs. Wren became the first Commandant, until her health broke down – it is reported that she and Mrs. Craske were “Joint Commandants” at one time .… perhaps this was the case if Mrs. Craske began easing the load for Mrs. Wren.    Another Commandant for the hospital was Miss Sibyl Round.

St. Martin’s House and Colchester’s Public Hall are intrinsically linked to ‘Gostwycke’ through staff members and the next chapter holds information on these two properties.

‘Gostwycke’ initially treated Territorials but, from 18 September 1915, it became a branch of (and was administered by) the General Military Hospital in Colchester – from whence it took in the wounded.

In Kelvedon’s St. Mary’s Church Magazine of August 1917, a very interesting paragraph appeared: “The Commandant of Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital, Colchester, wishes to thank all those who are so kindly sending eggs each week by Miss Randolph-Symmons.  Monday is her day for collecting contributions.

In a War Office List of V.A.D. Hospitals (under Eastern Command), dated October 1917, Gostwycke had 34 occupied beds and Mrs. Wren was named as Commandant.

Up until 1919, ‘Gostwycke’ treated 2,171 patients (Territorial Period=500; Auxiliary to General Military Hospital=1671).

See extracts from the book ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir : The Great War 1914-1918’ – Printed & Published by The Essex Telegraph in 1923.

‘Gostwycke’ Hospital probably closed in April 1919.   None of the surviving service cards, for the women who worked there the longest, go beyond “4.1919”.   This is indicated by an advertisement transcribed below, from The Chelmsford Chronicle edition of 04 April 1919:

“SALES OF PROPERTY. … Mr. T. D. Brook on Wednesday offered Gostwycke, Cambridge Road, Colchester, freehold, which has been used as a Red Cross hospital.  Withdrawn at £1,475.”

N.B.  Number 4 Cambridge Road, Colchester has been converted into apartments – having been extended at the back, which necessitated the creation of a rear entrance into the former back garden of ‘Gostwycke’.   Additionally, a small detached property was also built in that former-back garden of ‘Gostwycke’.


1918, 27 Dec: Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:  THE ESSEX CHRISTMAS. The Good Cheer of Pre-War Days. “A Happy Christmas” was celebrated throughout the county and country with the return of peace, which was the text of many a Christmas sermon.  A royal time was spent at all the public institutions and among the troops, as the following reports show:- 

COLCHESTER.—At Colchester a splendid time was spent at all the Army Hospitals, the Christmas fare being provided by the townspeople.  On Christmas Day the Mayor (Cr. G. F. Wright) visited all the hospitals in the town and made sympathetic speeches to the men, who were fewer in number than at Christmas last year.  The dinner tables were loaded with turkeys, roast beef, etc.—At the Essex County Hospital, where there are a number of soldier patients, a hat-trimming competition for the men was an endless source of amusement.—A whist drive was a popular event at Gostwycke Hospital, prizes being given by the staff. …” 



A ‘GOSTWYCKE’ PATIENT:  JOHN ROBERT GRAY BATES

John Bates is the only ‘Gostwycke’ patient found so far.

John R. G. Bates, 1960. Courtesy/© Barbara Dale.

John R. G. Bates, 1960. Courtesy/© Barbara Dale.

If John Robert Gray Bates had not married in Colchester, we would be none the wiser to the fact that he had been a patient at ‘Gostwycke’.

John was born on 20 May 1896, in the Byker district of Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland.  He was registered as John Robert Gray Bates and he was the son of Hexham-born Labourer Edward Bates and his Newcastle upon Tyne-born wife Margaret Isabella (nee Gray).

The family were living in Hexham, Northumberland when John became a Private in the 4th Northumberland Fusiliers (Regiment No. 4/1589) at the age of 18.  From his Regt. number, John enlisted early in August 1914 … probably around the 6th August.

It will probably never be known why but John then re-enlisted into the 4th Northumberland Fusiliers Territorial Force early in 1917 (Regt. No. 35520) – serving with the 21st Battalion.  It has been suggested that, perhaps, he thought he would get to France quicker because, although he enlisted soon after the outbreak of war, he had been“treading water” in England for quite a while.  John finished up with another Reg. No. for the 4th Northumberland Fusiliers Territorial Force, namely 4259822.

John departed for France with his regiment at some point but, on 5 June 1917, he was wounded.  On Saturday 23 June 1917, the ‘Shields Daily News’ printed this paragraph under the heading NEWS OF LOCAL MEN.”  [sic]:

OTHER CASUALTIES. … Mr and Mrs Bates, 34 Gilesgate Bank, Hexham, have been officially informed that their son, Pte. John Robert Bates, has been admitted to a general hospital, Treport, France, suffering from gunshot wounds in the left foot and thigh, received on the 5th inst.”

At some point, John was returned home to England – where he became a patient at ‘Gostwycke’.   He may have been admitted to Colchester’s Military Hospital initially, because of the affiliation between the two locations.

On 24 October 1917, John married Ethel Norah Catling in Colchester.   Ethel had been born in Mistley in 1895 – her father was a Coal & Corn Merchant.  In 1901, Ethel aged “6” at home in Mistley Heath – with her parents James & Martha; one brother; and one sister.  In 1911, Ethel’s name was entered as “Norah” and was a “Servant” at the Crown Hotel in nearby Manningtree.

There is no documentary evidence that Ethel worked at ‘Gostwyke’ so she and John probably met at some social gathering in the town. If well into his convalescence, John would have been able to explore the Colchester that was beyond ‘Gostwycke’.

He would been identified as a wounded soldier because he would have been wearing ‘Hospital Blues’ – it was a recognisable blue uniform (similar to that shown below) which meant he would not be mistaken for a man who was shirking his duty, by not “joining up”.

“Hospital Blues”. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

“Hospital Blues”. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

On the 1917 marriage certificate, Ethel was in Domestic Service at “83 Wimpole Rd, Colchester”.  The address given for John’s address was “Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester”.  One Alfred Thone (or ?Thore) was Best Man … perhaps he was a fellow patient at ‘Gostwycke’?

John and Ethel had five children, all born in Hexham: Winifred Annie (born 1919, died 1984); Doris M. (born 1920); Robert W. (born 1922, died Tendring 1923); Edward J. (1924); and Elsie N. (1925, died 1926 Hexham) – not forgetting Ethel’s daughter Phyllis (1916- 2012), step-daughter to John.

Grand-daughter Barbara recalled family tales about Grandfather John.  In the 1950’s and 1960’s, he was known locally as ‘The Hexham Cowboy’. John’s job was to take cattle down to Hexham markets. Apparently, “he would get on one of the beasts and ride it”.   John had working dogs that his grand-children were never allowed to pet – the dogs would lie at his feet, under the kitchen table.  Barbara never heard her Grandfather talk about the war.

When Barbara’s mother was in hospital, after the birth of one of her children, father-in-law John would walk miles to visit her, bringing her a bunch of grapes in a brown paper bag.  She recalled, to Barbara, of feeling totally mortified when she saw him walking towards her – across the nice, clean maternity ward … dressed in his old farming clothes.   But Barbara’s mother would also say that she “always had a lot of respect” for her father-in-law John.

John R. G. Bates died on his 69th birthday, on 20 May 1965 – at the Hexham General Hospital.

Many thanks to Barbara Dale (John’s grand-daughter) and Paul Nixon (who helped with Army service http://armyservicenumbers.blogspot.co.uk/)


A surviving British Red Cross card for 'Gostwycke' Hospital. Courtesy and © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.

A surviving British Red Cross card for ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital.  Courtesy and © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.



LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT ‘GOSTWYCKE’ AUXILIARY/2ND FIELD HOSPITAL:  if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to ‘Gostwycke’ Auxiliary/2 Field Hospital length of service]:-

ALLEN, Mrs. (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

ASHBY, Mr. William (09.10.1918-22.02.1919. General Orderly. Night Duty. Stretcher-bearer. Awarded a Red Cross Medal posthumously – he died 7 June 1920)

BAKER, Miss (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

BARLOW, Mrs. Sophie Matilda (1912-29.5.1919+ British Red Cross V.A.D.  Organising & Nursing. Served at Wivenhoe Red Cross Hospital also)

BEARD, Miss Dora Gwendolin (3.1915-3.1919. British Red Cross V.A.D. Acting Staff Nurse.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell St., Colchester – Dressing vaccinated arms)

BEARD, Miss Ida Christine (10.1915-8.1918. V.A.D. Cook & Nurse)

BEARD, Miss V. (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

BEARHAM, Mr. John William (10.10.1915-6.5.1916. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at Stanway Hospital, Stanway, nr Colchester)

BEATTIE, Mrs. Gwendolyn Edith (10.1914-5.1918. Enrolled as “Morton”. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester) 

BECHER, Miss Mary Georgina (08.11.1918-13.3.1919. General Service. Kitchen work)

BLOMFIELD, Mrs. Ann (20.10.1914-18.3.1919. Nursing and needlework. Also worked at Stanway)

BOND, Miss E. (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract) = Miss Ethel Emma Louisa Bond? 29.4.1915-29.5.1919. V.A.D. Assistant Cook)

BRACEY, Mrs. Kate Elizabeth (12.1914-2.1916. V.A.D. Helping in Kitchen)

BRUNWIN-HALES, Miss Elsie (now Mrs G. Wells Jennings) (10.1914-6.1915. V.A.D. Nursing Duties)

BULLOCK, Miss Amy Bertha (P/T.  V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital & possibly St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

BURNS, Mr. Bertie (16.10.1915-1.3.1919. V.A.D. Section Leader. General Orderly. Night Duty. Stretcher-bearer. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

BURSTON, Miss Ida Kate (19.3.1917-8.2.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

BUTCHER, Miss Bessie (1913-20.12.1919+ V.A.D. Cook & Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

BYFORD, Miss Grace Elizabeth “Polly” (10.1914-25.1.1916. V.A.D. Nurse & P/T Assistant Quartermaster. Student; Probationer ; Asst. Matron at Essex County Hospital, 1945.  See more within the ESSEX COUNTY HOSPITAL chapter)

BYRNE, Miss Madeleine (8.1914-3.1919. Ward & Kitchen duties. Also worked at St. Martin’s House. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

CANT, Mr. William Edmund (MRCS 9 May 1867; FRCS 11 June 1874; MD Durham 1885; LRCP 1868; MBE.)  (Medical Officer for ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital and ‘Woodhouse’ Hospital, Gt. Horkesley)

CANT, Miss Mabel (9.1915-10.1917. V.A.D. Cook)

CANT, Miss May (9.1915-9.1918. V.A.D. Cooking)

CHAPMAN, Miss Dorothy Ethel (V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

CHAPMAN, Miss Edith Emma (V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at Essex County Hospital?)

CHIDWICK, Miss Emily Jane (125 hrs. V.A.D. Nursing & Ward Work. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hsptl?)

CHURCHILL, Mr. Charles Lacey (?21.1.1915-early 1916? Night Orderly. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

CLAMPIN, Mr. Walter (17.1.1915-29.5.1919+ Night Orderly. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

CLOETE, Mrs. Cloete (V.A.D. Nurse; Assistant Cook; Kitchen Maid. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

COOK, Mrs. Dora M. (6.1918-21.12.1918. V.A.D. Cook)

CRASKE, Mrs. Ethel (nee HOYLE) Creator/Joint Commandant & Quartermaster)

CUDMOLE, Mrs. Mary Ann (15.1.1917-14.6.1918. V.A.D. Night Duty)

CUDMORE, Mr. Edward (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

CULLEY, Gertrude Brenda (10.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Trained Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester. Mentioned in dispatches. Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth)

CULLY, Katherine Mona (10.1914-31.3.1919 V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester & the Public Hall, Colchester. Mentioned in dispatches. Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth)

DANIELL, Mrs. Grace Marion (5.1917-4.1919. Quartermaster. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Woodhouse’ Hospital, Great Horkesley)

DENT, Mrs. Florence (27.11.1914-30.5.1918. V.A.D. General  Duty)

DRYCOTT, Mrs. Winifred (21.11.1914-6.12.1915. Quartermaster. Night Duty)

EALES, Mrs. Ethel Lucy (10.1915-10.1918. V.A.D. Scullery Worker)

EDWARDS, Mrs. Nancy Pierrepont (23.11.1914-6.6.1918. V.A.D. Commandant. Acting Quartermaster. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

ELLISON, Mrs. Jessie Alice (11.1914-? V.A.D. Voluntary Worker. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and Military General Hospital, Colchester)

ESTCOURT-OSWALD, Dr. Agnes  M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.B., D.P.H., D.O.M.S.  (Medical Officer. Awarded War and Victory Medals in 1922)

EUSTACE-SMITH, Miss (see “SMITH”)

EVERITT, Mr. Alfred (12.1.1915-19.10.1918. V.A.D. General Orderly. Night /duty. Also worked at Stanway V.A.D. Hospital)

FRENCH, Miss Nellie (23.12.1915-18.10.1918. V.A.D. General Duty. Night Duty)

FRYALL, Miss M.C. (Dispenser. Commandant of Essex-2, September 1915-1916)

FRYSON, Miss (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

GATEHOUSE, Mrs. Dorothy Margaret (10.1915-10.1918. V.A.D. Scullery Maid)

GETHEN, Mrs. Mary (12.1914-2.1919. V.A.D. General Service. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

GOFFIN, Mr. Lawrence Laver (15.1.1915-8.3.1919. Quartermaster. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

GRAY, Miss Eleanor May (3.1918-2.1919. Quartermaster. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract. Also worked at Colchester War Depot – which is probably the Depot sited at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

GRIFFIN, Miss Isabel Maud (10.1914-02.1915. V.A.D.  Cooking. Helping in Kitchen)

GRIPPER, Miss Constance (1.1.1919-15.3.1919. General Service V.A.D.)

HAINES, Mrs. Joyce Henrietta Lancaster (Quartermaster. Also worked at Wivenhoe & ?Essex County)

HEAD, Mrs. Margaret E. (1918/1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

HEAP, Miss Florence Emily (V.A.D. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, W. Stockwell Street)

HEMPSTEAD, Miss Emily (25.10.1915-7.3.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Night Duty)

HUBBINS, Mrs. (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

HUGHES, Elizabeth Anne Cockburn (6.3.1916-16.8.1916. Joint War Committee, Trained Nurse; Sister; Matron. “valuable services rendered”) (Within Matron & Sister-in-Charge list, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract).  Red Cross card dates: 1.3.1915- 18.8.1915 & 1.6.1915-1.7.1915 & 7.1916- ?4.1917.

HURNARD, Miss Ruth T. (10.1918-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. General Service. Table Maid)

INGALL, Miss Mary Charlotte (8.1914-1.1916. Asst. Dispenser & Senior Commandant of Essex/2. Also worked at St. Martin’s House and the General Military Hospital, Colchester. “served with distinction”)

JONES, Miss Evelyn G. Brand (12.1914-10.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

KEMBLE, Miss (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

LADBROOK, Mrs. Esther (8.10.1915-20.12.1916. V.A.D. Night Duty)

LAZELL, Miss Alice Margaret (1915-1919. V.A.D. Cook)

LEWIS, Mrs. Flora Elizabeth (5.1917-19.2.1919. V.A.D. Table Maid)

LILLEY, Miss Dorothy (31.1.17-20.3.18. V.A.D. Clerical work)

LOYD, Miss Alice Elizabeth (9.1915-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Cooking & Ward Work. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922) (This may be the “Miss A. Lloyd” within the ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

LOYD, Miss Rebecca Ada (9.1915-3.1919+ VA.D. Cooking duties. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922) (This may be the “Miss R. Lloyd” within the ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

LAURD, Miss Betty Frances Clare (V.A.D. Nursing)

LUARD, Miss Christobel Chauney (1.1916-7.1918. General Service V.A.D.)

LUARD, Mrs. Eloise Beatrice (7.1917-3.1918. Quartermaster. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

MACFIE, Mrs. Hilda Agnes (nee Moir/sometimes McArthur-Moir) (10.1914-6.1918. British Red Cross V.A.D.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital & St. Martin’s House).

MARTYR, Mrs. Constance Muriel (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

MAY, Mrs. Helen Anna Sinclair Cowan (8.1914-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

MAY, Miss Olive (7.1917?-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Cook) (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

MITCHELL, Mrs. Lillie (nee SMITH) (5.1917-1.1918. Nurse. Surgical Nursing)

MOLE, Mrs. Emma (25.1.1914-7.3.1919. General Service. V.A.D. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. )

MOYEE, Mrs. Annie (1914-9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing & Needlework.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street in Colchester)

MUNRO, Sophia  J. (Trained Staff Nurse?)

NELSON, Mrs. (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

O’NEILL, Miss (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’)

O’REILLY, Mrs. Bertha Florence Newsome (V.A.D. Night Nurse. Also worked at Stanway Hospital, Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House)

OSMOND, Miss Marion (4.1916-101916. V.A.D. Commandant. Also worked at Thorpe-le-Soken Aux. Hospital. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

OTTER-BARRY, Mary Dorothea (12.1915-3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked for 3 wks whole-time at Essex County Hospital)

PACKE, Miss Elizabeth Margaret (Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps Masseuse.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital.  Is this “Miss Peeke” in ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract?)

PASK, Miss Ruby Elizabeth (8.1914-9.1916. V.A.D. Nursing duties.  Also worked at St. Martin’s)

PAYNE, Mrs Ella (22.1.1917-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Scullery Maid)

PAWSEY, Mr. Alfred (30.10.1915-28.9.1918. General Orderly. Night Duty. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922. )

PELL, Miss Alice (Trained Staff Nurse/Sister) (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

PHILLIPS, Miss Elsie (11.1915-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nursing & Housework)

PIERREPONT-EDWARDS, Mrs. Nancy (23.11.1914-6.6.1918. V.A.D. Commandant. Acting Quartermaster. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

POINTING, Miss Elsie (8.1914-20.12.1919+ V.A.D. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also at St. Martin’s House, W. Stockwell St)

PRITCHARD, Mrs. Margaret Eveline (nee SEWELL) PRITCHARD, Margaret Eveline (nee SEWELL) (14.7.1915-31.7.1915 & 8.9.1915-7.12.1915. Trained Sister. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester) (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

RAND, Mrs. Maud J. (nee Martin) (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Wivenhoe & Essex County Hospitals)

RANDOLPH-SYMMONS, Miss Joan Dorothea (9.1915-1919+ Cook and Secretary to Commandant at Essex County Hospital, Colchester. Also worked at Gostwycke Hospital in Colchester.  Collected eggs from around Kelvedon for ‘Gostwycke’.  Also mentioned in the ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir book).

RENTON, Miss Katharine Bringhurst (10.1914-7.1915. V.A.D. Cooking & Kitchen Work)

RICKWORD, Miss Barbara May Bevan (9.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Also at Colchester Military Hospital)

ROBERTS, Miss Margery (11.10.1915-6.10.1918. V.A.D. General Duty. Night Duty)

ROUND, Sibyl Mary (Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; St. Martin’s House [Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester]; Stanway Rectory Hospital)

SACH, Miss Ivy Margaret (10.1914-10.1917. V.A.D. Nursing & General Work.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and Stanway Hospital)

SANDERS, Miss Kathleen Elfreda (British Red Cross V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester. “valuable services rendered”)

SAUNDERS, Miss Kate (9.1916-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also at Reckitt’s Convaescent Home, Clacton)

SAUL, Private Charles (9.1914-7.1915. R.A.M.C., 2nd East Anglian Field Ambulance)

SHEAD, Miss Catherine Mary (1915-1919. General Service. Cooking)

SIBLEY, Mrs. Ada (8.1917-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Cook, Scullery & nurse duties.

SMITH, St Osyth Mahala Eustace (1 month 1915. Quartermaster. Also worked at ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley and ‘Singholme’, Walton-on-the-Naze)

SORSBIE, Miss Mary Catherine (10.1914-12.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked for St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and Colchester Military Hospital)

STANNARD, Miss Anne Goldsmith (8.1914-3.1919. Treating septic arms. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

START, Mrs. Alice (10.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, Colchester)

THELWALL, Miss Constance Hessie (Trained Staff Nurse/Sister) (Within list of Matron and Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

THORP, Mrs. Hepzebah (17.10.1915-28.2.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Night Duty)

TURNER, Miss E. C. (Trained Staff Nurse. Nurse deputed) (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

TWYMAN, Mrs. Alice Elizabeth (1.1915-3.1919. Deputy Commandant. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, Colchester) (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract, also correspondence of Detachment Enrolment of Members etc.)

VYEE: Mrs. Elizabeth Vye (11.1914-29.5.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Awarded Red Cross Medal in 1922)

VYEE: Mr. John Vye (3.10.1915-15.2.1919. General Orderly. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922) Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

WALLACE, Miss Kathleen Mary (1.1917-12.1919. V.A.D. Table maid and nurse)

WATSON, Miss Sylvia Fairlie Douglas (“some weeks” 1915. V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at Essex County Hospital, Colchester)

WEBB, Mr. Ernest (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at Stanway Hospital, nr Colchester)

WELLER, Mrs. Mary Grace (9.1914-4.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Day & Night Duty. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester; Stanway Hospital; and Essex County Hospital)

WENT, Miss M. Kathleen (10.1914-? V.A.D. Nursing. Night Duty)

WHEELER, Miss Helen Gertrude (7.1918-29.5.1919. V.A.D. General Service. Pantry work)

WICKS, Miss Beatrice Annie (8.1914-1.4.1919. V.A.D. Assistant Quartermaster. Nursing. Camp Cooking. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

WICKS, Miss Emily Amy (8.1914-4.1919. V.A.D. Head Cook. Managed Cooking Department. Two War Service Bars. “valuable services rendered”/“Mentioned” in Dispatches. 1918. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922]

WICKS, Miss Hilda Martha (8.1914-4.1919. V.A.D. Cooking. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

WILKINSON, Miss (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

WORGER, Mrs. Gertrude Mary (23.11.1914-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

WREN, Mrs. E. E. A. (Creator/Commandant. “valuable services rendered”. Presented with the O.B.E. and the silver badge in 1922)

WYATT, Miss Ruby Gertrude (8.1914-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House)

WYNCOLL, Miss F. M. (Trained Staff Nurse. Nurse deputed mention)



PROFILES

ALLEN, Mrs. (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


ASHBY, Mr. William (09.10.1918-22.02.1919. General Orderly Night Duty. Stretcher-bearer. Awarded Red Cross Medal posthumously – he died 7 June 1920)

1920, 12 Jun (Satuday):  Essex Newsman:  FATAL TRAP ACCIDENT. Essex Miller Killed.  A trap accident, which occurred on the outskirts of Halstead on Monday has unfortunately had a fatal termination.  Mr. William Ashby, miller, Wakes Colne, and his wife were driving home from Wethersfield, where they had been spending the week-end with some friends, and when near Cut Hedge the horse took fright, and getting out of control ran off towards the town at great pace.  Several corners in the road were negotiated in safety, but at the foot of Sloe Hill one of the wheels of the trap came in contact with a tree, causing the trap to overturn.  Both occupants were thrown out on the road.  Mrs. Ashby escaped with a few cuts about the face and a severe shaking, but Mr. Ashby’s head struck the road with great force.   The accident was witnessed by William Warren, a horseman of Slough Farm, who went to the assistance of the victims, and Miss Courtauld, of Colne Engaine, coming up shortly afterwards, conveyed them to the Cottage Hospital in her motor war.  An operation was performed on Mr. Ashby by Drs. Roberts and Bradley, but it was realised from the first that his injuries were of a very grave nature, and he died late the same night.  He was 66 years of age, and leaves two young sons.  Mrs. Ashby has been able to be taken to her home at Wakes Colne.   At the inquest Mr. Coroner Harrison recorded a verdict of Accidental death, attributing no blame to anyone, and expressed sympathy with the widow and family of the deceased.”

1922, 22 Sept:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “RED CROSS MEDALS. Presentation at Colchester.

Medals to over sixty members of the British Red Cross Society (Lexden and Winstree branch) were presented by the Mayor of Colchester (Cr. Wasey Chopping) on Saturday, in recognition of services rendered during the war.  The Mayor said the medal he was about to present was instituted in 1921 for those members who had received no other decoration for service during the war.  … … 

The Mayor then presented the medals as under:– … … The medal awarded to Wm. Ashby, a stretcher-bearer, was handed to a relative, Mr. Ashby having been accidentally killed.” 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=6163&first=true

ADDRESS: The Mill Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/10/1918; SERVICE TO: 22/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Section Leader; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Section Leader; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 468 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


BAKER, Miss (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


BARLOW, Mrs. Sophie Matilda (nee Salomonson) (1912-29.5.1919+ British Red Cross V.A.D.  Organising & Nursing. Also worked at Wivenhoe Red Cross Hospital)

Born 1862 Victoria Park, Manchester, Lancashire. Daughter of Dutch-born parents Henri Salomonson (merchant; captain; owner of Manchester company ‘Salomonson & Co.) & his wife Hesje Salomonson.

1871 Census:      South Villa, Denison Road, Rusholme, Lancashire. With parents; 3 brothers & 3 sisters; plus 5 servants.

1881 Census:      ?

1890, 10 Dec:      Married Alexander Kay Barlow at St. James in Birch-in-Rusholme, Lancashire. Banns read at Black Notley, Essex.

1891 Census:      Lynders Wood Farm, Black Notley, Essex. Living with husband; plus 4 servants.

1901 Census:      The Hall, High Street, Wivenhoe.  Living  with her J.P. husband; 4 children;  plus 6 servants.

1911 Census:      The Hall, High Street, Wivenhoe.  Living  with her husband; 3 children;  plus 5 servants.

1917, 23 Sept:    Son John L. Barlow was killed serving in the Royal Flying Corps, during World War One.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=11509&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Wivenhoe Hall; COUNTY: Essex; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1912; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Organising & nursing; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Wivenhoe Hospital Gostwycke Hospital Query List returned unanswered. (Resigned) [Against Address:] Cert Retd Gone Away 9/5/21; COMMISSION: Essex 62. 


BEARD, Miss Dora Gwendolin (3.1915-3.1919. British Red Cross V.A.D. Acting Staff Nurse.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell St., Colchester – Dressing vaccinated arms)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=14654&first=true

ADDRESS: St. Margarets. 3 Cambridge Rd Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D act Staff nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5200 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: August 1914 to March 1915 Dressing Vaccination Arms at St. Martins House Colchester March 1915 to March 1919 Nursing at Goshwycke V.A.D. Auxilary Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


BEARD, Miss Ida Christine (10.1915-8.1918. V.A.D. Cook & Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=14630&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 121, Wellesley Road Clacton on Sea; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook & nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2475; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke V.A.D Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex. 


BEARD, Miss V. (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


BEARHAM, Mr. John William (10.10.1915-6.5.1916. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at Stanway Hospital, Stanway, nr Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwick+colchester&id=14702&first=true

ADDRESS: Water Lane, Little Hedingham; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 06/05/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/05/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time. 96 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: This man was called to the Colours early, in May 1916 & serving in France (at home stations – deleted) still. Served at – Stanway Hospital Colchester. 21 hours. Dec 10 1914 – Jan 21 1915. rest of time night orderly at Gostwick Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. Essex.


BEATTIE, Mrs. Gwendolyn Edith (10.1914-5.1918. Enrolled as “Morton”. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester) 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=155905&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Heath Lodge Lexden Nr Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 05/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 05/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Sometimes “whole” sometimes “part”, gained 3 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Enrolled as “Morton” now Beattie Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round S. Martins House Colchester Gostwycke Red X Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2. 

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 22 August 1919 : “NURSING SERVICE MENTIONS.  The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:-  Beattie, Nurse Mrs. G., V.A.D. Gostwycke Aux. Hosp., Colchester;  …” 


BECHER, Miss Mary Georgina (08.11.1918-13.3.1919. General Service. Kitchen work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=15068&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 40 Creffield Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/11/1918; SERVICE TO: 13/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: “; DATE OF TERMINATION: 13/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: “; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Kitchen work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 240; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. at Gostwycke V.A.D Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: 44 Essex.


BLOMFIELD, Mrs. Ann (20.10.1914-18.3.1919. Nursing and needlework. Also worked at Stanway)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=21179&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Beckingham Hall, Birch, By Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/10 /1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 18/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 450 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Helped with nursing at the V.A.D. Hospital Stanway, Colchester, during its existence when needed; and have since given help when required, or as able, with needlework for the soldiers at the Essex County Hospital and Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital at Colchester. I have also made garments from Birch Hall for the Colchester & Winstree War Work Dept; COMMISSION: Essex Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. 


BOND, Miss E. (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract) = Miss Ethel Emma Louisa Bond? 29.4.1915-29.5.1919. V.A.D.  Assistant Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=22246&forwards=true

ADDRESS: c/o W.H.Bond Esq. Ballinlough-Big, Kells, Co.Meath, Ireland; COUNTY: Co.Meath; SERVICE FROM: 04/1915; SERVICE TO: still employed; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/04/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: still employed; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assistant Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5616 March 4th /19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwycke Red X Hospital Cambridge Road Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex II.


BRACEY, Mrs. Kate Elizabeth (12.1914-2.1916. V.A.D. Helping in Kitchen)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=24946&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 1 Meyrick Crescent, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 12/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord. Mem; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord. Mem; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Helping in Kitchen; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Working at Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital, Cambridge Road, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 92.


BRUNWIN-HALES, Miss Elsie (now Mrs G. Wells Jennings) (10.1914-6.1915. V.A.D. Nursing Duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=93303&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St Mary’s Rectory. Colchester (married address ) 32. Knightsbridge. S.W.1; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing Duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 240 hours. Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester. Other work – Under France Red Cross at No 222 Hospital, Lieutare – France from Aug 1915 – Nov 1915 – Same Society Secretarial work at Vs hos in London – from Jan 1916 – Aug- 1917.; COMMISSION: Colchester Essex Detachment.


BULLOCK, Miss Amy Bertha (P/T.  V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hospital & possibly St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=31677&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Firs, 32 Maldon Rd., Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 05/1916; SERVICE TO: 20/07/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Whole time Netley British Red Cross Hospital, May 20th 1916 – July 20th 1918 Essex County Hospital Feb 7th – May 7th 1916 5 Oct & Nov. 1914 Dressing of Soldiers Septic arms, Evening work Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part. About 106 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Part time Gostwycke Hospital Whole time Essex County Hospital Whole time Netley Red Cross Hospital Member of Essex/92 July 22nd 1913 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex/92 VAD.


BURNS, Mr. Bertie (16.10.1915-1.3.1919. V.A.D. Section Leader. General Orderly. Night Duty. Stretcher-bearer. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=32821&first=true

ADDRESS: Rosedale, 54 Bergholt Road, Colchester, Essex; SERVICE FROM: 16/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 01/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Section Leader; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Section Leader; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: 636; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester, Night orderly; COMMISSION: Essex.


BURSTON, Miss Ida Kate (19.3.1917-8.2.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=33167&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 57 High Street, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 19/03/1917; SERVICE TO: 08/02/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: over; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Unpaid V.A.D. did Nursing Duty every other week, either morning or afternoon from Monday until Friday (sometimes Saturday) inclusive, at Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex/2.


BUTCHER, Miss Bessie (1913-20.12.1919+ V.A.D. Cook & Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=GOSTWYKE&id=33723&first=true

ADDRESS: The Willows, Military Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord Mem; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord Mem; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook & Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time, 2080 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyke Hospital Essex V.A.D. 92 Member of Essex /92. July 22nd 1913 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex /92 V.A.D.


BYFORD, Miss Grace Elizabeth “Polly” (10.1914-25.1.1916. V.A.D. Nurse & P/T Assistant Quartermaster. Student; Probationer ; Asst. Matron at Essex County Hospital, 1945.  See more within the ESSEX COUNTY HOSPITAL chapter)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=34507&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 19, Old Heath Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM:10/1914; SERVICE TO: 25/01/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 25/01/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse & part time assistant Quartermaster; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 2757; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: V.A.D. in Gostwycke Hospital Colchester. Probationer ect. Essex County Hospital Colchester. (Joined Detachment July 1913. Still a member (Trained Nurse ); COMMISSION: Essex 92 V.A.D.


BYRNE, Miss Madeleine (8.1914-3.1919. Ward & Kitchen Quartermaster duties. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=34602&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 9 Gladstone Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: S. Martins House, Attending to Septic Arms of Soldiers; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Qr.Mr Essex/92; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Qr.Mr.Essex/92; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward & Kitchen (Cook). Helping with Equipment of Detachment; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 960+; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester Joined Detachment July 22nd 1913. Serving Detachment at present time; COMMISSION: Essex /92 V.A.D.


CANT, Miss Mabel (9.1915-10.1917. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=36172&forwards=true

ADDRESS: West House Farm, Lexden, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 00/09/1915; SERVICE TO: 00/10/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 00/09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 00/10/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: (average) 7 hrs per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division Miss Round at Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


CANT, Miss May (9.1915-9.1918. V.A.D. Cooking)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=36174&forwards=true

ADDRESS: West House Farm, Lexden, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1915; SERVICE TO: 09/1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 9 hrs. per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex.


CANT, Mr. William Edmund (MRCS 9 May 1867; FRCS 11 June 1874; MD Durham 1885; LRCP 1868; MBE.)  (Medical Officer for ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital and ‘Woodhouse’ Hospital, Gt. Horkesley)

Born 30 June 1845 Colchester, Essex. Only son of Mile End Seed Grower William Cant and his wife Elizabeth Cross.  Married Mary Hill.

William Edmund Cant was educated at Colchester’s Royal Grammar School.   After training as a  surgeon, he worked at St. George’s Hospital; the Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital; the Seamen’s Hospital, Greenwich; the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children; and the Central London Ophthalmic Hospital.   After working in a Jerusalem ophthalmic hospital (for the Order of St John of Jerusalem), Wm. Cant returned to England with his wife, at the end of 1911.

1871 Census:      Union Workhouse, Watford, Hertfordshire.  Occupation: Medical Officer.

1881 Census:      Royal Albert Hospital, Stoke Damerel, Devon.   Occupation: Resident Medical Officer Surgeon.

1891 Census:      Jerusalem. In charge of ‘Order of St. John’ ophthalmic hospital.

1901 Census:      Jerusalem.

1911 Census:      Jerusalem.

WW1:                    Served as Medical Officer for the ‘Woodhouse’ and ‘Gostwycke’ hospitals.

1920, 30 Mar:     HONOURS.  A SPECIAL Supplement to the London Gazette, dated March 30th (1920), contains the following promotions in and appointments to the civil division of the Order of the British Empire for services in connexion with the war:  M.B.E. …… William Edmund Cant, M.D. F.R.C.S., Medical Officer, Woodhouse & Great Horkesley and ‘Gostwycke Auxiliary Hospitals, Colchester.”

1936, 17 Aug:     William Edmund Cant died at ‘The Mill House, Lexden, Colchester.

British Red Cross volunteer card:

MR. ESQ: WILLIAM EDMUND M.D. F.R.C.S. CANT M.B.E.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=36178&forwards=true

ADDRESS: THE MILL HOUSE, LEXDEN, COLCHESTER; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: SIMILAR ONE AT WOODHOUSE AUXILLIARY HORKESLEY COLCHESTER; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: MEDICALOFFICER; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: NIL; RANK AT TERMINATION: MEDICAL OFFICER; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: NIL; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: SURGICAL; WHOLE OR PART TIME: ACCORDING TO REQUIREMENTS; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Red X Hospital, Colchester M.O. 1915 to 1919; COMMISSION: Essex.

Chelmsford Chronicle, 21st Aug 1936: DEATH OF DR. W. E. CANT.

Dr. William Edmund Cant, M.B.E., of the Mill House, Lexden, died during Monday night, at the age of 92, leaving a widow. 

A son of the late Mr. William Cant, one of the first amateur rose growers in the district, Dr. Cant was educated at the Colchester Royal Grammar School.  He became a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (Lond.) in 1868, and a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1874, taking his M.D. in 1885. 

For nearly a quarter of a century Dr. Cant was a surgeon at the British Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem, and for his services there he was made a Knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.He had also been an assistant surgeon at the Central London Ophthalmic Hospital, and during the war was hon. Medical officer of the Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital at Colchester.  Dr, Cant was for a long period a member of the Essex and Suffolk Hunt, and had prominently identified himself with the work of St. Leonard’s, Lexden.”

Read more about William Edmund Cant at http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E003879b.htm


CHAPMAN, Miss Dorothy Ethel (V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=39702&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Glen, Old Heath. Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 1916;; SERVICE TO: 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Since 1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: In France; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Essex County Hospital 4th London General 20th General Hospital France 54 General Hospital France Present Address 24th General Hosp France; COMMISSION: Essex/92.


CHAPMAN, Miss Edith Emma (V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at Essex County Hospital?)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=39715&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Glen. Old Heath, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 1916; SERVICE TO: 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Since 1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: In France; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Essex County Hospital 4th London General 20th General Hospital France 54 General Hospital France Present Address. 24th General Hosp France; COMMISSION: Essex.


CHIDWICK, Miss Emily Jane (125 hrs. V.A.D. Nursing & Ward Work. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hsptl?)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=40882&first=true

ADDRESS: Park House, 2 High St, Wivenhoe; COUNTY: Essex; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Few days duty at local temporary hospital in 1914 & one Sunday per month at Essex County Hospital, Colchester since June 1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: VAD Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & ward work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time amounting to few weeks annually / 125 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Hospital Colchester County Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex 62.


CHURCHILL, Mr. Charles Lacey (?21.1.1915-early 1916? Night Orderly. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=41587&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Green, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 02/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 09/12/1916; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/12/196; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 156 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.  This man was called to the Colours in early 1916 & still serving in France. Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 21 hours Dec 9 1914 – Jan 20 1915 Instructed in drills at Marks Tey – 101 hrs. one day a week Rest of time night orderly Gostwyke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


CLAMPIN, Mr. Walter (17.1.1915-29.5.1919+ Night Orderly. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=41759&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Colchester Road Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 16/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 01/03/1919; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part 552 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 18 hrs Dec 12 1914 – Jan 16-1915 Rest of time night orderly at Gostwyke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


CLOETE, Mrs. Cloete (V.A.D. Nurse; Assistant Cook; Kitchen Maid. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=43876&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Chichester House, Upper Westbourne Terrace. W.2; SERVICE FROM: 20/11/1916; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Gostwycke Aux. Hosp. Colchester, Do. Yarmouth, & Brook War Hosp: Blackheath; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ordinary member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/11/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ordinary member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Kitchen maid, Assistant Cook, Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 48 hrs wkly; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: London Now proceeded to France; COMMISSION: Essex Norfolk.


COOK, Mrs. Dora M. (6.1918-21.12.1918. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=47124&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Robins , Anglesea Rd Wivenhoe; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Gostwyck Hospital Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cookery; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 4 days per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 62.


CRASKE, Ethel (nee Hoyle) : Mrs. Robert Gerald Craske (Creator/Joint Commandant; Quartermaster of ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital)

Ethel was born in 1866, her birth was registered in the last quarter of that year – in Newcastle Upon Tyne.   Ethel was the daughter of Newcastle-born solicitor Theodore Hoyle and his wife Julia (nee Loveday, born Painswick, Gloucestershire).   Ethel married Colchester-born Robert Gerald Craske in Newcastle Upon Tyne, during 1902 (registered 3rd Quarter).

1891 Census:  8 Beverley Terrace, Tynemouth. Living with widowed father, sister Ellen plus one servant.

1901 Census:  Living in Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with widowed father, siblings + 2 servants.

1911 Census:  10 Victoria Road, Colchester.  Living with Land Agent/Auctioneer/Surveyor husband Robert and son Robert Hoyle Craske plus servants.

1919,11 Apr:   Chelmsford Chronicle: RED CROSS “MENTIONS. The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organization, and maintenance of Hospitals:- … Mrs. E. Craske, Gostwycke Aux. Hosp., Colchester; …”

Mrs. Ethel Craske. Courtesy/© of Pauline Taylor.

Mrs. Ethel Craske. Courtesy/© of Pauline Taylor.

1925, 21 Jun:  Ethel, “of Glen Lyn, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex”, died.

Article text courtesy of Pauline Taylor:Funeral of Mrs. R. G. Craske 

The late Mrs. Craske will be remembered by a large circle of friends.   She was actively engaged during the war, when she organised and created “Gostwyke” Hospital  in Cambridge Road, Colchester, along with Mrs. Wren, who was her joint Commandant.    

They maintained the hospital without any contribution from the Red Cross funds, and with only a War Office grant, and voluntary contributions. 

During the war she was also a member of the Essex Women’s Land Workers.   Mrs. Craske was always a keen motorist, and was one of the first lady drivers. 

Mrs. Craske was the wife of Mr. R.G. Craske, of Messrs Craske and Son, auctioneers of Colchester, and the daughter of Mr Theodore Hoyle, a solicitor and City Coroner.”

26 March 1926, Chelmsford Chronicle: “WILLS AND BEQUESTS. Mrs. Ethel Craske, Clacton, wife of Robert G. Craske, Colchester, auctioneer, left £25 to the R.S.P.C.A., and £25 to Dr. Barnardo’s Homes £10, 557”


CUDMOLE, Mrs. Mary Ann (15.1.1917-14.6.1918. V.A.D. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=53636&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Old Victory Cottage, West Mersea; SERVICE FROM: 15/01/1917; SERVICE TO: 14/06/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Duty; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 15/01/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Duty; DATE OF TERMINATION: 14/06/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 120; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck V.AD Hospital Colchester Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex.


CUDMORE, Mr. Edward (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=53634&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Morning Dawn Farm, Mount Bures; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 31/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 20/04/1918; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/04/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (night);WHOLE OR PART TIME: 348 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. 13.12.1914 to 01.01.1915, served at Stanway Hospital Colchester, 18 hrs Dec 13 1914 – to Jan 17 1915 rest of time at Gostwyck Hospital, Colchester as night orderly; COMMISSION: Essex.


CULLEY, Gertrude Brenda (10.1914-3.1919 V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester. Mentioned in dispatches. Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth)

Born 4th Quarter 1881 Charlton, Woolwich, Kent.  Daughter of Manchester-born Civil Servant (Submarine Superintendent, H.M. Telegraphs) William Richard Culley and his wife Newcastle-born Annie.   Sister to Katherine below. 

1891 Census:  3 Innismore Gardens, Salisbury Road, Dover.  Living with parents, 2 sisters + 2 servants.

1901 Census:  ‘Lanark House’, Fairfield Road, Charlton. With parents, siblings & visiting Army Colonel + 2 servants.

1911 Census:  ‘Inglenook’, Weston-Super-Mare, Somerset. Living with Aunt & Uncle + cousin.  No occupation given.  Name given as “Brenda”.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=53764&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Dilbridge Hall Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Staff Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole 4 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Aug 1914 to Oct 1914 Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martins House & Public Hall Colchester. Oct 1914 to March 1919 Nursing at Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester, Essex; COMMISSION: Lexden and Winstree Division Miss Round, Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Mentioned in dispatches. Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth.

1917, 26 Oct:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “WOMEN’S WORK FOR THE WOUNDED. NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.  The undermentioned are included in a long list of those who have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Culley, Miss G. B., Nurse, Gostwich Aux. Hosp., Cambridge Road, Colchester. …”

Gertrude died Sept 1967 in Norfolk.    Gertrude never married.


CULLY, Katherine Mona (10.1914-31.3.1919 V.A.D. Staff Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester & the Public Hall, Colchester. Mentioned in dispatches. Awarded Medaille de la Riene Elizabeth)

Born 4th Quarter 1880 Charlton, Woolwich, Kent

Daughter of Manchester-born Civil Servant (Submarine Superintendent, H.M. Telegraphs) William Richard Culley and his wife Newcastle-born Annie. Sister to Gertrude above. 

1881 Census:  15 Maryon Road, Charlton, Woolwich, Kent.  Living with parents + older sister Alice.  5 months old.

1891 Census:  3 Innismore Gardens, Salisbury Road, Dover.  Living with parents, 2 sisters + 2 servants.

1901 Census:  ‘Lanark House’, Fairfield Road, Charlton. With parents, siblings & visiting Army Colonel + 2 servants.

1911 Census:  ‘Lanark House’, Fairfield Road, Charlton, Kent. Living with mother and sister Alice + 2 servants.  No occupation given.  N.B. father William: Crewman on the ship ‘Monarch’, H M Telegraph Ship, at anchor In Yarmouth, Norfolk.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=53767&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Dilbridge Hall, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Staff nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Aug 1914 to Oct 1914 Managed Depot for Receiving & dispatching clothing for Belgian Refugees at St. Martin’s House & Public Hall, Colchester. Oct. 1914 to March 1919 nursing at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: 4 stripes. Mentioned in Dispatches. Médaille de la Reine Elizabeth.

1917, 26 Oct:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “WOMEN’S WORK FOR THE WOUNDED. NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.  The undermentioned are included in a long list of those who have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Culley, Miss K. M., Nurse, Gostwick Aux. Hosp., Cambridge Road, Colchester. …” 

Katherine (“of Jasmine Cottage, Hopton”) died on 02 June 1960 at ‘The Osborn Nursing Home’, Thetford, Norfolk.   Katherine never married.


DANIELL, Mrs. Grace Marion (5.1917-4.1919. Quartermaster. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at ‘Woodhouse’ Hospital, Great Horkesley)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=55526&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 5 The Avenue Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Housekeeping – Accounts; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3000; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Great Horkesley Essex V.A.D. Hosp. as Assistant Commandant & Quartermaster Sept 1914 – June 1915 Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester May 1917 – April 1919 as Quartermaster; COMMISSION: Essex.


DENT, Mrs. Florence (27.11.1914-30.5.1918. V.A.D. General  Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=60141&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Creek Hall, West Mersea; SERVICE FROM: 27/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 30/05/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Duty; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Duty; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/05/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 710; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


DRYCOTT, Mrs. Winifred (21.11.1914-6.12.1915. Quartermaster. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=64025&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Highfield, West Mersea; SERVICE FROM: 21/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 06/12/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/12/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: night duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 195; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck Hospital Colchester Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex.


EALES, Mrs. Ethel Lucy (10.1915-10.1918. V.A.D. Scullery Worker)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=66399&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 30 Church Street, Colchester; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Scullery Worker; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: To help in the Scullery, washing up etc; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2 sessions per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


EDWARDS, Mrs. Nancy Pierrepont (nee Annie Hay Cook) (See PIERREPONT EDWARDS)


ELLISON, Mrs. Jessie Alice (11.1914-? V.A.D. Voluntary Worker. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and Military General Hospital, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=69336&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 3 Queens Road, Colchester; CHARACTER: P.T.O.; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: voluntary worker; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: voluntary worker; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: I have roughly speaking only worked with Essex II Detachment V.A.D. for about 4 months starting with the work at St Martins & at Gostwyck Red X Hospital the first few months of the war. Since then I have entirely devoted my time to the Military Gen. Hospital Colchester helping in any way that I could; COMMISSION: Essex.


ESTCOURT-OSWALD, Miss Agnes  M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.B., D.P.H., D.O.M.S. [Diploma in Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery] (Medical Officer. Presented with the War Medal and Victory Medal in 1922)

Born c1874 in Peshawar, India (a region of modern-day Pakistan).  British Citizen.  Died 1965 (Registered 1st Quarter, Gipping, Suffolk) “of 3 Cambridge Road”.

Agnes Estcourt-Oswald. c1933 Courtesy/© of Colchester Medical Society.

Agnes Estcourt-Oswald. c1933. Courtesy/© of Colchester Medical Society.

Agnes was a member of the ‘landed’ de la Estcourt family (Oswald, formerly Estcourt; formerly of Pinkney Park – a descendant of Walter de la Estcourt (c1275-1325, “of Salisbury, Wiltshire”).

During WW1, Agnes worked under the ‘SCOTTISH WOMEN’S HOSPITALS’ organization.    She was a Doctor/Medical Officer at the Abbaye de Royaumont: 22 November 1915 – 01 May 1916 and 30 September 1916 – 30 October 1916.    The Abbaye de Royaumont was a 13th century Cistercian abbey, located near Asnières-sur-Oise in Val-d’Oise, approximately 30 km north of Paris, France.  Agnes worked for French Red Cross – Rank “Bactériologie”(Doctor).

Read more about The Scottish Women’s Hospital at Royaumont, France here: https://www.rcpe.ac.uk/sites/default/files/weiner.pdf

Agnes was Medical Officer for Colchester Military Hospital and the British Red Cross Essex 2nd V.A.D. hospital ‘Goswycke’ in Cambridge Road, Colchester.   ‘Gostwycke’ was the ‘2nd/Second Field Ambulance Hospital’, which was affiliated to the Colchester Military Hospital.  One address:- ‘Pinkney House’, Colchester?

Agnes was presented with the War Medal & Victory Medal at a large presentation ceremony at Colchester Town Hall in 1922.    One time address: ‘Pinkney House’, Colchester?

1919: Agnes began her own Colchester Ophthalmic practice. 

JULY 12, 1919 : PORTRAIT OF SIR CLIFFOR ALLBUTT : BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 

We publish below a further list of the names of subscribers have recently been received from India and America.   As it is intended to close the fund from July 31st, the Treasurer requests all those who wish to take part in the presentation, but who have not yet notified their intention, to send their subscriptions without delay.   The amount is limited to one guinea.  Cheques and postal orders should be made payable to the “Sir Clifford Allbutt Presentation Fund” , crossed London County, Westminster, and Parrs Bank, and addressed to the Treasurer of the British Medical Association, 429, Strand, London, W.C.2. 

After the portrait in oils has been painted it is intended to commission a mezzotint engraving from it which subscribers to the Fund will be able to purchase for their own collections. …  Miss A. Estcourt-Oswald (Colchester) …” 

Is Agnes on the Colchester Military Hospital July 1918 photograph?      See more here: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/home/1st-row-1918-colchester-military-hospital/   

1922: Presented with War Medal & Victory Medal at Colchester Town Hall ceremony.

1925: Elected to the Colchester Medical Society

1933: President of the Colchester Medical Society

27 March 1965 : Obituary : BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 

AGNES ESTCOURT-OSWALD  M.B., D.O.M.S., D.P.H. 

Dr. Agnes Estcourt-Oswald died on 19 February at the age of 90, after many years of practice in Colchester. 

Agnes Estcourt-Oswald was born in 1874 in Peshawar.  She spent her girlhood in York and then trained for medicine in London. She graduated M.B., B.S. in 1903 from the London School of Medicine for Women.    She passed the D.P.H. and came to Colchester as medical inspector of school-children in the same year.   During the first world war she worked as a doctor in field hospitals in France and as a medical officer at Colchester Military Hospital.  She began her own ophthalmic practice in Colchester in 1919.   In 1925 she obtained the D.O.M.S.  

She was a most gracious person with a very lively mind and sense of humour.  She was greatly loved by her patients, whom she looked after with great care and kindness.   In addition to running her practice and taking a very active part in North-east Essex Division of the B.M.A., she did a tremendous amount of work for the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.   She was for many years secretary of the Colchester branch and in 1960 was awarded the Victoria Medal.   It was very distressing when in her last few years of life she became blind, but in spite of her great years she coped with this with courage and humour.    J.K.S.


EVERITT, Mr. Alfred (12.1.1915-19.10.1918. V.A.D. General Orderly. Night /duty. Also worked at Stanway V.A.D. Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=stanway+essex&id=71520&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Green, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 24/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 19/10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General orderly duty (night); WHOLE OR PART TIME:

part time 396 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 18 hrs Dec 7 1914 – Jan 11. 1915 Gostwyckes Hospital Colchester – rest of time; COMMISSION: Essex.


FRENCH, Miss Nellie (23.12.1915-18.10.1918. V.A.D. General Duty. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=79505&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Carydene West Mersea; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 23/12/1915; SERVICE TO: 18/10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Duty; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/12/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Duty; DATE OF TERMINATION: 18/10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 315; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


 FRYALL, Miss M.C. (Dispenser. Commandant of Essex-2, September 1915-1916)


 FRYSON, Miss (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


GATEHOUSE, Mrs. Dorothy Margaret (10.1915-10.1918. V.A.D. Scullery Maid)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=82190&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 30 Crouch Street, Colchester; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Scullery Maid; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Washing up, etc.; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5 hours per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwyck Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


GETHEN, Mrs. Mary (12.1914-2.1919. V.A.D. General Service. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=83154&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Mondamine, West Mersea; SERVICE FROM: 12/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/12/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Service; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1155 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


GOFFIN, Mr. Lawrence Laver (15.1.1915-8.3.1919. Quartermaster. Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=85869&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Goodwyns, Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 02/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 08/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quarter master; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quarter master; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/03/1919’ PAY AT TERMINATION: nil’ PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: 864 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Specially mentioned for “valuable services rendered during the war” Served at Stanway Hospital in Colchester 15 hrs Dec 11.1914 – Jan 15 1915. Instructed in Drill at Stanway 18 hrs Rest of time night duty Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round, Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: “Mentioned”.


GRAY, Miss Eleanor May (3.1918-2.1919. Quartermaster. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract. Also worked at Colchester War Depot – which is probably the Depot sited at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=88819&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Cherry Wood, Lexden, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Quartermaster; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 670 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: March 1918 to February 1919 at Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester. 1914 to 1916 Needlework at Longfords War Depot Nailsworth. April 1917 at Colchester War Depot. intermittent – 500 hours; COMMISSION: Essex 44. Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.


GRIFFIN, Miss Isabel Maud (10.1914-02.1915. V.A.D.  Cooking. Helping in Kitchen)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=90908&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 62, West Stockwell Street, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/1915; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord. Mem; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord. Mem; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking. Helping in Kitchen; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2 afternoons weekly. hrs 2 to 8; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 92 V.A.D.


GRIPPER, Miss Constance (1.1.1919-15.3.1919. General Service V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=91507&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Parsons Hill – Lexden, nr Colchester; HOSPITAL: Writtle House, Writtle, Chelmsford; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Jan 1. 1919 at Gostwyke, Colchester & still working till March 15, 1919; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/02/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/02/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Service; WHOLE OR PART TIME: average two days a week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round {Date of Engagement} at Writtle Nr Chelmsford {Previous engagements} Previous crossed through; COMMISSION: Essex.


HAINES, Mrs. Joyce Henrietta Lancaster (Quartermaster. Also worked at Wivenhoe & ?Essex County)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=93141&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Meyrick Cottage, Meyrick Crescent, Colchester; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Ordinary V.A.D. work for previous 5 years at Wivenhoe; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/02/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & Quartermaster duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Wivenhoe Temporary Hospital. Gostwycke. County Hospital (Colchester); COMMISSION: Essex 62.


HEAD, Mrs. Margaret E. (1918/1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=101318&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Oakleigh High St, Wivenhoe; SERVICE FROM: 08/1918; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & ward work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: When required 150 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwycke Hospital Colchester County Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex 62 Women’s V.A.D.


HEAP, Miss Florence Emily (V.A.D. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, W. Stockwell St.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=101508&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 47 Roman Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 16/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: At St Martin’s House Colchester (bandaging &c. septic arms through vaccination) RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part whenever desired by ‘Gostwycke’ authorities generally weekend duty 2000 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nursing duty at Gostwycke Hospital (VAD) Cambridge Rd Colchester Member of Essex 92 V.A.D. July 22nd 1913 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex VAD 92.


HEMPSTEAD, Miss Emily (25.10.1915-7.3.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=102430&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Primrose Villa, West Mersea; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 25/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 07/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 210; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwyck V.A.D Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


HUGHES, Elizabeth Anne Cockburn (6.3.1916-16.8.1916. Joint War Committee, Trained Nurse; Sister; Matron. “valuable services rendered”) (Within Matron & Sister-in-Charge list, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract).  Red Cross card dates: 1.3.1915- 18.8.1915 & 1.6.1915-1.7.1915 & 7.1916- ?4.1917.

Bn. c 1870 Sylhet, Bangalore, India (British Subject). Daughter of Missionaries (in India) Charles Hughes and his wife Elizabeth (nee Paton).

1871 Census:  1 Torr Street, Everton, Liverpool. With her “Missionary” mother, in the home of maternal Steamship Engineer grandfather; 3 uncles; and 1 aunt.

1881 Census:  3 Trinity Crescent, Leith, Midlothian. Scholar. With Aunt Agnes (Widow Falconer); 7 Falconer cousins; 1 other cousin; and 1 servant.

1891 Census:  West End House, 2 Derby Street, Prescot, Ormskirk, Lancashire.  Occupation: Governess.

1901 Census:  Hospital House, 55 & 57 Main Street, Coatbridge, Lanarkshire.  Boarder. Occupation: Hospital Nurse.

1911 Census:  ?

1917, 24.10:    Newspaper entry ref Associate, Royal Red Cross award, 2nd Class, mention 02/11/17.

1917, 2 Nov:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.  The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:–To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2 Class).  … Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes, Matron, Gostwych Aux/ Hpl., Colchester. …”   

JOINT WAR COMMITTEE :  The British Journal of Nursing, 05th June 1915:  “Home Hospitals.   The following nurses have been deputed to duty in home hospitals, under the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem:-  …  2nd Field Ambulance Hospital, Gostwycke,Colchester – Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes.”

Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes service card. Side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes service card. Side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes service card. Side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes service card. Side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

The card shown above is not available within the British Red Cross search facility:  http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War 

Below is a link to a service card that is available for Miss E. A. Cockburn Hughes within the British Red Cross search facility, accompanied by the transcribed details:

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=112606&forwards=true

ADDRESS: c/o Rev J.E. Falconer M.A. The Hardgate Manse, Duntocher, Dumbarton; HOSPITAL: VAD Auxiliary Hospital, North Walsham; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Hotel Bristol St.Malo. St John Brigade Hospital Etaples Sept 1915-July 1916. Red X Hosp. N. Walsham: Christchurch: Gostwyck HP Colchester Mar 1st- Aug 18th 1915. June 1st-July 1st1915:July 1916 – (April); RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sister; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1-1-0- per wk; RANK AT TERMINATION: Matron; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: £1-5-0- per wk; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Hospital Nursing in Five Hospitals; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Goswicke {sic} Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Royal Red Cross (2nd Cl). Dec – 1917.

N.B. Elizabeth’s Aunt Agnes had been married to her Uncle William Falconer.  The c/o address Elizabeth gave for her Red Cross card is for her Falcolner cousin the Rev John Begg Falconer M.A.


HURNARD, Miss Ruth T. (10.1918-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. General Service. Table Maid)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=114198&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Lexden, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 00/10/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service V.A.D. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 00/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Table maid; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 296 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke Hospital,Cambridge Road,Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


INGALL, Miss Mary Charlotte (8.1914-1.1916. Asst. Dispenser & Senior Commandant of Essex/2. Also worked at St. Martin’s House and the General Military Hospital, Colchester. “served with distinction”)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=115301&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 16 The Avenue, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst Dispenser & Comt of Essex/2; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 28/ per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Asst Dispenser & Comt of Essex/2; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Asst. Dispenser in Colchester Mil. Hosp; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. From Aug 1914 to Jan 1916 worked voluntarily from time to time a month or fortnight at a time at various work. At S. Martin’s House in attendance on the men who had been vaccinated, and at Gostwyke {sic} Hospital, etc, etc. From Feb 1916 onwards been working at General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2.


JONES, Miss Evelyn G. Brand (12.1914-10.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=Evelyn+&sname=jones&hosp=colchester&id=121474&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Ferry House Rowledge Nr. Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing (V.A.D.); WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1116 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Three months whole time at the The Essex County Hospital Colchester, the remainder part time at Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: V.A.D Essex 62.


KEMBLE, Miss (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


LADBROOK, Mrs. Esther (8.10.1915-20.12.1916. V.A.D. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=128391&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rainbow Cottage, West Mersea; SERVICE FROM: 08/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 20/12/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General duty; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: General duty; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/12/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 290; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex.


LAZELL, Miss Alice Margaret (1915-1919. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=131042&forwards=true

ADDRESS: ‘Westgrove’, Fitzwalter Rd., Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: 1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working 1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook at Red Cross Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: (Still working) 1960 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. V.A.D. at Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital Colchester Further Particulars unobtainable; COMMISSION: Essex.


LEWIS, Mrs. Flora Elizabeth (5.1917-19.2.1919. V.A.D. Table Maid)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=133857&forwards=true

ADDRESS: c/o Messers Lewis & Co. Coventry House, South Place, E.C.2; SERVICE FROM: 05/1917; SERVICE TO: 02/1919; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/02/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Table maid; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex General Service.


LILLEY, Miss Dorothy (31.1.17-20.3.18. V.A.D. Clerical work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=134571&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Fordham Rectory, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 31/01/1917; SERVICE TO: Continuing; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 31.1.17 – 20.3.18 at Gostwycke VAD Red X Hp Colchester (Part Time); RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/03/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24/9 pr wk; RANK AT TERMINATION: Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still occupied; PAY AT TERMINATION: 33/6 pr wk.

PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Hospital Clerical work & Commandants clerk in Camp Office; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Red + Hospital Colchester from 31.1.17 – 20.3.18 Unpaid. V.A.D. Camp I att 43 Gen Hospital Salonica B.E.F. 20.3.18 {In brackets on the side of front of card} Present Occupation; COMMISSION: Essex 2 B.R.C.S..


LOYD, Miss Alice Elizabeth (9.1915-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Cooking & Ward Work) (This may be the “Miss A. Lloyd” within the ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=138200&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 64, North Hill, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/1915; SERVICE TO: Still Working; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Working; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking & Ward work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2600 part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke’s Hospital Cambridge Rd Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=138201&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 64 North Hill, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/1915; SERVICE TO: Still working Mch 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working March 1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking + Ward work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 2600; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Red X Hospital Member of Detachment July 22nd 1913 to Present date: Cambridge Rd. Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: Essex 92.


LOYD, Miss Rebecca Ada (9.1915-3.1919+ VA.D. Cooking duties) (This may be the “Miss R. Lloyd” within the ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=138209&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 64 North Hill Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/1915; SERVICE TO: Still working March 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord Mem; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord Mem; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working Mch 1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 1384 hours served; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Red X Hospital, Cambridge Rd Colchester Essex Member of Detacht July 22nd 1913 to Present date; COMMISSION: Essex 92.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=138210&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 64 North Hill Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: Sept 1915; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: nil; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: Sept. 1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1384; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke’s Hospital Cambridge Rd Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


LAURD, Miss Betty Frances Clare (V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=138217&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Nashenden, Nr Rochester; SERVICE FROM: 03/1917; SERVICE TO: 03/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nurse, High Wycombe V.A.D. Hospital. Bucks. March – Aug. 1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/08/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/03/1918; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 500 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke V.A.D Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Bucks VAD Essex VAD.


LUARD, Miss Christobel Chauney (1.1916-7.1918. General Service V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=138218&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Holly Lodge, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 00/01/1916; SERVICE TO: 00/07/1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 00/01/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; DATE OF TERMINATION: 00/07/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: “General Service”; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part Time 4 hours – 3 days a week ; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: “Gostwyke” hospital Cambridge Rd. Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


LUARD, Mrs. Eloise Beatrice (née Perkins) (7.1917-3.1918. Quartermaster. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&id=138221&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Nashenden; SERVICE FROM: 1916; SERVICE TO: 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Red Cross Hosp. Highlongcombe – pantry worker; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: July 1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: March 1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Quartermaster; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 10-1 daily; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck V.A.D Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 44.

Eloise Beatrice Luard was sister-in-law of locally known Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve Nurse Kate Evelyn Luard (Born 29 June 1872 Aveley, Essex) – who lived in Birch, Essex.  Eloise was married to Frank William Luard (of Nashenden, Borstal, Rochester, Kent), brother of Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Nurse Kate Evelyn Luard – their father bring the Rev. B. G.  Luard, Rector of Birch.  Royal Marine Frank William Luard was killed 13 July 1915.


MACFIE, Mrs. Hilda Agnes (nee Moir/sometimes McArthur-Moir) (10.1914-6.1918. British Red Cross V.A.D.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital & St. Martin’s House).

Born  23 December 1888 Chakrata, India – British Subject by parentage.  Baptised 20 February 1889.  Daughter of Clackmananshire-born Edward McArthur Moir (of the Imperial [then Indian] Forest Service) and his wife Isabella (nee Hardie).

1901 Census:      ‘Castlethorpe’, Broughton, Lincolnshire.  The family had returned from India in 1898.  At home, living with father (retired) & mother; 1 sister; 1 Governess; 3 servants.

1911 Census:      Thornholm, Brigg, Lincolnshire.  Visitor to Edward Johnson Brown & his sister Mary.

1915, 14 July:      Married Irish-born Dr. James Denniston Macfie, in Colchester, Essex.

Hilda Agnes McArthur Macfie (nee Moir): Red Cross VAD, ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital. (Daily Record and Mail, 14 June 1915 edition). Courtesy of Laurena Grant.

Hilda Agnes McArthur Macfie (nee Moir): Red Cross VAD, ‘Gostwycke’ Hospital. Daily Record and Mail, 14 June 1915 edition. Courtesy of Laurena Grant.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=Macfie&hosp=colchester&id=140812&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Deoban* Lexden Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 06/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Gostwycke Red X Hospital & Essex County Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nursing member; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 828; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Assisted at St. Martins House Colchester in attending to the men who had been vaccinated Oct 1914 to Dec. 1914 Since then has helped when possible at Gostwycke Red X Hosp. & the Essex County Hospital Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex/2.

(* Hilda lived at ‘Deoban’, Fitzwalter Road – the home was named after the region in India, where Helen grew up)

1916, 4Q:             Hilda and James had a son Edward Robert Colquhoun Macfie, born in Colchester.   Edward died on 07 October 1937, at Brentwood, Essex.

1938, 2 Sept:      Died in Colchester, “of 21 Fitzwalter Road, Colchester”.

The Essex Chronicle, on 9 September 1938, reported on Helen’s funeral on 5 September 1938 [sic]:

“THE LATE MRS. H. A. MACFIE.—The funeral took place at Lexden on Monday of Mrs. Hilda Agnes Macfie, wife of Dr. J. D. Macfie, of Fitzwalter Road, Colchester.  Mrs. Macfie, who was well known in the Lexden area, was a daughter of Mr. Edward McArthur Moir, J.P., who died in February last.  The service at Lexden Church on Monday was conducted by the Rev. H. Dalton Jackson.  A full choir and the organist (Mr. F. Uff) led the singing of the hymns, “How bright these glorious spirits shine” and “Jesus lives,” and the Psalm, “The Lord is my Shepherd.”  The mourners present included: Mrs. McArthur Moir, mother; Colonel and Mrs. W. Browne, brother-in-law and sister; Mr. and Mrs. Guy Bewstead, brother-in-law and sister-in-law; Miss Robertson, Mrs. Wigan Williams, and Miss M. Cattarack, cousins.”


MARTYR, Mrs. Constance Muriel (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=146595&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Avenue Wivenhoe; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 276 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. Gostwycke Hospital Colchester County Hospital. No more information; COMMISSION: Essex 62.


MAY, Mrs. Helen Anna Sinclair Cowan (8.1914-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=148341&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 15 St Johns St,, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Attending at St Martins House dressing Vaccination & Septic Arms etc.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1,500; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke House Red Cross Hospital Cambridge Road, Colchester. Member of Detacht, July 22nd 1913 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex 92/V.A.D.


MAY, Miss Olive (7.1917?-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Cook) (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=148394&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St Mary’s Cottage, Church St.South, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1915; SERVICE TO: still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Served as cook in France from Jan: to June 1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Assistant Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary

RANK AT TERMINATION: Assistant Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking. Pantry work. Scullery work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time France; Part time England (1726 1/2 hrs); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Hospitals: In England: Gostwycke Hospital, Cambridge Road Colchester In France: c/o Madam O’Gorman Isle of Wight Field Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex 2.


MITCHELL, Mrs. Lillie (nee SMITH) (5.1917-1.1918. Nurse. Surgical Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=152404&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Glenalmond, Kingston Hill, Kingston-on-Thames; COUNTY: Surrey; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Malta and Netley; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/01/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Surgical nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From Dec: 22nd 1914 – Jan; 22nd 1915 Maida Vale Epileptic Hospital From Jan 22nd 1915 – July 22nd 1915 Boscombe Military Hospital Hants From Sept: 2nd 1915 – April 2nd 1916 St Elmo Military Hospital Malta From June 2nd 1916 – July 21st 1916 Royal Victoria Military Hosp: Netley From May 1917 – Jan 1918 Gostycke Auxiliary Hosp: Colchester (at this Hospital half days only) [signed] Lillie Mitchell Feb 14. 19; COMMISSION: 100 Surrey; HONOURS AWARDED: Entitled to 1914-15 Bronze Star for service overseas in a theatre of war?? One Blue Chevron.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=64740&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Glenalmond, Kingston Hill, Surrey; SERVICE FROM: 10/1916; SERVICE TO: still attached; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Formerly belonged to Surrey 100; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing in Hospitals; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Joined V.A.D. Surrey 100 in December 1914 Served as Nursing Member at Boscombe Military Hospital, Hants. from Jan 22nd 1915 – July 22nd 1915. Served as Nursing Member in St Elms Military Hospital, Malta, from Sept 2nd 1915-April 2nd 1916 Served as Nursing Member in the Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley, Hants., from June 2nd 1916 – July 18th 1916 Served in Gostwycke V.A.D.Hospital, Colchester, Essex (part time) from May 1917 for 6 months; COMMISSION: London 110.


MOLE, Mrs. Emma (25.1.1914-7.3.1919. General Service. V.A.D. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=152823

ADDRESS: Homeleigh. West Mersea.; SERVICE FROM: 25/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 07/03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Service; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1050; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


MOYEE, Mrs. Annie (1914-9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing & Needlework.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street in Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=156664&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Great House, Layer-de-la-Haye; SERVICE FROM: 1914; SERVICE TO: 1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See Over; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & Needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time (at intervals); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex County Hospital ) Gostwycke Hospital ) Colchester St Martins House ) Further particulars unobtainable; COMMISSION: Essex 44; HONOURS AWARDED: Badges for Proficiency.


MUNRO, Sophia  J. (Trained Staff Nurse?)


NELSON, Mrs. (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


O’NEILL, Miss (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’)


O’REILLY, Mrs. Bertha Florence Newsome (V.A.D. Night Nurse. Also worked at Stanway Hospital, Essex County Hospital and St. Martin’s House)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=163960&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Stanway Rectory, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 11/1918; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Attended at Stockwell St. on soldiers with bad arms after vaccination; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: One week at the County Hospital, Colchester, Day Nurse at Stanway Rectory V.A.D. Hospital, Night Nurse at Gostwycke; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time, no record of hours kept; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Part time (358 hours) Stockwell St, Colchester Stanway Red Cross Hospital Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital – night nurse Essex County Hospital, Colchester – 1 week; COMMISSION: Essex, Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.


OSMOND, Miss Marion (4.1916-101916. V.A.D. Commandant. Also worked at Thorpe-le-Soken Aux. Hospital. Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=164569&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hanford House, Thorpe-Le soken; HOSPITAL: Thorpe Le Soken Auxiliary Hospital; Farnborough Court Auxiliary Hospital, Farnborough (Aldershot Command); PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward work. Day; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Oct 1914 – Aug 1915 Thorpe Hall Hospital Oct 1915 – Feb 1916 Farborough Court Apl 1916 – Oct 1916 Gostwycke Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


OTTER-BARRY, Mary Dorothea (12.1915-3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked for 3 wks whole-time at Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=12718&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Horkesley Hall Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 00/12/1915; SERVICE TO: 00/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: “; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2688; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Nursing at Gostwyck Hospital paid time Cambridge Road Colchester September 1917 for 3 weeks whole time nursing at the Essex County Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


PACKE, Miss Elizabeth Margaret (Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps Masseuse.  Also worked at Essex County Hospital.  Is this mis-spelt “Peeke” in ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract?)

1918: Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps member, Essex County Hospital, Colchester.

1918: Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps member, Essex County Hospital, Colchester. This could be Miss Packe.

‘The Almeric Paget Massage Corps’ was formed at the outbreak of WW1, by one Almeric H. Paget and his first wife (American socialite & heiress Pauline Payne Whitney).  They offered the services of 50 trained masseuses to the British War Office.   The offer was accepted and, in September 1914, masseuses began to be appointed to Hospitals.  All had to have the qualification ‘Incorporated Society of Trained Masseuses’ (ISTM).  By November 1914, 50 women were employed in military hospitals.  

The War Office officially recognised the Corps in early 1915 and made it the official body to which all masseurs and masseuses engaged for service in military hospitals should belong.     A total of 56 masseuses/masseurs served in France and Italy between January 1917 and May 1919.

By the time the Armistice was signed (on the 11th day of the 11th month 1918), there were over 2,000 masseuses and masseurs actually at work.   In total, 3,388 men and women had been engaged by the Corps at some point or other during the war – with a peak of 2,000 in 1919.

The ‘Corps’ came to an end in January 1919, when a formal ‘Military Massage Service’ was formed under the auspices of the ‘Army and Pensions Massage Association’.     All members of the Corps were given the option to join the new Service – which was controlled jointly by the War Office and the Ministry of Pensions.

Like all Almeric Paget Massage Corps members, the young lady pictured above would have possessed the qualification ‘Incorporated Society of Trained Masseuses’ (ISTM) – this is the badge worn here.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=feering&id=165295&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Feering Croft, Northwood; COUNTY: Middx; SERVICE FROM: 04/1916; SERVICE TO: 01/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member A.P.M.M.C; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Masseuse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 22 1/2 Hours per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From June 1917 to Jan 1919 Essex County Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex. Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester.


PASK, Miss Ruby Elizabeth (8.1914-9.1916. V.A.D. Nursing duties.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=martin%27s+colchester&id=167823&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14 Old Road, Lee, London SE13; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 09/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Martin’s House and Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ordinary Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ordinary Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/09/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing duties (1st London General Hospital); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke Hospital 1st London General Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


PAYNE, Mrs Ella (22.1.1917-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Scullery Maid)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=168618

ADDRESS: The Grange, Fingringhoe, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 22/02/1917; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/02/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Scullery maid; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3 hrs, once a week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke Hospital, Cambridge Rd, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


PAWSEY, Mr. Alfred (30.10.1915-28.9.1918. General Orderly. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=168497&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Station Cottages, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 30/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 28/09/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 30/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/09/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty. (night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 456 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


PELL, Miss Alice (Trained Staff Nurse/Sister) (Within list of Matron & Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

Born 2Q 1887 Oldham, Lancashire.     Daughter of Theatrical Manager Charles Pell & wife Maria.

1891 Census:      9 Firth Street, Oldham, Lancashire. Living with parents & 4 siblings.

1901 Census:      3 Park Road, North Lodge, Birkenhead, Cheshire.  Living with parents & siblings.  “14”.

1911 Census:      Infirmary, Union Workhouse, Church Road, Tranmere, Birkenhead, Cheshire.  Nurse.

Alice was awarded the Serbian Medal.

Miss Alice Pell service card 1, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss Alice Pell service card 1, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss Alice Pell service card 1, side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss Alice Pell service card 1, side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss Alice Pell service card 2, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Miss Alice Pell service card 2, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

The cards shown above are not available within the British Red Cross search facility:  http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War

Below are links to two more service cards that are available for Miss Alice Pell within the British Red Cross search facility, accompanied by the transcribed details:

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=alice&sname=pell&id=236433&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 13 Beresford Rd, Birkenhead; SERVICE FROM: 29/10/1914; SERVICE TO: 20/02/1915; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Trained Nur; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Trained Nur; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/02/1915; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Hon. R. Coventry, Personnel. Now Mrs Diprose. Original written address 28 Hamilton Square crossed out; DEPARTMENT: Serb: Relief; COMMISSION: Serbia.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=alice&sname=pell&id=236432&first=true

ADDRESS: 13 Beresford Road, Birkenhead; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 28; SERVICE FROM: 06/09/1915; SERVICE TO: 06/03/1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: T.N; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/09/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/03/1916; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Now Mrs. Alice Diprose. Original written address 28 Hamilton Square crossed out; DEPARTMENT: T.N. Dept; COMMISSION: T.N. Dept. [*N.B. T.N. Dept. = Trained Nurse Department]


PHILLIPS, Miss Elsie (11.1915-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nursing & Housework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=238269&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Spring House, Lexden, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 11/1915; SERVICE TO: 15/03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & House work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 4600 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke VAD Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 2.


PIERREPONT EDWARDS, Mrs. Nancy (nee Annie Hay Cook) (23.11.1914-6.6.1918. V.A.D. Commandant. Acting Quartermaster. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

Born 1868 Manningtree, Essex (birth registered 4Q Tendring District, Essex).  Daughter of Aberdeen-born parents: Surgeon/G.P. John Will Cook and Jane Anderson (nee Grant).

1871 Census:      High Street, Manningtree, Essex. Living with parents; 1 brother; 2 sisters; & 4 servants.

1981 Census:      High Street, Manningtree, Essex. Living with parents; 1 sister; 1 Medical Assistant; 1 Medical Student; & 4 servants.

1891 Census:      Bon Accord Villa, Paisley Road, Renfrew, Scotland. With Uncle Andrew Donald (Grocer); Aunt Jessie; 2 cousins; and 1 servant.

1892, 4Q:             Married the Rev. Charles Pierrepont Edwards (Vicar of West Mersea parish) – he became a Chaplain in the British Army (1/5 Suffolk Regt.) during the First World War and was awarded the Military Cross whilst serving in Gallipoli.

1901 Census:      Ray Mead, West Mersea, Essex. With husband and 1 General Domestic Servant.

1911 Census:      St. Peter’s Cottage, West Mersea. With husband and 1 General Domestic Servant.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=67993&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St Peters Cottage. West Mersea.; SERVICE FROM: 23/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 06/06/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/06/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Chiefly night Duty & acting Quarter Master for short time; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 893; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.

1953, 28 Apr:      Died at Prested Hall Nursing Home, Feering, Essex.


POINTING, Miss Elsie (8.1914-20.12.1919+ V.A.D. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also at St. Martin’s House, W. Stockwell St)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=240546&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 148 Maldon road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: attending Septic Arms at St. Martins House, Stockwell Street, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part about 2100 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke Hospital, Cambridge Road, Colchester B.R.C.S July 22nd 1913 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex 92 VAD.


PRITCHARD, Margaret Eveline (nee SEWELL) (14.7.1915-31.7.1915 & 8.9.1915-7.12.1915. Trained Sister. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

Born 3Q 1874 Leiston, Suffolk. Daughter of Engine Fitter Jesse Sewell & wife Sarah.

1901 Census:  Bolton Union Workhouse, Bolton, Lancs.   Occupation: Hospital Nurse.

1911 Census:  17 Parkfield Road, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, Lancs.  With husband Philip M. Pritchard & 4yr old daug.

1915:  Living at 49 Wimpole Road, Colchester, Essex.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=243757&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 49 Wimpole Rd., Colchester; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None – But worked at St. Martins house under local Red Cross in the autumn of 1914; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sister; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 21/-; RANK AT TERMINATION: Sister; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1915; PAY AT TERMINATION: 21/-; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Full Sister’s Duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke Hospital Cambridge Road, Colchester Essex St Martins House Red Cross Depot. Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: Essex.

Margaret married Chemical Engineer Philip Morris Pritchard in 1905, he died 3Q 1914 on the Wirral, Lancs.   Widow Margaret Eveline Pritchard died 21 December 1928 in Liverpool, Lancashire.

Margaret (Eveline) Pritchard (nee Sewell) service card 1, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Margaret (Eveline) Pritchard (nee Sewell) service card 1, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Margaret (Eveline) Pritchard (nee Sewell) service card 1, side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Margaret (Eveline) Pritchard (nee Sewell) service card 1, side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Margaret (Eveline) Pritchard (nee Sewell) service card 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Margaret (Eveline) Pritchard (nee Sewell) service card 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

The cards shown above are not available within the British Red Cross search facility:  http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War 


RAND, Mrs. Maud J. (nee Martin) (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Wivenhoe & Essex County Hospitals)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=171241&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Berry House, Wivenhoe; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Essex County Sunday & Wivenhoe Local; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time, 200 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Wivenhoe Hospital Gostwyck Hospital Colchester County Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex 62.


RANDOLPH- SYMMONS, Miss Joan Dorothea (9.1915-1919+ Cook and Secretary to Commandant at Essex County Hospital, Colchester. Also worked at Gostwycke Hospital in Colchester. Collected eggs from around Kelvedon for ‘Gostwycke’.  Also mentioned in the ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir book).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=RANDOLPH-SYMMONS+&id=203278&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: The Lawn House, Kelvedon; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/1915; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Secretary; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: 1. Cook – (2) Secretary to Commandant. Essex County Hosp. Colchester (250 beds); WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5430 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 5430 hours extending over a period of three years. 3.3.19; COMMISSION: Essex 2; HONOURS AWARDED: None See Over.


RENTON, Miss Katharine Bringhurst (10.1914-7.1915. V.A.D. Cooking & Kitchen Work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=173735&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 12 Crouch St, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 07/1915; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking & Kitchen Work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2 early morning duties & 2 afternoons 2 – 8 per week; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Joined B.R.C.S. October 1914 – Still a member. at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 92 VAD.


RICKWORD, Miss Barbara May Bevan (9.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Also at Colchester Military Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=175356&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 38 Wellesley Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: MIlitary Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester + Military; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


ROBERTS, Miss Margery (11.10.1915-6.10.1918. V.A.D. General Duty. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=176834&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rosebank, West Mersea SERVICE FROM: 11/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 06/10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Duty; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Duty; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 690; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex. Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round.


ROUND, Sibyl Mary (Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; St. Martin’s House [Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester]; Stanway Rectory Hospital) 

Born 1872 (registered 1 Quarter, St George Hanover Square, London).  Daughter of M.P./J.P./Essex Landed Gentry James Round and Ovington-born wife Sibylla Joanna Freeland.

1881 Census:      ‘The Holly Trees, East Hill, Colchester.  Living with parents, siblings plus 9 members of staff.

1891 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 8 members of staff.

1901 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 7 members of staff.

1911 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington. Living with parents, siblings plus 8 members of staff.

1918, 8 Feb:       Chelmsford Chronicle:  “The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, maintenance and administration of hospitals:-  ….   Round, Miss Sybil Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital, Colchester

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=180115

ADDRESS: The Cross House, Layer de la Haye, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; CHARACTER: Mentioned in despatches Jan 1918; SERVICE FROM: 1910; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1910; RANK AT TERMINATION: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nursing & administration work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5200 hours 2 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Vice President – Lexden & Winstree Division since 1911 & Commandant of Essex 44 1914 1 week nursing Middlesex Hosp. Clacton 1914 5 months nursing Stanway Hosp. Colchester 1914 Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester 1915 – 1916 Padding splint, work rooms. 1916 2 months County Hospital Colchester 1917 – 1919. 2 years Commandant of Gostwycke Auxiliary Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 44 Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.

1949, 27.07:        Death (registered Colchester).    Sibyl never married.


SACH, Miss Ivy Margaret (10.1914-10.1917. V.A.D. Nursing & General Work.  Also worked at St. Martin’s House and Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=182201&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Pantiles, Copford; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & General Work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [part time] 309; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Stockwell St: Colchester. Stanway Red Cross Hospital. Gostwyke Red Cross Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


SANDERS, Kathleen Elfreda (8.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Staff Nurse R.R.C.  Also at St. Martin’s House)

Born c1861 Colchester.  Daughter of the aforementioned Edwin Joseph Sanders and his wife Emily Frances.

1917, 24.10:        Newspaper entry Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class, mention 02.11.1917.

1917, 2 Nov:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.  The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:–To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2 Class).  … Miss Elfreda Sanders, Nurse, Gostwych Aux. Hpl., Cambridge Road, Colchester. …”

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=183123&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Lexden Park, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Staff Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time, 4 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. August to October1914 at St Martins House. Colchester, Essex. Dressing vaccination arms. October 1914 to March 1919 at Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester, Essex, Nursing.; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Royal Red Cross (2nd Class). 

1953/54:        Conservative Mayor of Colchester.

1965, 01.10:   Death, registered in Colchester.   Kathleen never married.


SAUNDERS, Miss Kate (9.1916-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also at Reckitt’s Convaescent Home, Clacton)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=183792&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 38 Salisbury Avenue, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 1914; SERVICE TO: 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Clacton-on-Sea Convalescent Home. Assisted in wards from February1915 to September 1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ordinary member at Gostwycke; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ordinary member at Gostwycke; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing member. Essex 92. V.A.D. Worked at Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Reckitts Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea. Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital, Colchester. From 01.10.1913 to present date, member of Detachments Essex/92 & Essex/86; COMMISSION: Essex 92 & Essex 86.


SAUL, Private Charles (9.1914-7.1915. R.A.M.C., 2nd East Anglian Field Ambulance)

Charles Saul was born 17 January 1892 at Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk and baptised on 30 Sep 1892 at St. Mark, Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk.   He was the son of (Bradestone) Norfolk-born father Charles Saul and his wife Norwich-born Susannah (or Susan, nee Silom).

R.A.M.C. Private Charles Saul. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

R.A.M.C. Private Charles Saul. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

1901 Census:  7 Ninham St., Lakenham, Nofolk.  With Contract Carter father, mother & sister Virtue plus 2 Boarders.

1911 Census:  7 Ninham St., Lakenham, Nofolk.  With retired Retired Carrier father, mother & sister.  Occupation: Railway Company Clerk.


SHEAD, Miss Catherine Mary (1915-1919. General Service. Cooking)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=187488&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 17 Wellesley Rd Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: 1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Service. Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 1200 approx; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwyke Hospital Cambridge Road Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


SIBLEY, Mrs. Ada (8.1917-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Cook, Scullery & nurse duties.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwick+colchester&id=189094&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 36 Hamilton Rd. Colchester; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Bognor War Depot. 3 months; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Service; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook. Scullery. & nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Daily 4-025 hours. 1000 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division Miss Round Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester. Has no permanent address, her husband in Army & she moves about accordingly. (Sgd) S.M. Round; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: Bognor War Depot Badge.


SMITH, St Osyth Mahala Eustace (1 month 1915. Quartermaster. Also worked at ‘Woodhouse’, Great Horkesley and ‘Singholme’, Walton-on-the-Naze) (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract as “Miss Eustace-Smith)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke&id=194135&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Wormingford Grove, Wormingford; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See reverse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Worked in various capacities from outbreak of war for 5 months at Woodhouse Acted supply Quartermaster Gostwycke, Colchester for 1 month 1915 Acted Commandant for a fortnight at Singholme Walton on Naze 1915; COMMISSION: Essex.


SORSBIE, Miss Mary Catherine (10.1914-12.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked for St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester and Colchester Military Hospital)

Born 1859 Rochester, Kent. Daughter of Newcastle-born parents – Vicar Robert Sorsbie and Mary Anne.

1861 Census:  Rochester Cathedral Precinct. Living with parents (father “Precentor at Rochester Cathedral”); and 2 servants.

1871 Census:  Vicarage, Sutton Valance, Kent. With parents; 3 brothers; 3 sisters; Patenal Spinster Aunt Catherine; Governess; 3 servants.

1881 Census:  Trinity Rectory, Ramsgate, Kent. With parents; 5 sisters; Paternal Spinster Aunt Catherine; 1 visitor; and 2 servants.

1901 Census:  ?

1909:                Electorial Register: 1 Queen’s Crescent, Hampstead, Camden.

1911 Census:  ?

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=195199&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 53 Culver Street, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 12/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Voluntary Nursing Member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 500 hrs approx; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. S.Martins House helping with the men who had been vaccinated Gostwycke Hospital Essex County Hospital General Military Hospital, Colchester Odd hours at different times when required & health permitted; COMMISSION: Essex /2; HONOURS AWARDED: Service Member B.R.C.S.

1949, 1 April:  Died in Bournemouth (“of 49 Queen Mary-avenue, Moordown, Bournemouth”).  Mary never married.


STANNARD, Miss Anne Goldsmith (8.1914-3.1919. Treating septic arms.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=197349&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 51 Lexden Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: St Martins House, Septic arms; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D (nurse); DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: about 2000 hrs weekends; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwcyke Hospital Cambridge Rd Colchester joined detachment July 22nd 1913 Still a member; COMMISSION: Essex 92. V.A.D.


START, Mrs. Alice (1.1915-3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyche+colchester&id=197681&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 45 Wellesley Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1919; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Voluntary worker; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: Voluntary worker; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: About 3,000; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Assisted at S. Martin’s House in attending to the men who have been vaccinated Oct – Dec 1914 Gostwycke Red + Hospital; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Essex/2.


THELWALL, Miss Constance Hessie (Trained Staff Nurse/Sister) (Within list of Matron and Sister-in-Charge, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

Born 2Q 1859 Dulverton, Somerset.   Daughter of Welshman Captain Adjutant Richard Bulkeley Twyford Thelwall & wife Eliza Clarissa Amelia.

1901 Census:  Home for Crippled Boys, Cadogan Road, Surbiton, Surrey.   Occupation:  Lady Superintendent.

1911 Census:  Training Home for Girls in Morals, Laundry & Housework, Park Row Home, Park Row, Bristol.   Occupation: “Head” of this Home.

Constance Hessie Thelwall died 19 May 1941 at St. Leonards-on-Sea, Winchester – she never married.

Constance Hessie Thelwall service card 1, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Constance Hessie Thelwall service card 1, side 1 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Constance Hessie Thelwall service card 1, side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

Constance Hessie Thelwall service card 1, side 2 of 2. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by The British Red Cross.

The card shown above is not available within the British Red Cross search facility:  http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War 


THORP, Mrs. Hepzebah (17.10.1915-28.2.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=208331&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Holly Villa, West Mersea; SERVICE FROM: 17/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 28/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 420; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


TURNER, E. C.  = MISS E. CLARIDGE TURNER

Born c1875 Woodbridge, Suffolk

1911 Census:  London County Lunatic Asylum, Claybury Hall Hospital, Woodford Bridge, Ilford, Essex.  Occupation: Asylum Nurse.

1915:  JOINT WAR COMMITTEE :  The British Journal of Nursing, 08th May 1915:

“Home Hospitals.   The following nurses have been sent out to Home Hospitals during the past week:-  …  Second East Anglian Field Ambulance Hospital, Gostwycke, Colchester.- Miss E. C. Turner.”


TWYMAN, Mrs. Alice Elizabeth (1.1915-3.1919. Deputy Commandant. Nursing. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, Colchester) (See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract, also correspondence of Detachment Enrolment of Members etc.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=martin%27s+colchester&id=223017&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 55 Roman Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: S. Martin’s House Colchester – Dressing Soldiers Septic Arms. Autumn County Hospital Colchester Jan 1915 – three wks. (to gain experience); RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dept Commandt: Essex /92; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant Essex /92; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing (also correspondence of Detachment Enrolment of Members etc); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 3,000+; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: in Gostwycke Hospital Colchester in County Hospital Colchester (Jan 1915) Dep. Commandant of Essex /92 July 22nd 1913 Commandant of Essex /92 Oct. 1914 to present time; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


VYEE: Mrs. Elizabeth Vye (11.1914-29.5.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=214415&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Cottage Wakes Colne Place; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; SERVICE TO: Still serving; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 910 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund. Gostwycke Hospital Cambridge Rd Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


VYEE: Mr. John Vye (3.10.1915-15.2.1919. General Orderly. Night Duty. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922) Also worked at Stanway Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=214416&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Cottage. Wakes Colne Place, Wakes Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 03/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 15/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 552 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division Miss Round. Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 21 hours Dec 8 1914 – Jan 19. 1915 rest of time night orderly at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WALFORD, Miss Maude Mary (1918-1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton; Stanway Hospital; and Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=215301&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 235 Maldon Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 03/1911; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1911; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3300 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Part time given at Middlesex Hospital Clacton on Sea 1914 Stanway V.A.D. Hospital 1914 – 1915 Essex County Hospital 1915 – 1919 Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester 1918 – 1919; COMMISSION: B.R.C.S. Essex 44.


WALLACE, Miss Kathleen Mary (1.1917-12.1919. V.A.D. Table maid and nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=216304&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 30 Inglis Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 01/1917; SERVICE TO: 12/1919; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Table maid and nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Further particulars unobtainable Gostwyck VAD Hospital, Colchester Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: VAD Essex 2; HONOURS AWARDED: See over.


WATSON, Miss Sylvia Fairlie Douglas (“some weeks” 1915. V.A.D. Nursing. Also worked at Essex County Hospital, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyke&id=219560&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Silver Birches, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 08/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nursed at Essex County Hospital 7 months. Gostwyke Hospital some weeks Joined French Red Cross – 1915 – V.A.D. at Hopital 222 Mentone – (6 months) ( 12/1915 06/1916) Ulster Volunteer Hospital, Lyon, France 7 months – 1917 – (Jan – Aug) Nursed at Essex County Hospital during intervals between; COMMISSION: Essex/2, Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.


WEBB, Mr. Ernest (13.12.1914-17.1.1915. General Orderly. Night Duty. Also worked at Stanway Hospital, nr Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=217601&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Green, Chappel; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 12/03/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/03/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General Orderly Duty (Night); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 72 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. This man was called to the Colours early in 1916 & now finally discharged. Served at Stanway Hospital Colchester 18 hours Dec 13 1914 to Jan 17 1915 rest of time Gostwyck Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WELLER, Mrs. Mary Grace (9.1914-4.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Day & Night Duty. Also worked at St. Martin’s House, West Stockwell Street, Colchester; Stanway Hospital(Commandant); and Essex County Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=221317&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Bockingham Hall, Copford, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1914; SERVICE TO: 04/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Dressed soldiers arms at Stockwell St. Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Comdt. of Stanway Hospital also day & night nurse at Stanway Gostwycke & 1 week at County Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: no record; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Dressings Stockwell St. Colchester Comdt. Stanway Red Cross Hospital Night Nurse Gostwycke Red Cross Hospital 1 week Colchester County Hospital Aug. 21st. 1914 Preparation for hospital. October 1914 Dressing Soldiers arms. November February, Hospital opened, other work at intervals. (Part time) (478 hours) Side 1: Christian Names – ‘Commandant’; COMMISSION: Essex.


WENT, Miss M. Kathleen (10.1914-? V.A.D. Nursing. Night Duty)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=221763&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Harwich Hse Harwich Road PHM. Colchester; COUNTY: Esex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1917; SERVICE TO: 11/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil Since Jan 1918 has served whole time, without pay in London Hospital & France till Autumn 1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord Member; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/12/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing. Night Duty; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: in Gostwycke Hospital, Colchester & in various hospitals in London & France [Member of Essex/92 Detachment Oct. 1914 to present time]; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


WHEELER, Miss Helen Gertrude (7.1918-29.5.1919. V.A.D. General Service. Pantry work)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=223651&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 10 High Street, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: General Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: General Service; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: pantry work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 600 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke V.A.D Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WICKS, Miss Beatrice Annie (8.1914-1.4.1919. V.A.D. Assistant Quartermaster. Nursing. Camp Cooking. Class Secretary. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=225862&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Beverley House”, Lexden Rd., Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/04/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Asst Qr Master; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; Class Secretary; Assistant Qr Master; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3800; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden and Winstree Division, Miss Round Gostwycke Red X Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Essex 2.


WICKS, Miss Emily Amy (8.1914-4.1919. V.A.D. Head Cook. Managed Cooking Department. Two War Service Bars. “valuable services rendered”/ “Mentioned” in Dispatches. 1918. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=225867&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Beverley House, 18 Lexden Rd. Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 04/1919; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Head Cook & managed entirely the Cooking Department; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part Time 7376 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division Miss Round. Gostwycke Hospital Cambridge Rd. Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex Lexden & Winstree Division; HONOURS AWARDED: “Mentioned” in Dispatches. 1918.

1918, 29 Nov:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic}:  WAR SERVICES. INTERESTING MENTIONS.  The following have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England, for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:– Essex.—Goffin, Mr. L., Wakes Colne; … Wicks, Miss E. A., Gostwycke Hosp., Colchester. …”

1919, 14 Feb. Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “VALUABLE NURSING SERVICES. The undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:– Wicks, Miss A., Gostwych Aux. Hospital, Colchester.” … probably Miss E. A. Wicks …


WICKS, Miss Hilda Martha (8.1914-4.1919. V.A.D. Cooking. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=225880&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Beverley House” 18 Lexden Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 00/08/1914; SERVICE TO: 00/04/1919; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 00/08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 00/04/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking. WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part Time 3760 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden + Winstree Division Miss Round. Gostwycke Hospital Cambridge Road Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WILKINSON, Miss (Within list of Quartermasters, ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’ extract)


WORGER, Mrs. Gertrude Mary (23.11.1914-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=233325&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Plumhall Cottage, Mersea Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 00/08/1914; SERVICE TO: continuing; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: sick and wounded nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time 1960 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gostwyck V.A.D. Hospital Colchester Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex.


WREN, Mrs. Evelyn Emma Amelia (nee COLVIN) (19.8.1914-31.9.1918. Creator and Commandant of ‘Gostwyke’. “valuable services rendered”. Vice President of Lexden and Wintree Division B.R.C.S. Presented with the O.B.E. and the silver badge in 1922)

Born 1854 Pishiobury, Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire.  (Birth registered 3 Quarter).  Born to “Landed Proprietor” Beale Blackwell Colvin (Descended from William the Conquerer) & his wife Emma Elizabeth Mary (nee Britten). 

Married Brewery Owner William Farnell Watson in 1875, Kensington.  William died 22 December 1897.

Married Edinburgh-born Joseph Wren in 1875, Kensington. (Joseph was son of a Corn Merchant).  They had four sons: Harold Farnell Watson, Forrester Colvin Watson, Evelyn Cyril Watson and Arthur Campbell Watson.

1861 Census:      Pishiobury Mansion, Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire.  With parents & siblings.  Plus 13 servants.

1871 Census:      ‘Mayfield’, Ladies School, Edmonton, Middlesex.  16years old.  Scholar.

1881 Census:      Henfield House, Capel, Dorking, Surrey.  With husband and 2 sons.  Plus 7 servants.

1891 Census:      Felix Hall, Kelvedon, Essex.  “Evelyn E.A. Watson”, “Married”, no husband. “Living on own means”, with sister Beatrice and Watson relatives. Plus 10 servants.

1901 Census:      Colne Ford House, Colne Ford Hill, Earls Colne, Essex.  With husband Joseph, “Living on own means”.  Plus 3 servants.

1911 Census:      Colne Ford House, Colne Ford Hill, Earls Colne, Essex.  With husband Joseph, “Living on own means”.  Plus 3 servants.  Awarded the O.B.E.

1917, 27 Apr:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: COLCHESTER TOWN RATES INCREASED.  A special meeting of the Colchester Town Council was held on Monday, the Mayor (Cr. John T. Bailey) presiding. … … 

An embroidered copy of the borough arms cleverly worked by Le.-Cpl. Jacues, Suffolk Regt., a wounded soldier, was presented the Corporation through Mrs. Wren, Commandant of Gostwycke Military Hospital, Colchester. 

1917, 26 Oct:  Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]: “WOMEN’S WORK FOR THE WOUNDED. NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.  The undermentioned are included in a long list of those who have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:-  … … Wren, Mrs. E. E. A., Comdt., Gostwyche Aux. Hosp., Colchester. …” 

1918, 16 Aug:     Chelmsford Chronicle: “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED. The names of the following have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organization, and maintenance of hospitals:- … Mrs. E. Wren, Lexden, Colchester.

1932, 22.09:        Died … “of St. Peters Nursing Home, 251 Leigham Court Road, Streatham, Surrey”.

1932, 30.09:        Chelmsford Chronicle:  THE LATE MRS. WREN.  The funeral of Mrs. Evelyn Emma Amelia Wren, O.B.E., widow of Mr. Joseph Wren, of Colne Ford House, White Colne (and sister of the Lord Lieutenant of Essex, Brigadier-General R. B. Colvin, C.B.), took place at Cheshunt on Sept. 26, in the family vault.  Preceding this a service was held at Waltham Abbey Church, the officiating clergy being the Rev. A. V. G. Cleall (vicar) and the Rev. F. McConnell (vicar of St. Albans, Streatham Park).  Two hymns were sung, led by the Abbey choir.” 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwyck+colchester&page=1&id=233755&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Colne Ford House, White Colne; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/1909; SERVICE TO: 09/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.P. & Comt.; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 19/08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.P. & Comt; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31**/09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Commandant of Auxiliary Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Was Vice President of Lexden and Wintree Division B.R.C.S. from 1909 to 1918. Commandant of Essex/48 V.A.D. to Sept 1918. Commandant of Gostwyck Auxiliary Hospital, Colchester Oct 1914 to April 1917. Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 mentions. O.B.E.

Mrs. Evelyn Wren. ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir. 1923 (The Essex Telegraph)

Mrs. Evelyn Wren. ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir. 1923 (The Essex Telegraph)


WYATT, Miss Ruby Gertrude (8.1914-15.3.1919. V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922. Also worked at St. Martin’s House)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=st.+martins+house+colchester&id=234763&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Bank Buildings, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 15/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nursing at St Martins House, Dressing Vaccinated Arms (septic) August 1914; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward – work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2500 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Working at Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital. Cambridge Road Colchester. Member of Essex/92 V.A.D July 22nd 1913 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex./92.


WYNCOLL, Flora Mary (Trained Staff Nurse. Nurse deputed mention)

Born 4th Quarter 1860  Margate, Kent.  Daughter of Colchester-born Schoolmaster (later Vicar) Charles Wyncoll and his wife Jane.

1861 Census:  Thanet House Academy, Margate, Kent.  “7 months”, with parents & siblings.

1871 Census:  The Rectory, Yelvertoft, Northamptonshire. “10” yrs., with parents & siblings.

1881 Census:  5 Himley Road, Dudley, Worcs. “20” yrs., with Vicar father, mother & siblings.

1891 Census:  Royal Free Hospital, St. Pancras, London.  Occupation:  Nurse.

1901 Census:  Hospital, Yeovil, Somerset.  Occupation: Locums Matron/Certified Sick Nurse.

1911 Census:  49 St Lukes Road, Maidenhead, Kent.  Occupation:  Professional District Nurse.

1915:  JOINT WAR COMMITTEE :  The British Journal of Nursing, 22nd May 1915:  “Home Hospitals.   The following nurses have been sent out to Home Hospitals during the past week:-  … Field Ambulance Hospital, Gostwycke, Colchester – Miss F. M. Wyncoll. …”

Flora’s death was registered 1955 St. Albans, Herts.   She never married.



THE  GOSTWYCKE  PHOTOGRAPH  PERSONNEL

Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital Staff cSept. 1914-July 1915. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital Staff cSept. 1914-July 1915. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


FRONT/1st ROW:

1/1. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private Charles Saul

1/1. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private Charles Saul


1/2.R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private

1/2. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private

This lad, above, is wearing a Territorial Force Efficiency Star –  for a soldier who is “Returned as efficient in rifle drill and practice for five years” – not necessarily in the same Corps or consecutively.  The first regulations for the Territorial Force 1908 state that “a man who has been returned as efficient four times may wear the star” (British Army Proficiency Badges Edwards & Langley).


1/3. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Staff Sergeant.

1/3. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Staff Sergeant.

This lad, above, is wearing a Territorial Force Efficiency Star –  for a soldier who is “Returned as efficient in rifle drill and practice for five years” – not necessarily in the same Corps or consecutively.   The first regulations for the Territorial Force 1908 state that “a man who has been returned as efficient four times may wear the star” (British Army Proficiency Badges Edwards & Langley).


1/4. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Corporal.

1/4. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Corporal.

This lad, above, is a Territorial Force Royal Army Medical Corps Corporal.   It is assumed that all are in the T.F. (except Officers) – most wear the Shoulder Titles + Imperial Service & ‘T’ badges to signify this.  Interestingly, this Corporal is wearing (on his right arm, above the Geneva Red Cross badge) a Bandsman/Musician Badge.


1/5. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private.

1/5. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private.

The Private sitting above is wearing (on his right arm, above the Geneva Red Cross badge) a Bandsman/Musician Badge.


1/6. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private.

1/6. R.A.M.C., Territorial Force Private.


SECOND/2nd ROW

'Gostwycke' WW1 Hospital Photograph. c1914. Row 2.

‘Gostwycke’ WW1 Hospital Photograph. c1914. Row 2.


THIRD/3rd ROW

'Gostwycke' WW1 Hospital Photograph. c1914. Row 3.

‘Gostwycke’ WW1 Hospital Photograph. c1914. Row 3.


FOURTH/4th ROW

'Gostwycke' WW1 Hospital Photograph. c1914. Row 4.

‘Gostwycke’ WW1 Hospital Photograph. c1914. Row 4.


FIFTH/5th ROW

'Gostwyke' WW1 Hospital. c1914. Row 5/Back.

‘Gostwyke’ WW1 Hospital. c1914. Row 5/Back.


2/7 TRAINED  NURSE?

‘Gostwycke’ Trained Nurse? 2/7.

‘Gostwycke’ Trained Nurse? 2/7.

The above lady has been identified as possibly a/the trained nurse at Gostwycke.     She stands out because she is the only one wearing the ‘Army-style’ hat – this is what has set her apart from others.

Voluntary Aid Detachments were supposed to have two trained nurses available to train the V.A.D’s untrained Members.  However, many had trouble finding even one!  Often it was left to the local doctor and/or his wife to do any teaching.

At the outbreak of the First World War, rules were very loose at first.    However, after a while, the Joint War Committee insisted that there must be two trained nurses available when a detachment was in charge of patients – one for day duty and one for night duty. This rule was often loosely interpreted and, in some cases, the Commandant herself was a trained nurse and was counted in as one of the two.

Many trained nurses who worked at the Detachments were paid for their services because they were independent i.e. not Voluntary Aid Detachment members.



Acknowledgement and thanks to: the late Sue Light (http://www.scarletfinders.co.uk/& members of the Great War Forum (http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php)



NEXT: COLCHESTER: St. Martin’s House and the Public Hall

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