COLCHESTER: General Military Hospital, Sobraon Barracks

THE GENERAL MILITARY HOSPITAL

Colchester, Essex (‘Colchester Military Hospital’)

The Military Hospital, Colchester. Postally used 1905. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

The Military Hospital, Colchester. Postally used 1905. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

N.B. In most chapters, links will be found to British Red Cross volunteers’ cards – but please note that the BRC search facility recently underwent an upgrade.  This means that the links given below will not work.  Old links will be replaced with new links slowly but surely.   As each chapter is renewed, this warning will be deleted.  In the meantime, the Home Page for the BRC search facility is here:  https://vad.redcross.org.uk/Volunteers-during-WW1

Colchester’s ‘General Military Hospital’ was built between 1894 and 1898, on a site east of/adjacent to the entrance to Sobraon Barracks – it replaced 20 hospital huts that had served Colchester Barracks since 1856.   The Barracks were named after an 1846 battle in the Punjab.  “Sobraon Barracks” often formed part of the General Military Hospital’s address but, I feel, it may have just been a means of recognising its locality within Colchester – rather than its exact location.

During peacetime, it is reported that the hospital could treat about 220 patients in eight traditional wards and various side rooms.   I will, more often than not, refer to the hospital as ‘Colchester Military Hospital’ because I grew up knowing it by this name.

At the outbreak of the First World War, the Colchester Military Hospital was classed as a ‘UK Home Central Hospital’.    Central Hospitals admitted servicemen direct from disembarkation.

In May 1915, King George Hospital (Ilford) became an approved military hospital with 56 beds – together with its neighbour ‘Valentines Mansion’.    Both of these were affiliated with the Colchester Military Hospital and provided 137 extra beds (119 of which were for military use).   Also affiliated, in 1917, were 240 beds at Whipps Cross Hospital.

Military Hospital, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

Military Hospital, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

Local Voluntary Auxiliary Detachment Hospitals and Convalescent Homes, that had become established when the war began, were also affiliated to the General Military Hospital in Colchester.   In the ‘1917 Home Hospitals’ list, there were 60 Auxiliary Hospitals in the region “under” the Colchester Military Hospital – of which, 23 were within a 20 mile radius of Colchester.  However, to cover the whole War, it is necessary to cover 45 affiliated establishments (Hospitals and Homes) on this website.

In August 1917, patients from the Military Heart Hospital in Hampstead were moved to the Sobraon Barracks in Colchester – where a new Military Heart Hospital was set up.   By this time, the Hampstead hospital had become too small to cope with the numbers of soldiers needing treatment and the move saw the total beds, on the combined Sobraon Barracks and Hospital sites, increase from 150 to 700.  Reportedly, 150 patients a week were admitted and, in total, 8000 soldiers were treated.

Civilian Dr. Thomas Lewis was in charge of this new Military Heart Hospital in Colchester.  The book ‘Sir Thomas Lewis: Pioneer Cardiologist and Clinical Scientist’ by Arthur Hollmann, describes Thomas Lewis as: being a “pioneer cardiologist and clinical scientist”; being awarded with the CBE in January 1920; and being knighted the next year, in recognition of his services.  Sir Thomas Lewis died 17 March 1945.

Colchester: Military Hospital & Heart Hospital locations. Courtesy/© of Alexander Scala.

Colchester: Military Hospital & Heart Hospital locations.
Courtesy/© of Alexander Scala.

The postcard, shown above, must have been written on by a person who had worked at the Military Heart Hospital i.e. a person who knew the reality of the site.   Above the top image of the Military Hospital building, a hand-written note reads: “Next door to our Hospital”; and, within the bottom image of the Sobraon Barracks, a hand- written note reads: “Military Heart Hospital”.

American Dr. Samuel A. Levine, a colleague of Dr. Lewis, wrote in his diary “the unit was transferred to Colchester, in Essex, where we occupied the old Sobraon Barracks”.  That, together with the hand-writing on the afore-shown postcard, does seem to validate the position of the “Military Heart Hospital” as being separate – as “next door” to the purpose-built building of the “General Military Hospital” in Sobraon Barrack buildings.

A few months after the U.S.A. entered the war in April 1917, American officers were sent to Colchester’s Heart Hospital for training.   Each officer stayed for two months, with six under training at any one time.  By the end of 1917/beginning of 1918, “the American officers were indispensable to the work of the Heart Hospital” because of the shortage of British medical officers.   Canadian officers were heavily involved in the ‘Military Heart Hospital’ too.

Thomas Lewis devised a plan that decreased a hospital stay to six weeks.  That said, by mid-1918, the ‘Military Heart Hospital’ in Colchester had an admission waiting list of 379 and the number was increasing.   The functioning of the ‘Military Heart Hospital’ in Colchester is another subject entirely and this is being researched independently.

The hospital is also mentioned within the book ‘Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue’ by Niall Johnson.   Following on from describing how one of the first reports of large-scale influenza infection in Britain (July 1918) was when “nearly 1000 of 3000 German prisoners of war were reported to be ill” in a camp in Hampshire, the author wrote “Towards the end of 1918, a further report mentioned that at Colchester Military hospital a further twenty-eight German prisoners had died ….”

In the late 1950’s, the hospital began accepting civilian patients.   My father found himself a patient there on two occasions.    As I recall, there was strictly no more than two visitors per bed; strictly-adhered-to visiting times; and strictly no sitting on a bed! The Hospital was demolished c1995 and ‘Abbey Field View’ housing development now stands on the hospital and barracks site.

No official archived records for the Colchester General Military Hospital have been found. The internet is playing a key part in identifying staff members and patients.   Some named patients can be found at the end of this chapter.


Military Hospital, Colchester. Card postally used 1909. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

Military Hospital, Colchester. Card postally used 1909. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.


Friday 16 October 1914, Chelmsford Chronicle

“MORE WOUNDED AT COLCHESTER.

Another party of wounded from the front, numbering 2 officers and 101 non-commissioned officers and men, arrived at Colchester on Sunday.  They were conveyed to the Garrison Hospital in motor cars lent by residents, and in two ambulance vans.  The Mayor (Ald. Wilson Marriage) again took some of the wounded in his car.  Among the corps represented were the R.F.A., the Suffolk Regiment, the South Wales Borderers, and the Northumberland Fusiliers.   Stretcher cases were numerous.  Many of the patients smiled cheerfully, and waved their hands in return to the greetings of the crowd.  One man grasped a tobacco pouch, a pipe and a box of matches; several had cigarettes behind their ears. 

On Wednesday evening fifty military invalids from Netley arrived at the Garrison Hospital, Colchester.” 


Saturday 31 October 1914Essex Newsman

BELGIAN WOUNDED at COLCHESTER.

“About 120 wounded Belgian arrived at Colchester on Monday.   Over 50 of them were stretcher cases.   They were given a hearty reception, and were removed to the Military Hospital in motor cars.     All the men were suffering from severe wounds, but were cheerful. 

Thirteen officers and 48 N.C.O.’s and men, wounded during the fighting in Flanders, arrived at the Garrison Hospital, Colchester, on Tuesday.   Most of the sufferers belonged to the King’s Royal Rifles.

The 13 officers were all stretcher cases.    Another batch was taken to Clacton.”


Friday 06 November 1914, Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:

BELGIAN OFFICER DIES AT COLCHESTER.

Another contingent of wounded, numbering about 50, and including several Germans, arrived at Colchester on Sunday, and were conveyed to the Garrison Hospital.  Two or three of the wounded were Colchester men, and one of them—Pt. Baker—was at one time conductor on the Colchester tramways, but afterwards joined the G.E.R. Police, and was stationed at Ipswich.

A young Belgian officer, only 19 years of age, about 6ft. 2in. in height, died at the Garrison Hospital on Saturday.  His leg had been badly hurt by shrapnel, and the limb had to be amputated, septic poisoning having set in.  The funeral took place at Colchester on Monday with full military honour.  The coffin, which was of polished oak, was placed on a gun carriage, and covered with the Belgian flag.  The 10th Batt. Royal Fusiliers (Lord Roberts’ Regiment) supplied the firing party and band.  Several English and Belgian officers acted as bearers. Dean Bloomfield officiated, assisted by the Rev. Father Clark.  The inscription on the coffin was: “Sous Lieut. Baudour, 24th Infantry, Belgian Army: died Oct. 31st, 1914, aged 19 years. R.I.P.”  Wreaths were sent by Mrs. De Hochepied Larpent (Lexden) and by five Belgian officers.”

The Belgian soldiers’ graves at Colchester Cemetery, Essex. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

The Belgian soldiers’ graves at Colchester Cemetery, Essex.
Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.


Friday 06 November 1914, Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:

“The funerals of two members of the Expeditionary Force, who died in the Garrison Hospital at Colchester on Sunday from wounds received at the front, took place with military honours at the Cemetery on Tuesday.  One of the deceased was Gunner Finch, 23, of E Battery, R.H.A., but the other’s identity was unknown.  A photograph of the latter soldier was taken, and his coffin-plate bore the inscription, “Unknown, died of wounds, Nov. 1st, 1914.”


Staff at The General Military Hospital, Colchester, Essex, England: July 1918. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

Staff at The General Military Hospital, Colchester, Essex, England: July 1918. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

See more on our sister site: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/


July 1918: Staff at General Military Hospital, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

July 1918: Staff at General Military Hospital, Colchester. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


29 August 1916, The Guardian (London) [sic]:  DEATHS. …

WEYMAN.—On the 26th inst., owing to accident, at Military Hospital, Colchester, Capt. H. M. WEYMAN, R.F.A., aged 26, eldest and dearly loved son of A. W. Weyman and S. Weyman, Dunoon, Blackley.”  


On 11th April 1919, the Chelmsford Chronicle mentioned the General Military Hospital in its article headed [sic]:

HYLANDS HOSPITAL. Splendid Record of Good Work”:

There has been little publicity accorded to the splendid work performed by Hylands Auxiliary Military Hospital, Chelmsford, during the war, but its record thoroughly deserves fame.  The Hospital has just been “demolished.”  Here are a few facts and figures concerning its deeds : 

Opened 14th August, 1914. Received Local Sick from the South Midland Division, 20th August, 1914.  Passed through over 500 cases. Received Overseas Patients, October 23rd, 1914.  Passed through 59 Belgians and 901 British; total, 960. Average residence of each patient, 70 days.  Operations performed, 160.  These fell away very much towards the end of the war, as so much operating was done in France. 

At the opening, the staff were assisted by V.A.D.’s provided by Detachments Essex 4 and 46.  After a few months these had to undertake service elsewhere, and probationers were employed to fill their places.  The staff consisted of : 5 trained nurses, 5 probationers, 2 orderlies, and 2 wardmaids. 

On receiving Expeditionary Force case, the Hospital laid itself open to take all the heaviest cases from the Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, and the General Military Hospital, Colchester, and men with terrible injuries have been successfully treated.  Only one convoy was received direct.”


Military Hospital, Colchester – from Abbey Field. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Military Hospital, Colchester – from Abbey Field. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


Ward No. 7, Colchester Military Hospital. Courtesy of Colchester Medical Society.

Ward No. 7, Colchester Military Hospital. Courtesy of Colchester Medical Society.


A ward at the Colchester Military Hospital. Date unknown. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

A ward at the Colchester Military Hospital. Date unknown. Courtesy of Heather A. Johnson.

A ward at the Colchester Military Hospital. Date unknown. Collage Close-Ups 1.

A ward at the Colchester Military Hospital. Date unknown. Collage Close-Ups 1.

A ward at the Colchester Military Hospital. Date unknown. Collage Close-Ups 2.

A ward at the Colchester Military Hospital. Date unknown. Collage Close-Ups 2.



LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT COLCHESTER MILITARY HOSPITAL: if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to Colchester Military Hospital length of service]:-

AGER, Miss Norah Katherine (5.11.1917-8.5.1918.V.A.D. General nursing & ward duties. Military Heart Hospital)

ALLEN, Miss Julie (4.4.1918 to 4.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nursing)

ANDERSON, Mrs. Rosamond Eileen (26.10.1918-? General Service member.  Clerk duties)

AUSTIN, Miss Majory Florence (21.4.1916-7.5.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Cook)

AUTY, Miss Mary Lisette (14.2.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BAGGS, Miss Edith Esther (13.8.1917-2.2.1919. V.A.D. work)

BAINBRIDGE, Miss Mary (1.4.1919-19.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BALL, Miss Carola Arnett Catherine (8.1.1917-19.5.1919+  J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

BARKER, Miss Faith (?9.1916-2.1918. F/T for 18 months. V.A.D. Nursing duties)

BARKER, Miss Margaret C. (17.12.1917-27.5.1919+  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BARLOW, Miss Constance (3.2.1917-3.9.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BARNETT, Miss Norah (5.11.1917-5.5.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BARRY, Miss E. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R Staff Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918.  Q.A.I.M.N.S.R Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class, 16 February 1920, London Gazette)

BATES, Captain John Vincent (Royal Army Medical Corps)

BELL, Edith A. (? – ?)  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

BELL, Mrs. Ida Cecily (10.3.1917-3.9.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Cook)

BENNETT, Miss Florence Sanderson (8.7.1918-7.8.1919. Canadian. Q.A.I.M.N.S./V.A.D. Nurse)

BENNETT, Miss M. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918)

BENNITT, Mrs. Dora Charlotte (2.1.1919-22.5.1919 at least. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Military Heart Hospital)

BETTS, Annie Elizabeth  (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.  Sister)

BERESFORD, Miss Hilda (10.02.1917 to 10.09.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BIGGS, Miss Florence Hilda Lily (11.2.1919-23.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

BISHOP, Mrs. Cecilia (4.1916-7.7.1919+ F/T Clerk for 18 months; then Laboratory Assistant)

BISHOP, Miss Emily M. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 23/2/17, mention 02 March 1917)

BLAKE, Miss Mabel (23.1.1918-13.3.1919. General Service V.A.D. Assistant Cook. Military Heart Hospital)

BLENCOWE, Mrs. Hannah Windlow (06.03.1917 to 06.05.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BLYTH, Miss Violet Elsie (7.7.1917-24.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

BONALLO, Miss Marjorie H. (11.5.1916-26.8.1919+ Dispenser)

BOND, Miss Olive Clara (29.10.1918-7.7.1919+ General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

BOWLES, Miss A. A. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918)

BRACEWELL, Miss Bertha Adela (?-1.1.1919.  Nursing V.A.D.)

BRAMPTON, Miss A. (V.A.D. Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918)

BRAY, Ethel (8.8.1914. Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve Nursing Sister and State Registered Masseuse. Awarded 1914 Star)

BROWN, Miss Hilda May (27.7.1918-29.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

BROWN, Miss Sarah Ann (28.11.1917-27.8.1919. Matron. Royal Red Cross.  Awarded a Bar to the Royal Red Cross 11 April 1919)

BROWNE, Miss Margaret Turton (V.A.D. Nurse.  “valuable services rendered”  16 August 1918)

BELL, Edith A. (? – ?)  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

BRUNNING, Mrs. Florence Ruth (4.8.1918-29.5.1919+  General Service Member. F/T Officers Cook)

BUCKLE, Mrs. Matilda (1916-29.5.1919+  Special Service Member. Cook Storekeeper).

BUTLER, Miss Mary Elizabeth (2.5.1917-2.12.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

CAREY, Mrs. Ann (10.12.1917-11.05.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Kitchen Help. Military Heart Hospital)

CARRUTHERS, Miss Kathleen (4.1918-7.1918.  S.J.A.B. [St. John Amb. Brig.] V.A.D. Nurse. Canadian)

CARTER, Ellen Mary “Nellie” (14.10.1914 – 18.6.1915. Q.A.I.M.N.S. Sister) Owner of the Autograph Book.

CARTER, Miss Helen Muriel (12.4.1918-12.5.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Canadian)

CARTER, Ileene Meredith (31.7.1916-19.4.1917. J.W.V.A.D. Nurse)

CHANCE, Miss Josephine (25.3.1915-? V.A.D. Nursing duties)

CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (Nursing & General work)

CLARKE, Miss Margaret C. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Awarded R.R.C. 2nd Class 23/2/17, mention 28 February and 02 March 1917)

CLARKE, W. H. (? – ?. Trained Nurse) Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

CLEMENTS, Miss Selina Margaret (21.5.1918-21.11.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

COLE, Miss Gladys Louise (29.12.1917-14.6.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

COLLIS, Miss Mary Millicent (6.1915-8.1916.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Special Probationer)

COOPER, Miss Ethel Mary (17.9.1917-17.2.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse)

COOPER, Miss Ida (22.9.1917-21.3.1918. Special Service Probationer. South African)

COOPER, Miss Mary Elizabeth (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Asst. Matron 8/12/15 -27/09/17.  Awarded R.R.C. 2nd Class 23/2/17.  Mention 28 February 1917)

COTTON, Miss Annie Hughes (21.1.1918-? General Service Cook. Military Heart Hospital)

CRAIG, Mrs. Marie (1.10.1917-23.8.1919. General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

CRAIG, Miss Violet Mary (26.6.1916-23.10.1919+ General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

CRAIG, Miss Vera Gertrude (now Denney) (17.9.1918-23.10.1919+ General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

CROOK, Miss Helen (5.1918-3.6.1919+ J.W.V.A.D. Nurse. Colchester Military Hospital & the Military Heart Hospital)

CROSS, Miss Doris (V.A.D. Nursing. “Colchester Auxiliary Military Hospital” – perhaps General Military Hospital in Colchester?)

DAVIES, Miss Gladys Dorothy (28.11.1918-11.12.1918.  V.A.D. Nurse)

DAVIES, Mr. Robert Roland (21.9.1914-? Nursing Orderly)

DENORE, Miss Gertrude (5.1916-7.5.1919+ V.A.D. Clerk)

DEXTER, Miss Katherine Bailey (3.4.1918-2.7.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

DICKIN, Mr. Edward Percival (1916-1917, part of. Captain R.A.M.C.)

DICK-MARTIN, Miss Alexandra Marjorie (12.11.1917-12.5.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

DICKSON, Miss Jane Kathleen (11.10.1917-11.6.1918. V.A.D. Acting Staff Nurse)

DISBERY, Miss Lilian Beatrice (22.9.1917-22.10.1917. Nursing)

DUNBAR, M. (? – ? Trained Nurse. Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.)  Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

DUNDAS, Agnes Emily (?.6.1915 – ? QAIMNS(R) Staff Nurse)

DUPREY, Miss Annie (18.11.1918-31.12.1918? 3 White Service Bars)

EDWARDS, Miss Gwendoline (Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class.  From Sydney, Australia?)

ELLISON, Miss Annie (23.9.1916-28.6.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

EVERITT, Miss Minnie (8.1.1918-8.2.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

EVERSON, Miss Edith May (5.8.1916-22.12.1919. General Service V.A.D. Storekeeper)

FAIRBURN, Miss Alice May (1917. Army Nursing Reserve)

FAULCONER, Miss E. Marjorie (2.4.1918-22.4.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

FELGATE, Miss Dorothy Enid (28.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service Member – Clerical)

FERGUS, Dr. Annie Grange (MB BCh) (R.A.M.C. 28.2.1919 – 6 May 1919)

FERGUSON, Miss Monica Machin (Deceased) (11.11.1918-21.11.1918/Died. V.A.D. Nurse)

FORD, Miss Blye (1.11.1017-2.11.1918. Special Service. Cooking)

FOREMAN, Mrs. Amelia (23.6.1916-1.1917. Nurse – also working at Ipswich Military Hospital)

FORSTER, Miss Evelyn (6.1916-10.1916. “Colchester”. V.A.D. Nurse)

FORWARD, Miss Sarah (8.1918-22.5.1919+ Parlour Work, Sisters Mess)

FULTON, Miss Bella (8.1917-8.5.1919+ Clerk)

GADD, Miss Irene Bingham (16.4.1916-26.10.1918. General Service member.)

GALLWEY, Miss Jeannette Phillis (11.7.1917-14.1.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

GARNETT, Miss Brenda (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Rivercourt & Extension Hospital, Maldon)

GIBBS, Miss Eva (13.6.1915-? Special Service member. Nursing)

GIBBS, Miss Winifred (4.7.1918-12.6.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse)

GLENDINNING, Miss Florence Lousia (1.11.1918-? V.A.D. Nursing duties)

GODFREY, ? (Acting Sister)

GOODRICH, Miss Jessie. G. (14.8.1916-16.12.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

GRAHAM, Nurse (from Sydney, Australia)

GREENFIELD, Miss Ethel (12.11.1917-12.6.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

GROVE, Miss Ivy M. (11.1.1919-11.7.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

HAMILTON, Miss Sarah (?-23.6.1919+ V.A.D. Nursing)

HAMILTON, Miss Sarah Jane (20.9.1917-?4.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Ipswich Mil. Hosp.)

HANHART, Muriel May (16.8.1914.  Presented with the 1914 Star 28 February 1923)

HARLOCK, Mary Louisa (? – 10 March 1915. Trained Nurse)  Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

HAYNES, Miss May Barbor (4.1916-8.1918.  Dispenser)

HAYWARD, Miss Annie Agnes (16.5.1918-5.8.1919+ V.A.D. Nursing)

HENDRIE, Mrs. Lucy (9.1915-11.1915. V.A.D. Nurse)

HOBKIRK, Miss Dorothy Margaret (Asst. Nurse, Spec. Probationer Nurse. R.R.C. 2nd Class 9/4/19, mention 11.04.19)

HODGES, Miss Hilda Victoria (? V.A.D. Nursing)

HOLAM, C. M. (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

HODGSON, Miss Rachel (? V.A.D. Nursing)

HOWARD, Miss O. (Special Probationer.  “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917)

HOWELL, Miss Laura Gibson (10.1917-5 weeks. V.A.D. Nursing)

HUBBARD, Miss Edith (28.10.1918-? V.A.D. Nurse)

HUDSON, Miss E. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Staff Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917)

HUNT, Mrs. Lily (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Awarded R.R.C. 2nd Class

INGALL, Miss Mary Charlotte (2.1916-29.5.1919.  Asst. Dispenser)

JACKSON, E.  (? To ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book on 31 March 1915.

JAMES, Laura Elizabeth (Post-WW1 14.7.1919 – 20.4.1920. Sister)

JAMES, Mrs. Nellie (26.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service Member.  Telephonist)

JARDINE, Miss Amelia Esther (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class, 16 February 1920, London Gazette)

JOHNSTON, Mary Margaret (Canadian Army Medical Corps & Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service.  Trained Nurse)

JONES, Miss Elsie May (14.7.1917-27.8.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Assistant Cook)

KYNOCH, Alison Grace [Kynock?] (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Staff or Probationer Nurse)

LANGHAM, Miss Jane (1917. Army Nursing Reserve)

LANGUISH, Barbara (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 1 March 1915.

LARBALASTIER, Miss Marie (13.8.1916-1.12.1916.  V.A.D. Nurse – contracted T.B. during service)

LAWFORD, Miss Dorothy (9.1917-2.1919. Head Cook. Section Leader)

LAWRIE, Miss Amelia Ogilvie (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 24/10/17, mention 02 Nov. 1917)

LEWIS, Miss Gertrude G. (8.1916-5.12.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

LILLEY, Miss Evelyn Gladys (29.10.1918 -29.5.1919+ General Service. Storekeeper)

LISTER, Miss Daisy (2.1917-4.1917.  V.A.D. Nursing member)

LOCKE, Miss Esther (24.07.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member.  Assistant Cook)

LOFTHOUSE, Miss Claudine Muriel (20.3.1919-19.8.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. South African)

LILEAS, Miss May Lorraine (20.10.1915-29.5.1919+ General Service. Head Clerk, Steward’s Office)

LUCAS, Miss Caroline Mary (3.8.1917-30.11.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

LUCAS, Miss Ninette Mary (Spec. Mil. Probationer Asst. Nurse. RRC 2nd Class, 16 Feb. 1920, London Gazette)

MACKINTOSH, Margaret Annie (June 1915 – ? Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve) Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal?  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

MacKERDY, Miss M. G. (Special Probationer. “valuable services rendered” mention 26 October 1917)

MACMAHON, Miss Norah Ryan (22.11.1916-8.1.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Ipswich Military Hospital)

MARK, Mrs. Amelia (25.7.1916-21.3.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MASON, Miss Phyllis (1.2.1917-1.2.1918. Special Service member. V.A.D. Nurse)

MAYNE, Miss Mary Elizabeth (12.2.1919-25.8.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MAXTON, Miss M. M. Maxton  (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917)

McARDLE, Miss Pearl (20.3.1919-9.9.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

McCLEW, Miss Minnie Ellen (Special Probationer)

M cROUGHEN (?), Laura  M.  (? – ?)  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book on 17 June 1915.

MEAD, Miss Kathleen Laura (13.9.1917-22.9.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MELLISS, Miss Joan (27.4.1918-26.11.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MILDRED, Miss Emily Jane (“Military work”, “Colchester”.  Matron duties)

MOLYNEUX, Miss Ethel A. (2.8.1917-14.10.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MORPHEY, Miss Lilian Susan (7.1.1917-6.6.19. J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

MORRISON, Miss Kathleen (1.1.1918-30.6.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MORTON, Mrs. Clara Jane  (27.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member.  Storekeeper)

MOSES, Miss Helen (29.11.1917-30.11.1918.  J.W. V.A.D.  Nurse. Trained X-Ray Assistant)

MOSS, Miss Mabel Barbara (19.11.1917-19.06.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MOWBRAY, C. (? – ?) Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

MULBERRY, Miss Nellie (17.9.1917-3.8.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

MUNSON, Miss Gladys Ellen (19.6.1916-22.12.1919. General Service V.A.D. Clerk/Telephonist. Married Stanley Parker Bird)

MUNTZ, Miss Mavis (Cook.  Also at Earls Colne Red Cross Hospital)

MURPHY, Miss Beatrice (1 month, whole time)

NEWBURY, Mr. Robert (Nursing Orderly)

NORRIS, Miss Evelyn Foxley (24.10.1916-25.3.1917. Nurse in Military Hospitals)

O’REILLY, Miss Elizabeth Marion (21.3.1916-21.5.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

OSBORNE, Miss Annie (Q.A.I.M.N.S. Staff Nurse, Royal Red Cross 2nd Class)

OSBORNE, Kathleen (? Under British Red Cross Society) (Worked also at Frensham Hill Military Hospital, Farnham and Australian Auxiliary Hospital, London)

PANNETT, Miss Kate (14.10.1914-31.12.1918. Nurse)

PARDEE, Harold E. B. (American Medical Officer)

PARKINSON, Miss Jessie Gertrude (3.1918-5.1918. Gen. Service member. Section Leader. Head Cook)

PARMENTER, Miss Hilda Mary (2.11.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service. Clerical (Surgical Div. Office)

PARSONS, Miss Mabel Lydia (11.4.1916 to 14.8.1916.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Clerk)

PARTNER, Miss Priscilla (24.2.1919-24.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

PAULES, Ethel W/M. (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

PERKIN, Mrs. Dora Dearne (10.12.1918 – 23.5.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

PETTY, Miss Ethel May (22.8.1916-3.8.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

PHILLIPS, Mrs. Winifred (02.05.1917-02.06.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

PIM, Miss Martha Eliza (11.03.1919-1.10.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

PINE, Miss Margaret Muriel (22.1.1919-4.4.1919. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse)

PLANE, Miss Gladys May (29.04.1918-29.5.1919+ Clerk)

POOLE, Miss Rosamund (4.1918-19.5.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse – St. John Ambulance Brigade)

POWER, M. (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book on 13 December 1914.

PRICE, Miss Kathleen Kora (12.10.1917-12.5.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

PURKISS, Miss Alice Emma (18.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Storekeeper)

PURKISS, Mrs. Dora May (29.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Storekeeper)

QUICK, Miss May (21.12.1917-8.3.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Military Heart Hospital)

RAMAGE, Miss Margaret (5.1.1918-17.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

RANDALL, Miss Kathleen Mary (2.11.1918-6.10.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

RANDS, Miss Edith (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 24/10/17)

RANKIN, Dr. Egbert Guernsey (American citizen. Civil Medical Practitioner. M.D.)   

RAYFIELD, Mrs. Alice Dixon (2yrs 3mths. V.A.D. Nurse)

REID, Miss Maud Gwendolen (16.05.1916-16.06.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

RENTYSCH, MIss Maude Mary (31.8.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Dispenser Assistant)

REYNOLDS, Miss Bessie Lillian (24.3.1919-8.10.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

RICKWORD, Miss Barbara May Bevan (9.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

ROACH, Sister (See more for Sister Roach under Gerald Albert Miller, within ‘Patients’)

ROBERTS, Miss Annie Louise “Nancy” (? – ? Sister. Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve).  Sister of Florence Nellie Roberts.  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

ROBERTS, Miss Florence Nellie (14.10.1914? – 20.10.1915? Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve Sister. R.R.C. 1st Class). Awarded 1914-1915 Star; British War Medal; and Victory Medal.  Sister of Annie Louise “Nancy” Roberts.  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

ROBERTS, Miss Penelope Grace (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 9/4/19)

RUMBLE, Florence May nee Woolliscroft (16.8.1914. Civil Hospital Reserve.  Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Presented with the 1914 Star 6 March 1920)

SAGE, Mrs. Mabel Emily (22.7.1916-29.5.1919+ Special Services member. Cook. Storekeeper.  Also at Woodhouse Hospital, Gt. Horkesley, Essex)

SALE, Miss Kathlyn Gertrude (28.5.1917 to 29.9.1917+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Clerk)

SALT, Miss Amy (16.9.1916-8.1917. V.A.D. Nursing under Joint Committee)

SAMPSON, G. M. (? – ? Signed Nellie Carter Autograph Book 23 March 1915)

SAUNDERS, R. M. T. (? To ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 10 March 1915.

SAVORY, Miss Gladys R. (5.8.1916-6.4.1919. Probationer. Surgical and Medical Nursing)

SAVOURY, Miss Ethel (11.1916-? General Service member.  Wards. Office)

SCOTT-ERSKINE, Miss Dorothy (Special Military Probationer Nurse.  Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class)

SEARLES, Miss Elsie Mary (23.3.1916-24.6.1919+ V.A.D. Asst/Head Cook)

SEABORN, Miss Melissa  (7.1916?-1919. J.W. V.A.D. Commandant & C.O.’s Secretary. Awarded the Order of Hon. Serving Brother of St. John of Jerusalem and Red Cross Medal in 1922)

SHERWOOD, Miss Winifred Maree (18.03.1919-20.10.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

SHIRLEY, Lady Joan (V.A.D. Nurse)

SHORT, Miss Mabel Elizabeth (28.09.1916-28.10.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

SINDALL, Miss Dora M. (8.1916- 6.3.1917. V.A.D. Nurse – Surgery & Housework)

SLADE, Miss Mabel (V.A.D. member)

SMITH, H. H.  ?Hannah Henderson (?  – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 1 March 1915.

SMITH, Miss Kathleen (1¼ yrs. V.A.D. member)

SMYTH, Miss Kathleen Inez (30.4.1918-30.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

SOLE, Miss Lucy Sarah (V.A.D. member. Cook; nursing; ward)

SOMERSET, Miss Charlotte (14.8.1916-1.12.1916. V.A.D. member)

SORRELL, Miss Clara (1914-1917. V.A.D. member)

SORSBIE, Miss Mary Catherine (10.1914-12.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Also at ‘Gostwycke’ & Essex County Hospitals plus St. Martin’s House – all in Colchester)

SPARROW, Miss Marion Louise (14.8.1916-6.12.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

SPARROW, Miss Marion (V.A.D. Nurse)

SPINDLER, Miss Phyllis (2.12.1918-3.8.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

STAINES, Mrs. Thyra Everett (12.1917-2.1918. V.A.D. member)

STAPLES, Mrs. Ethel Gladys (11.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Assistant Cook)

STEBBINGS, Mrs. Dora (10.12.1918-? V.A.D. Nurse)

STEVENS, Miss Frances E.M. (11.5.1918-3.2.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

STEVENS, Miss Gladys L.  (Q.A.I.M.N.S. Acting-Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 23/2/17. Mention 28 February 1917 and 2 March 1917)

STEVENS, Dr. Harold Wentworth (American citizen. 1st Lieutenant Royal Army Medical Corps. M.D.)   

STOCKING, Gladys (? – ?) Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

STUART, Miss Jane Andrina Millar (A./Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 24/10/17)

SUTHERLAND, Miss Evelyn (3.1916-24.6.1919+ V.A.D. Assistant Cook)

TAYLOR, Miss Dorothea M. Taylor  (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Acting Matron. R.R.C. “valuable services rendered” 10 March 1917).

TAYLOR, Mrs. Margaret (Mrs. Charles) (Quartermaster)

TICE, Winifred Eliza (7.10.1914. Awarded 1914 Star)

THORNLEY, Miss Margaret Ethel (1.11.1918-1.5.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Assistant Cook)

TODD, Miss Edith (18.3.1919-31.10.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

TRICKETT, Miss Rachel (V.A.D. Nurse)

TURNER, Miss Mary (V.A.D. Q.A.I.M.N.S.)

TURTLE, Miss Jessie (14.8.1816-10.3.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

TYERMAN, Miss Emily (16.01.1919-03.05 1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

UPSON, Miss Emma Elizabeth (12/08/1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Clerical)

VARROW, Mrs. Beatrice Ethel nee Ham (11.1916-30.4.1919+ V.A.D. Clerk)

WADE, Miss Mary Louisa (13.5.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Clerical)

WALFORD, Miss Elizabeth (Dispenser. Also worked at Dovercourt Military Hospital)

WALLER, Miss Hilda May (9.11.1918-29.5.1919+ General  Service member. Clerical Registar’s Office)

WALKER, Adelaide Louisa (? – ? Staff Nurse)

WALSH, Mrs. Miriam (nee Wyatt) (4.1915 -7.1915.  V.A.D. Nursing)

WALTER-SMITH, Miss R. (Special Probationer)

WARDEN, Miss Cissy Alice (16.6.1916-24.9.1918+ General  Service V.A.D. Telephonist/Clerk)

WARREN, Miss Gladys (V.A.D. member. Housework)

WATSON, Mrs. Sybil (29.11.18-11.12.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

WEBB-JOHNSTON, Miss Kathleen (1.5.1918-22.11.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

WELLER, Miss Connie (4.3.1919-8.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

WEST, Miss Gertrude Mary (17.10.1916-08.11.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also at Dovercourt)

WEST, Miss Gladys Evelyn (25.12.1918-24.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

WHEELER, Miss Evelyn Mary (2.11.1918-4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

WHITE, Miss Flossie Hilda (8.9.1917-10.9.1919+ V.A.D. Register Clerk & Typist)

WHITE, Miss Mary Gladys (25.10.1916-1.1917. General Service member.  V.A.D.)

WHITTUCK, Miss Gladys (? – ? Sister. Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve. Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class)

WILD, Miss Stella (5.5.1916-1.6.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

WILKINSON, Miss Gladys Mary (11.01.1919-15.11.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

WILLIAMS, Miss Arvida Blodwen (7.12.1917-8.1918. V.A.D. In wards & general duties)

WILSON, Bertha  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph book 16 June 1915.

WILSON, Miss Helen Marjorie (30.4.1918-30.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

WOODWARD, Miss Clara Elizabeth (30.10.1917-30.10.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at East Suffolk & Ipswich Hospital)

WOOSNAM, Miss Gwyneth (5.3.1918-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Officer. Dispenser)

WOOLNOUGH, Miss Clara Emily Mary (23.11.1914-31.5.1916. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Broadwater Auxiliary Hospital, Ipswich and in France)

WRIGHT, Miss Norah Sandford (27.12.1916-26.10.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

Royal Army Medical Corps Comic Card. Courtesy/© of Heather Anne Johnson.

Royal Army Medical Corps Comic Card. Courtesy/© of Heather Anne Johnson.

Aerial Photograph of Colchester Military Hospital, dated 1971. Courtesy/© of Wellcome Library Collection, London. RAMC1468.

Aerial Photograph of Colchester Military Hospital, dated 1971.
Courtesy/© of Wellcome Library Collection, London. RAMC1468.



PROFILES

AGER, Miss Norah Katherine (5.11.1917-8.5.1918.V.A.D. General nursing & ward duties. Military Heart Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=Military+colchester&id=1287&first=true

ADDRESS: Seaclose, Hythe; COUNTY: Kent; SERVICE FROM: 14/07/1915; SERVICE TO: Still Serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: No. 4 military hospital Reading – Military Heart Hosp. Colchester; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/07/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: General nursing & ward duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: No.4 Military Hosp. (Redlands) Reading from July 14 1915 to October 14 1917. Military Heart Hospital Colchester. November 5 1917 – May 8th 1918. 4th London General Hospital Sept 23 1918 -; COMMISSION: Berkshire V.A.D.50.


ALLEN, Miss Julie/a (4.4.1918 to 4.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=2736&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Vadheim, Myrtlefield Park, Belfast; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 01/08/1917; SERVICE TO: 04/04/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/08/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Londonderry Military Hospital 1.8.17 to 1.3.18 Military Hosp: Colchester 4.4.18 to 4.4.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Belfast /48.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=2737&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 88 Myrtlefield Park, Belfast; SERVICE FROM: 08/1917; SERVICE TO: still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Derry Mil one year Gen. Mil. Hospital Colchester 4.4.18 still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Belfast V.A.D. 48.


ANDERSON, Mrs. Rosamond Eileen (26.10.1918-29.5.1919.General Service member.  Clerk duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=3984&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 96 Military Rd, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 26/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still Working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 26/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 31/6; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerk; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex /2.


AUSTIN, Miss Majory Florence (21.4.1916-7.5.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=7663&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 2 Thurleigh Mansions, Wandsworth Common. S.W; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 21/04/1916; SERVICE TO: 07/05/1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/04/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/05/1916; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military Hospital; COMMISSION: Herts/2.


AUTY, Miss Mary Lisette (14.2.1919-20.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=7706&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Nottage Court Porthcawl; COUNTY: Glam.; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 02/08/1915; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: T.P.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/08/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 20-5-19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Tooting military 2-8-15 – France military 12-10-15 – Portsmouth 5th South Gen Military 6-2-17 – France military 19-6-17 – Colchester (military 14-2-19; DEPARTMENT: JW.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Kent 34.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=7707&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 17 Rokeley Avenue, Redland, Bristol; SERVICE FROM: 11/10/1914; SERVICE TO: the present time; HOSPITAL: The Bevan, Sandgate; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914;PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: No; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: Yes; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From Oct 11th 1914 To May 28th 1915 Bevan Military Hospital (Sandgate) From August 11th 1915 To October 11th 1915 Tooting Military Hospital From October 12th 1915 to Novr. 12th 1916 France 56 General, A.P.O.S.II B.E.F From Febry 5th 1917 To June 18th 1917 No 5 Sthn General, Portsmouth From June 19th 1917 To July 1st 1918 France, 56 General, A.P.O.S. II B.E.F. Now working at General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Kent 34 V.A.D.


BAGGS, Miss Edith Esther (13.8.1917-2.2.1919. V.A.D. work – “Essex County Military Hospital” may mean that Edith worked in the ‘Netley Huts’ at Essex County Hospital, Colchester?)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=8296&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Beesle Garth, Devonshire Rd, Totley Rise, Sheffield; SERVICE FROM: 13/08/1917; SERVICE TO: 02/02/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/08/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Essex County Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: W.R. Yorks. 108.


BAINBRIDGE, Miss Mary (1.4.1919-19.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=8948&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Walton House, Warrington; COUNTY: Lancs; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 31/08/1915; SERVICE TO: present 19.5.19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/08/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: A.N; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 19.05.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Malta 31.8.15 to 10.4.16 Frensham Hill Military Hosp Farnham 1.7.16 to 1.4.19 transferred to Military Hospital Colchester 1.4.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Cheshire/48.


BALL, Miss Carola Arnett Catherine (8.1.1917-19.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=9885&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Harewood Place Rickmansworth Herts; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 22; SERVICE FROM: 08/01/1917; SERVICE TO: still serving 19.5.19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/01/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 19.5.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Dorset 26.


BARKER, Miss Faith (?9.1916-2.1918. F/T for 18months. V.A.D. Nursing duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=11156&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Poplar Terrace, Witham; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Auxiliary Hospital, Witham; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: General Military Hospital Colchester, full time 18 months in France from March 1918 & still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil at Witham; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: Usual rates; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Part time at V.A.D. Hospital Witham; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 500; COMMISSION: Essex.


BARKER, Miss Margaret C. (17.12.1917-27.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=11265&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 2a Market Palce Grantham; COUNTY: Lincs; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM: 03/06/1916; SERVICE TO: 20/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T. O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/06/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving 20-5-19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital France Transferred to Colchester Military Hospital 17.12.17 to present; DEPARTMENT: JW V.A.D; COMMISSION: Lincs 12.


BARLOW, Miss Constance (3.2.1917-3.9.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=11413&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Holmleigh Chellaston Nr Derby; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 22; SERVICE FROM: 03/02/1917; SERVICE TO: 03/09/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/02/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/09/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military Hosp; DEPARTMENT: JW.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Derby 12.


BARNETT, Miss Norah (5.11.1917-5.5.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=12043&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Mill End, Henley-on Thames; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 05/11/1917; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/11/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 20-5-19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester (Military) 5-11-17 to 5-5-18 4th London General Denmark Hill (Military) 23-9-18 to Present; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Oxon 48.


BARRY, Miss E. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R Staff Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918.  Q.A.I.M.N.S.R Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class, 16 February 1920, London Gazette)

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 16 August 1918:  “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- …  Barry, Staff Nurse Miss E., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Colchester.”

SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 16 FEBRUARY, 1920. War Office, 16th February, 1920.

His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Royal Bed Cross to the undermentioned Ladies in recognition of their valuable nursing services in connection with the War: — AWARDED THE ROYAL RED CROSS.   2nd Class. …  Miss Elizabeth Barry, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Mil. Hpl., Colchester.”


BATES, Captain John Vincent (Royal Army Medical Corps).

Born 1892 (registered 1st Quarter) Stroud Green, London, Middx.  Son of Croydon-born Walter Sidney Bates (Asst. Secretary, Insurance Company) and his Australian wife Kate (Catherine Margaret E. Bush).

1901 Census:      12 Ravenscroft Park Road, South Mimms, Herts. 9 yrs old.

1911 Census:      23 Windsor Rd, Boscombe, Bournemouth.  Medical Student.

See more at 1st/Front Row No. 40: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/home/1st-row-1918-colchester-military-hospital/


BELL, Edith A. (? – ?)  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

1915, 17 June:    Edith wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Edith A. Bell  Colchester 17/6/15  Late of H.M.H.S. “Delta””

See pages: https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/11/mode/1up


BELL, Mrs. Ida Cecily (10.3.1917-3.9.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=16010&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Iwigworth Court, nr Gloucester; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 10/03/1917; SERVICE TO: 29/01/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: J.J.6; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/03/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: 29/01/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hosp. Colchester 10.3.17 – 3.9.17 Durhain House } Aux Hosp: Clongh Hill } 15.10.17 – 29.1.18 Middlesex } DEPARTMENT: JW V.A.D; COMMISSION: Gloucester 32.


BENNETT, Miss Florence Sanderson (8.7.1918-7.8.1919. Canadian.  Q.A.I.M.N.S./V.A.D. Nurse)

Born 17 February 1891 South Gower, Grenville, Ontario, Canada.  Baptised on 15 October 1891, in Oxford, Grenville, Ontario, Canada.  Daughter of Farmer Joseph Wellington (“Joe”) Bennett and his wife Margaret Jane (“Maggie” nee Sanderson).

Florence Sanderson Lonsdale nee Bennett. Courtesy/© City of Ottawa Archives.

Florence Sanderson Lonsdale nee Bennett.
Courtesy/© City of Ottawa Archives.

1891 Census:      Living in South Gower.  Two months’ old.  With Farmer father; mother; and older sister “Ellie”.

1901 Census:      Living in Elmsley (South/Sud).   With Farmer father; mother; older sister Sarah Eleanor; and younger brother George.

??                           Married the Reverend Thomas Hill Lonsdale (born 22 Oct. 1887-1975.

1972:                     Florence died in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


BENNETT, Miss M. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918)

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 16 August 1918: “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- …  Bennett, Sister Miss M., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military General Hospital, Colchester.”


BENNITT, Mrs. Dora Charlotte (2.1.1919-22.5.1919 at least. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Military Heart Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=heart+colchester&id=17042&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Tolesfield House, Partridge Green; COUNTY: Sussex; SERVICE FROM: 06/06/1916; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/06/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 22.05.1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: June 6th 16 – July 26th 16 . Mil. Hos. Devonport Aug 4th 16 -Trans- 2 w. London Mil. Hos. Chelsea Ap 10th 17 – Nov 26th 18. 14th Gen.Mil.Hos.France Jan 2nd 19 – to present Mil. Heart Hos. Colchester; DEPARTMENT: JWVAD; COMMISSION: London 198.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=heart+colchester&id=17043&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 10 Cromwell Road S.W.5; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/06/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing member Military Hospitals; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Enrolled 17.11.15 Dec 1915, Salford Mil: Hos: Manchester July 1916. 2nd Lon: Gen: Hos: April 1917. 14th Gen: Hos: BEF. France until Nov 1918 Jan 1919. Mil: Heart Hos: Sobraon Barack, Colchester, for about 3 months; COMMISSION: London L/198; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 scarlet stripe.


BERESFORD, Miss Hilda (10.02.1917 to 10.09.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=17413&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Mount, School Road, Moseley, Birmingham; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; SERVICE FROM: 10/02/1917; SERVICE TO: Present 22/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/02/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 22/05/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital, Colchester 10/02/17 to 10/09/1917, New Zealand Hospital Cosford (Military) 21/01/1918 to present; DEPARTMENT: J. W. V. A. D; COMMISSION: Worcester /88.


BETTS, Annie Elizabeth  (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.  Sister – post-war service)

Annie was born on 26 March 1877 in Victoria, Australia.   She was the daughter of Mining Engineer Frederick Vincent Betts and his wife Annie (nee Evans).  Mother Annie died soon after the birth.

1900-1903:         Nurse Training at Hobart General Hospital.

1904, Jan:           Appointed to the post of Sister.  Resigned the post as Senior Sister, in August 1906.

1906:                  Began working at the Private Dungog Hospital in Sydney, Australia.

1908-1913:         Post of Sister at The Sick Children’s Hospital in Brisbane.

1913, June:         Post of Sister at Royal Alexander Hospital, Sydney (June 1913 – January 1914)

1914, 18 Feb:      With a friend, Sister Alice M. Hall, she sailed from Sydney – for England.

1914, 13 April:    Arrived at Tilbury Docks, London.  The two friends went travelling through Great Britain and Europe.

1914, Oct:           Until April 1915, Annie worked at the British Military Hospital, Netley.

1915, 5 Dec:       Applied to join the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve (QAIMNSR), giving her Aunt Annie, Mrs Howard Betts, of Leichardt, Sydney, as Next of Kin.

1915, 3 June:      Posted the Military Hospital at Gibraltar.  Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class.

1919, 12 July:   Posted to the Military Hospital at Colchester, for temporary duty pending her repatriation.  Annie remained at Colchester until 26 December 1919 – she was repatriated under the “Overseas Settlement” scheme, sailing for Australia on the HT Ulysses on 27 December 1919.

1930, 2 July:        Married Irishman Michael John Barry, at St Mary’s Church, Waverley, Sydney.

1939, 13 Jan:       Annie was widowed.

1964, July:           Annie died in Hobart, Tasmania, aged 87 years old.

1964, 29 July:      Annie’s body was cremated: her ashes being interred in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery.

See https://discoveringanzacs.naa.gov.au/browse/person/899557 for much more information for Annie.


BIGGS, Miss Florence Hilda Lily (11.2.1919-23.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

Born 18 October 1899 Boxted, Essex.  She was a daughter of Boxted-born General Labourer Henry Ernest Biggs and his Langham-born wife Ellen Rebecca (nee Lilley).

1901 Census:      Boxted, living next door to the Post Office, with parents and older brother Wilfred.   Paternal grandparents (and other members of the Biggs family) were living at the Post Office – Grandfather Biggs was the Baker and Post Master.

1911 Census:      The Moor, Langham, Colchester.  Living with parents; older brother Wilfred; and sister Phyllis.    Next door “Builder” Henry Lilley (Widower) – Maternal Grandfather to Florence.

1918, 15 Jan:       15 January 1918 – 10 February 1919: Clerk at the Military Hospital, Catterick Camp.

1919, 2 Feb:        2 February 1919 – 23 May 1919: Joint War V.A.D. Clerk at Colchester Military Hospital.

Florence H. L. Biggs, Catterick CampMilitary Hospital, 1918/1919. Courtesy/© Alathea Anderssohn.

Florence H. L. Biggs, Catterick CampMilitary Hospital, 1918/1919.
Courtesy/© Alathea Anderssohn.

The above images are taken from a photograph album belonging to the late Batchie Griffiths, who had been a VAD at the Catterick Camp Military Hospital between February 1918 and February 1919.   They are shown here with the kind permission of her granddaughter Alathea Anderssohn.   https://padlet.com/Alathea/66n6ingcwqvc displays a few more of Batchie’s photographs and https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/lifestory/7664773 also commemorates  Florence (courtesy of Alathea Anderssohn).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=18628&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Langham Moor Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 18; SERVICE FROM: 15/01/1918; SERVICE TO: Still serving 23/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: J.W.V.A.D; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 15/01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 23/05/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: P.T.O; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hsp Catterick Yorks 15.1.18 2.1.19 Transferred Colchester Mil Hsp 11.2.19 at present; COMMISSION: Essex 8.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=18629&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Moor Langham Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 15/01/1918; SERVICE TO: 19/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: from 15th Jan 1918 to 11th Feb 1919 as Clerk at Military Hospital Catterick Cam* Yorkshire; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. G/S; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/02/1919; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working March 1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: at rate of 31/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: as Clerk. at Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex 8.

1984, 19 Apr:      Florence Hilda Lily Biggs “of The Old Store Moor Rd Langham Colchester” died this day.


BISHOP, Mrs. Cecilia (4.1916-7.7.1919+ F/T Clerk for 18 months; then Laboratory Assistant)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=19644&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 124 Westcombe Hill, Blackheath, London S E.; SERVICE FROM: 04/1916; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Colchester Military Hospital; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 20 sh/ 26 sh; RANK AT TERMINATION: Lab Asst; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 44 sh per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerk at laboratory for 18 months, after Laboratory Assistant; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex 48.


BISHOP, Miss Emily M. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 23/2/17, mention 02 March 1917)

Friday 02 March 1917Chelmsford Chronicle:  “NURSES HONOURED. 

The King has been pleased to award the Royal Red Cross decoration to the undermentioned ladies in recognition of their valuable services in connection with the war:- … ROYAL RED CROSS, 2nd CLASS.  Miss E. M. Bishop, Sister, Civilian Hospital, Reserve Military Hospital, Colchester.”


BLAKE, Miss Mabel (23.1.1918-13.3.1919. General Service V.A.D. Assistant Cook. Military Heart Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=20589&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Horton-cum-Studley, nr. Oxford; SERVICE FROM: 23.1.18; SERVICE TO: 13.3.19.; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD GSS; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 26 pounds / year; RANK AT TERMINATION: VAD GSS; DATE OF TERMINATION: 13/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: 26 pounds / year; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assistant Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Heart Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: County of Oxford. Reserve. R/Oxford.


BLENCOWE, Mrs. Hannah Windlow (06.03.1917 to 06.05.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=21023&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 25 Gerald Street, Benwell , Newcastle-on-Tyne; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 06/03/1917; SERVICE TO: 04/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/03/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester 06/03/1917 to 06/05/1918 Queen Mary’s Military Hospital Whalley 01/10/1918 to 04/199; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Northumberland / 72; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Scarlet Efficiency Stripe 3.4.18.


BLYTH, Miss Violet Elsie (7.7.1917-24.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=21573&forwards=true

ADDRESS: High House, Horningtoft, Elmham; COUNTY: Norfolk; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 28; SERVICE FROM: 07/07/1917; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/07/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military Hospital; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D. COMMISSION: Norfolk Reserve.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=21574&forwards=true

ADDRESS: High House Horning Toft, Elmham; COUNTY: Nfk.; SERVICE FROM: 07/07/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/07/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clinical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Service Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Norfolk.


BONALLO, Miss Marjorie H. (11.5.1916-26.8.1919+ Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=22173&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Devonshire Hospital Buxton; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 24; SERVICE FROM: 11/05/1916; SERVICE TO: 26/05/1919 present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/05/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; DATE OF TERMINATION: 26/08/1919 still serving; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hosp: Colchester On front ‘retd, 7/4/19, gone away’; DEPARTMENT: J. W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Derby/26.


BOND, Miss Olive Clara (29.10.1918-7.7.1919+ General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=22326&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14 North Hill, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 29/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Y.M.C.A. Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. G.S; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 31/6; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. G.S; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex.


BOWLES, Miss A. A. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918)

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 16 August 1918:  “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- …  Bowles, Sister Miss A. A., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military General Hospital, Colchester.”


BRACEWELL, Miss Bertha Adela (?-1.1.1919.  Nursing V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=24932&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14 North Hill, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 29/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Y.M.C.A. Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. G.S.; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 31/6; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. G.S.; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex.


BRAMPTON, Miss A. (V.A.D. Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention 16 August 1918)

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 16 August 1918:  “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- … Brampton, V.A.D. Nurse Miss A., Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military General Hospital, Colchester.”


BRAY, Ethel (8.8.1914. Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve Nursing Sister and State Registered Masseuse. Awarded 1914 Star).

Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve Nursing Sister Ethel Bray. Courtesy/© of Bexhill Museum and East Sussex WW1 Project.

Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve Nursing Sister Ethel Bray.
Courtesy/© of Bexhill Museum and East Sussex WW1 Project.

Born 19 May 1878 St. Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex.  Birth registered during 3rd Q Hastings District, Sussex.  Daughter of Bexhill Alderman & Auctioneer/Estate Agent John Bray (born St. Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex) and his Bishop Stortford-born wife Agnes Janet (nee Moffat).

1881 Census:      2 St. John’s Road, Hastings, Sussex.    Living with father (House & Estate Agent); mother; one older and one younger sister; one General Servant.

1891 Census:      2 St. John’s Road, Hastings, Sussex.  Living with father (Auctioneer & Valuer; House Agent; Sub-Postmaster); mother; older sister Agnes; five younger sisters; and two younger brothers.

1901 Census:      72 North Hill, Highgate All Saints, Hornsey, Middlesex.  Boarding with the Thompson family.  “Clerk in Civil Service”.

1910, 24 May:     Mother Agnes Janet died.

1911 Census:      14 Kentish Town Road, St. Pancras, London NW.  North West London Hospital.  “Hospital Nurse”.

1914, 8 Aug:       Became a Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve Nursing Sister, working at Colchester Military Hospital.  Ethel Bray was one of three Bray girls who had qualified as Nursing Sisters before the First World War began –  the two sisters who also nursed during the Great War were Mary [Francesca] and [Cicely] Evelyn.  See the link below for more information on “The Bray Sisters”.

1915, Aug:          Until December 1915: Served on H.M. Hospital Ship Nevasa M.8.F., in Gallipoli.

1917:                  In charge of a Military Hospital in Ipswich – this is probably the ‘Ipswich Military Hospital’ in the school on Ranelagh Road, Ipswich?

1929-1937:        Civilian Nurse on the P & O liner Narkunda.

Ethel remained on the Nursing Register until 1937.

1939 Register:    16 Buckhurst Road, Bexhill, Sussex. “Registered Nurse.  State Registered Masseuse C.S.M.M.C.”.  Living with younger sister Gertrude M. (Mrs. Morgan), “School Teacher”.

1966, 4 May:       “BRAY Ethel of 16 Buckhurst Road Bexhill-on-Sea Sussex died 4 May 1966 at 4 Grosvenor Crescent St. Leonards-on-Sea Probate Lewes 16 August to John Bray commander R.N.V.R.  (retired). £455.” 

See more about the First World War service of Ethel and her sisters on this web page: http://www.eastsussexww1.org.uk/bray-sisters/

Ethel – recipient of the 1914 Star:  http://www.fairestforce.co.uk/10.html


BROWN, Miss Hilda May (27.7.1918-29.5.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=29300&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Photographers, Newport , Salop; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 22; SERVICE FROM: 27/07/1918; SERVICE TO: 29/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/07/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 29.5.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Staffs Reserve.


BROWN, Miss Sarah Ann (28.11.1917-27.8.1919. Matron. Royal Red Cross.  Awarded a Bar to the Royal Red Cross 11 April 1919).

Born 25 May 1875 Liverpool, Lancashire.  Daughter of ?

1901 Census:   ?

1902-1905:     Training at the West London Hospital, Hammersmith, London – Staff Nurse & Night Sister duties.

1906, Sept-     Night Sister at Bradford Royal Infirmary (1½ years)

1908-1910:     Assistant Matron at Bradford Royal Infirmary (2½ years)

1911 Census:   Hospital Matron, West Suffolk General Hospital, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk (100 beds).

1910-1915:      Matron, West Suffolk General Hospital, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk Left 04 Sept).

1915, 10.11:     As Matron of Auxiliary Hospital, Nethercourt, Ramsgate: Accepted to serve for the War Department.

1915, 12.11:    “Joined for duty” at Colchester.

1915, 28.11:    Signed to serve for the War Department. Next of Kin given as “The Rev. James Blackburn Brown, St. James Vicarage, (Lower) Darwen, Lancashire. (Brother). Q.A.I.M.N.S.Reserve service at Colchester Military Hospital.

1915, 14.12:     Notification of “readiness to embark on the Hospital Ship Britannic as duty as Matron”.

1915, 22.12:     Transferred Hospital Ship ‘HS Britannic’

1916, 19.04:     Became Matron at Dartford Hospital.

1917, 23.02:     Awarded the Royal Red Cross 1st Class.

1919, 09.04:     Awarded a Bar to her Royal Red Cross 1st Class:

Chelmsford Chronicle, 11th April 1919:  “RED CROSS “MENTIONS.”

The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organization, and maintenance of Hospitals:- Awarded a Bar to the Royal Red Cross. – Miss Sarah Ann Brown, R.R.C. Matron, General Mil. Hosp., Colchester.”

1917, 13.11:    Signed ‘Renewal of (Q.A.I.M.N.S.) Contract’.

1917, 28.11:    Transferred as Matron to Colchester Military Hospital – after Dorothea M. Taylor.

1919, 27.08:    Demobilised from duty as Matron at Colchester Military Hospital. 

See more at 1st/Front Row No. 33: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/home/1st-row-1918-colchester-military-hospital/


BROWNE, Miss Margaret Turton (8.1917-8.1918. V.A.D. Nurse.  “valuable services rendered”  16 August 1918. Mentioned in Dispatches)

Born 1874.  Baptised 21 June 1874, St. Mary’s, Lewisham, Kent.  Daughter of Chelsea-born Mercantile Clerk/Hotel Owner Marcus Alexis Septimus Browne (1835-1903) and his wife J[e]anie Mattewson Borman (1838-1895).

1881 Census:     7 Clapham Road, Wandsworth, London.  “6” years old. At a small (private?) school.

1885, 10 Jan:    Mother admitted to Metropolitan Licensed House (Lunatic Asylum) at Peckham.

1891 Census:     Fair Oak, Liberty Lane, Chertsey, Surrey.  Living, along with sister Florence, with Retired Army Major cousin Augustus & his wife Fanny Davies; 2 visitors; 1 Governess; & 3 servants.

1895, 29 Dec:     Mother died at Metropolitan Licensed House (Lunatic Asylum) at Peckham.

1901 Census:      Covent Garden Hotel, Covent Garden, London.  With “Hotel Proprietor”/widower father; Hotel Manager brother (born Egypt/Suez); 14 members of staff; & 8 “visitors”.

1911 Census:       Heather Brae, Maybury Hill, Woking, Surrey.  Living with sister Florence Augusta; plus 1 servant. Living on “Private Small Means”.

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 16 August 1918: “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- …

Turton-Browne, V.A.D. Nurse Miss M., Military General Hospital, Colchester.” 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=30067&forwards=true

ADDRESS: West Ellla, Heath House Lane, Woking; SERVICE FROM: 01/1915; SERVICE TO: present time Feb 1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Uncertain; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working Feb 1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Red Cross Annexe R.S.C.H. Guildford Jan to May 1915 No.20 General Hospital, France June 1915 Sick Leave May – July 1917 Military Hospital, Colchester Aug 1917 to Aug 1918 Sick Leave until Oct 1918 1st Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge Oct 1918 to Present Time Feb 1919; COMMISSION: Surrey /6 Aug 1914; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Scarlet Eff. Stripes. 2 chevrons. Mentioned in Despatches 26.8.18.

1942, 12 June:    Margaret died; “of Home Park Lane, Fareham, Hampshire”.

Margaret T. Browne’s Headstone, Municipal 2 Cemetery, Addlestone, Surrey. Courtesy/© http://www.gravestonephotos.com/

Margaret T. Browne’s Headstone, Municipal 2 Cemetery, Addlestone, Surrey. Courtesy/© http://www.gravestonephotos.com/


BROWNING, Flora Macdonald (? – ? Staff Nurse)

Born 14 March 1887 Dunbar, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland.  Daughter of Dumfriesshire-born Blacksmith John Browning and his Dunbar-born wife Elizabeth Ingle (nee Aitkin).

1891 Census:      8 Colvin Street, Dunbar.  With parents; two older brothers; one older sister; Aitkin Grandfather John; Aunt Mary Aitkin; cousin John Aitkin; and “Visitor”, Dressmaker Janet Dick.

1901 Census:      8 Colvin Street, Dunbar.  With parents; two older brothers; one older sister; and “Boarder”, Shopkeeper Janet Dick.

1911 Census:      Royal Victoria Infirmary, Sunderland, Durham. Hospital Nurse.

1914:                 “… It was not only the men who were called to the colours on the outbreak of war, nurses were also mobilized.  As a result, from the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Sister Logan and Nurse McKay were sent to Chatham Royal Naval Hospital; Nurse Swales and Sister Lumsden went to the Royal Herbert Military Hospital, Woolwich; and Nurses Walker and Browning to the Military Hospital, Colchester. … Extract from ‘Sunderland in the Great War’ By Clive Dunn, Gillian Dunn (pages 17 and 18)

1939 Register:    Bruze House, Holden Street, Wychbury, Salford, Lancashire. “Trained Nurse”.


BRUNNING, Mrs. Florence Ruth (4.8.1918-29.5.1919+  General Service Member. F/T  Officers Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=30515&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 36 Gilberd Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 04/05/1918; SERVICE TO: still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/05/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24/-; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Officers Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hospital Colchester Essex Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex / 2nd.


BUCKLE, Mrs. Matilda (1916-29.5.1919+  Special Service Member. Cook Storekeeper).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=31122&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St George Mile End Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: although in V.A.D. Essex 46 most of the work was done as special service member at Colchester General Military Hospital; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 18/-; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/07/1916 still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 32/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital (handwritten) Gt Horkesly Colchester Working in Hospital at opening October 1914. Working as Special Service Member at Colchester General Military Hospital, Since 1916 Still Serving; COMMISSION: Essex.


BUTLER, Miss Mary Elizabeth (2.5.1917-2.12.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=34076&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 60 Herongall Road Wanstead Park E. 12; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 02/05/1917; SERVICE TO: 02/12/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/05/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/12/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester (Military); DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Essex 64.


 CARDER, Miss E.L. (10.1917-4.1921+ F/T V.A.D. Laboratory Assistant)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=36389&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 79. Wimpole Road. Colchester & District Laboratory. Colchester; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 4-1921; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Laboratory Asst.; WHOLE OR PART TIME: “Whole”; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Served at District Laboratory & Military Hosp Colchester. Badge No. 25443; COMMISSION: NORFOLK.


CAREY, Mrs. Ann (10.12.1917-11.05.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Kitchen Help. Military Heart Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=36479&forwards=true

ADDRESS: No 6 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedford; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 43; SERVICE FROM: 14/08/1916; SERVICE TO: 11/05/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: kitchen Help; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/08/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 11/05/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Herne Bay Military Hospital 14:8:16 to 14:8:17 Military Hospital Colchester. 10:12:17 11:05:18; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Bedford / 4.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=36480&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 6 Bedford Rd. Kempston; SERVICE FROM: 14/08/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Herne Bay Military. Military Heart Hosp. Colchester 11.12.17; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/08/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Gov. allow; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assistant cook

WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Bedfordshire.


CARRUTHERS, Miss Kathleen (4.1918-7.1918.  S.J.A.B. [St. John Ambulance Brigade] V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=37187&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Annandale, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; SERVICE FROM: 29/02/1916; SERVICE TO: 07/1918

HOSPITAL: Gifford House, Roehampton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1916 Gifford House Aux: Hospital Roehampton S.W. 1917 Feb: 29-1916 to March 20 1917 on the land 1918 Military Hospital. Colchester. April – July 1918 Returned Canada see letter under London; COMMISSION: S.J.A.B. London 96.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=37188&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Annandale. Kingston . Ontario. Canada; SERVICE FROM: 29/02/1916; SERVICE TO: 07/1918; HOSPITAL: Gifford House, Roehampton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: VAD Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1916 Gifford House Aux: Hospt Roehampton 1917 29/02/1916 – 20/03/1917 1918 Military Hospital. Colchester April 1918 Returned Canada 1918 July; COMMISSION: S.J.A.B. LONDON /96.


CARTER, Ellen Mary “Nellie” (Oct. 1914 – June 1915. Q.A.I.M.N.S. Sister)

Ellen Mary Carter “Nellie”. Courtesy/© of Peter Carter and family.

Ellen Mary Carter “Nellie”.
Courtesy/© of Peter Carter and family.

Ellen Mary Carter was born on 3 March 1881, in Portsmouth, Hampshire.  She was the first child of Portsmouth-born parents Coach Builder Joseph William and Nancy Ellen Carter (nee Bishop). Joseph and Nancy had eight children: Ellen Mary; Harry Bonham; William Joshua; Benjamin Charles; Herbert Thomas; Rosa Jane; Mabel Helene; and Hilda Bishop.  All Nellie’s brothers fought in the First World War, as she nursed.

1909:                  Nellie began her nurse training, at St Mary’s Infirmary, Highgate.

1912:                  Nellie began midwifery training at the Military Families Hospital, Portsmouth.

1913, 10 Jun:      Nellie applied to join the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Q.A.I.M.N.S.).

1913, July:           Nellie was posted to the Military Families Hospital, Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland.

1914, 14 Oct:      With the outbreak of the First World War, Nellie left Curragh to take up post at Colchester Military Hospital.

1915, 18 Jun:      Nellie boarded the Hospital Ship HMS Asturias. The ship catered for 896 patients and, whilst serving on it, Nellie visited Gallipoli, Salonica, Alexandria and Malta.  Nellie worked on this ship for nearly a year.

1916, 5 May:      Nellie was sent to Abbeville, France (No 41 Casualty Clearing Station). Nellie also nursed in other hospitals in Rouen; No. 5 Stationary Hospital; No. 1 Field Hospital; the No. 10 General Hospital Surgical Unit.

1918:                  Nellie became a patient at ‘Villa Tino’, a Sick Sisters Hospital in Le Touquet.

Post-WW1:         Nellie moved to the Louise Margaret Hospital for Military Families, Aldershot.

1922:                  Nellie was promoted to Sister.

1926:                  Nellie returned to Alexandria, where she worked in another Military Families Hospital at Mustapha. She nursed there for the next 5 years.

c1931:                 Nellie returned to England, to nurse at the Military Hospital at Devonport. After recovering from a fall, whilst on duty there, Nellie was advised to stay at Devonport until she retired.

1936, 2 Mar:       Nellie retired, after serving 22 years 239 days!

1947:                  Nellie died, aged 65 years old.

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter:  this Royal College of Nursing research project page is acknowledged for the majority of Nellie Carter’s timeline.  It holds really interesting information about Nellie Carter, including pages from her autograph book.


CARTER, Miss Helen Muriel (12.4.1918-12.5.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Canadian)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=37499&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 424 Laurier Avenue West, Ottawa; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 12/04/1918; SERVICE TO: 12/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/04/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/05/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Ottawa Cent: N.D.32.


CARTER, Ileene Meredith (31.7.1916-19.4.1917. J.W.V.A.D. Nurse)

Ileene was born in 1894 Hornchurch, Essex.  The birth was registered in the Romford District, during the 1Q. She was a daughter of Romford-born parents Henry Stibbard Carter (Brewer) and Ada Louise (nee Martin).  Father Henry had been married before Ada but his first wife, Alice Minns, had died in 1886.  As a result Ileene had two half-brothers and two half-sisters

1901 Census:      40 Brentwood Road, 1 Stanley Villas, Hornchurch, Essex.  Living with “Practical Brewer” father; mother; older sister Dorothy K.; younger sister Gwynne M.; and one “Domestic Servant”.

1911 Census:      Sunny Side, Foxearth, Long Melford, Suffolk.  “Student”. “17” years old.  Living with “Brewer” father; mother; and younger sister Gwynne Meredith.

1916, 31 Jul:        Posted to Colchester Military Hospital, as a Joint War Committee V.A.D. Nurse:

https://vad.redcross.org.uk/Card?fname=Ileene&sname=Carter&id=37522&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Sunnyside, Foxearth, Long Melford; COUNTY: Suffolk; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 22; SERVICE FROM: 31/07/1916; SERVICE TO: 19/04/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/07/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/04/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Mil. Hsp. Colchester Died on service 24.4.17; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex 120.

Ileene died on 24 April 1917, at Ipswich Isolation Hospital – cerebro-spinal meningitis:

First-Aid and the St. John’s Ambulance Gazette, May 1917, p.208 [sic]:  “Miss Heene Carter, Essex, 120, B.R.C.S., was posted to Colchester Military Hospital on July 31st, 1916, and died of cerebro-spinal meningitis on 20 April 1917.”

Ileene is buried in Saints Peter and Paul Churchyard in Foxearth, Long Melford, Suffolk but she has no headstone at the moment.

Ileene is commemorated on the Foxearth War Memorial but she was not accepted as “War Dead” until 21 January 2017, when an application to bring her “in from the cold” was approved.  Eventually, she will receive a Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone.


 CHANCE, Miss Josephine (25.3.1915-? V.A.D. Nursing duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=39403&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Crofton Nr. Carlisle; HOSPITAL: Salonica, Stanmore ; Chadwick R.C. School, Carlisle; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/03/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: unpaid; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/01/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: unpaid; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: usual nursing duties; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part about 96 hours per month

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: enrolled 1.1.14. This member was seconded for service to Military Hospital. Colchester. then Military HP. Croydon. (6 months) then hospital Ship then Military Hospital Salonica from which she returned December 1918. Has also worked at Chadwick Aux HP. Carlisle; COMMISSION: Cumb. VAD. 6.


CHAPLIN, Miss May Emily (Nursing & General work)

Born 1892 Stanway, Colchester, Essex.  Daughter of Suffolk-born Gardener Charles W. Chaplin and his Lexden-born wife Charlotte A. (nee Lawrence)

1901 Census:      London Road, Stanway, Essex. Living with parents; brother; and maternal grandmother.

1911 Census:       Ebenezer Cottage, London Road, Stanway, Essex.  Living with parents and older brother. Occupation: Laundress (as her mother was).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=39595&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ebenezer Cottage, London Rd, Stanway COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/1918; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1 pound; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing and General work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 140 and whole time for 2 weeks for which I received the above sum; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund Dressings Strekwood Street, Colchester Gen Duty Stanway Red Cross Hospital pd interper Duty Woodhouse Red Cross Hospital pd interper Duty Colchester Military Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


CHESSHIRE, Miss Lucy Kathleen (16.5.18-21.11.18. J.W. V.A.D.  Nurse )

Born  1888 France (British Subject). Daughter of Birmingham-born “Clerk in Holy Orders” Howard Smith Chesshire and his Devon-born wife Lucy Elizabeth.

1901 Census:      St. Mary’s Hall, School for Clergymen’s Daughters, Eastern Rd, Brighton, Sussex.  Pupil.

1911 Census:      Chiselborough Rectory, Stoke under Ham, Somerset.  With parents; 2 sisters (either born in France or Cheshire); plus 1 Cook and Parlour Maid.

N.B. Lucy also had 3 brothers, born France (Le Havre?).  One brother, Clergyman Howard Stanley, went to Canada.  When Howard enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force on 27 September 1917, he was living at St Matthews Church, Quebec – he survived the war.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=40705&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Chiselborough Rectory Stoke-under-Ham; COUNTY: Somerset; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 29; SERVICE FROM: 22/03/1917; SERVICE TO: 21/11/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/03/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Without; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/11/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: No 1 Red Cross France JC. 22-3-17 to 24-3-18. Colchester (Military) 16-5-18 to 21-11-18; DEPARTMENT: JW. VAD; COMMISSION: Somerset 4.


CLARKE, Miss Margaret C. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Awarded R.R.C. 2nd Class 23/2/17, mention 28 February and 02 March 1917)

SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 28 FEBUARY, 1917. 1949.  “Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class. … Miss M. C. Clarke, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S. Res., Mil. Hospl., Colchester. …”

Friday 02 March 1917Chelmsford Chronicle:  “NURSES HONOURED.  The King has been pleased to award the Royal Red Cross decoration to the undermentioned ladies in recognition of their valuable services in connection with the war:- … ROYAL RED CROSS, 2nd CLASS. Miss M. C. Clarke, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve, Military Hospital, Colchester.”  


CLARKE, W. H. (? – ?. Trained Nurse) Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

Is this Winifred Hannah Clarke? “Winnie”? Born 26 October 1884 Leicester, Leicestershire.  Daughter of Nottinghamshire-born Hosiery Manufacturer Henry Clarke and his wife Agnes (nee Brailsford).

1891 Census:      39 St. Matthews Road, Snenton, Nottinghamshire.  With parents; three sisters; two brothers; and one “Visitor”.

1896, 3Q:             Mother Agnes died.

1901 Census:      12 Robin Hoods Chase, Nottingham, Notts. With father; step-mother Sarah; a sister; a brother; a step-sister; and a Domestic Servant.

1911 Census:      7 Castle Park Terrace, Kendal, Westmorland.  “Nurse”.  With “Head” of household Miss Eliza Ann Middleton plus one Domestic Servant.

1914, 20 Dec:      Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Smile awhile & while you smile/Another smiles; and soon/There will be miles & miles of smiles/And life worth while because you smile.  W. H. Clarke Colchester 20-12.-14.”

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/50/mode/1up

1939 Register:    Bebdall, Collington Road, Bexhill, Sussex.  “Trained Nurse (Retired)”.

1960, 4Q:             Sussex, Registration District of Battle.


CLEMENTS, Miss Selina Margaret (21.5.1918-21.11.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=43560&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ashfield Lodge Cootehill; COUNTY: Cavan; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 31; SERVICE FROM: 20/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 21/11/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/10/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/11/1918;ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: France (Military) 26-10-15. 26-5.16 Belfast (Military). 5-7-16 . Trans Malta (Military) 24-9-16 . -9-17. Colchester. (Military. 21-5-18 – 21-11-18; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Cavan – 2.


COLE, Miss Gladys Louise (29.12.1917-14.6.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=45144&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14 Chichester Street Chester; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 29/12/1917; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/12/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 14-6-19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester (Military); DEPARTMENT: JW. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Cheshire Res.


COLLIS, Miss Mary Millicent (6.1915-8.1916.  British Red Cross V.A.D. Special Probationer)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=46245&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hartshill Close, Stoke-on-Trent; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Special Probationer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/06/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £25 per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. M.L.S; DATE OF TERMINATION: 16/10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £25 per annum; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Member of B.R.C.S. = 8 yrs -. Worked as a V.A.D. from 1914 – 1918 – Work in the army nursing Service 3 yrs – Service. Colchester Military Hospital June 1915 – August 1916 H.M.H.S. ” Wandilla” – August 1916 – May 1917. H.M.H.S. Llandovery Castle – May 1917 – July 1917. 29th G.H. Salonica July 1917 – June 1918. ( Leave ) Q. A. I. M.H. for Sick Sisters. Vincent Sq. S.W.1. August 1918 – Oct. 1918; COMMISSION: 32 Staffs.


COOPER, Miss Ethel Mary (17.9.1917-17.2.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=48131&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Greystone” Seymour Road Bolton; COUNTY: Lancashire; HOSPITAL: Blair, Bromley Cross, Bolton; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nursing 1/2 days in Gen. Hospt. Bolton Aug Sept & Oct 1914, also VAD Hospt for 6 months “Blairs” Hospital Bromley Cross Bolton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 19/06/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per an; RANK AT TERMINATION: VAD nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 11/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per an; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: The best available details have been given. See letter 22/5/19. Joined for military service 17 June 1915 resigned 20 Nov 1916 at Queen Mary’s Military Hospital, Whalley Lancs. Rejoined 17 Sept. 1917 at Gen: Military Hospital Colchester & am still serving [signed] E M Cooper V.A.D. 17-2-19; COMMISSION: E. Lancs.


COOPER, Miss Ida (22.9.1917-21.3.1918. Special Service Probationer. South African)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=48242&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 244, Selbourne Street, Bloemfontein O.F.S. S.Africa; SERVICE FROM: 06/10/1916; SERVICE TO: 15/09/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Colchester Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/10/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: voluntary; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/09/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: voluntary; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Posted as probationer Weir Red X Hosp, Balham 6.10.16 to 15.9.17 Posted as S.S. probationer, Colchester Miitary Hosp 22.9.17 Transferred to Imperial S.African Detachment 22.3.18; COMMISSION: V.A.D. L / 42 London.


COOPER, Miss Mary Elizabeth (8.8.1914-6.1915: Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.  Sister and 8.12.1915 -27.09.1917: Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Assistant Matron at Colchester’s General Military Hospital.  Awarded Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 23.2.1917.  Mention 28 February 1917).

Born 06 September 1884 Chester-le-Street, Durham.  Baptised 19 October 1884 Chester-le-Street.  Daughter of Northumberland-born Gardener/Coachman Matthew Cooper and his wife Barbara (nee Watson).

1891 Census:  Park Villa Lodge, Long Benton, Northumberland. “6”. With parents and siblings.

1901 Census:  Hospital, Chester-le-Street, Durham. “16”. Housemaid/Servant.

1907:              Commenced training at Westminster Hospital – 1907 to 1911.

1911:               Finished training.

1911 Census: ?

1914, 05.08:   Enlisted into the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve. (QAIMNSR Posts held:- Sister; Assistant Matron; and Matron).

1914, 08.08:   Started as Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.  Sister  at Colchester Military Hospital.

1915, 07.01:   Commenced post of Acting Sister on board the Hospital Ship ‘Valdivia’.

1915, 09.12:   Promoted to/Commenced post of Assistant Matron, Colchester Military Hospital. 

1917, 23.02:   Awarded the Royal Red Cross 2nd Class, whilst at Colchester Military Hospital.  

1917.2.28:      SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 28 FEBRUARY, 191  “Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class. … Assistant Matron, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Colchester. …”

1917, 28.09:   Promoted to/Commenced post of Matron, at Grantham Military Hospital.

1919, 27.09:   Demobilised at Grantham Military Hospital.

1918, 22.06:   The British Journal of Nursing.  Page 435:   General Sir E. H. H. Allenby, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., General Officer Commanding-in-chief, Egyptian Expeditionary Force, mentioned the following trained nurses, V.A.D. probationers, British Red Cross and other women workers in a recent dispatch to the Secretary of State for War:-

QUEEN ALEXANDRA’S IMPERIAL MILITARY NURSING SERVICE RESERVE.

… Cooper, Sister Miss M. E.; …”

1919, 09.08.        HONOURS  FOR  NURSES. The King held an investiture in the Quadrangle of Buckinghan Palace on July 31st …  … The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the under-mentioned ladies in   recognition of their valuable nursing services in connection with the war:-  …  …  Royal Red Cross.   FIRST CLASS  … Miss M. E. Cooper, ARRC, Matron, Military Hospital, Grantham; …”

1919, 27.09:        Demobilised whilst working at Grantham Military Hospital.

1921:     Found applying for overseas’ service with The Overseas Nursing Association (Imperial  Institute, London S.W.7).


COTTON, Miss Annie Hughes (21.1.1918-? General Service Cook. Military Heart Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=heart+colchester&id=49577&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Liverpool House, Denbigh; SERVICE FROM: 27/12/1917; SERVICE TO: Still Serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook G.S; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/11/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Grantham Mil Hosp. Dec 27th 1917 Colchester Heart Mil H. Jan 21st 1918 Rosina I. Pellington Denbigh R; Nov 11th 1919; COMMISSION: Denbigh R.


CRAIG, Mrs. Marie (1.10.1917-23.8.1919. General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=51253&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. G.S; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/10/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 27/6; RANK AT TERMINATION: Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: 23/08/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: 34/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical. Sobraon Mil. Hosp; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; COMMISSION: Essex.


CRAIG, Miss Vera Gertrude (now Denney. 17.9.1918-23.10.1919+ General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=51271&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Sobroan Military Hospital, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 17/09/1918; SERVICE TO: still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. GS; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/09/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 81/6; RANK AT TERMINATION: Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 82/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerk, Sobroan Mil. Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex.


CRAIG, Miss Violet Mary (26.6.1916-23.10.1919+ General Service V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=51273&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 26/06/1916; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. G.S; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 26/06/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 20/-; RANK AT TERMINATION: Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 36/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical, General Mil: Hosp. Colchester; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; COMMISSION: Essex.


CROOK, Miss Helen (5.1918-3.6.1919+ J.W.V.A.D. Nurse. Colchester Military Hospital & the Military Heart Hospital, Colchester)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=heart+colchester&id=52582&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 116 Chorley New Rd, Bolton; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 30; SERVICE FROM: 14/05/1918; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/05/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Mil: Heart Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: E. Lancs: 32.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=52583&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 116 Chorley New Road, Bolton; SERVICE FROM: 16/11/1914; SERVICE TO: Present time; HOSPITAL: Blair, Bromley Cross, Bolton; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Kersley Convalescent Home & Blairs Hospital Bromley Cross; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing whole Time; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gt. Lever Bolton Kersley Convalescent Home Nov. 1914 – Feb. 1915 Blairs Hospital, Bromley Cross, Bolton Feb. 1915 – Mar 1918 Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester May 1918 – present date; COMMISSION: E. Lancs. 32 Div.; HONOURS AWARDED: long service medal.


CROSS, Miss Doris (V.A.D. Nursing. “Colchester Auxiliary Military Hospital” – perhaps General Military Hospital in Colchester?)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=52836&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Red Hill, Beaumaris; SERVICE FROM: 11/1915; SERVICE TO: Still serving; HOSPITAL: Woolton Auxiliary Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None until the last 9 months when she went into Military Hospital is now getting £20 a year; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woolton Auxilary Military Hospital, Liverpool Colchester Auxilary Military Hospital Berrington War Hospital, Shrewbsury King George’s Hospital, London; COMMISSION: Anglesey VI.


DAVIES, Miss Gladys Dorothy (28.11.1918-11.12.1918.  V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=56955&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14 Rochester Terrace, Camden Road, N10; SERVICE FROM: 11/1918; SERVICE TO: 12/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: American War Hospital, Paignton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £22.10 per an; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A. Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22,10 per an; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: American War Hospital, Paignton Colchester Military Hospital 28 November 1918 – 11 December 1918 N.B. This member’s service cannot be recorded fully as the Member did not wish to be posted by the Red Cross; COMMISSION: Devon R. 104.


DAVIES, Mr. Robert Roland (Army Private. Nursing Orderly)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=57382&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Froncyyllte Llangollen; SERVICE FROM: 21/09/1914; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/09/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Warrant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Orderly; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Froncyyllte Bryn Tirion Pen-y-Graig Llangollen Correct Address per Query List Services given at General Mil: Hosp: Colchester Essex Military Hosp: Homehurst Essex and Gen: Mil: Hosp: Silver St, Edmonton N. Note-Address on front card is written several times then ‘Per Query list’ & ‘See over for correct address’ written beside it. And in red ink – ‘X These addresses may not be correct address on query list is muddled’; COMMISSION: Chirk Div Glamorgan.


DENORE, Miss Gertrude (5.1916-7.5.1919+ V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=60094&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Military Hospital – Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 05/1916; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Usual allowance; RANK AT TERMINATION: Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital – Colchester – whole time & pay; COMMISSION: Berkshire V.A.D. 68.


DEXTER, Miss Katherine Bailey (3.4.1918-2.7.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&id=60751&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Grosvenor House. North Finchley. N.12; SERVICE FROM: 00/11/1915; SERVICE TO: 00/11/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/11/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. (nurse.); DATE OF TERMINATION: 00/11/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: 2 years. Ewen Hall Hospital, Barnet; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3,350. Pto; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From Ap. 3rd 1918 – July 2nd 1918. whole time at Colchester Military Hospital; COMMISSION: V.A.D. Herts 50.


DICKIN, Mr. Edward Percival (part of 1916-1917. Captain R.A.M.C.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=60971

ADDRESS: 51 High St. Brightlingsea; COUNTY: Essex; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Captain R.A.M.C; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/06/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: Captain R.A.M.C; DATE OF TERMINATION: 24/06/1916; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1916 to 1917: Military Hospital, Colchester General Hospital, Tigne Malta; COMMISSION: Essex.


DICK-MARTIN, Miss Alexandra Marjorie (12.11.1917-12.5.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=146045&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 35 Morningside Park Edinburgh; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 29; SERVICE FROM: 24/09/1916; SERVICE TO: 27/01/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/09/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 27/01/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Malta Military 24:9:16 – 6:17 Colchester Military 12:11:19- 12:5:18 Purfleet Military 21:11:18 – 29:11:18 Holborn Mitcham Military 14:12:18 – 27:1:19; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Edinburgh 10.


DICKSON, Miss Jane Kathleen (11.10.1917-11.6.1918. V.A.D. Acting Staff Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=61167&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ardmore, Ballygowan; COUNTY: Co. Down; SERVICE FROM: 11/05/1915; SERVICE TO: 11/06/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/05/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: See other side; RANK AT TERMINATION: Acting Staff Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 11/06/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 a year; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Ward work incl. Dressings and Operating Theatre; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From 11th May, 1915 to 11th June 1917 at Lord Dunleath’s War Hospital – no pay. From 11th Oct 1917 till 11th June 1918 at General Military Hospital, Colchester pay £20 per annum. Contracted diphtheria in latter hospital and had to give in resignation; COMMISSION: Down; HONOURS AWARDED: Two stripes.


DISBERY, Miss Lilian Beatrice (22.9.1917-22.10.1917. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=61525&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 13, Furze Hill Rd. Mutley, Plymouth; SERVICE FROM: 09/1917; SERVICE TO: 10/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/09/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/10/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service rendered at:- Colchester Military HP; COMMISSION: DEVON 16 R.


DODD, Mrs. Emma Mary (11.9.1917-31.12.1919+ Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=62192&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rose Cottage Caldecote Cambridge; SERVICE FROM: 11/09/1917; SERVICE TO: Still Serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/09/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Ist. Eastern General Hospital. Cambridge. {Crossed through} Military Hospital Sobraon Barracks Colchester; COMMISSION: Cambs Reserve.


DUNBAR, M. (? – ? Trained Nurse. Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.)

Is this Mary Ann Dunbar? Born 16 August 1883 Southwark, London. Baptised 31 August 1883 St Paul, Westminster Bridge Road, Southwark, London.   Daughter of Scottish Porter Roland MacDonald Dunbar and his Southwark-born wife Emily (nee Turner).

1891 Census:      23 Webber Row, Southwark. With father (Warehouse Porter); mother; three sisters; and two brothers.

1901 Census:      15 Tilson Road, Camberwell. With father (Porter at Iron Foundry); mother; three sisters (1 married – Rouke); one brother; one niece Mary Rouke; and one “Boarder”.

1901-1904:          Nurse Training at Lewisham Infirmary, Lewisham, London.

1911 Census:      ?

1915, 30 Mar:     Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “So many gods, so many creeds, So many paths that wind and wind, While just the art of being kind, Is all the sad world needs. (E.W.W.) M. Dunbar Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Colchester 30.3.15.”  https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/41/mode/1up

1918, 24 June:    SUPPLEMENT TO THE EDINBURGH GAZETTE; JUNE 24, 1918. “Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2 Class. … Miss Mary Ann Dunbar Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. , Mil. Hosp., Sheerness. …”

1918, 13 July:     The British Journal of Nursing. July 13, 1918 “The King has been pleased to award the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies, in recognition of their valuable nursing services in connection with the war. SECOND CLASS. … DUNBAR, Miss M. A., Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Mil. Hospl., Sheerness ; …”

1931:                 Nursing Register: Address: 11, St. George’s Terrace, Regent’s Park, London N.W.1.


DUNDAS, Agnes Emily (?.6.1915 – ? QAIMNS(R) Staff Nurse)


DUPREY, Miss Annie (18.11.1918-31.12.1918? 3 White Service Bars)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=65678&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Elmhurst” Bycullah Pk. Enfield; SERVICE FROM: 02/09/1915; SERVICE TO: 31/12/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: (Under Devonshire House & War Office) from Nov:18th 1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/10/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: nursing duties

WHOLE OR PART TIME: 7952 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nursing member. General Military Hospital. Edmonton. Transferred to Sobraon Mil: Hos: Colchester. Nov: 18th 1918. 3. White Service Bars. V.A.D 60 Middlesex enfield Det: Reg: W:O: Sept: 2nd 1915 {Date of Engagement – Date of Engagement in hospital}; COMMISSION: Enfield 60. Middx; HONOURS AWARDED: Nil P.T.O.


EDWARDS, Miss Gwendoline (Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class)

9824 SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 31 JULY, 1919.

  1. SUPPLEMENT TO THE EDINBURGH GAZETTE, AUGUST 5, 1919

“Awarded the Royal Bed Cross, 2nd Class.  … Miss Gwendoline Edwards, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Sobraon Barracks, Colchester. …”

?? “Social Gossip. Nurses Edwards and Graham, of Sydney, are attached to the Colchester Military Hospital (England).” (The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 1 April 1917 p 15)


ELLISON, Miss Annie (23.9.1916-28.6.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=69302&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 3 Ivydene Villas, Escourt Street, New Bridge St, Hull; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 23/09/1916; SERVICE TO: Present 28.6.19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/09/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 28.6.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: E.R. Yorks 52.


ELLISON, Mrs. Jessie Alice (1915-29.5.1919+ Voluntary Worker)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=69336&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 3 Queens Road, Colchester; CHARACTER: P.T.O; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: voluntary worker; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: voluntary worker; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: I have roughly speaking only worked with Essex II Detachment V.A.D. for about 4 months starting with the work at St Martins & at Gostwyck Red X Hospital the first few months of the war. Since then I have entirely devoted my time to the Military Gen. Hospital Colchester helping in any way that I could; COMMISSION: Essex.


EVERITT, Miss Minnie (8.1.1918-8.2.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=braintree&page=3&id=71538&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 67 Rayne Road, Braintree; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 41; SERVICE FROM: 06/11/1916; SERVICE TO: 01/01/1919; HOSPITAL: Ravenhill Red Cross Hospital, Rugeley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/11/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/01/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 6.11.16 – 7.12.17 Mil Hos. 5th. N. Gen Leicester 8.1.18 – 8.2.18 Mil Hos. Colchester 2.3.18 – 1.1.19 Mil Hos. Ravenhill Rugeley; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Middlesex. 54.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=braintree&page=3&id=71539&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 67 Rayne Rd, Braintree; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Ravenhill Red Cross Hospital, Rugeley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Leicester War Hospital 1 yr; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/03/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: No; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/01/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: For 3 months; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [whole time] 3696 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at “Ravenhill” Red Cross Hospital Rugeley Staffs; COMMISSION: Staffs.


EVERSON, Miss Edith May (5.8.1916-22.12.1919. General Service V.A.D. Storekeeper)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=71576&forwards=true 

ADDRESS: 23 Lisle Road, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 05/08/1916; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/08/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1.0.0; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £1.13.6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester.  In the pack stores from Aug. 5th.1916 to present date; COMMISSION: Essex.


FAIRBURN, Miss Alice May (1917. Army Nursing Reserve)

LONDON HOSPITAL GAZETTE, 21_1917 Issue 194 Part 4

 “NURSING STAFF who are with the Naval and Army Nursing Reserve

… … Military Hospital, Colchester

Fairburn, Miss Alice May …”    


FAULCONER, Miss E. Marjorie (2.4.1918-22.4.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=72878&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Tenements: Bedmond Nr. King’s Langley; COUNTY: Herts; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 33; SERVICE FROM: 08/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 22/04/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/10/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/04/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Wandsworth Military 8-10-15 -12-15. Herne Bay Military 14-7-16 Trans. H.M.H.S Brittanic 9-16 Trans. France Military 27-5-17 Trans. Norton Manor Auxiliary 2-10-17 to 11-10-17. Colchester Military 2-4-18 to 22-4-18; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Herts 34.


FELGATE, Miss Dorothy Enid (28.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service Member – Clerical)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=73318&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Fair View, 68 Bergholt Rd. Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 28/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 28/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1.11.6; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1.11.6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hospital, Colchester. Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Red Cross Essex 2.


FERGUS, Dr. Annie Grange (MB BCh Ed) (R.A.M.C. 28.2.1919 – 6 May 1919)

Born on 30 March 1881 in Dunedin, New Zealand.  One of four daughter of the Honourable Thomas Fergus, of Dunedin, New Zealand, and his wife.

1904:                   Annie passed her Botany examination, at the University of Otago, New Zealand.

1910:                   Annie graduated (MB BCh) at the Medical College for Women in Edinburgh.

1911 Census:      Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.  Student.  Aged 30 years.  Presbyterian.

1916, Oct:           Dr. Annie Grange Fergus took up the post of Civilian Surgeon on a one year contract, attached to the R.A.M.C.

1916, 18 Oct:      Annie was given the order to embark on the Hospital Ship Britannic on 20 October for Malta – for duty at St. David’s Military Hospital.  This Hospital closed on 1 May 1917, “when it mobilized as No 62 General Hospital with the British Salonica Force”.

1917, 2 July:        Annie embarked at the Custom House, Valletta, HMT Abbassieh with the staff of that No. 62 General Hospital.

1919, 28 Feb:      Annie began duties at the General Military Hospital, Colchester.

1919, 6 May:       Annie was demobilised.

1925, 28 Feb:      Annie set sail from Liverpool, bound for Penang, Malaysia. “Medical Practitioner”.

1925, 31 Mar:     Annie married Arthur E. Crossett at St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Kuala Lumpur.

http://maltaramc.com/ladydoc/f/fergusag.html -This web page gives more information about Annie.


FERGUSON, Miss Monica Machin (Deceased) (11.11.1918-21.11.1918/Died. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=73786&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 26 Woodlands Rd, New Southgate, London N.11; SERVICE FROM: 07/10/1918; SERVICE TO: 21/11/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/11/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 07.10.18. 1st S.G.H. Birmingham 11.11.18. Mil. Hos. Colchester 21.11.18 – Died; DEPARTMENT: Norfolk Reserve; COMMISSION: Norfolk Military.


FORD, Miss Blye (1.11.1017-2.11.1918. Special Service. Cooking)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=4&id=76815&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Bear & Castle Hotel, Marlborough; SERVICE FROM: 02/1917; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: {After Engagements} Military Hos: Colchester – 1.11.’17 to Nov, 31 1918. Since in France; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Sp: Service Wilts.12; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/02/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/11/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking ; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 450 in HP 286 in Workroom; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Marlborough 29/2/17 to 1/11/17 Colchester 1/11/17 to 2/11/18 France 2/11/18 to date B.R.C.S. Workroom, Marlborough – Jan. 1916 to June 1917; COMMISSION: Marlborough Red Cross Hospital WILTS/12; HONOURS AWARDED: V. W. Badge and Certificate for Needlework.


FOREMAN, Mrs. Amelia (23.6.1916-1.1917. Nurse – also working at Ipswich Military Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=5&id=77059

ADDRESS: Mulberry Tree Farm, Copford, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 23/06/1916; SERVICE TO: 08/1917; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/06/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £24.0.0; DATE OF TERMINATION: 21/02/1917; PAY AT TERMINATION: 26.10.00; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse in Military Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time & one month whole time in Manchester; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military Hospital – 8 months Ipswich Military Hospital – 8 months Manchester Military Hospital – (1 month); COMMISSION: Essex Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.


FORSTER, Miss Evelyn (6.1916-10.1916. “Colchester”. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=5&id=77279&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Woodhill, Crowthorne; COUNTY: Berks; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; SERVICE TO: 09/1917; HOSPITAL: Heatherside Auxiliary Military, Crowthorne ; Wellington College, Shropshire; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Malta – Dartford – Colchester – Heatherside, Wellington College; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing members; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/09/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: No 18 General Hospital, France; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nov 4 1914 to Sept 1915 – Heatherside Mil. Hospital. Sept 1915 to March 1916 – Malta. April 1916 to June 1916 – Dartford. June 1916 to Oct 1916 – Colchester; COMMISSION: Berkshire V.A.D 16.


FORWARD, Miss Sarah (8.1918-22.5.1919+ Parlour Work, Sisters Mess)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=5&id=77427&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Chard; COUNTY: Somerset; SERVICE FROM: 22/12/1915; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/12/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £19 a year; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Storekeeper & Parlour work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 22/12/15 to 22/5/16 H.Q. Exeter Store Keeping. No pay Aug 1917 Still serving Sister’s Mess. Military Hos. Colchester Parlour work £19 yearly; COMMISSION: Somerset.


FULTON, Miss Bella (8.1917-8.5.1919+ Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=5&id=80347&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Drumlamph. Castledawson; COUNTY: Co. Derry; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/10/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 33/6 per week; DATE OF TERMINATION: Duration of War; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Pay department of Civil Subordinates; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Present engagement with General Military Hospital, Colchester, Essex. Per Query List. Served in Military Hospital, from Aug 1917 and is Still Serving; COMMISSION: Londonderry.


GADD, Miss Irene Bingham (16.4.1916-26.10.1918. General Service member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=5&id=80620&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 7 Lansdowne Square, Rosherville, nr Gravesend; COUNTY: Kent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; CHARACTER: Excellent; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; HOSPITAL: Rosherville Hotel, Gravesend; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: see back of Card; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 35/6; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nov. 1914 to Dec. 1915 at Rosherville VAD .HP. Kent – Voluntary service 16. Apr. 1916 to 26 Oct. 1918 at General Military HP. Colchester. Paid service 26 Oct. 1918 to 22 Nov. 1918 at Devonshire House (for Overseas). Paid service BRITISH RED CROSS SOCIETY & ST. JOHN AMBULANCE MAY 21 19{illegible} Stamp on front of card – The Queens Hospital, Commandant 20 May 1919; CERTIFICATE NO: 6451.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=5&id=80622&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 7 Lansdowne Square, Rosherville, nr Gravesend; COUNTY: Kent; SERVICE FROM: 10/09/1914; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Rosherville Hotel, Gravesend; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 35/6. per week; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 10-8-14 to 15-11-14 Quartermaster, Central Stores for V.A.D. HP’s. 15-11-14 to 4-12-15 Quartermaster, Rosherville V.A.D. Hospital, Gravesend 16-4-16 to 26-10-18 Clerk, General Military Hospital, Colchester. 26-10-18 to 22-11-18 At Devonshire House, on draft for Salonica; COMMISSION: Kent 92.


GALLWEY, Miss Jeannette Phillis (11.7.1917-14.1.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

Born 1884 in Waterford, Ireland.  Daughter of Waterford-born Merchant/J.P. William Joseph Gallwey and his Yorkshire-born wife Frances Kate Trelawner (nee Davies).

1891 Census:      26 Circus [Mews], Walcot, Bath, Somerset.  At maternal grandparents’ home (Clergyman Edward and Phiillis Davies); parents; 1 brother; 2 sisters; plus 3 servants of the household.

1901 Census:      26 Circus [Mews], Walcot, Bath, Somerset.  At maternal widowed grandmother’s home (Phiillis Davies); mother Frances; plus 5 servants of the household.

1911 Census:      Church Road, Tramore, Waterford.  With parents; 1 sister; plus 4 servants.

1916, 14 June:    Became a British Red Cross Voluntary Aid Detachment nursing member.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=81010

ADDRESS: Rockfield, Tramore; COUNTY: Co. Waterford; SERVICE FROM: 14/06/1916; SERVICE TO: 14/01/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/06/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20.0.0; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 14/01/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22.10.0; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing till 30.11.18. Then Matron’s Office till 14.1.19; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Joined No 25 General Hospital. B.E.F. France 14.6.16. Posted to Military Hospital Colchester 11.7.17. after sick leave from France. Resigned appointment 14.1.19; COMMISSION: British Red Cross Society & Order of St John, Joint War Committee, Leinster, Munster & Connaught; HONOURS; AWARDED: 2 Scarlet Efficiency Stripes 14.7.17. & 14.7.18.

1929, 3Q:             Married Bernard Edward O’Neill-Power in Waterford, Ireland.

1948,13 Feb:       Jeannette died, Wicklow, Ireland.

1958,13 Apr:       Husband Bernard Edward O’Neill-Power died in Greystones, County Wicklow.


GARNETT, Miss Brenda (V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Rivercourt & Extension Hospital, Maldon)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=81739&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 5 Ribblesdale Avenue, Clitheroe; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: 02/1919; HOSPITAL: Ellerslie Auxiliary Hospital, Public Hall, Blackburn; Didsbury Lodge, Didsbury, Manchester; Rivercourt and Extension, Maldon; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: At Ellerslie Aux Hospital, Blackburn (4 weeks) At Didsbury Lodge, Manchester At Military Hosp., Colchester At London (War Pensions Office) At Riverscourt Hosp, Maldon, Essex At No 2 New Zealand Hosp, Walton-on-Thames; COMMISSION: E. Lancs 94.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=rivercourt&page=3&id=81738&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 5 Ribblesdale Avenue, Clitheroe; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 19; SERVICE FROM: 28/07/1917; SERVICE TO: 20/01/1919; HOSPITAL: Rivercourt and Extension, Maldon; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 28/07/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/01/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Rivercourt (Aux:) Hosp: Maldon 28.07.1917 – May 1918 N. Z. Hosp: Walton-on-Thames 18.06.1918 – 20.01.1919; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: E. Lancs: 94.


GIBBS, Miss Eva (13.6.1915-? Special Service member. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=83414&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Hill Side” Stansted; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 13/06/1915; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord. Mem; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/05/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: S S Mem; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord. Mem; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: S S Mem; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing (S.S. Mem); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: (signed) Nellie Morgan Commandant L/224 30.4.19; COMMISSION: Colchester Military Hospital London.


GIBBS, Miss Winifred (4.7.1918-12.6.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=83501&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 22 Tavistock Rd., Bayswater W 11; COUNTY: London; SERVICE FROM: 04/07/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/07/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 p.a; RANK AT TERMINATION: member; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22.10.0; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hosp. Colchester Renewal of Contract; COMMISSION: London/250.


GLENDINNING, Miss Florence Lousia (1.11.1918-? V.A.D. Nursing duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=85205&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Island House, Greenisland, Co Antrim, Ireland; COUNTY: Co Antrim; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Gen. Military Hospital, Colchester, Essex; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D.Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: at present not known; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing duties in ward; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gen Mil Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Belfast V.A.D. 48.


GODFREY, ? (Acting Sister)

16.03.17. … Exchanges: Forwarded to DGMS confidential reports on 9 Reserves and 10 TFNS who proceeded to England on the 15th under the exchange system.  A/Sister Godfrey’s report will be sent later.  An unsatisfactory report on this lady had been forwarded, and returned to Rouen, asking that a copy might be forwarded to her at Colchester Military Hospital. …”: From the official war diary of the Matron-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force. National Archives, WO95/3988, 3989. 3990 and 3991.  http://www.scarletfinders.co.uk/61.html  (http://www.scarletfinders.co.uk/25.html)


GOODRICH, Miss Jessie. G. (14.8.1916-16.12.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=86674&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Candor, Whitehale Rd., Colwyn Bay. N. Wales; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM: 16/05/1916; SERVICE TO: 10/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/05/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/05/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Dartford Military 16.5.16 to 14.8.16 Colchester Military 14.8.16 to 16.12.16 France Military 5.4.17 to 10.5.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Caernarvonshire 12.


GRAHAM, Nurse

?? “Social Gossip. Nurses Edwards and Graham, of Sydney, are attached to the Colchester Military Hospital (England).” (The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 1 April 1917 p 15)


GREENFIELD, Miss Ethel (12.11.1917-12.6.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=89830&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 70 Everton Road, Endcliffe Sheffield; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 12/11/1917; SERVICE TO: 12/06/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/11/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/06/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: W Yorks Res.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=89831&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 70 Everton Road. Endcliffe, Sheffield; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/11/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per an; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D;DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22 /10s; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: WR Yorks Reserve Det.


GROVE, Miss Ivy M. (11.1.1919-11.7.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=6&id=91750&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 109 Dorset Road Bexhill-on-Sea; COUNTY: Sussex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 24; SERVICE FROM: 17/08/1916; SERVICE TO: Present 11-07-1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/08/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 11-07-19; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: P.T.O;ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Birmingham 1st Southern General Military 17-8-1916 Trans. Malta Military 23.919.16 Trans. Salonica Military 26-7-1917 Trans. Colchester Military 22-1-1919; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Sussex 38.


HAMILTON, Miss Sarah (?-23.6.1919+ V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=94853

ADDRESS: 2 Vicars Hill Armagh Ireland; COUNTY: Co. Armagh; CHARACTER: 2 efficiency stripes; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/07/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 Per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22.10 Per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Fernon Park Stockport Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Monaghan.


HAMILTON, Miss Sarah Jane (20.9.1917-?4.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Ipswich Mil. Hosp.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=94857&forwards=true

ADDRESS: School House Glashlough; COUNTY: Co Monaghan; SERVICE FROM: 01/07/1916; SERVICE TO: 06/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/07/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Manchester Military 1.7.16 – 1.8.17 Colchester Military 20-9-17 Ipswich Military 5.19 – 6.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Monaghan 2.


HANHART, Muriel May (16.8.1914.  Presented with the 1914 Star 28 February 1923)

Born in 1886, Stroud Green, Hornsey, London. Birth registered in 2nd Quarter, Edmonton, Middlesex.  Baptised 1 May 1886 Holy Trinity, Stroud Green, Haringey, London.  Daughter of London-born parents – Lithiographer Henry Alfred Hanhart and Carrie Ellen (nee Edis).

1891 Census:      23 Stapleton Hall Road, Hornsey, London.  Living with parents; 2 sisters; 1 brother; 1 Boarder; and 1 Domestic Servant.

1901 Census:      11 Beaumont Road, Islington, London.  Living with father (Master Litho Printer); mother; 3 sisters; 1 brother; and 1 Domestic Servant.

1911 Census:      Metropolitan Hospital, Kingsland Road, Kingsland, South West Hackney, London. “Hospital Nurse”.

See http://www.fairestforce.co.uk/10.html: Recipients of the 1914 Star.


HARLOCK, Mary Louisa (? – 10 March 1915. Trained Nurse)  Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

Born 1887 Brentwood, Essex.  Birth registered during 1st Quarter.  Daughter of ?

1891 Census:      ?

1901 Census:      Christ’s Hospital School, Fore Street, Hertford.  “Scholar”.

1911 Census:      Addenbrookes Hospital, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, Cambs. “Hospital Nurse”.

1911-1914:          Nurse training, at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge.

1915, 11 Mar:     Transferred to the Military Hospital, Hampstead, from Colchester Military Hospital.

1915, March:      Because she was leaving Colchester, Mary wrote Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Live pure.  Speak true.  Right wrong.   Follow the King.  M. Harlock Military Hospital Colchester.  March 1915” https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/23/mode/1up

1917:                  Register of Nurses: Address -58, Broomhill Road, Ipswich, Suffolk.

1919, 6 Sept:      Successful candidate at the Examination of the Central Midwives Board: The British Journal of Nursing Supplement.  The Midwife.  “LONDON … University College Hospital.—M. L. Harlock, …”

1921, 15 Jan:     The British Journal of Nursing.  “QUEEN ALEXANDRA’S MILITARY NURSING SERVICE FOR INDIA.  The following ladies have been appointed to Queen Alexandra’s Military Nursing Service for India in the grade of Staff Nurse (temporary}:–Miss M. L. Harlock, …”

1931:                     Register of Nurses: Address -The Quay, Ely, Cambridgeshire.


HAYNES, Miss May Barbor (4.1916-8.1918.  Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=100954&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hampstead-Great Moor, Stockport; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Dispensery at Colchester Military Hospital Ap 1916 to Aug 1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 28/- week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Dispenser; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/08/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 45/- week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Dispenser; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 467 at Sir R. Pendlebury Aux Hospital Stockport Nov 1914 to Ap 1915; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Cheshire Branch May Haynes left Colchester on account of her sister’s very serious illness. She was required at house and has not worked since. Cheshire 60; COMMISSION: Cheshire/60.


HAYWARD, Miss Annie Agnes (16.5.1918-5.8.1919+ V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=101050&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 86 Francis St Leeds; HOSPITAL: Allerton Auxiliary Military Hospital, Leeds; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 3rd L.G.M. Hosp. Wandsworth Common; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Continuing; PAY AT TERMINATION: Yes; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time Total 27y. 10 mths 3 wks; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Sept. 3. 1915 – Nov: 24 1917. at 3rd. London Gen: Hosp: (left for 6 mths rest, by Doctors orders) May 16th. 1918 – Continuing at Colchester Military Hosp. Allerton House Auxiliary Hospital. Chapel Allerton. Leeds. ? Total 27 y. 10 mths & 3 wks; COMMISSION: W.R. 78 York.


HENDRIE, Mrs. Lucy (9.1915-11.1915. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=ipswich+mil&id=102708&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Pine Dell, Ipswich Road, Norwich; SERVICE FROM: 11/1915; SERVICE TO: 01/1918; HOSPITAL: Town Close Lodge, Newmarket Road, Norwich; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Colchester M. Hosp. 09 to 11/1915. Town Close Lodge 1916 to 1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: N.M; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 1916 to 1918. 5850 hrs 09.1915-11.1915 whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 09/1915 to 11/1915 Mil. Hos. Colchester 11/1915 to 01/1918 V.A.D. Hos. Town Close, Norwich; COMMISSION: Norfolk 64.


HOBKIRK, Miss Dorothy Margaret (Asst. Nurse, Spec. Probationer Nurse. R.R.C. 2nd Class 9/4/19, mention 11.04.19).  Born 1890 Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland.  Daughter of Northumberland-born Ship Owners’ Manager David Thomas Hobkirk & his wife Amelia Annie Millican.

1891 Census:  11 Moor View, Jesmond, Northumberland. With parents, siblings, grandmother plus 2 servants.

1901 Census:  72 Osborne Road, Jesmond, Newcastle Upon Tyne. With widowed father, siblings & 4 servants,

1911 Census:  Ramlé, Adderstone Crescent, Jesmond, Newcastle Upon Tyne. With father, step-mother, siblings & half-siblings plus 5 servants.

1919,11.04:    Royal Red Cross 2nd Class: Asst. Nurse, Spec. Probationer Nurse.

9 April 1919.  SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE: Miss Dorothy Margaret Hobkirk, Asst. Nurse, Spec. Probationer Nurse, Gen. Mil. Hosp., Colchester.

11 April 1919  Chelmsford Chronicle, 11th April: “RED CROSS “MENTIONS.”

The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organization, and maintenance of Hospitals:- Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class— Miss Dorothy Margaret Hobkirk, Asst. Nurse, Spec. Probationer Nurse, Gen. Mil. Hosp.Colchester”

1959,08.06:    Death in Kingston-upon-Thames “Spinster …. of 9 Poplar Grove, New Malden, Surrey”.


HODGES, Miss Hilda Victoria (? V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=106997&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Foxhill”, Beech Lanes, Birmingham; SERVICE FROM: 17/05/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 1/5 Northern Gen. Leicester. At present Gen. Military Hospital Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D.; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/05/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing V.A.D.; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: County Director B’ham & (part) Worcs., 91, Charlotte Street, Birmingham Voluntary Aid Detachment Date Oct 30 1919; COMMISSION: Worcestershire.


HODGSON, Miss Rachel (? V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=107319&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 33 Musgrave Street Penrith; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/03/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Unpaid; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 15/12/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: VAD Nurse. Penrith Auxiliary Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 1526; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Joined the VAD on its registration Dec 28th 1911. Dec: 1915 went on special service to 1st Northern Gen. Hospital Newcastle – on – Tyne. after six months went to France. Now working in Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Cumberland VAD 14.


HOLAM, C. M. (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

1915, 17 June:    Written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book:“C.M. Holam. Colchester. 17/6/15.”

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/11/mode/1up


HOWARD, Miss O. (Special Probationer.  “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917)

10 March 1917, Essex Newsman: “MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Howard, O., Special Probationer, Military Hospital, Colchester.”


HOWELL, Miss Laura Gibson (10.1917-5 weeks. V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=111609&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 9 Arthurdon Rd, Brockley, S.E.4; SERVICE FROM: 17/04/1917; SERVICE TO: Still engaged; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 4 months at 3rd. London General Hosp. Wandsworth in April 1917. and 5 weeks at General Military Hosp. Colchester in Oct 1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/05/1918;  PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £22-10; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Until Demobolization; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole also 126 hrs voluntary; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Bermondsey Military Hospital. “Special Service” (still on regular duty) Side 1: Date of Engagement – ‘April 17th. 1917.’ written above ’27 May 1918′; COMMISSION: Lewisham 238 London.


HUBBARD, Miss Edith (28.10.1918-? V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=7&id=111992&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Not known at present; SERVICE FROM: 12/1915; HOSPITAL: Swanton House, Ashford ; St. George’s Hall Hospital, Willesden Lane, N.W; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1915; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: VAD Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part-time 894 hours in /15 to /16. Worked since King George’s Hos. London; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Dec 1915 Swanton Hse. V.A.D. Hos. Sept 1916 St George’s Hospital London 28.10.18 Colchester; COMMISSION: Norfolk Aux. & Military.


HUDSON, Miss E. (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Staff Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917)

10 March 1917, Essex Newsman:  “MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- …

Hudson, E., Staff Nurse, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Colchester.”


HUNT, Mrs. Lily (Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.  Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class)

SUPPLEMENT TO THE EDINBURGH GAZETTE, AUGUST 5, 1919: 2723: “ … Mrs. Lily Hunt, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., General Military Hospital, Colchester. …”


INGALL, Miss Mary Charlotte (2.1916-29.5.1919.  Asst. Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=115301

ADDRESS: 16 The Avenue, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst Dispenser & Comt of Essex/2; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/02/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 28/ per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Asst Dispenser & Comt of Essex/2; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Asst. Dispenser in Colchester Mil. Hosp; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division. Miss Round. From Aug 1914 to Jan 1916 worked voluntarily from time to time a month or fortnight at a time at various work. At S. Martin’s House in attendance on the men who had been vaccinated, and at Gostwyke {sic} Hospital, etc, etc. From Feb 1916 onwards been working at General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2.


JACKSON, E.  (? To ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book on 31 March 1915.

1915, 31 Mar:     Written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book:  “When butted by a ram  Keep ca’m, Keep ca’m.  E. Jackson Military Hospital Colchester 31/3/15”.

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/53/mode/1up


JAMES, Laura Elizabeth (Post-WW1 14.7.1919 – 20.4.1920. Sister)

http://www.academia.edu/27837841/Laura_Elizabeth_James_a_much-decorated_New_Zealand_WW1_nurse


JAMES, Mrs. Nellie (26.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service Member.  Telephonist)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=117598

ADDRESS: 35 Constantine Road, C olchester; SERVICE FROM: 26/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S.Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 26/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 31/6; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Telephonist; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Red Cross 2nd. Essex.


JARDINE, Miss Amelia Esther (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class, 16 February 1920, London Gazette)

1920, 16 Feb:      SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 16 FEBRUARY, 1920.

War Office, 16th February, 1920.  His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Royal Bed Cross to the undermentioned Ladies in recognition of their valuable nursing services in connection with the War: — AWARDED THE ROYAL RED CROSS.   2nd Class. Miss Amelia Esther Jardine, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Mily. Hpl., Colchester.”  


JOHNSTON, Mary Margaret (Canadian Army Medical Corps & Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service.  Trained Nurse)

Born 9 January 1883 Sandwick, Orkney Isles, Scotland.

1918, 1 Jan:        Enlisted in London, for First World War service.  Worked at Colchester Military Hospital.

1945, 19 Aug:     Mary died at Winnipeg, Manatoba, Canada – “Death was due to Service”.   She is buried in a military grave in Brookside Cemetery, Winnipeg.

See http://www.canadiangreatwarproject.com/searches/soldierDetail.asp?ID=99825 for more.


JONES, Miss Elsie May (14.7.1917-27.8.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Assistant Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=121350&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Yew Tree Lane, Blackheath, Birmingham; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 22; SERVICE FROM: 14/07 /1917; SERVICE TO: 19/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst. Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/07/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/05/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 14.7.17 – 27.8.18 Military Hosp. Colchester 11.10.18 – 19.5.19 Military Hosp. Ripon; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: B’ham Res.


KYNOCH, Alison Grace [Kynock?] (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Staff or Probationer Nurse)

Born in 1894 Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland.  Birth was registered during the 2nd Quarter. Baptised 3 June 1894, at St. George’s,  Newcastle upon Tyne. Alison was the daughter of Worcester-born Commercial Traveller (Doulton Pottery) Robert and his Smethwick-born wife Jennie (nee).

1898, 6 June:      Alison’s mother Jennie died.

1901 Census:     14 Grosvenor Place, Jesmond, Northumberland.  Living with widowed father; 3 older brothers; Spinster Paternal  Aunt Marian Kynoch (Housekeeper); and a General Servant.

1911 Census:     102 Victoria Road, Darlington.  “Visitor”. “17” years old, with no occupation.  With Head of Household Widow Jane Sewell (Boarding House Keeper) and a brother Colin Smith Kynoch (Boarder. Representative of firm of Miller & Corn Merchant).

Father Robert Kynock was living at 7 South Parade, Stocksfield, Northumberland; Alison’s stepmother Mary; sister Edith Mary Blackett Kynock; and a Servant.

1915, 26 April:   Brother Colin Smith Kynoch was killed near Ypres, Belgium, whilst serving as a Second Lieutenant, 6 Durham Light Infantry (aged 31 years old).

1917, 13 Jul:      Alison Grace Kynoch died whilst nursing at Colchester Military Hospital:  Newcastle Journal – 17th July 1917 Page 4:- Deaths: “KYNOCH – At the Cottage Hospital, Brentwood, Essex, on the 13th inst., Alison Grace Kynoch, Q.A.I.M.N.S., Military Hospital, Colchester, eldest daughter of Robert Kynoch, Stocksfield-on-Tyne. Interment on Tuesday, 17th, at St. Andrew’s Cemetery, Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne, at 2 o’clock.”

Commemorated: “Women of the Empire” at York Minster – Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service and Territorial Force Nursing Service.

See https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/lifestory/7669440  for more information on Alison.


LANGHAM, Miss Jane (1917. Army Nursing Reserve)

LONDON HOSPITAL GAZETTE, 21_1917 Issue 194 Part 4

 “NURSING STAFF who are with the Naval and Army Nursing Reserve

… … Military Hospital, Colchester … Langham, Miss Jane …”


LANGUISH, Barbara (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

1915, 1 Mar:       Written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book, partly across a stamp: “Cetified Correct.  Barbara Languish.  1. 3. 15.  Military Hospital Colchester.” https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/18/mode/1up


LARBALASTIER, Miss Marie (13.8.1916-1.12.1916.  V.A.D. Nurse – contracted T.B. during service)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=129798&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Walmer House, St Aubin’s Road, Jersey; SERVICE FROM: 01/1915; SERVICE TO: Present Date; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nursing member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 1. no 2. yes 3. Yes; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: (see other side ); WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1. Jany 1915 to Present Date. member V.A.D. Jersey. 2 2. Nov 1. 1915 to Augt 13th 1916. Lower Southern Hosp. Dartford 3. Augt 13. 1916 to Dec 1st. 1916 Military Hospl Colchester Dec 1916. Invalided, suffering from Tuberculosis contracted on duty & sent to Sanatorium at Penmaenmawr, Nth Wales; COMMISSION: V.A.D. Jersey. 2.; HONOURS AWARDED: Silver Badge – “Disabled”.


LAWFORD, Miss Dorothy (9.1917-2.1919. Head Cook. Section Leader)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=130458&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Downhills Southborough Tunbridge Wells; HOSPITAL: Henley Park Military Hospital, near Guildford (Aldershot Command); PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: at Henley Park Guildford & No 1 New Zealand General Hospital Brockenhurst; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Section Leader; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/09/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £45 per year; RANK AT TERMINATION: Section Leader; DATE OF TERMINATION: 14/02/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: £45 per year; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Head Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Jan 1916 to June 1916 Henley Park Hos; Guildford Aug 1916 to Aug 1917 New Zealand Hos: Brockenhurst Sept 1917 to Feb 1919 Military Hos: Colchester; COMMISSION: Hants 200 Hampshire.


LAWRIE/LAURIE, Miss Amelia Ogilvie (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 24/10/17, mention 02 Nov. 1917).  Born c1889 Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland.  Daughter of Kincardineshire-born James Laurie and his wife Elizabeth.

1891 Census:  1 Queen Street, Montrose, Forfarshire. With parents and siblings. “1”.

1901 Census:  1 Queen Street, Montrose, Forfarshire. With maternal grandparents. (Family split/no mother found).

1911 Census:  Whitechapel Infirmary, Vallance Road, London E.  Nurse.

1917,02.11:     Royal Red Cross 2nd Class – Sister Q.A.I.M.N.S.Reserve, General Military Hospital, Colchester.

2nd Nov 1917, Chelmsford Chronicle: “ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.

The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:- …  To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2nd Class).  Miss Amelia O. Lawrie, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Gen. Mil. Hpl., Colchester.”

1924:                01 February.  Outward Passenger: out of London to Singapore. With Mr. & Mrs. P. Laryan? “Crown Agents”.  ‘Crown Agents’ are professional people appointed by the government.


LEWIS, Miss Gertrude G. (8.1916-5.12.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=133936&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Riverdale, Bradford on Avon; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM: 02/10/1915; SERVICE TO: 06/10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/10/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/10/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Malta Military 2.10.15 to 6.16 Dartford Military 5.6.16 Trans Colchester Military 8.16 to 5.12.16 France Military 6.4.17 to 6.10.18; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Wilts 52.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=133937&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 2 Junction Road, Bradford on Avon; COUNTY: Wilts; SERVICE FROM: 02/1915; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: yes; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: yes; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Wards; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: This member never worked at Bradford on Avon Hosp. Trowbridge Red Cross Hosp’l Ap. 1915 – Aug. 1915. Military Hosp, Malta Sept 1915 – Ap. 1916. Dartford War Hosp. June 1916 – December 1916. Colchester Military Hosp. June 1916 – December 1916. 26th General Hosp, France April 1917 – October 1918 83rd General Hosp, France April 1917 – October 1918 Stamped:- Bradford-on-Avon Auxiliary Red Cross Hospital Mary W. Skrine, Asst: Commandant; DEPARTMENT: V.A.D. Wilts 52; COMMISSION: Wilts.


LILLEY, Miss Evelyn Gladys (29.10.1918 -29.5.1919+ General Service. Storekeeper)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=134575&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 20 Morten Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 29/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24 Shillings; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Continuing; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31s-6d; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 2nd.


LISTER, Miss Daisy (2.1917-4.1917.  V.A.D. Nursing member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=135277&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Fen Ditton; COUNTY: Cambs; SERVICE FROM: 02/1917; SERVICE TO: 14/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Colchester Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: April ’17 for work at Colchester Hospital; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Surgery & housework at Shelford Red X Aux: Hospital, Cambs; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time, alternate weeks whole; COMMISSION: Cambs 14.


LOCKE, Miss Esther (24.07.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member.  Assistant Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=136349&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Holly Cottage, Wendling; COUNTY: Norfolk; SERVICE FROM: 24/07/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G. S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/07/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24/-; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 24/-; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assistant Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex/2.


LOFTHOUSE, Miss Claudine Muriel (20.3.1919-19.8.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. South African)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=136582&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Fern Villa, Pretoria, S. Africa; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 28; SERVICE FROM: 17/08/1917; SERVICE TO: present 29.8.19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/08/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 29.8.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Salonica Military 17.8.17 Trans Colchester Military 20.3.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: S. African Imperial; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Scarlet Efficiency stripe 2.10.19.


LILEAS, Miss May Lorraine (20.10.1915-29.5.1919+ General Service. Head Clerk, Steward’s Office)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=137363&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 63 Pownall Crescent, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 20/10/1915; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 20/10/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 26/- (£1-6-0; RANK AT TERMINATION: Head Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 42/-3 £2-2-3; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Head Clerk, Stewards’ Office; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hospital, Colchester, Essex Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex 2.


LUCAS, Miss Caroline Mary (3.8.1917-30.11.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=138277&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Castle Precinct Lewes; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM: 30/10/1916; SERVICE TO: 30/11/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 30/10/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/11/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Croydon War Hosp. Military 30-10-16 – 3.8-17- Colchester Mil Hosp. 3-8-17 – 30-11-17; DEPARTMENT: J.W.VAD; COMMISSION: London 40; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Scarlet Stripe 1-17-17.


LUCAS, Miss Ninette Mary (Spec. Mil. Probationer Asst. Nurse. RRC 2nd Class, 16 Feb. 1920, London Gazette).

SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 16 FEBRUARY, 1920. War Office, 16th February, 1920.

His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Royal Bed Cross to the undermentioned Ladies in recognition of their valuable nursing services in connection with the War: —  AWARDED THE ROYAL RED CROSS.   2nd Class. … Miss Ninette Mary Lucas, Spec. Mil. Probationer Asst. Nurse, Mily. Hpl., Colchester.”


MACKINTOSH, Margaret Annie (June 1915 – ? Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

1915, 6 June:      Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Margaret A. Mackintosh. Colchester 17.6.15.” https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/11/mode/1up


MacKERDY, Miss M. G. (Special Probationer. “valuable services rendered” mention 26 October 1917)

This may be MARY GILCHRIST MacKIRDY  Born c1881 Rothsay, Buteshire, Scotland.

Daughter of Glasgow-born Master Mariner John M(a)cKirdy and his wife Isabella Colts nee Dobbie).

1891 Census:  Humber Road, Greenwich. With parents (father “Retired Master Mariner” and siblings.  “7”.  3 servants.

1901 Census:  5 Westcombe Park Road, Greenwich.  With parents (father “Marine Superintendent”) & siblings. “17”. 1 servant.

1911 Census:  62 Coleraine Road, Westcombe Park, Blackheath/Greenwich,London S E.  With Widowed mother & 2 sisters.  No occupation given for Mary.  1 servant.

1917, 26.10:     “valuable services rendered” –  Special Probationer, General Military Hospital, Colchester.

Friday 26 October 1917, Chelmsford Chronicle: “WOMEN’S WORK FOR THE WOUNDED.

NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED. The undermentioned are included in a long list of those who have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Mackerdy, Miss M. G., Spec. Prob., Gen. Military Hospital, Colchester.”

Mary married Robert S. Underwood in 1st Quarter of 1925.

Mary (“of 28 Park Road, Bexhill, Sussex. Widow”) died 20 April 1958 St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London.


MACMAHON, Miss Norah Ryan (22.11.1916-8.1.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Ipswich Military Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=142343&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 28 Prinrose Mansions Battersea Park. S.W; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 01/07/1916; SERVICE TO: 04/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/07/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/02/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Ipswich Military Hp. 1.7.16 Transferred Colchester Military Hp 22:11;16 to 8.1.17 Salonika Military Hp 18.8.17 to 4.2.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: London / 122.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=ipswich+mil&id=142344&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 28 Primrose Mansions S.W.11; HOSPITAL: Salonica, Stanmore; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 1.7.16 to 1.2.17 Ipswich & Colchester Mil Hospitals; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: S.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 18/08/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing 43rd Gen. Hos. Salonica; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Mil: Hos: Ipswich 1.7.16 to 1.2.17 43 Gen Salonica 18.8.17 to 7.2.19; COMMISSION: London.


MARK, Mrs. Amelia (25.7.1916-21.3.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=144832&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Mulberry Tree Farm, Copford, W. Marks Tey; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 35; SERVICE FROM: 25/07/1916; SERVICE TO: 19/09/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/07/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/09/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hospital Colchester 25:7:16 to 21:3:17 2nd Western General HP. 20:8:17 to 19:9:17; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex /66.


MASON, Miss Phyllis (1.2.1917-1.2.1918. Special Service member. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=8&id=147028&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 8 Chandos Rd, Cricklewood N.W.2; SERVICE FROM: 09/09/1915; SERVICE TO: Still working; HOSPITAL: Rosslyn Lodge, Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: S.S. Member L/150; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 etc as usual; RANK AT TERMINATION: S.S. Member L/150; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nurse (see over); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From 9.9.15 to 2.4.16 St. Ignatius Hospl. Malta From 1.2.17 to 1.2.18 Mil. Hosl. Colchester From 1.10.18 still working Albert Hall Mil. Hos. Nottingham M.J. Cutbush, Comdt. In holiday has often worked at Rosslyn Lodge Auxiliary Military Hospital, Hampstead N.W. {Initials}; DEPARTMENT: L/150; COMMISSION: London /150; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Red Eff. Stripe.


MAYNE, Miss Mary Elizabeth (12.2.1919-25.8.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=148628

ADDRESS: Aughnamallagh House, Monaghan; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 28; SERVICE FROM: 09/02/1917; SERVICE TO: 12/08/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/02/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/08/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Catterick Camp Military 9:2:17 9:9:18 Colchester Military 12:2:19 Trans Denmark Hill Military 26:8:19. 3:8:19; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: City of Dublin 4.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=148629&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Aughnamallagh House; COUNTY: Monaghan; SERVICE FROM: 09/02/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/02/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Catterick Camp. Sobraon Military Hospital. Colchester; COMMISSION: Monaghan.


MAXTON, Miss M. M. Maxton  (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917)

10 March 1917, Essex Newsman: “MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Maxton, M. M., Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Colchester.”


McARDLE, Miss Pearl (20.3.1919-9.9.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=139463&forwards=true

ADDRESS: c/o Mrs Maxwell, Polkerriss, Radlett; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 17/08/1917; SERVICE TO: 09/09/1919 PRESENT; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/08/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/09/1919 still serving; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Salonika Military Hospital 17.08.1917 Transferred to Military Hospital, Colchester. 20.03.1919; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: London /250; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Efficiency Stripe17.09.1918.


McCLEW, Miss Minnie Ellen (Special Probationer.  “valuable services rendered” mention 10 March 1917) (Special Probationer. Attached Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 24/10/17, mention 02 November 1917)

10 March 1917, Essex Newsman: “MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … McClew, M., Special Probationer, Military Hospital, Colchester.”

2nd Nov 1917, Chelmsford Chronicle: “ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.

The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:- … To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2nd Class). Miss Minnie E. McClew, Spec. Prob., attd. Q.A.I.M.N.S., Gen. Mil. Hpl., Colchester.”  


McROUGHEN (?), Laura  M.  (? – ?)  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book on 17 June 1915.

1915, 17 June:    Laura wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Colchester 17/6/15  Laura Mc Roughen”  https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/11/mode/1up


MEAD, Miss Kathleen Laura (13.9.1917-22.9.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=148712&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 77 Parrock Street, Gravesend; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 13/09/1917; SERVICE TO: Present 22:9:19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/09/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 22:9:19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military Side 1: ’22:9:19′; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Kent Res. T.F.A.


MELLISS, Miss Joan (27.4.1918-26.11.1918.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=149292&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hill Cottage, Duppas Hill Terrace, Croydon; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 27; SERVICE FROM: 27/04/1918; SERVICE TO: 26/11/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/04/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with;DATE OF TERMINATION: 26/11/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military HP; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Kent Res.


MILDRED, Miss Emily Jane (“Military work”, “Colchester”.  Matron duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=150575&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Cumberland Villas, Middlesborough; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Matron. Royal Bath Hospital Harrogate 150 beds Matron. St John V.A.D Hospital Southport 300 beds; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Matron; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Hospital Matron; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Has been doing Military work from Dec 1914 to Dec 1918 at Harrogate Hospital, Colchester, Mansfield District Hospital – Matron’s Duties; COMMISSION: Mansfield Genl. Notts.


MOLYNEUX, Miss Ethel A. (2.8.1917-14.10.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=152954&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 19 St Augustine’s Avenue, South Croydon; COUNTY: Surrey; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 09/06/1916; SERVICE TO: 17/10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/06/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 17/10/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: France Military 7:6:16 Trans Croydon Military 14:4:18 Trans Colchester Military 2:8:17 14:10:17 Fargo Military 19:4:18 17:10:18; DEPARTMENT: JWVAD; COMMISSION: London 82.


MORPHEY, Miss Lilian Susan (7.1.1917-6.6.19. J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=155012&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Langford Hall, Langham, Nr Colchester; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 18; SERVICE FROM: 07/01/1917; SERVICE TO: 06/06/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/01/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With;DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/06/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military; DEPARTMENT: JW. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex 48.


MORRISON, Miss Kathleen (1.1.1918-30.6.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=155640&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Worlington Lodge, Mildenhall; COUNTY: Suffolk; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 30; SERVICE FROM: 11/09/1915; SERVICE TO: 30/06/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT:11/09/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/06/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Egypt Military 11.9.15 – 5.11.17 Colchester Military 1.1.18 – 30.06.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: London 12; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Scarlet Efficiency 27.9.17.


MORTON, Mrs. Clara Jane  (27.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member.  Storekeeper)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=155865&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 59 Wickham Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 27/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Continuing; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24/-; RANK AT TERMINATION: G.S. Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Continuing; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund. General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2.


MOSES, Miss Helen (29.11.1917-30.11.1918.  J.W. V.A.D.  Nurse. Trained X-Ray Assistant)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=156061&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Fenton, Beckenham; COUNTY: Kent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 36; SERVICE FROM: 19/08/1916; SERVICE TO: 30/11/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 19/08/1916;  RANK AT TERMINATION: X Ray Assist.; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/11/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: P.T.O; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Dover Military 19:8:16 – 31:10:16 Colchester Military 29:11:17 – 30:11:18 Side 1: ’23:9:19′; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Kent 86.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=156062&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 22 Copers Cope Road Beckenham; COUNTY: Kent; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 11/1918; HOSPITAL: Christ Church Schools, Beckenham; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Trained X-Ray Assist.; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/11/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 34/6 per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Trained X-Ray Assist.; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/11/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 39/6 per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Radiography, care of apparatus. Dark room work. Assisting at operations etc; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time Duty hours 9 a.m. to 5 to 9.30 p.m &. ½ day Sunday. 2 years at Christ Church Hosp. Beckenham. Nursing voluntary 1 Month Dover (Declined to sign on) Trained as masseuse with 3 weeks consent of of Red Cross Dec 1916 to June 1917 Med: Elec: June 17 to July 17 X-Ray work. June 17 to Nov 17. Voluntary; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: From: Oct.1914 Nursing at own V.A.D. Kent 86 to Aug.1916 also Oct 5th.1916 to Nov 30.1916 From Dec 6th.1916 R. National Orthoepaedic Hospital Training as Masseuse. I.S. T.M. & Medical Elec. to June 1917 June.1917 X-Ray work at Bethnal Green Military Hospital (took Red X Course in Aug. 1917) to Oct.1917 Oct.1917 X-Ray work Colchester Military Hospital Colchester, appointed Nov24.1917 served to 30.11.1918 (Took full charge when Head was on leave); COMMISSION: Kent 86 X-Ray Colchester Kent.


MOSS, Miss Mabel Barbara (19.11.1917-19.06.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=9&id=156207&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St Albans House, St Albans Av, Bournemouth; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 30; SERVICE FROM: 19/11/1917; SERVICE TO: 19/06/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 19/11/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/06/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: P.T.O; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Sobraon Military Hospital Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Hants Res.


MOWBRAY, C. (? – ?) Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

1915, 18 June:    Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “C. Mowbray June 18 1915  Will you please sign Certified Correct?”

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/50/mode/1up


MULBERRY, Miss Nellie (17.9.1917-3.8.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=156853

ADDRESS: Spring Cottage, Wilberface Road, Sandgate; COUNTY: Kent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 20; SERVICE FROM: 17/09/1917; SERVICE TO: 03/08/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/09/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/08/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Herts/34.


MUNSON, Miss Gladys Ellen (19.6.1916-22.12.1919. General Service V.A.D. Clerk/Telephonist)

Gladys (“Bunny”) was born on 13 November 1897 in Bangor, North Wales. Eldest daughter of Little Bentley, Essex-born Mariner Charles Frederick Munson and his Brightlingsea-born wife Emma Jane (nee Ruffell).

1901 Census:      54 Colne Road, Brightlingsea, Essex. With mother; one sister; & maternal Grandmother.

1911 Census:      9 Duke Street, Brightlingsea, Essex.  With parents and four sisters (“… my father wanted five sons …”).

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=157279&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 21 Canterbury Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 19/06/1916; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Telephonist, N.T. Exchange, Brightlingsea; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 19/06/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1 – 0 – 0; RANK AT TERMINATION: G.S. V. A. D; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £1 – 19 – 3; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerk (Telephonist for 2 years after enlisting); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester “Gone away 04/08/1921” on front of card; COMMISSION: Essex.

1921, 1Q:            Gladys married Colchester-born Stanley Parker Bird, in the Registration District of Hendon, Middlesex.  While she was working at the Military Hospital, Gladys lodged at 21 Canterbury Road, Colchester.  In the 1911 Census, Stanley was living at 9 Granville Road, Colchester.  The two properties were only about a 7 minute walk apart – perhaps they came across each other because they lived so close to each other.  Stanley was a “Civil Servant Student” in 1911 … perhaps they even came across each other at the Hospital?

1984:                  Gladys, as Mrs. Bird, was interviewed as part of an Oral History project (2 reels’ worth): http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/80007178.  She describes her experiences of working as a V.A.D. at the Colchester Military Hospital – a very interesting interview.

1987, 31 Jan:     Husband Stanley “of 70 Ossulton Way London N2” died.

1994, 11 Sept:     Gladys “of 70 Ossulton Way London N2” died.


MUNTZ, Miss Mavis (Cook.  Also at Earls Colne Red Cross Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=157295&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Tiddington House, Stratford on Avon; SERVICE FROM: 12/1917; SERVICE TO: 01/1919

HOSPITAL: Auxiliary Hospital, Earls Colne; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Military HP. Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/12/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 24/01/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cooking at Red X HP. Earls Colne; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [whole time] Resident. Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex.


MURPHY, Miss Beatrice (1 month, whole time)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=157453&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 39 Victoria Road, Romford; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1915; SERVICE TO: 10/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Thirteen months at Napsbury War Hospital (whole time), one month; Colchester Military Hospital (whole time); RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ord: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 10/- per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ord: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 10/- per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & general duties at Romford Auxiliary Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time (600 hrs.); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Did voluntary work at Romford Auxiliary Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex 108 V.A.D; HONOURS AWARDED: Red Stripe, White Stripe.


NEWBURY, Mr. Robert (Nursing Orderly)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=159511

ADDRESS: 17 Trafalgar Terrace, Ystrad, Rhondda; SERVICE FROM: 1914; SERVICE TO: 1916; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Private; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/12/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 1/6 pr day; RANK AT TERMINATION: Private; DATE OF TERMINATION: 27/12/1916; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1/6 pr day; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Orderly; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital, Aylesbury Military Hospital, Bedford Military Hospital, Colchester Military Hospital, Felixstowe [Against address:] Gone Away 24/10/21; COMMISSION: Ystrad, Rhondda, Glamorgan.


NORRIS, Miss Evelyn Foxley (24.10.1916-25.3.1917. Nurse in Military Hospitals)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=161577&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Deanery, York; HOSPITAL: Oulton Hall (Officers’ Hospital), Leeds; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 6 months in No. 14 Stationary Hospital B.E.F. 7 months No. 25 General HP. B.E.F. 6 months Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/08/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse in Military Hospitals. Quartermaster in Aux: Hospital for Officers; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Quartermaster to Oulton Hall Officers HP. Nr Leeds. No. 14 Stationary HP: – 5/8/15 to 2.2.16 No. 25 General HP: 2/2/16 to 5/9/16 Colchester Military HP: 24/10/16 to 25/3/17 Oulton Hall Officers HP: 4/8/18 Still serving; COMMISSION: Yorkshire. 54th. West Riding V.A.D. Detachment.


O’REILLY, Miss Elizabeth Marion (21.3.1916-21.5.1919.  J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=163963

ADDRESS: 26 Kathleen Rd, Lavender Hill, S.W; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 35; SERVICE FROM: 12/1915; SERVICE TO: Present 27:9:19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 27:9:19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Portsmouth 12-15 Trans. Colchester Military 21:3.16 Trans. Chisledon Camp Military 22:5:19. Side 1: ‘27.9.19 ‘ ‘Cert Rtd unknown 26/5/20’ ‘re-issued -/12/21’ Permanent Address – ‘6 Filmer House, Filmer Road, Fulham’ crossed through ‘Cert Rtd unknown 30-12-21’ Side 2: ‘c/o Mrs. Bamber, Lithgow, N.S.W. Australia’; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: London 154.


OSBORNE, Miss Annie (Q.A.I.M.N.S. Staff Nurse, Royal Red Cross 2nd Class, 3/3/19 (probably at Colchester at the time of her award, though RRC for service in Mesopotamia). Went on to serve during WW2.


OSBORNE, Kathleen (? Under British Red Cross Society) (Worked also at Frensham Hill Military Hospital, Farnham and Australian Auxiliary Hospital, London)

https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/bitstream/1885/104819/1/Williams%20Thesis%202016.pdf


PANNETT, Miss Kate (14.10.1914-31.12.1918. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=166182

ADDRESS: Highgate Hawkhurst; SERVICE FROM: 14/10/1914; SERVICE TO: 31/12/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/19/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 31/12/1918; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 7137; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Side 2 Now doing duty at Military Hos. Colchester. Still serving 156 written above the word Hos.; COMMISSION: Kent.


PARDEE, Harold E. B. (American Medical Officer) 

See more at 1st/Front Row No. 22: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/home/1st-row-1918-colchester-military-hospital/


PARKINSON, Miss Jessie Gertrude (3.1918-5.1918. Gen. Service member. Section Leader. Head Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=167066&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Croft Vicarage, Wainfleet; COUNTY: Lincolnshire; SERVICE FROM: 03/1916; SERVICE TO: 05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Have since worked at Auxiliary Hosp. from Oct. 7th 18 to Mar 3rd 19 whole time; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Section Leader; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 25/-per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: G.S. Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 25/04/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: 25/-per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Head Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Raund. Colchester Gen. Military Hospital from March 1918 – May 1918. Lincoln Auxiliary Hospital as a voluntary worker from Oct. 1918 to March 1919; COMMISSION: Essex/2; HONOURS AWARDED: Two service stripes & Cooking Proficiency Badge (Red X).


PARMENTER, Miss Hilda Mary (2.11.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service. Clerical (Surgical Div. Office)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=167130&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Delwyn, Kirby Cross; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 02/11/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G. S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1.11.6; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 1.11.6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical (Surgical Division Office); WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Red Cross Essex 2.


PARSONS, Miss Mabel Lydia (11.4.1916 to 14.8.1916.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=167620&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Sedgeford, King’s Lynn; COUNTY: Norfolk; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 28; SERVICE FROM: 11/04/1916; SERVICE TO: 08/04/1919; HOSPITAL: Prince Edward Home, Hunstanton; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military HP Colchester 11.4.16 to 14.8.16 Military HP Brighton (Kitchener) 23.9.16 to 7.11.17 4th Southern Gen. HP Plymouth (military) 4.12.17 to 25.1.18 Prince Edward Home Hunstanton Norfolk (auxiliary) 8.4.18 to 8.7.18 Military HP Aylesbury 16.11.18 to 8.4.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Norfolk/30.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=167621&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Sedgeford, Kings Lynn; SERVICE FROM: 11/04/1916; HOSPITAL: Prince Edward Home, Hunstanton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/04/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 11.4.16 Military Hos: Colchester. 23.9.16 – 20.9.17 Kitchener Hos. Brighton. 4.12.17 4th S.E.H Plymouth 8.5.18 – 8.8. 18 Prince Edward Home, Hunstanton. 16.11.18 – Military Hos: Aylesbury; COMMISSION: Norfolk/30 Military.


PARTNER, Miss Priscilla (24.2.1919-24.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=167706&forwards=true 

ADDRESS: 26 Hereford Road, Wanstead; COUNTY: Surrey; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 26; SERVICE FROM: 01/01/1917; SERVICE TO: 24/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/01/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With;DATE OF TERMINATION: 24/03/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woking Military 1:1:17 Trans. Malta Military 20:8:18 1:19 Colchester Military 24:2:19 24:3:19 Side 1: ’29:9:19′; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex 56.


PAULES, Ethel W. (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Ethel W. Paules.  Trans to Asturias from Colchester.”  https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/11/mode/1up


PERKIN, Mrs. Dora Dearne (10.12.1918 – 23.5.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse) http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=237093&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Loddon, Norwich; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM:21/06/1915; SERVICE TO: 23/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: pto; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/06/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 23/05/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 21.6.15 – 12.7.16 1st Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge 10.12.18 – 23.5.19 Colchester Military Hospital; DEPARTMENT: JWVAD; COMMISSION: Norfolk 84.


PETTY, Miss Ethel May (22.8.1916-3.8.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=237901&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Eversleigh, Canterbury Road, Leighton N.E.; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 22/08/1916; SERVICE TO: 03/08/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/08/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military HP. Colchester Side 1: ‘4/10/19’; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: London / 110.


PHILLIPS, Mrs. Winifred (02.05.1917-02.06.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=238567&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 32 Stanley Street Tunstall; COUNTY: Staffs; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 33; SERVICE FROM: 02/05/1917; SERVICE TO: 02/06/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/05/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With;DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/06/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Staffs 104.


PIM, Miss Martha Eliza (11.03.1919-1.10.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=239483&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Penlee, Maghull, Liverpool; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 34; SERVICE FROM: 27/06/1916; SERVICE TO: present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: JW VAD; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/06/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 1.10.19; WHOLE OR PART TIME: PTO; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Rec’d 11 Nov 1919 27.06.16 to 29.01.18 – Devonport Military Hospital 03.04.18 to 13.08.18 – Bagthorpe Military Hospital 11.03.19 – – Colchester General Military Hospital; COMMISSION: West Lancashire 70.


PINE, Miss Margaret Muriel (22.1.1919 – 4.4.1919. British Red Cross V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=239567&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 15 Bishop’s Mansions Fulham Palace Road, S.W.6; SERVICE FROM: 04/10/1916; SERVICE TO: still serving 03.1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/10/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £22.10.per an; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22.10 per an; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: 9 months home service. 18 months active service. Both in Military Hospitals; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Oct 4th 1916 – April 30, 1917 – 2nd. Eastern General Hospital, Brighton April 30 1917 – July 1917 25 General Hospital B.E.F. France July 1917 – October 12, 1918 55 General Hospital B.E.F. France Jan. 22nd. 1919 – April 4th, 1919 Central Military Hospital Colchester; DEPARTMENT: Sussex/40 B.R.C.S; COMMISSION: Sussex 40 B.R.C.S.


PLANE, Miss Gladys May (29.04.1918-29.5.1919+ Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=240012&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 74 North Station Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 29/04/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: GS Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/04/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 27/6; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 32/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerk

WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Rec’d 29 May 1919 Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round General Military Hpl. Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 2.


POOLE, Miss Rosamund (4.1918-19.5.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse – St. John Ambulance Brigade)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=241028&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Brecqhou, Manor Road, High Barnet; COUNTY: London; SERVICE FROM: 03/04/1916; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Gifford House, Roehampton; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/04/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1916 Gifford House Aux: Hospt. Roehampton, S.W. April 3 1916 – March 20 1917 Home for Belgian Babies, Cromwell Road, S.W. 1917 Land worker 1918 Military Hospital, Colchester April 1918, still serving 1919; COMMISSION: LONDON/96 S.J.A.B.


POWER, M. (? – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book on 13 December 1914.

1915, 13 Dec:      Written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “As a beauty I am not a star!  There are others more handsome by far. But my face—I don’t mind it, For I am behind it.  It’s the people in front get the jar. . Power Colchester 13th Dec. 1914”

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/5/mode/1up


PRICE, Miss Kathleen Kora (12.10.1917-12.5.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=10&id=243155&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 38 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland; COUNTY: Co. Dublin; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 24; SERVICE FROM: 12/10/1917; SERVICE TO: 12/05/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/10/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/05/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military Hospital Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Co. Dublin 34.


PURKISS, Miss Alice Emma (18.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Storekeeper)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=170112&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 37 Hamilton Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 18/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 18/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1.4.0; RANK AT TERMINATION: G.S. Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Continuing; PAY AT TERMINATION: £1.11.6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: 2nd Essex.


PURKISS, Mrs. Dora May (29.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Storekeeper)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=170113

ADDRESS: 181 Butt Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 29/10/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24 shillings; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Continuing; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31s-6d; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Storekeeper; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 2nd.


QUICK, Miss May (21.12.1917-8.3.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Military Heart Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=170488&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Langton – 38 Polsloe Rd, Exeter; SERVICE FROM: 01/1915; SERVICE TO: Still Serving (Ap. 1919); HOSPITAL: V.A. Hospital, No. 2, Exeter; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 30/01/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per an.; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £35 per an.; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service rendered at: No. II Sect: Exeter War Hosp: 30th Jan 1915 – 30th Mar 1916 Kitchener’s Military Hosp: Brighton 6 Ap. 1916 – 20 Oct 1916 Transferred to 29th General Hosp: Salonica – – Nov 1917 Colchester Military Heart Hosp: 21 Dec 1917 – 8 Mar 1918 1st Southern General Hosp. Birmingham 9 Mar 1918 – 9 Sep 1918 W.R.N.S. Officer’s Hostel, Devonport 24 Oct 1918 – Still serving Ap. 1919; COMMISSION: Devon 10.


RAMAGE, Miss Margaret (5.1.1918-17.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=171067

ADDRESS: 18 Nansen Street, Belfast; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 26; SERVICE FROM: 05/01/1918; SERVICE TO: 17/04/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/01/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 17/04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Belfast 48.


RANDALL, Miss Kathleen Mary (2.11.1918-6.10.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=171292&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Bower. Navestock Side. Brentwood; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 29; SERVICE FROM: 29/08/1918; SERVICE TO: Present 6:10:19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/08/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 6:10:19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Australian Harefield. Military 29:8:18. 28:10:18. Colchester Military 2:11:18; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex 12.


RANDS, Miss Edith (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 24/10/17, mention 02 November 1917).  This may be EDITH MARY RANDS  Born 1878 Binbrook, Lincolnshire. Registered 4th Quarter.

Daughter of Lincolnshire-born Wheelwright Thomas Rands and his wife Elizabeth.

1881 Census:  Market Square, Binbrook, Lincolnshire. Living with parents and siblings. “2”.

1891 Census:  Market Square, Binbrook, Lincolnshire. Living with parents and siblings. “12”.

1901 Census:  8 Shelby Court, Chelsea, London.  Cook for Barrister Charles Workman and family. “22”.

1911 Census:  The Chestnuts, Sackville Street, Grimsby.  Staying with Aunt and cousins. Occupation: School Nurse, with the Grimsby Education Authority. “32”.

1917,02.11:    Royal Red Cross 2nd Class – Sister Q.A.I.M.N.S.Reserve, General Military Hospital, Colchester.

2nd Nov 1917, Chelmsford Chronicle:  “ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.

The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:- … To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2nd Class).  Miss Edith Rands, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Gen. Mil. Hpl., Colchester.”

1960,28.05:    Death, The General Hospital Grimsby … “of 18 Elm Road, Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire”.

Edith never married.


RANKIN, Dr. Egbert Guernsey (American citizen. Civil Medical Practitioner. M.D.)     

Born 19 July 1856 Queens, New York, U.S.A.  Son of New York-born Merchant James Murdoch Rankin and his wife Anna Evelina Schenck.

1910 Census:      7th Avenue, New York, U.S.A.  Occupation: Physician in General Practice plus 2 servants.

1918:                    Civil Medical Practitioner, General Military Hospital, Colchester, England.  (http://homeoint.org/books2/ww1/personaldata.htm)

1920 Census:      58th Street, Manhattan, New York, U.S.A.

1922:                     Death November 25, 1922.  Buried in Manhattan, New York, U.S.A.

See more at 1st/Front Row No. 42: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/home/1st-row-1918-colchester-military-hospital/  


RAYFIELD, Mrs. Alice Dixon (2yrs 3mths. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=171970&forwards=true

ADDRESS: c/o Mrs Rubin, 60 Nightingale Lane. Clapham common S.W; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 13 mos Croydon War Hospital. 2yrs 3mo Colchester Military Hospital. Pensioners Hospital Netley, joined Nov 1st 1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 29/09/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: £22.10 at present; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time completed 3 years; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: I have not done any service previous to being called up. Det:170; DEPARTMENT: Det 170; COMMISSION: London/70.


REID, Miss Maud Gwendolen (16.05.1916-16.06.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=173489&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 346 Ravenhill Road, Belfast; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 30; SERVICE FROM: 16/05/1916; SERVICE TO: 14/09/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/05/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 14/09/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Colchester Military HP 16.05.1916 to 16.06.1916 Transferred to: No. 2 Northern Gen: HP. Leeds (Military) 16.07.1916 to 11.08.1916 No. 2 New Zealand HP Walton-on-Thames (Aux) 20.04.1917 to 03.05.1917 Chester War HP (Military) 29.05.1917 to 14.09.1917; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Antrim/20.


RENTYSCH, MIss Maude Mary (31.8.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Dispenser Assistant)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=173754&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Kilbroney”, Week St Mary, via Holsworthy; COUNTY: N. Cornwall; SERVICE FROM: 31/08/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser Assistant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/08/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 38/6; RANK AT TERMINATION: G.S. Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 42/-; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Dispenser (Assistant); WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Lexden & Winstree Divion, Miss Round. Essex/2.


REYNOLDS, Miss Bessie Lillian (24.3.1919-8.10.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=173919&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 39 Head Street, Halstead; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 15/07/1918; SERVICE TO: Present 08/10/19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 15/07/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: with; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving 08/10/19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Military HP Lewisham 15.7.18 to 15.2.19 General Military HP Colchester 24.3.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex Reserve.


RICKWORD, Miss Barbara May Bevan (9.1914-3.1919. V.A.D. Cook. Also worked at ‘Gostwycke’)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=11&id=175356&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 38 Wellesley Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1914; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: MIlitary Hospital, Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: part time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Gostwycke Hospital Colchester + Military; COMMISSION: Essex/92 V.A.D.


ROBERTS, Miss Annie Louise “Nancy” (? – ? Sister. Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve).  Sister of Florence Nellie Roberts.  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

Born April 1879 Weobley, Herefordshire.  Daughter of Liverpool-born John Roberts and his Warwickshire-born wife Eliza (nee Gilbert).  Sister of Florence Nellie Roberts.

1881 Census:      Shut Lane Mill, Coventry, Warwickshire. Visiting Silk Business Manager Uncle Thomas Johnson and Aunt Sophia (nee Gilbert); with mother Eliza; sister Florence Nellie; and brother Horace (with his family, Horace emigrated to Australia in 1924).

1891 Census:      3 Albert Terrace, Park Street, Stansty, Denbighshire, Wales. With “Aunt” Elizabeth Rogers (Retired School Mistress) and an older cousin Frank H. McCormick (Retired Chemist).

1901 Census:      Royal Institution for Deaf and Dumb Children, Church Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.  Dressmaker.

1911 Census:

Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Sister.

1914, 17 June:    Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book:  “Military Hosp Colchester.  May the “Devil” clip the toes of all my foes that I may know them by their limping! A. L. Roberts”   See pages: https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/18/mode/1up

1916, 28 Sept:    Annie died of T.B. at Fargo Military Hospital Buried in the McCormick’s family burial plot.  Whilst serving her country. Her sister Florence requested and was given leave to visit her before she died.  Probate entry: ROBERTS Annie Louise of 18 Slatey-road Birkenhead spinster died 18 September 1916 at the military hospital Fargo Durrington Wiltshire Probate Chester 24 April to Albert John Cormick commercial traveller. Effects £148 12s. 2d.”  Buried in Cormick family burial plot, under her nickname “Nancy”.


ROBERTS, Miss Florence Nellie (14.10.1914? – 20.10.1915? Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve Sister. R.R.C. 1st Class). Awarded 1914-1915 Star; British War Medal; and Victory Medal.  Sister of Annie Louise “Nancy” Roberts.  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 17 June 1915.

Born 17 September 1876 Tarporley, near Chester, Cheshire.  Daughter of Liverpool-born John Roberts and his Warwickshire-born wife Eliza (nee Gilbert).

1881 Census:      Shut Lane Mill, Coventry, Warwickshire. Visiting Silk Business Manager Uncle Thomas Johnson and Aunt Sophia (nee Gilbert); with mother Eliza; sister Annie Louise “Nancy”; and brother Horace (with his family, Horace emigrated to Australia in 1924).

1891 Census:      Moreton Villa, Brecon Road, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire.  With cousin David Thomas (Draper); his wife Matilda; their daughter; and a Domestic Servant. Aged “14”.

1901 Census:      Royal Berkshire Hospital, Berkshire.  “Nurse”.  Aged “24”.

1905, 19 Aug:     ‘THE HOSPITAL’ publication.  “Nursing Section.  Saturday, August 19, 1905.  QUEEN ALEXANDRA’S IMPERIAL MILITARY NURSING SERVICE.  …  We are also informed that the following appointments as staff nurses have been confirmed:  … Miss F. N. Roberts, …”

1911 Census:      Curragh Military Camp, Kildare, County Kildare, Ireland.  Staff Nurse.  Imperial Military Nursing Service.  Florence was there nursing with Ellen Mary “Nellie” Carter (of the Autograph Book fame).

1914, 14 Oct:      With the outbreak of the First World War, perhaps Florence left Curragh Camp with Nellie Carter to take up post at Colchester Military Hospital.

1915, 17 June:    Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “If scribbling in albums remembrance insures, With the greatest of pleasure I scribble in yours.  F. N. Roberts, Colchester 17-6-15.”  See pages: https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/50/mode/1up

1915, 21 Oct:      Assistant Matron 21 October 1915: H.S. Mauretania.  1914-1915 Star awarded.

1916, 1 Jan:         British Journal of Nursing 1 January 1916:  “THE ROYAL RED CROSS. FOR DISTINGUISHED IN THE FIELD. (FIRST CLASS).   QUEEN ALEXANDRA’S IMPERIAL MILITARY NURSING SERVICE.—Matrons:  Misses … F. N. Roberts …”

1916, 28 Sept:    Florence’s sister Annie Louise “Nancy” died of T.B. in Wiltshire. Florence requested, and was given, leave to visit her dying sister.

1961, 2 June:      Died in Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.  Probate entry:  ROBERTS Florence Nellie of Crayers Nursing Home 83 St. James Crescent Wash Lane Clacton-on-Sea Essex spinster died 2 June 1961 Probate Bangor 3 July to Herbert Robertson Stone retired bank manager and Cyril David Thomas fancy goods buyer.  Effects £1280 1s. 11d.”   Buried in the Cormick family burial plot.


ROBERTS, Miss Penelope Grace (Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 9/4/19)

Born c1886 Farnham, Surrey  (Named after paternal Irish grandmother).  Daughter of Irish-born parents: Royal Artillery Lieutenant Colonel Francis and his wife Ellen Beresford.

1891 Census:  2 Salisbury Road, Hove, Sussex.  Living with parents (father retired) and siblings plus 3 servants.

1901 Census:

1904,13.03:     Adult Baptism at St. Mary’s Church, Wimbledon.

1911 Census:  51A Bow Road, Tredegar House, Harley College E.  Pupil. Hospital Nurse in Training.

Post WW1:      Often travelled to British Columbia, Canada – visiting her brothers.

1919,11.04:    Royal Red Cross 2nd Class – Sister Q.A.I.M.N.S.Reserve, General Military Hospital, Colchester. 

11 April 1919, Chelmsford Chronicle:  “RED CROSS “MENTIONS.”

The names of the undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England for valuable services rendered in connection with the establishment, organization, and maintenance of Hospitals:-  Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class—  Miss Penelope Grace Roberts, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Gen. Mil. Hosp., Colchester.” 

1943,31.12:    Death, registered in Bournmouth, Hampshire.  Died whilst serving in Q.A.I.M.N.S.   Listed in the UK WW2 Roll of Honour.

Penelope never married.


RUMBLE, Florence May nee Woolliscroft (16.8.1914. Civil Hospital Reserve.  Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. Sister. Presented with the 1914 Star 6 March 1920)

Born 1878 Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire. Birth registered during the 2nd Quarter.  Baptised 9 June 1878 at Holy Trinity, Chesterton, Staffordshire.  Daughter of Chesterton-born Brick and Tile Manufacturer George Woolliscroft and his Liverpool-born wife Christiana (nee Carse).

1881 Census:      60 Lord Street, Stoke upon Trent, Staffs.  Living with parents; paternal widowed Grand- mother; an Aunt; and two Servants.

1891 Census:      47 Windsor Street, Hanley, Stoke upon Trent, Staffs.  Living with parents.

1901 Census:      17 Daintry Street, Leek, Staffs.  Living with parents; a cousin; and a General Servant.

1911 Census:      67 Castletown Road, Fulham, London. “Hospital Nurse”“Visitor”, with Widowed Jane S. Clark (“Head”); her two daughters; and one Domestic Servant.

Married Harold Rumble between 2 April 1911 and 16 August 1914, in Paris, France.

1959, 13 Jan:       “RUMBLE Florence May of Mayes Frogham near Fordingbridge Hampshire widow died 13 January 1959 at The Old Manor Hospital Salisbury Probate London 23 March to Colwyn Streeten Hemsley solicitor and Violet Wylde Wigan widow.  Effects £19904 8s. 6d.”

See http://www.fairestforce.co.uk/10.html  for Recipients of the 1914 Star.


SAGE, Mrs. Mabel Emily (22.7.1916-29.5.1919+ Special Services member. Cook. Storekeeper.  Also at Woodhouse Hospital, Gt. Horkesley, Essex)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=182356

ADDRESS: St George, Mile End, Colchester; HOSPITAL: Woodhouse, Great Horkesley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Although in VAD Essex 46 most of the work was done as Special Services member at Colchester General Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/07/1916; RANK AT TERMINATION: Cook Storekeeper; DATE OF TERMINATION: continuing [see “Details”]; PAY AT TERMINATION: 18/- 31/6; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Woodhouse Hospital, Gt Horkesley, Colchester [Dates from front of card:] 22 July 1916 to 15 June 1917 8 Oct 1918 continuing; COMMISSION: Essex.


SALE, Miss Kathlyn Gertrude (28.5.1917 to 29.9.1917+. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=182519&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 162, Victoria Street, Hartshill, Stoke-on-Trent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 18; SERVICE FROM:

28/05/1917; SERVICE TO: 28/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 28/05/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1919;ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 28.5.17 to 29.9.17. Military Hospital, Colchester. Trans 29.9.17 to 30.9.17 1st Southern General, B’ham. 11.3.18 to 30.12.18. Cannock Chase Hosp. Rugeley. 18.1.19 to 28.2.19 Military Hospital, Tooting; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Stafford/32.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=182520&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 162 Victoria St, Hartshill, Stoke-on-Trent; COUNTY: Staffs; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Military Hosp. Colchester, Mil Hosp Cannock Chase, Military Hosp. Tooting London; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerk + Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Staffs.


SALT, Miss Amy (16.9.1916-8.1917. V.A.D. Nursing under Joint Committee)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=182697&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 184 Jarrom St, Leicester; SERVICE FROM: 09/1916; SERVICE TO: present date; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Army rate; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: Army rate; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing under Joint Committee; WHOLE OR PART TIME: full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 16/9/16 – Aug 1917 – Colchester Military Hospital Aug 1917 – present date – Egypt (location unknown; COMMISSION: VAD Leicester/8.


SAMPSON, G. M. (? – ? Signed Nellie Carter Autograph Book 23 March 1915)

1915, 13 Mar:     1915, 13 Mar:  Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Pleasant the swaffle of courtshire.  Improving manners and carriage.  But the colt who is wise.  Will beware of the terrible thought of Marriage!! G.M. Sampson Military Hospital Colchester 23-3-15”

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/6/mode/1up


SAUNDERS, R. M. T. (? To ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 10 March 1915.

1915, 10 Mar:       Written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book:  “Its jam yesterday & jam tomorrow, but never jam today.“Alice Through The Looking Glass”  R M T Saunders  10.3.15  Military Hospital  Colchester”  [or  R. M. I. Saunders?]

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/4/mode/1up


SAVORY, Miss Gladys R. (5.8.1916-6.4.1919. Probationer. Surgical and Medical Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=184021&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Emberton House, Newport Pagnell; SERVICE FROM: 05/08/1916; SERVICE TO: 06/03/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Probationer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/08/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per an; RANK AT TERMINATION: Probationer; DATE OF TERMINATION: 06/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20-10 per an; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Surgical & Medical Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Gen. Military Hospital Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: Bucks. 50; HONOURS AWARDED: Two Red Cross “Efficiency” Stripes.


SAVOURY, Miss Ethel (11.1916-? General Service member.  Wards. Office)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=184017&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Emberton House, Newport Pagnell; SERVICE FROM: 11/1916; SERVICE TO: 1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Military Hospital Colchester & now St Johns Hospital, Etaples France; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G. Service Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Paid; DATE OF TERMINATION: 11/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Wards then in office; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Still in France; COMMISSION: V.A.D. Bucks 48.


SCOTT-ERSKINE, Miss Dorothy (Special Military Probationer Nurse.  Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class)

SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 3L JULY, 1919. 982

SUPPLEMENT TO THE EDINBURGH GAZETTE, AUGUST 5, 1919. 2725

“Awarded the Royal Bed Cross, 2nd Class. …

Miss Dorothy Scott-Erskine, Special Military Probationer Nurse, General Military Hospital, Colchester.”   


SEABORN, Miss Melissa  (7.1916?-1919. J.W. V.A.D. Commandant & C.O.’s Secretary. Awarded the Order of Hon. Serving Brother of St. John of Jerusalem and Red Cross Medal in 1922)

See ‘Colchester War Memorial Souvenir’) General Service Superintendant, Colchester Military Hospital. One of “only 6 ladies in the kingdom” to possess medals for camp cookery.  Passed for scientific post in medical laboratory in France, 1918.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=melissa&sname=seaborn&id=185526&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Mill House, Greenstead, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 19/08/1914; SERVICE TO: still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Richmond & Colchester Mil. Hospitals,/General Service Superintendancy; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 19/08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Comdt. & Dir. Secty; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Secretary, Treasurer & Comdt; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 52 hrs wkly; COMMISSION: Essex. 

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=melissa&sname=seaborn&id=185525&backwards=true

ADDRESS: Mill House, Greenstead, Colchester; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 48; SERVICE FROM: 07/02/1916; SERVICE TO: 28/06/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/02/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/06/1916; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Richmond Mil. Hosp; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex 48.


SEARLES, Miss Elsie Mary (23.3.1916-24.6.1919+ V.A.D. Asst/Head Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=185746&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 99 Ware Road, Hertford; COUNTY: Herts; SERVICE FROM: 24/10/1914; SERVICE TO: still Working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst. Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Head Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31/6 per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Superintending a Military Hospital Kitchen; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: I worked at the V.A.D. Hospital Hertford as Asst Cook from Oct 24th 1914 to March 22nd 1916. On March 23rd 1916 I reported at the Military Hospital Colchester as Asst Cook pay 23/-per week. On April 26th 1918 I was made Head Cook at the above Hospital pay 31/6 per week and am still working here. E.M. Searles; COMMISSION: Essex Working Herts / 2.


SHERWOOD, Miss Winifred Maree (18.03.1919-20.10.1919+ J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=ipswich+mil&id=188353&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Playford, Ipswich; COUNTY: Suffolk; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 27; SERVICE FROM: 24/09/1916; SERVICE TO: Present; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/09/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/10/1919 still serving; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 24/09/1916 – 01/06/1917 Mil. Hos., Malta Trans. 01/06/1917 – 18/031919 Mil. Hos., Salonica Trans 18/03/1919 – Present Mil. Hos., Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: London/22; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Scarlet Efficiency Stripes. 24.10.18.


SHIRLEY, Lady Joan (V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=188627&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 35 Victoria Road London S.W; HOSPITAL: Stamford Red Cross Hospital, Dunham Massey; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: York Military Hospital. Colchester Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 30/05/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 20/08/1917; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Stamford Hospital Dunham Massey Hall Altrincham Queen Alexandra’s Probationer; COMMISSION: Cheshire Branch.


SHORT, Miss Mabel Elizabeth (28.09.1916-28.10.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=188834&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Tanoo, Warlingham; COUNTY: Surrey; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 33; SERVICE FROM: 28/09/1916; SERVICE TO: 28/10/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 28/09/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/10/1916; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 28.09.1916 to 28.10.1916 Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Surrey 88.


SINDALL, Miss Dora M. (8.1916- 6.3.1917. V.A.D. Nurse – Surgery & Housework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=190272&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Elms. Great Shelford Cambs; SERVICE FROM: 05/1915; SERVICE TO: 08/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 25/05/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 05/08/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Surgery of housework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 2380; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Shelford Red Cross Hospital August 6th 1916, went to Colchester Military Hospital to March 6th 1917 Then went to 24th General Hospital France on Aug 23rd 1917 till Aug 23rd 1918; COMMISSION: Cambs 14.


SLADE, Miss Mabel (V.A.D. member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=190872&forwards=true

ADDRESS: “Froxfield”, Eversholt; COUNTY: Beds; SERVICE FROM: 24/07/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 4t. N. Gen Lincoln, Colchester Military; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/07/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Gov. allow; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; COMMISSION: Bedfordshire.


SMITH, H. H.  ?Hannah Henderson (?  – ?) Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book 1 March 1915.   Born 11 April 1885 Seaham Harbour, Durham.

1891 Census:      Rutherfords Buildings, Seaham Harbour, Durham.  With maternal grandparents Robert (Sub Postmaster) and Elizabeth Sample; a maternal Uncle Edward Gladstone Sample; another relative Louise Wickman (Niece of the grandparents/Servant); and a “Boarder”.

1901 Census:      ?

1910:                  Gained Nursing Certificate.  Trained Southwark Infirmary, London.

1911 Census:      20 Denton Road, Stroud Green, Hornsey, Middlesex.  “Sick Nurse”.  With eleven members of the Williams family.

1915, 1 Mar:       Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book, whilst at Colchester Military Hospital:

“Just health enough to do and dare/Just wealth enough to banish care/Just friends enough, steadfast and true/What more want I/What more want you?/H. H. Smith Military Hospital Colchester  March 1st 1915.”

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/22/mode/1up

1918:                    Institute of Preventative Medicine, Chelsea, S.W.

1923, 8 Oct:         Arrived at Liverpool, from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Proposed address in the UK: “Carthorpe, Cleveland Avenue, Darlington.”

1972:                   Hannah’s death was registered “Sep 1972” in the Registered District of Cambridge.


SMITH, Miss Kathleen (1¼ yrs. V.A.D. member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=193444&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Meadowside. Slades Hill. Enfield; COUNTY: Middlesex; SERVICE FROM: 09/1915; SERVICE TO: Still serving; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Cairo (Nasrich Military Hospital) 2 1/4 yrs. Colchester (Sobraon Military Hospital) 1 1/4 yrs; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/09/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: (Home Service) £22. 12. 6; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 3-6-19; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing. V.A.D. Member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: V. A. D. 52 Middlesex. Enfield; COMMISSION: Middx. 52; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Red Effiency Stripes.


SMYTH, Miss Kathleen Inez (30.4.1918-30.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=194577&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 10 Eaton Square, Monkstown; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 26; SERVICE FROM: 03/05/1917; SERVICE TO: 30/04/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/05/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 3rd London General Military 3:5:17 3:12:17 Colchester Military 30:4:18 30:4:19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Dublin 10.


SOLE, Miss Lucy Sarah (6 months. V.A.D. member. Cook; nursing; ward)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=194987&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Sawley Road, Long Easton; SERVICE FROM: 05/1915; SERVICE TO: 28/02/1919; HOSPITAL: Red Cross VAD Hospital, Trent College, Long Eaton; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Ordinary member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/1915; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ordinary member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/02/1919;PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Cook first, afterwards Nursing & Ward; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5487; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: with interval of 6 months at Colchester. Still Serving. Acted as Cook first transferring later to Ward duties in order to qualify for services forward. Posted to Colchester Military Hospital. Contracted diphtheria there and resigned.  Again joined us here in our work. Signed: Catherine J. Hickling Commandant. Long Eaton V.A.D. Hospital’; COMMISSION: Derbyshire.


SOMERSET, Miss Charlotte (14.8.1916-1.12.1916. V.A.D. member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=195069&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Rectory, Crickhowell; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: Still Serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: ₤20 -; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving in France; PAY AT TERMINATION: £30-0-0; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: 172 weeks in Military Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time over {100 hours – crossed through}; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Three years in Military Hospitals of which two years were spent in France. 120 hrs at R.C. Bureau Crickhowell Whole time at Dartford War Hosp. Nov 1/15 – Aug 14/16 Whole time at Colchester Military Hosp. Aug 14/16 to Dec 1/16 Whole time at 26 Gen. Hosp. B.E.F. France Mar 23/17 – still there; COMMISSION: Brecon.


SORRELL, Miss Clara (1914-1917. V.A.D. member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=195188&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Crabtree Gt.Bentley, Colchester; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1912; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Military Hospitals, 1914-17; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1915-1917 Manchester Military Hospital Invalided out. Discharged; COMMISSION: Essex.


SORSBIE, Miss Mary Catherine (10.1914-12.1918. V.A.D. Nurse. Also at ‘Gostwycke’ & Essex County Hospitals plus St. Martin’s House – all in Colchester)

Born 1859 Rochester, Kent. Daughter of Newcastle-born parents – Vicar Robert Sorsbie and Mary Anne.

1861 Census:  Rochester Cathedral Precinct. Living with parents (father “Precentor at Rochester Cathedral”); and 2 servants.

1871 Census:  Vicarage, Sutton Valance, Kent. With parents; 3 brothers; 3 sisters; Patenal Spinster Aunt Catherine; Governess; 3 servants.

1881 Census:  Trinity Rectory, Ramsgate, Kent. With parents; 5 sisters; Paternal Spinster Aunt Catherine; 1 visitor; and 2 servants.

1901 Census:  ?

1909:                Electorial Register: 1 Queen’s Crescent, Hampstead, Camden.

1911 Census:

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=gostwycke+&page=4&id=195199&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 53 Culver Street, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1914; SERVICE TO: 12/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nil; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Voluntary Nursing Member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 500 hrs approx; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. S.Martins House helping with the men who had been vaccinated Gostwycke Hospital Essex County Hospital General Military Hospital, Colchester Odd hours at different times when required & health permitted; COMMISSION: Essex /2; HONOURS AWARDED: Service Member B.R.C.S.

1949, 1 April:  Died in Bournemouth (“of 49 Queen Mary-avenue, Moordown, Bournemouth”).  Mary never married.


SPARROW, Miss Marion Louise (14.8.1916-6.12.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=195648&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Northcote, Whyteleafe; COUNTY: Surrey; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 28; SERVICE FROM: 16/05/1916; SERVICE TO: 19/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/05/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Without; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/03/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 16.5.16 – Military Hosp. Dartford. transferred 14.8.16 – 6.12.16. Military Hosp. Colchester. 20.3.17 – 19.3.19. Military Hosp. France. No more information; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Surrey 88; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Scarlet Efficiency Stripe. 20.6.18.


SPARROW, Miss Marion (V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=195649&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Northcote, Warlingham; SERVICE FROM: 1914; SERVICE TO: 1919; HOSPITAL: Detention Military Hospital, Warlingham ; Burntwood, Caterham; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Croydon General, Dartford, Colchester, France; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: yes; DATE OF TERMINATION: not finished; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Worked at Warlingham & Burntwood Croydon general Dartford Colchester France; COMMISSION: V.A.D.Surrey.88.


SPINDLER, Miss Phyllis (3.12.1918-3.8.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=196225&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Lavender Cottage, Cookham Dean; COUNTY: Berks.; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 24; SERVICE FROM: 02/01/1918; SERVICE TO: 03/08/1919; HOSPITAL: Uppingham Auxiliary Hospital, Uppingham; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Without; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/08/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 2.1.18 – 16.1.18 Military Hosp Uppingham 2.12.18 – 3.8.19. Military Hosp Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Berks Res 70.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=196226&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Lavender Cottage, Cookham Dene; COUNTY: Berks.; SERVICE FROM: 07/1917; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Devonshire Lodge Auxiliary Red Cross Hospital, Reading ; Uppingham Auxiliary Hospital, Uppingham; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/07/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £ 20 per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £ 20 per annum; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: (see other side); WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: July 14th 1917 Devonshire Lodge V.A.D. Hospital. Reading transferred Oct:8th 1917 to Redlands War Hospital. Reading transferred Jan:2nd 1918 to V.A.D. Hospital Uppingham transferred Jan:30th 1918 to American Women’s Hospital Paighton transferred Aug: 26th 1918 to Red Cross Hospital Netley transferred Dec:3rd 1918 to Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Berkshire V.A.D. Reserve.


STAINES, Mrs. Thyra Everett (12.1917-2.1918. V.A.D. member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=196960&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Charney, Wantage; COUNTY: Berks; SERVICE FROM: 03/1916; SERVICE TO: Present date; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: army rate; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: army rate; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: (see over); ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: March 1916 – Aug 1916 Kitchener Hospital, Brighton Sept 1916 – Nov 1917 Military Hospital Egypt Dec 1917 – Feb 1918 Colchester Military Hospital Mch 1918 – Sept 1918 – 1st S Gen Hospital Birmingham Nov 1918 – Present date – Exeter War Hospital Parkside, Saffron Lane, Leicester is crossed through; COMMISSION: Leicester/26.


STAPLES, Mrs. Ethel Gladys (11.10.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Assistant Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=197501&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 22 Mrytle Grove, Colchester[ COUNTY: Essex[ SERVICE FROM: 11/10/1918; SERVICE TO: still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24/-; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assistant Cook; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex / 2n.


STEBBINGS, Mrs. Dora (10.12.1918-? V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=197875&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Beccles Road, Loddon, Norfolk; SERVICE FROM: 11/1914; SERVICE TO: 09/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part Time. 2016 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Did 1 year Cambridge between June 1915 & Nov 1916. (Whole) 21.6.15 1st E. Gen, Hospital, Cambridge 10.12.18 Colchester Military Hospital; DEPARTMENT: Norfolk 84; COMMISSION: Military Norfolk VAD 84.


STEVENS, Miss Frances E.M. (11.5.1918-3.2.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=198733&forwards=true

ADDRESS: White House, Eynsham; COUNTY: Oxon; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 30; SERVICE FROM: 10/07/1916; SERVICE TO: 03/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 10/07/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/02/1919;ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Kitchener Brighton Military 18.7.16 Trans Salonica Military 8.17 Trans Colchester Military 11.5.18 3.2.19; DEPARTMENT: JWVAD; COMMISSION: Oxon 24; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Scarlett Efficiency Stripe 16.8.17.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=198734&forwards=true

ADDRESS: White House Eynsham; COUNTY: Oxon; SERVICE FROM: 04/1911; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None. Joined Detachment May 1911; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Prob. Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/11/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Prob. Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: 05/02/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Hospitals: 16 Bruton St V.A.D. Hosp. London. Kitchener Hosp: Brighton. 43rd Gen. Hospital M.E.F Salonika. Military Hosp: Colchester; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Joined the Detachment as Cook in 1911. Employed as probationer, nursing orderly ( unpaid) from Nov: 7th 1914 to Apr: 30th 1915 at Lady Evelyn Mason’s Hospital for Officers 16 Bruton St. Mayfair W. Appointed probationer Nurse at Kitchener Hospital, Brighton July 10th 1916, left with staff for Salonica Oct 20th 1916 & app’ted to 43rd Gen: Hosp’l on Nov 1st. Sent home by Medical Board in Jan 1918. App’td Military Hpl. Colchester May 11th 1918. Discharged, unfit for further Mil’y Service by Medical Board at Colchester Feb 5th 1919. F.E.M. Stevens V.A.D. {Three Periods of Service on Date of Engagement & Termination} 7.11.14 to 30.4.15. 10.7.16 to 1.1.18. 11.5.18 to 5.2.19; DEPARTMENT: 24. Oxford; COMMISSION: Oxon.


STEVENS, Miss Gladys L.  (Q.A.I.M.N.S. Acting-Sister. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class 23/2/17. Mention 28 February 1917 and 2 March 1917)

1917, 28 Feb:      SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 28 FEBUARY, 1917. “Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class. … Acting Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S. Military Hospital, Colchester. …”.

1917, 2 Mar:       Friday 02 March 1917Chelmsford Chronicle:  “NURSES HONOURED.  The King has been pleased to award the Royal Red Cross decoration to the undermentioned ladies in recognition of their valuable services in connection with the war:- … ROYAL RED CROSS, 2nd CLASS.  Miss G. L. Stevens, Act. Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S., Military Hospital, Colchester.”


STEVENS, Dr. Harold Wentworth (American citizen. 1st Lieutenant Royal Army Medical Corps. M.D.)   

Born 16 June 1883 Saco, Maine, U.S.A.   Son of Maine-born Mill Cloth Inspector Charles Stevens and his wife Della Frances Ricker (Fannie).

1900 Census:   205 (218) Ferry Road, Saco, York, Maine.  “16 yrs” old.  With parents & Sister.

1918, 16.05.    Attached to Sobraon Military Hospital, Colchester, England.    

See more at 1st/Front Row No. 24: https://militaryhospitalcolchester1918.wordpress.com/home/1st-row-1918-colchester-military-hospital/


STOCKING, Gladys (? – ?) Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book.

1915, 16 June:    Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “June 16 1915  With pleasant remembrance and sincere regard  Gladys Stocking Military Hospital Colchester” https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/25/mode/1up


STONE, Miss Matilda Anne (1.1.1918-2.1919. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=200069&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 20 Juxon Street, Oxford; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Joined up at Military Hospital Sobraon Barracks Colchester on the 1st Jan 1918, served 13 months there & now I am still serving at the Royal Naval Hospital Gillingham; DEPARTMENT: 8/Oxford; COMMISSION: Oxford 8.


STUART, Miss Janie Andrina Millar  (A./Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.  Royal Red Cross 2nd Class)

SUPPLEMENT TO THE EDINBURGH GAZETTE, OCTOBER 25, 1917. 2245:  “To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2nd Class) … Miss Janie Andrina Millar Stuart, A./Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Gen. Mil. Hpl. Colchester. …”   


SUTHERLAND, Miss Evelyn (3.1916-24.6.1919+ V.A.D. Assistant Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=202167&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 43 St Barnabas Rd, Cambridge; SERVICE FROM: 24/10/1914; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Asst Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/10/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Asst Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 28/-; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: I worked in the Hertford V.A.D. Hospital from Oct 24th 1914 to March 1916. Then I came to Colchester Military Hospital & am still working; COMMISSION: Herts/2.


TAYLOR, Miss Dorothea M. (Acting Matron. Q.A.I.M.N.S. & Royal Red Cross 1st Class & Bar. “valuable services rendered” 10 March 1917).  Born 29 November1873 Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.  Daughter of Elgin-born M.D./G.P. William Taylor and his wife Jessie Burnett.                                                                                                                                                                       

1881 Census:   67 York Place, Edinburgh, Midlothian.  Living with parents, siblings plus 3 servants.

1891 Census:   ?

1901 Census:   Dundee Royal Infirmary, Dundee, Angus.  Hospital Nurse.

1903,10.07:      Joined the Q.A.I.M.N.S.

1904,18.11:      Promoted to Sister.

1907,01.01:      Began serving in Khartoum, Sudan – for one year (this service counted as 2 years).

1910,12.08:      Began Sick Leave “30 days”, until 10.09.1910.

1910,11.09:      Placed on Sick Leave “3 months”, until 10.12.1910.

1910,21.09:      “Left Egypt”.

1910,03.10:      Admitted to ‘Millbank’ Hospital.

1910,11.12:       Commenced employment at Alexandra Military Hospital, Cosham, Hampshire – Sick Leave over.

1911 Census:   Alexandra Military Hospital, Cosham, Hampshire.  Occupation: Sister/Sick Nurse.

1914,08.08:     Promoted to Acting Matron.

1914,10.01:     Transferred to Colchester Military Hospital.

1916,14.01:      Awarded the Royal Red Cross 1st Class – Sister/Temp. Matron.

January 22, 1916. The British Journal of Nursing: HONOURS AND REWARDS. His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the undermentioned Honours and Rewards for distinguished service in the field, and for valuable services in connection with the War.

ROYAL RED CROSS DECORATION. FOR VALUABLE SERVICES IN CONNECTION WITH THE WAR.  (FIRST CLASS.)

QUEEN ALEXANDRA’S IMPERIAL MILITARY NURSING SERVICE:- … Miss D. M. Taylor (Sister, temp. Matron) …

17 March 1917, Essex Newsman: “MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Taylor, D. M., R.R.C., Acting Matron, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., Military Hospital, Colchester.”

1917,22.11:    Left post of (Acting) Matron at Colchester Military Hospital.

1917,08.12:     Departed for Italy via Boulogne, to be ‘Acting’ “Principal Matron, Italy”.

1918,09.11:     Commenced employment as Acting Matron at Officers Hospital, Scarborough.

1918,09.12:     Sick in hospital.   Due to a “motor accident” – had “persistant ill health” after this.

1919,29.04:    Light Duties at the War Office. “Between April, 1919 to May, 1923 Miss D.M. Taylor was never really in good health, suffering constantly from neuritis and headaches.

1920,06.11:     Bronze Medal Della Salute Publica Italy : “Sister Dorothea Matilda Taylor R.C.C., Q.A.I.M.N.S.”  Read Dorothea’s account of her time in Italy:  http://www.scarletfinders.co.uk/153.html

01 January 1921:  On January 1st the following honours were announced : ROYAL RED CROSS. The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the following :- Bar to the Royal Red Cross.- Miss Dorothea Matilda Taylor, R.R.C., Acting Principal Matron, Q. A.I.M.N.S.

01 January 1921: The British Journal of Nursing – “NEW YEAR’S HONOURS. Women received very little recognition in the New Year’s Honours this year, but there have been such showers of Royal Red Crosses and Orders during and since the war that very few war workers remain undecorated.” 

1921,31.01:    Promoted to rank of Matron.

1921,01.04:    Matron at the Military Hospital, Chatham.

1922,24.07:    Matron at the Alexandra Hospital, Cosham.

1923,27.05:    Sick in Hospital and Sick Quarters until 29.06.1923.

1924,14.12:    Ceased employment at Alexandra Hospital.  Invalided out.  Total service: 22 years 159 days. “On account of ill health contracted on active service”.

1928,11.10:     Death “of Swanston Cottage, Oulton Broad, Lowestoft”.  Dorothea never married.

The British Journal of Nursing.  NOVEMBER, 1928

“It is with much regret that we record the death of Miss D. M. Taylor, late Matron, Q.A.I.M.N.S., daughter of the late Dr. William Taylor and sister of Dr. W. Macrae Taylor, consulting Physician, Edinburgh, who died on October 11th, after a few days’ illness.

 Miss Taylor was trained at Dundee Royal Infirmary, and was appointed to Q.A.I.M.N.S. on July 10th, 1903. She served in Ireland, Egypt, and at Cosham.   On the outbreak of war she did Acting Matron’s duties at home, and in 1917 went out to Italy as Acting Principal Matron.  

Later she served for two years at the War Office, and on receiving her substantive promotion to Matron was posted to the Military Hospital, Chatham, and afterwards transferred to Cosham, where she served until she was placed on retired pay on account of ill-health due to active service in December, 1924. 

Miss Taylor was the recipient of the following honours, The Royal Red Cross and Bar, Della Salute Publica (Bronze) and M.I.D.          

Miss Taylor was an exceptionally capable woman, with wide administrative experience, and deep sympathy will be felt for her relatives in their bereavement.”

[N.B.    M.I.D. = Mentioned in Despatches]


TAYLOR, Mrs. Margaret (Mrs. Charles) (Quartermaster)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=205067&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 18 Cowley Street Westminster. London; SERVICE FROM: 02/1917; SERVICE TO: 08/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Colchester Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Quartermaster; DATE OF TERMINATION: 08/1917; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Quartermaster at Shelford Red X Aux: Hos: Camb; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; COMMISSION: Camb 14.


THORNLEY, Miss Margaret Ethel (1.11.1918-1.5.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Assistant Cook)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=208172&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 7, Richmond Road, Littleham, Exmouth; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM: 04/06/1917; SERVICE TO: Present 1:11:19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 04/06/1917; RANK AT TERMINATION: Ass. Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving: 1:11:19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Warrington Military 4.6.17 – 15.4.18. Birmingham Military 1.10.18 – 31.10.18. Colchester Military 1.11.18 – 1.5.19. Dartford Military 11.10.19; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Devon 38.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=208173&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 7 Richmond Road, Littleham Cross, Exmouth; SERVICE FROM: 12/1914; SERVICE TO: Still serving ( Ap. 1919); HOSPITAL: Budleigh Salterton V.A. Hospital, Serai, Budleigh Salterton; V.A. Hospital, No. 5, Exeter; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse & Cook; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/12/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse & Cook; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 per an.; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing & Cooking; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [Whole] 1) 18 mths [part time] 2) 504 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

Service rendered at:- V.A. Hp. Budleigh Salterton – 10½ months (Cook) No. 5 Exet:. Exeter War Hp. – Fortnight Red X Hosp: Torquay – 7½ months (Cook) Lord Derby’s Military Hosp: Warrington – 10½ months (Nurse) Birmingham – – 1 month – then transferred Colchester – Still serving – Ap. 1919; COMMISSION: Devon 38.


TICE, Winifred Eliza (7.10.1914. Awarded the 1914 Star)

Born 1877 Canterbury, Kent.  Daughter of Chertsey, Surrey-born Ironmonger & Hot Water Engineer William Tice and his Abergavenny, Wales -born wife Ann Sybil (nee ?)

1881 Census:      5 Castle Street, Canterbury, Kent.  Living with parents; three older sisters; two older brothers; two younger sisters; a younger sister; a younger brother; a Cook; a Nurse; a Housemaid

1891 Census:      3 Castle Street, Canterbury, Kent.  Living with parents; three older sisters; one older brother; two younger sisters; a Cook; a Housemaid; and two Ironmonger’s Apprentices.

1901 Census:      Rathgowry, Eastbourne, Sussex.  Ladies School. “English Mistress”.

1911 Census:      St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, West Smithfield EC.  “Hospital Nurse”.

1948, 22 Jan:       Departed London for Adelaide, Australia.  Her address in the UK was given as “Garth Cottage, Yealand Conyers, Carnforth, Lancs.” 

1949, 16 Jan:       Arrived in London, from Sydney, Australia.  Her address in the UK was given as “Garth Cottage, Yealand Conyers, Carnforth, Lancs.” 

1949, 16 Dec:      Departed London for Adelaide, Australia.  Her address in the UK was given as “Garth Cottage, Yealand Conyers, Carnforth, Lancs.” 

1965, 19 Aug:     Winifred Eliza Tice died.  She was buried Centennial Park Cemetery, Pasadena, Mitcham City, South Australia.

See http://www.fairestforce.co.uk/10.html  Recipients of the 1914 Star.


TODD, Miss Edith (18.3.1919-31.10.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=209380&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 27 Vernon Road, Leeds; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 26; SERVICE FROM: 13/10/1915; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/10/1915; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 13.10.15 to trans 1st Western General Liverpool. 9.16 Trans Malta Military. 2.3.17 Trans Leeds Military. 4.17 Trans Salonica Military. 18.3.19 Trans Colchester Military. to 31.10.19. 29.11.19 Whipps Cross Convalescent Home Auxiliary; DEPARTMENT: J .W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: W.R. Yorks/122.


TRICKETT, Miss Rachel (V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=211149&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Guy’s Hospital, London; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: 1919; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/10/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 14/11/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nurse in Military Hospital Lancashire & in Salonica. Now training at Guys; WHOLE OR PART TIME: full time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at:- Queen Mary’s Military Hosp Whalley Lanc. H.M.H.S. ‘Aquitania’ Sutton Veny Military Hosp. Warminster, Wilts. B.E.F. Salonica 42nd Gen: Hosp. & Convalescent Camp for Sisters 28th General Hospital Sobraon Military Hosp. Colchester, Essex; COMMISSION: Cheshire Branch. Ches/118.


TURNER, Miss Mary (V.A.D. Q.A.I.M.N.S.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=212024&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 190 High St, Bloxwich, Walsall; SERVICE FROM: 11/05/1915; SERVICE TO: 18/09/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 11/05/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 18/09/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: £27.10; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Q.A.I.M.N.S; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: No 14th Stationary Hosp. B.E.F. No 3 General Hosp. B.E.F. Aux Hosp. Melton Mowbray Military Hosp. Norwich Military Hosp. Colchester Resigned owing to sickness 17.1.17 rejoined during that time I was at the Aux.Hosp. 17.10.17. Melton Mowbray from 11.5.17 – 28.7.17; COMMISSION: Staffs 46 V.A.D.


TURTLE, Miss Jessie (14.8.1816-10.3.1917.  J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=212728&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Kirkmead, Woodford; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM: 14/08/1916; SERVICE TO: 10/03/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 14/08/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 10/03/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 14.8.16 to 10.3.17 Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Essex/6.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=212729&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Kirkmead, Woodford Green; SERVICE FROM: 1915; SERVICE TO: 1919; HOSPITAL: Hanover House, Woodford Green; Ormonde House, Buckhurst Hill; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: no Colchester Military Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member VAD; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: no; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member VAD no; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: no; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Member; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 5,350; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Hanover House Hosp: Woodford Wells Ormonde House Hosp: Buckhurst Hill; COMMISSION: B.R.C.S. Essex.


TYERMAN, Miss Emily (16.01.1919-03.05 1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=223059&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 98 Hill Terrace, Middlesbrough; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 31; SERVICE FROM: 03/01/1916;; SERVICE TO: 03/03/1919; HOSPITAL: Salonica, Stanmore; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/01/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 03/03/1919

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 3rd Northern General Sheffield 03.01.1916 transferred Military Hospital Salonica 20.04.1917 transferred Military Hospital Colchester 16.01.1919 to 03.05 1919; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: North Riding Yorkshire 76; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Scarlet efficiency stripes 19.08.1919.


UPSON, Miss Emma Elizabeth (12/08/1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Clerical)

Emma lived in Hamilton Road, Colchester.  Did she work at the Military Hospital’s “Extension” in her road sometimes perhaps?

This is probably Emma: Born 1894/5 Rivenhall, Essex (birth registered 1Q 1895.  Daughter of Rivenhall-born Farmer Robert Upson and his Norfolk-born wife Elizabeth (nee Walton).

1901 Census:     34 & 34a Cargill Street, Wandsworth. With maternal Uncle Herbert Walton (Grocer’s Assistant; mother; and one older sister, Ellen.

1911 Census:      Boarstye Farm, Rivenhall, Witham, Essex. Wife parents; three brothers; three sisters; and two “single” Upson Uncles.

1939:                  32 Hamilton Road Colchester, along with her widowed mother and her sister Gladys Martha.

1976, 25 Jan:      Emma Elizabeth Upson “of 32 Hamilton Road Colchester” died.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=223523&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 32 Hamilton Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 12/08/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/08/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 31/6; DATE OF TERMINATION: still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex/2.


VARROW, Mrs. Beatrice Ethel (11.1916-30.4.1919+ V.A.D. Clerk. Also worked at the Military Hospital’s “Extension” in Hamilton Road, Colchester)

1891 Census:      Quay Street, Wivenhoe. With parents; three sisters; one General Domestic Servant; and a Yarmouth, Norfolk-born Shipwright lodger Robert Bolingbroke.

1891, 3Q:             Mother Elizabeth Emma Ham died.

1901 Census:      New Town, Wivenhoe, Essex.  “Draper’s Assistant”. With Auctioneer & Builder father; Stepmother Ellen M.; two older sisters; one younger sister; and one half-sister Florence.

1911 Census:      2 Westbourne Grove, Terrace Bayswater, Paddington W. “Assistant. Mantles. Drapery”. With sister Annie. Employed (and housed) by Messrs. Whiteley Limited – an early department store).

1913, 2Q:             Married Sudbury, Suffolk-born George Ernest Varrow (Lexden District – Wivenhoe?)

1917, 18 Feb:      Husband Royal Engineer Sgt. Sapper George Ernest Varrow died in the No. 6 General  Hospital at Rouen, France (aged 29). He is buried in Plot O. V. I. 5 in the St. Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, France.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=213319&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Hamilton Villa, Wivenhoe; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 23/03/1916; SERVICE TO: 30/04/1919; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/03/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 20/- week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Head Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 42/6 week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical work at Hamilton Rd HP. Colchester; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: March 23rd. 1916 to Nov: 11th. 1916 at Fort Pitt Military HP. Chatham Kent. Transferred to General Military Hospital Colchester Nov: 1916 Side 2: ‘still serving there’ crossed through.

1939 Register:    The Firs, Wivenhoe, Essex. Widow. Retired Saleswoman.  Living with Step-mother; half-sister Florence; plus ?a lodger Horace Moore.

1948, 5 Mar:       “VARROW Beatrice Ethel of The Firs Wivenhoe Essex widow died 4 March 1948 Probate 7 June to Florence Elsie Ham spinster.  Effects £1264 0s. 3d.”


WADE, Miss Mary Louisa (13.5.1918-29.5.1919+ General Service member. Clerical)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=214622&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 14, Orchard Road Colchester.; SERVICE FROM: 13/05/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S.Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 13/05/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 24/-; RANK AT TERMINATION: G.S.Member; PAY AT TERMINATION: 32/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex.


WALFORD, Miss Elizabeth (Dispenser. Also worked at Dovercourt Military Hospital)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=dovercourt&page=3&id=215289&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 235 Maldon Rd, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 10/1915; SERVICE TO: Present Date; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser at Stoke on Trent War Hospital during April 1916 Dispenser at Dovercourt Mility. Hospital from June 1916 to July 1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser at Colchester Mility. Hosp; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/08/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 38/6 weekly; RANK AT TERMINATION: Dispenser at Colchester Mility. Hosp; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: £2.2.0 weekly; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Dispenser; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round; COMMISSION: Essex 44.


WALKER, Adelaide Louisa (? – ? Staff Nurse)

Born 6 February 1880.  Upper Gornal, Sedgley, Staffordshire. Daughter of Oxford-born Schoolmaster James H. and Sedgley-born Hannah Walker

1881 Census:      Schoolmaster House, 39 Kent Street, Upper Gornal, Sedgley, Staffs. With parents; three brothers; one sister; and one Domestic Servant.

1891 Census:      Hope Cottage, Kent Street, Upper Gornal, Sedgley, Staffs. With parents; three brothers; two sisters; and a Domestic Servant.

1901 Census:      ??

1907, 1 Jan:         Began Nurse training, to 4 April 1910.  At Wolverhampton Union Infirmary. Before this, she had been a “Companion”.

1910, 17 May:    Joined the Sunderland District Nursing Association. This Association provided maternity services and a home nursing service.

1911, 1 Jan:         Queen’s Nurses’ Institute Roll No. 4022:  “Cyclist”; “Superintendent’s Report. Painstaking nurse, with plenty of common sense; good housekeeper.  Inspector’s Report. Well educated worker, most interested in all things connected with her patients.”

1911 Census:      (Victoria House)28 Murton Street, Sunderland. HQ for the Sunderland District Nursing Association. “Sick Nurse”.  With the Superintendent Sick Nurse; seven other Sick Nurses; a Domestic Cook; and a Domestic Servant.

1914:                     “… It was not only the men who were called to the colours on the outbreak of war, nurses were also mobilized.  As a result, from the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Sister Logan and Nurse McKay were sent to Chatham Royal Naval Hospital; Nurse Swales and Sister Lumsden went to the Royal Herbert Military Hospital, Woolwich; and Nurses Walker and Browning to the Military Hospital, Colchester. … Extract from ‘Sunderland in the Great War’ By Clive Dunn, Gillian Dunn (pages 17 and 18)

1956, 7 Mar:                       Adelaide’s death was registered in Solihull, Warwickshire. Probate entry: WALKER Adelaide Louisa of 77 Front-street East Boldon county Durham spinster died 7 March 1956 at 6 Silhill Hall-road Sullihull Birmingham Probate Durham 17 May to John Lewis commercial traveller.  Effects £1198 11s. 5d.”  


WALLER, Miss Hilda May (9.11.1918-29.5.1919+ General  Service member. Clerical Registar’s Office)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=216437&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Ivy Cottage, Bergholt Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 09/11/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G. S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/11/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 31s/6d;; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: 31s/6d; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical Registar’s Office; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. General Military Hospital, Colchester; COMMISSION: Red Cross Essex 2.


WALSH, Mrs. Miriam (nee Wyatt) (4.1915 -7.1915.  V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=216910&forwards=true

ADDRESS: The Manor House, Storrington, Pulborough; COUNTY: Sussex; SERVICE FROM: 12/09/1914; SERVICE TO: 04/1915; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/09/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/10/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: April 1915 – July 1915 Military Hospital (Colchester) August 1915 – September 1915 24 General – (Etaples) B.E.F. July 1916 – October 30th 1916 BRC Hospital Netley; COMMISSION: Sussex London Hospital (Whitechapel).


WALTER-SMITH, Miss R. [A] (Special Probationer. Attd. Q.A.I.M.N.S.R.“valuable services rendered”. 26 Oct. 1917 & 16 Aug. 1918 Chelmsford Chronicle)   [N.B. “Attd.” = attached to …]

Special Military Probationer.

1911 Census:  ?

26 October 1917, Chelmsford Chronicle:  “WOMEN’S WORK FOR THE WOUNDED.

NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.  The undermentioned are included in a long list of those who have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:- … Walter-Smith, Miss R., Spec. Prob., attd. Q.A.I.M.N.S., Gen. Mil. Hosp., Colchester.”

16 August 1918, Chelmsford Chronicle:  “NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED.

The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war:- …  Walter-Smith, Special War Prob. Miss R., General Hospital, Colchester.”

1961-1967:      1 Cambridge Cottages, Salcombe Road, Sidmouth, Devon.  (British Phone Books).


WARDEN, Miss Cissy Alice (16.6.1916-24.9.1918+ General  Service V.A.D. Telephonist/Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=colchester&duties=telephonist&id=220611&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Athelstan Road Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 16/06/1916; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD GS Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 16/06/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 36/6; RANK AT TERMINATION: Clerk; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: 36/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Telephonist and clerk Colchester Mil Hosp; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: Essex.


WARREN, Miss Gladys (V.A.D. member. Housework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=218376&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Essendene, Caterham; SERVICE FROM; 1914; SERVICE TO: 1919; HOSPITAL: 27, Berkeley Square ; Burntwood, Caterham ; Detention Military Hospital, Warlingham; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 12/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Housework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: [part time] 1071 Full time also 6 mos at Mrs. Salisbury Jones Hos: for Officers 27 Berkeley Sqr. & Sisters’ Mess – Military Hosp: Colchester; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Worked at Warlingham Burntwood 27 Berkley Sq. & Military Hosp: Colchester; COMMISSION: V.A.D. Surrey 88.


WATSON, Mrs. Sybil (29.11.18-11.12.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=219558&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 22 Thoresby St. Hull; COUNTY: Yorks; SERVICE FROM: 21/10/1918; SERVICE TO: 11/12/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 21/10/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; RANK AT TERMINATION: Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: 11/12/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing’ WHOLE OR PART TIME: Full Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 21.10.18 2nd N G H. Leeds. 29.11.18 Mil: Hos. Colchester. 11.12.18 Withdrawn; DEPARTMENT: Norfolk Reserve; COMMISSION: Norfolk Military.


WEBB-JOHNSTON, Miss Kathleen (1.5.1918-22.11.1918. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=120367&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Cricklewood, East Sheen; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Surrey 128; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 22/01/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £200 year; DATE OF TERMINATION: 22/11/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Jan 22 ’16 – July 1 ’17 St Georges Hosp. Malta July 1 ’17 – Dec 18 ’17 64 Gen: Hosp. Salonica Dec: 18 ’17 – Feb 27 ’18 28 Gen: Hosp. Salonica May 1st 18 – Nov 22 ’18 Gen: Military Hosp. Colchester A.N. Badge cancelled on resignation; COMMISSION: Surrey; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 W. S.C. No. 556, 3 blue chevrons, 2 F.A., 2 H.N., 2 yrs A, 2 red stripes, 1 P.B.N. see over.


WELLER, Miss Connie (4.3.1919-8.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=221305&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 59 Hatherley Road, Sidcup; COUNTY: Kent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 26; SERVICE FROM: 08/05/1917; SERVICE TO: Still serving 12.11.19; HOSPITAL: Royal Victoria Auxiliary Hospital; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/05/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving 12.11.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Written Side 2 08/05/1917 to transf. Military Hospital, Weymouth 04/03/1919 to trans. Sobraon Military, Colchester 08/1919 to present Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Kent/62.


WEST, Miss Gertrude Mary (17.10.1916-08.11.1916. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse. Also at Dovercourt)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=12&id=221918&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Melrose, Ingatestone; COUNTY: Kent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; SERVICE FROM: 17/10/1916; SERVICE TO: 23/02/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P. T. O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/10/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 23/02/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 17. 10. 1916 – 08. 11. 1916 Military Hospital Colchester. 23. 01. 1917 – 23. 02. 1919 Military Hospital Dovercourt; DEPARTMENT: J. W. V. A. D; COMMISSION: Essex 102; HONOURS AWARDED: 1 Scarlet Effiency Stripe. 23. 2.18.


WEST, Miss Gladys Evelyn (25.12.1918-24.3.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=MILITARY+COLCHESTER&page=15&id=221921

ADDRESS: The Cottage, Sutton Park Nr Guildford; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 21; SERVICE FROM: 08/12/1916; SERVICE TO: Present 13.11.19; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 18/12/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: Present 13.11.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 18.12.16 – 18.1.17. Military Hosp. Canterbury. 22.5.17 – 22.12.17. 4th Lond. Gen. Mil. Hosp. Denmark Hill. 1.3.18 – 1.9.18. Orthopaedic Mil. Hosp. Shepherd’s Bush. 24.9.18 King George Mil. Hosp. transferred 25.12.18. – 24.3.19. Mil. Hosp. Colchester – 22.9.19 – Mil. Orthopaedic Hosp. Shepherds Bush; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Surrey 24.


WHEELER, Miss Evelyn Mary (2.11.1918-4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=223629&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 10 High Street, Colchester; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 19; SERVICE FROM: 02/11/1918; SERVICE TO: 04/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/11/1918; DATE OF TERMINATION: 04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 2.11.18 to 4. 19 Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J. W. V. A. D; COMMISSION: Essex/2.


WHITE, Miss Flossie Hilda (8.9.1917-10.9.1919+ V.A.D. Register Clerk & Typist)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=224398&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 25, Albert Terrace. Old Road, Laira. Plymouth; SERVICE FROM: 08/09/1917; SERVICE TO: Still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Register Clerk & Typist; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 08/09/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £1:14:3 per week; RANK AT TERMINATION: Register Clerk & Typist; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £1:14:3 per week; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Clerical & typing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Service rendered at:- Sobraon Military HP. Colchester; COMMISSION: Devon 16 R.


WHITE, Miss Mary Gladys (25.10.1916-1.1917. General Service member.  V.A.D.)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=224679&forwards=true

ADDRESS: St Brelade’s; COUNTY: Jersey; HOSPITAL: Fir Grove Hospital, Eversley, Winchfield; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: G.S. Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 15/01/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/01/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Yes; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Member of Jersey 4 VAD; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Feb. 3 1916 to Aug. 1916 Wool Military Hospital Oct. 25 1916 to Jan. 1917 Colchester Mil. Hospital Jan. 1917 to Apl. 1917 Eversley Aux Hospital Aug. 16 1918 to 1918 Nov. 1 1918 – still serving at R.F.C. Hosp. 37 Bryanston Square, London W; COMMISSION: Jersey.


WHITTUCK, Miss Gladys (? – ? Sister. Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve. Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class)

1915, 23 Jan:       The British Journal of Nursing:  NURSING AND THE WAR. St. George’s Hospital Gazette publishes the names of the following nurses serving the sick and wounded: Q.A.I.M.N.S. Reserve—Nurse Maltby, Nurse Whittuck, …” [St. George’s – Tooting, London]

SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 31 JULY, 1919. 9829.

SUPPLEMENT TO THE EDINBURGH GAZETTE, AUGUST 5, 1919. 2727

  Awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class … Miss Gladys Whittuck, Sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S.R., General Military Hospital, Colchester. …”  


WILD, Miss Stella (5.5.1916-1.6.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=226336&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Trevone Cottage, Shenfield; COUNTY: Essex; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; SERVICE FROM: 05/05/1916; SERVICE TO: 01/06/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Dispenser; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/05/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/06/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Cert. Retd. Gone away 07/07/21 05/05/1916 to 01/06/1918 Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: JW VAD; COMMISSION: London/116.


WILKINSON, Miss Gladys Mary (11.01.1919-15.11.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=226872&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 7 Cypress Villas, Garforth, Nr Leeds; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 23; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: PTO; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/05/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving 15.11.19; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 17.05.15 – 22.10.17 Military Hospital Dover trans 22.10.17 – 06.01.19 Military Hospital Egypt trans 01.01.19 -11.01.19 Military Hospital Sutton Veny trans 11.01.19- present Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D.; COMMISSION: W. R. Yorks. 46; HONOURS AWARDED: Mentioned in despatches 5.5.17.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=226873&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 7 Cyprus Villas, Garforth, Nr. Leeds; COUNTY: Yorkshire; SERVICE FROM: 17/05/1915; SERVICE TO: Not demobilized; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Service rendered at Military Hosp. Dover & at Sutton Veny & Colchester; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/05/1915; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per annum; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: £30 1916 – 1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Full time – Military Hospitals Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; COMMISSION: West Riding Yorks. V.A.D. 46; HONOURS AWARDED: 1916 Mentioned.


WILLIAMS, Miss Arvida Blodwen (7.12.1917-8.1918. V.A.D. In wards & general duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=227408&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Mellin Cwm, Beulah. Garth – S.O., Brecknock; SERVICE FROM: 07/12/1917; SERVICE TO: 08/1918; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 06/12/1917; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20-00; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 28/07/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20-00; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: In Wards & Gen.; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time nearly 8 months; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at General Military Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Brecon.


WILSON, Bertha  Signed Nellie Carter’s Autograph book 16 June 1915.

This may be “Bertha Annie Wilson” born 1883 Colchester, Essex.  Birth registered during the 1st Quarter.    Hythe, Kent-born mother Emma … father not identified.

1891 Census:      85 Hamilton Road, Lambeth.  With widowed “Sick Nurse” mother; and younger sister Eleanor.

1901 Census:      ??

1911 Census:      26 Hainthorpe Road, West Norwood London SE.  With widowed “House Keeper out of employment” mother.  Occupation “Assistant House Keeper out of employment”.

1915, 16 June:    Bertha wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Good women love their brothers. And I so good have grown. That I love other people’s brothers. Far better than my own. Bertha Wilson Military Hospital Colchester June 16th

https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/13/mode/1up

1942:                     Bertha A. Wilson’s death was registered in the Kensington District.


WILSON, Miss Helen Marjorie (30.4.1918-30.4.1919. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=229834&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Prospect House, Sunridge; COUNTY: Kent; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 31/08/1917; SERVICE TO: 30/04/1919; HOSPITAL: Temple Newsam, Leeds; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/08/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 30/04/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 31.8.17 to 24.11.17 Temple Newsom [sic], Leeds. 30.4.18 to 30.4.19 Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Cornwall/72.


WOODWARD, Miss Clara Elizabeth (30.10.1917-30.10.1918. J.W. V.A.D. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=232860&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 260 Spring Road, Ipswich; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 22; SERVICE FROM: 17/02/1917; SERVICE TO: 19/11/1919 still serving; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 17/02/1917; DATE OF TERMINATION: 19/11/1919 Still serving; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 17. 2.17 to 16. 9.17 1st Southern General Birmingham 30.10.17 to 30.10.18 Military Hospital Colchester 4.12.18 to 5.1.19 4th Northern General Lincoln. 6. 2.19 to trans Military Hospital Bagthorpe 25. 4.19 to present Kitchener Hospital, Brighton; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D; COMMISSION: Suffolk/24.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=232861&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 260 Spring Road Ipswich; SERVICE FROM: 10/05/1916; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: See over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/05/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Yes; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still working; PAY AT TERMINATION: Yes; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nurse; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 10.5.16 to 30.1.17 East Suffolk Hospital Ipswich 17.2.17 to 17.9.17 1st Southern General Hospital Birmingham 30.10.17 to 30.10.18 Colchester Military Hospital 4.12.18 to 4.1.19 4th Northern General Hospital Lincoln 12.1.19 to 11.2.19 Bagthorpe Military Hospital (West bridgeford) 12.2.19; COMMISSION: Suffolk /24; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Red stripes.


WOOLNOUGH, Miss Clara Emily Mary (23.11.1914-31.5.1916. V.A.D. Nurse. Also worked at Broadwater Auxiliary Hospital, Ipswich and in France)

Born 1890 (birth registered 3Q) Nacton, Suffolk.   Daughter of Marlsford-Suffolk-born Shepherd Frederick Woolnough and his Kings Lynn-Norfolk-born wife Clara (nee Bunting)

1891 Census:    13 Levington Road, Nacton, Suffolk.  With parents; paternal grandmother; 1 brother; and 1 cousin (Maggie Woolnough).

1901 Census:    Levington P.O., Nacton, Suffolk. With parents (father: shepherd) and brother.

1911 Census:    Post Office, Levington, nr. Ipswich.  With Shepherd father; Sub-Postmistress mother; 1 cousin (Maggie Woolnough); and a boarder.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=ipswich+mil&id=233213&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Livington, Nr Ipswich; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 25; SERVICE FROM: 31/05/1916; SERVICE TO: 07/03/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 31/05/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 07/03/1919; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 31-5-16 to 9.10.18 Mil. Hos. France. Trans. 9.10.18 to 7.3.19 Mil. Hos. Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Suffolk/84; HONOURS AWARDED: 2 Scarlet Efficiency Stripes 22-10-17. Mentioned in Despatch 25-5-18.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=broadwater+ipswich&page=11&id=233212&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Levington, nr. Ipswich; SERVICE FROM: 23/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 25/03/1919; HOSPITAL: Broadwater, Belstead Road, Ipswich; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 3.5.12 East Suffolk Hospital; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: V.A.D; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 23/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 25; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D; DATE OF TERMINATION: 25/03/1919; PAY AT TERMINATION: Nursing; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Broadwater Hospital Ipswich Nov 23rd 1914 25th General Hospital B.E. F. France 31.5.16 No 1 General Hospital B.E. F. France No 6 Stationery Hospital B.E.F. France No 74 General Hospital B.E.F. France Colchester ? returned 25.3.19 Total service 4 years 2 months; COMMISSION: Suffolk /84; HONOURS AWARDED: Mentioned in Dispatches.

Clara became friends with V.A.D. Nurse Gertrude Unwin at Broadwater – after their service there, they served in France together.  Clara’s health deteriorated during her service in France and she returned to England – to work at Colchester Military Hospital.   Her health never recovered.

1952, 25 Oct: “Clara Emily Mary otherwise Clara Mary otherwise Clara of The Post Office Levington Suffolk spinster died 25 October 1952 at Borough General Hospital, Ipswich …”. 

Much more interesting information about Clara Woolnough and Gertrude Unwin can be discovered in the book ‘Postcards from the Front 1914-1919’ by Kate J. Cole and here, on Kate Cole’s Blog: http://www.essexvoicespast.com/


WOOSNAM, Miss Gwyneth (5.3.1918-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Officer. Dispenser)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=233245&forwards=true

ADDRESS: Rye Corner Welholme Road Grimsby; SERVICE FROM: 05/03/1918; SERVICE TO: Still working; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Officer; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/03/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: 38/6; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Dispenser. Mil. Hosp. Colchester; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Dispensary Gen. Military Hospital Colchester Essex; COMMISSION: London/116.


WORGER, Mrs. Gertrude Mary [nee Mortimer] (23.11.1914-29.5.1919+ V.A.D. Nurse. Presented with Red Cross Medal in 1922)

Miss Gertrude Evans (Actress). Bristol Magpie, 24 September 1896. Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Miss Gertrude Evans (Actress).
Bristol Magpie, 24 September 1896.
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Gertrude’s British Red Cross volunteer’s card does not mention that she worked at the Colchester Military Hospital but this article in ‘The Era’, 23 August 1916 (about her husband’s death) does [sic]:

Another Actor Hero. I regret to have to announce the death of Richard Fulton (Sidney Richard Worger), who will be remembered as acting under the managements of Mr. W. Maclaren, Messrs. Hill and Ayrton, Mr. J. A. Campbell, and others.  Attached to the Sportsmen’s Battalion of the 24th Royal Fusiliers since the outbreak of the war, Richard Fulton has been at the front for the past nine months, and met his death whilst doing stretcher-bearing work.  The sympathy of our readers will be extended to the widow (Gertrude Evans), who is nursing at the Military Hospital, Colchester, and also to his mother and sisters (Olive and Mary Fulton), and his brother (Geoffrey Fulton), who is shortly leaving for the front with the King’s Royal Rifles.” 

For this reason, Gertrude is noted in this chapter but much more about her can be found in the ‘Gostwycke’ 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital chapter.


WRIGHT, Miss Norah Sandford (27.12.1916-26.10.1917. J.W. V.A.D. Clerk)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=military+colchester&page=15&id=234482&forwards=true

ADDRESS: 3 Ballyholme Terrace, Bangor, Ireland; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 32; SERVICE FROM: 27/12/1916; SERVICE TO: 26/10/1917; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Clerk; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 27/12/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 26/10/1917; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 27.12.16 to 26.10.17 Military Hospital, Colchester; DEPARTMENT: J.W. V.A.D; COMMISSION: Co. Down/58.


The Church, Colchester Military Hospital

The Church. Hutted Extension Dining Hall. Military Hospital, Colchester. 30-9-17 Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

The Church. Hutted Extension Dining Hall. Military Hospital, Colchester. 30-9-17
Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

The card above was sent to “Mrs. J. S. Freeman, Tracey’s, Ongar” and it bears the text: “The Church. Hutted Extension Dining Hall.  Military Hospital, Colchester. 30-9-17”.  The sender is not identified.

Mrs. J. S. Freeman was Mrs. Emma Freeman (nee Palmer, born c1857 Stanford Rivers) of Tracey’s Farm, Stanford Rivers, Ongar, Essex.  Emma’s husband was Farmer John Starkey Freeman, also born in Stanford Rivers.   Emma and John had five sons so anyone of them may have found themselves at Colchester Military Hospital – either as a staff member or a patient.

In the 1891 Census, Emma (34) & John (39) were not at Tracey’s – they were at Lawns Farm, London Road, Stanford Rivers, with children: John D. (10); Maggie J. (9); Charles (7); Elsie (6); & Thomas S. (4). All the Freemans were born in Stanford Rivers. There were two servants – Wickford-born Julia Champion (a “Governess”) and Upminster-born Eliza Roach (a “Domestic Servant”).

In the 1901 Census, Emma (49) & John (49) were at Tracey’s Farm with children: John D. (21); Maggie J. (19); Charles (17); Thomas (14); Dorothy (9); and Ralph (7).  One Alma E. Elmsley was there too … she was noted as a “Servant” & “Nurse (Domestic)”.

In the 1911 Census, Emma (52) was at Tracey’s without husband John.  She was with children: Maggie (28); Charles (“Farming”, 27); Elsie (24); Fordham (20); and Dorothy (17).  John Freeman was away from home and was a “Visitor”, staying at The Railway Hotel, St Ives, Hunts. – John (59) was noted as “Farmer & Grazier”.



 

PATIENTS AT COLCHESTER MILITARY HOSPITAL

Including British; Australian; Belgian; and German

 

Leonard Drewett

Private 24392, 12th Bn. Devonshire Regiment (Private 90737, Labour Corps).

Born 13 December 1886 Great Bedwin, Edington, Wiltshire.  Baptised “Leonard Stephen Lovelock” on 2 February 1887. Son of Machine Sawyer Edington-born Stephen Drewett and Gt. Bedwin-born Ellen [Marie] Lovelock.

1891 Census:      Edington, Wiltshire. “Leonard Drewett”. Living with grandparents Jesse Coldrake & his wife Ann [Jane] (nee Drewett); Ann’s mother Betsy Drewett; and mother [sic]“Emily”  Drewett.

1901 Census:      Lower Street, Tinhead, Edington, Wiltshire. “Stephen Leonard Drewett”. Living with grandparents Jesse & Annie Jane Coldrake.

1911 Census:      Tinhead, Edington, Wiltshire. Living with Coldrake grandparents. Farm Labourer.

1916, 12 Jan:       Enlisted at Devises, Wiltshire. Occupation: Asylum Attendant.

1916, 14 June:    Embarked to France.

1917, 7 Sept:      Admitted to hospital.  Became a patient in several Casualty Clearing Stations.

1917, 12 Dec:      Returned to England.  He had had fits since receiving a blow to the head.

1917, 15 Dec:      Leonard was admitted to Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton, with “epilepsy”.

1917, 17 Dec:      Leonard was transferred to the Military Hospital in Colchester, with “epilepsy”.

1918, 12 Mar:     Leonard died at 2.50 p.m. in the Colchester Military Hospital, still in Service.  Lieut. Col. Herbert Stockley Taylor signed the document sent to the Labour Corps Records, Nottingham.

1918, 18 July:      Probate: “DREWETT Leonard of Tinhead Edington Wiltshire died 12 March 1918 at the Military Hospital Colchester Probate Salisbury 18 July to Henry Bathard no occupation.  Effects £60 7s. 6d.”  Buried a CWGC war grave.

Leonard is buried and commemorated at the Priory Church (Ss. Mary And Katherine And All Saints) Churchyard, Edington, Wiltshire, PLUS the following webpage tells the sad story of Six Bell Ringers of Edington, Wiltshire, who enlisted (of which Leonard was one:

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/nations-bells-to-ring-out-together-to-mark-armistice-centenary


Gunner Walter John Finch (Regt. No 60309)

E/110th Battery, Royal Horse Artillery.

Friday 06 November 1914, Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:

“The funerals of two members of the Expeditionary Force, who died in the Garrison Hospital at Colchester on Sunday from wounds received at the front, took place with military honours at the Cemetery on Tuesday.  One of the deceased was Gunner Finch, 23, of E Battery, R.H.A., but the other’s identity was unknown.  A photograph of the latter soldier was taken, and his coffin-plate bore the inscription, “Unknown, died of wounds, Nov. 1st, 1914.”  


Quartermaster Serjeant Leonard Edward Finch (Regt. No 3793)

9th Lancers (Queen’s Royals), Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line

Leonard Edward Finch, 9th Lancers de Ruvignys Roll of Honour Vol. 1, Page 0132.

Leonard Edward Finch, 9th Lancers
de Ruvignys Roll of Honour Vol. 1, Page 0132.

Born 27 June 1875 Deptford, Kent.  Son of Kent-born Gardener Alfred John and Fakenham, Norfolk-born wife Margaret (nee Buckingham).

1881 Census:      2 Acacia Villas, Kangley Bridge Road, Lewisham.  With parents: an older and younger brother; and a “Visitor”.

1891 Census:      18 Oscar Street, Deptford.  With parents; an older brother; and 2 younger brothers.

1895, 2 Mar:       Enlisted into Army, at Colchester, Essex – served in 1899-1902 South African War (Queen’s Medal with five clasps, and King’s Medal).

1901 Census:      India?

1904, 1 Oct:         Married Ethel Emma Finch (his cousin) at St. Thomas’, Bombay.  Leonard and Ethel had a daughter and two sons – all born before 1910.

1911 Census:      Lydd Camp, Lydd, Kent.  “Sergeant” in the 9th Lancers. “Married”.

1914, 18 Oct:      Arrived at Colchester Military Hospital on 18 October 1914 but died 18 October – “Died of Wounds”.  Buried at Greenwich, Greater London.

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 23 October 1914:  “ESSEX. THE GREAT WAR. … …  “TWO DEATHS. Two of the wounded of the Expeditionary Force in the Garrison Hospital, Colchester, have died, viz., Q.-M.-S. Finch, 9th Lancers, who arrived on October 11, and Corpl. Giddy, Royal Engineers, who arrived on Sunday.”  


2nd Corporal Albert Hodge Giddy

1st Field Sqdn., Royal Engineers, Regt. No. 15593

Born c1887 Straits Settlements, Pulo Brani, Singapore, Malay Straits.  Son of Aldershot-born Royal Engineers Quartermaster Sgt. Harry Giddy and his Cheltenham, Glos.-born wife Charlotte (nee Whinham).

1891 Census:      2 Bosham Villa, Gillingham Road, Brompton, Gillingham, Kent.  With parents; three brothers; and two sisters.

1901 Census:      The Essex Industrial School, Rainsford Road, Chelmsford, Essex. Pupil/”Inmate”.

1902:                     Enlisted into the Royal Engineers, Service No. 11022 … aged 14 – as a “Boy” .

1906, 30 Mar:     Discharged at Chatham, Kent – “Not likely to become an efficient soldier”.

1906, 31 May:    Enlisted into the Royal Engineers Regiment again, at Brighton.  His Service Record survives.  He was a “Fitter”.

1910, 7 Feb:        Married Agnes Brennan at Curragh Camp, Ireland.  Their son Frederick Charles was born 8 November 1910.

1914, 14 Oct:      Admitted to No. 12 Field Ambulance.  After two more admissions to illegible Clearing Stations on 15 and 16 October respectively, Albert was transferred to England (17th?).

1914, 18 Oct:      Albert had arrived at Colchester Military Hospital on the morning of 18 October 1914, from Southampton, but died that afternoon “of shrapnel wound to right arm” … “Death unavoidable. Septicaemia having previously set in before operation.”  Buried in Colchester Cemetery.

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 23 October 1914:  “ESSEX. THE GREAT WAR. … …  “TWO DEATHS. Two of the wounded of the Expeditionary Force in the Garrison Hospital, Colchester, have died, viz., Q.-M.-S. Finch, 9th Lancers, who arrived on October 11, and Corpl. Giddy, Royal Engineers, who arrived on Sunday.”  


Private William Arthur Victor Humphries

G98134 29th London Regiment Formerly Royal Fusiliers

Born 17 Jan 1901 Catford, London.  Baptised 7 February 1901 Lewisham St Mary, Lewisham.  Son of Birmingham-born Carpenter’s Labourer Arthur Humphries and his Camberwell-born wife Evelyn Francis (nee King).  From the moment he was born, William and his family were in and out of the Lewisham High Street Work House.

1901 Census:      84 Engleheart Road, Lewisham.  “2 mths” old. With parents & “Visitor” Lottie Parker.

1906, 27 Feb:      Brother Albert John was born – his died 14 March 1906.

1910, 22  Oct:     Brother Robert Thomas James was born.

1911 Census:      ??

1912, 4 Nov:       Sister Florence Elizabeth was born.

1915, 31 Mar:     Father enlisted in the London Regiment.

1917, 2nd Q:         Sister Lilian’s birth was  registered – her death was registered in the same Quarter.

1918, 12 Nov:     Died at Colchester Military Hospital, of Pneumonia.


Private William Reid or Rew

This soldier wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Pte. Wm. Reid/Rew, Glasgow Highlanders Glasgow or Ballochmyle Sheriff Park Terr Rutherglen”. https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter and https://www.rcn.org.uk/servicescrapbooks/nellie-carter/scrapbook#page/41/mode/1up


THE AUSTRALIAN RED CROSS IN THE COLCHESTER AREA, ESSEX

Australian Red Cross, Colchester, Essex. 8 August 1918. Courtesy/© of Heather Anne Johnson.

Australian Red Cross, Colchester, Essex. 8 August 1918.
Courtesy/© of Heather Anne Johnson.

The photograph, shown above, was taken on 8 August 1918.  On the reverse, the unique message gives no clue as to the occasion pictured – other than it had been written from the ‘Military Heart Hospital’ in Colchester on 10 August 1918. The ‘Military Heart Hospital’ was at Sobraon Barracks, adjacent to Colchester Military Hospital. 

The unknown house; together with the unknown posing people; and hand-written “Australian Red Cross Colchester” title threw up many questions and the quest began to discover everything possible about it and the story behind it.

Australian and British newspapers, plus a genealogical research website, all helped to solve the mystery.   The first clues of who, why and where came in the form of the following article – the “who” could be a Miss M. Lovibond (a/the local Australian Red Cross representative); and the “why and where” was entertaining wounded Australians at an ‘Ashbourne House’.

The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 13 July 1918 p 41 [sic]:

SOCIAL NOTES. …

On May 15 Miss M. Lovibond, Australian Red Cross representative, assisted by Mrs. Mary Herring, widow of the late Lieutenant C. Harvey Herring, R.N., entertained a number of wounded Australians from Colchester military hospital at a tea and musical evening at Ashbourne House, Colchester, Essex.   After a pleasant evening, the guests warmly thanked the hostess for her kind and thoughtful hospitality. Miss Lovibond’s visits to the hospitals in and around Colchester on behalf of the Australian Red Cross Society are greatly esteemed by the Australian sick and wounded therein.”

The next article, of worth, was found in The Mount Barker Courier & Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser (SA), on 1 Feb. 1918, within a Y.M.C.A. report sent through to Melbourne from the Australian Engineers’ Training Depot in Brightlingsea, Essex (albeit with a mis-spelt “Lovibond” [sic]:

“… Red Cross Representation at Colchester.—

Miss Lovibund keeps all our boys provided with necessities in hospital.  There are about 250 Australians in hospital in Colchester—mostly limbless cases.  I have made arrangements that any day suitable that a party can be driven over here, distance 10 miles, that we will pay the expenses, and give the boys afternoon tea and a cheery little concert for 30 or 40 minutes at the recreation room.  I feel quite sure that this work will be well worthy of small expenditure incurred. …”

It is also believed that the following mention of “The Australian Red Cross lady”, in the ‘Wangaratta Chronicle’ newspaper (Victoria) on 6 July 1918, also refers to Miss Lovibond [sic]:

 “Gunner Gerald Morris, of Rutherglen, writing from Colchester Military Hospital, says that the Australian Comforts Fund is the best aid there is to the Australian man in the trenches. They always have a place up as near to the line as they can, and whenever you call in you can get shirts, socks, etc,, also hot drinks and biscuits. When we were up at Ypres they had one of those depots on the main road and it was great to call in on our way up and down from the pits. The Australian Red Cross lady comes round the hospital with gifts every Monday. The American Red Cross lady also comes with an enormous collection of gifts. You can get anything you wish for.  She has such a funny voice, which is amusing to all.”

After World War One began, an Australian branch of the British Red Cross was created on 13 August 1914.  Initially, it was known as the ‘Australian branch of the British Red Cross Society’.   By the time World War One ended, it was being referred to as the ‘Australian Red Cross Society’ – even though it was still officially a “branch”.  It was not until 1927, that the ‘Australian Red Cross Society’ gained its independence from the British Society.  https://trove.nla.gov.au/people/462899?c=people

To cut a long story short, this photograph was taken in the back garden of ‘Ashbourne House’, 1 Victoria Road, Colchester.   It is deduced that the lady in the photograph is Miss Mabel Annie Impey-Lovibond, whose home ‘Ashbourne House’ was (from 1913 until 1920).

Who was Mabel Annie Impey-Lovibond?

Mabel was born 1866 Cheltenham, Gloucestershire – as “Mabel Annie Impey”.  She was a daughter of Dawlish, Devon-born retired Colonel (Royal Engineers [late Bengal] Engineers) Archibald Impey [later Impey-Lovibond] and Illinois, U.S.A.-born mother Clara Prudence (nee Hanks.  Also seen as Clara Prudencia Impey).  Archibald and Clara married on 25 July 1854 in Sydney, NSW, Australia:

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 27 July 1854 p 5 Family Notices:

MARRIAGES.  On the 25th instant, at St. James’s Church, by the Rev. Dr. Woolley,

Archibald Impey, Esq., Bengal Engineers, to Clara Hanks.”

Mabel’s father Archibald Impey had fought in the Indian Mutiny of 1857 and the Sikkim Expedition of 1860.  In 1872, he legally changed his surname to “Impey-Lovibond” by Royal Licence (Queen Victoria signed the eight page document) – to comply with the will of his cousin George Brudenell M. Lovibond.   Archibald held the offices of Deputy Lieutenant of Essex (1892) and Justice of the Peace.

Mabel had very exotic-sounding forebears: her paternal grandmother was Julia Adeline Antoinette de l’Etang (born 1791 Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India – died 21 October 1866 Bath, Somerset) … Julia’s father, Mabel’s great-grandfather, was Chevalier Ambrose Pierre Antoine De L’Etang (born 20 July 1757, Versailles, Yvelines, Ile-de-France – died 1 December 1840 Ghazipur, Bihar, India).

Ambrose De L’Etang was in charge of the Royal Court of Versailles stables.  After this position, he was in charge of the Nawab of Awadh’s stables, at Lucknow, India.  Ambrose married Therese Josephe Blin de Grincourt on 1 March 1788, at Pondicherry in India – where Mabel’s grandmother was born. Mabel’s Impey Gt. Grandfather was Sir Elijah Impey – the first Justice of Calcutta, India.

Mabel’s maternal Hanks grandparents were Quakers:  grandfather Francis David Hanks was an Irish Quaker, who had emigrated to U.S.A., and his wife Prudence Birkbeck was the daughter of eminent Quaker preacher Morris Birkbeck.  After emigrating to the U.S.A. from Wanborough in England, Morris Birkbeck co-founded (with one George Flower) the English Settlement of Wanborough, Edwards County, Illinois, in 1817/18.

1871 Census:      Turton? House, Leckhampton, Glos.  Mabel was living with her “Retired Colonel Royal Engineers” father; mother; two older sisters; an older brother; plus four servants.

1881 Census:      ?The family have not be discovered, as yet.

1891 Census:      New Hall, Ardleigh, Essex.  Mabel was living with her “J.P. Retired Colonel” father; mother; and two servants.

1897, 19 Jun:      Mabel’s father Archibald died at New Hall, Ardleigh, Essex:  “By his will of the 21 July, 1896, Colonel Archibald Impey-Lovibond … appointed the trust funds … to his daughters, Bessie Clara Gully and Mabel Impey-Lovibond, and he left all the residue of his property to his wife. …”

1901 Census:      New Hall, Ardleigh, Essex.  Mabel was living with widowed mother (Living on own means); plus two servants.

‘Twixt ’01-’11:    Mabel and widowed mother moved to Derby House, 25 The Avenue, Colchester.

1909:                     Derby House was purchased for £2,000 through a public-subscription fund, for the use of the Bishop of Colchester, Robert H. Whitcombe and his family.  However, in 1909, the Bishop moved into ‘Gostwycke’, Cambridge Road, Colchester (a couple of streets away).

1911 Census:      Mabel “Impey-Lovibond” was living at Derby House, 25 The Avenue, Colchester, with her widowed mother Clara Prudence; a Sick Nurse; a Cook; a Housemaid; and a Parlour maid.

1913, 20 Mar:     Mabel’s mother died at Derby House 25 The Avenue, Colchester.

1913, ?Aug:         Mabel Annie Impey-Lovibond became the owner of Ashbourne House in Victoria Road – the Bishop of Colchester’s former home!   In reality, Mabel and the Bishop exchanged Houses.

1914-1918:          At some point, during World War One, Mabel became a/the local representative of the Australian Red Cross.  As the afore-mentioned articles describe, Mabel would tour local Homes and Hospitals, looking after the welfare of Australian soldiers AND offering them entertainments, and respite from their ills.

1920, 3Q:             Mabel married Irish-born Land Agent Charles Stewart Sanders, in Colchester, Essex. Their marriage was registered during the 3rd Quarter of 1920.  On 24 November, ‘Ashbourne House’ was auctioned: [“Sale Catalogue of Ashbourne House 1 Victoria Road, Colchester”:  ERO Ref: D/DJ 2/21/8]

1945, 5 Nov:       Mabel died in South Africa:

“SANDERS Mabel Annie of Rockhill Plettenberg Bay District Kynsna Cape Province South Africa widow died 5 November 1945 Probate London 16 December to Clifford Reginald Templeman Annesley retired lieutenant-colonel H.M. army.Effects £3249 6s 4d. in England.”

Mabel is buried with her husband in Plettenberg Bay, Eden District Municipality, Western Cape, South Africa.

_____________________________________________

Who was Mrs. Mary Herring, who “assisted” Mabel Lovibond?

At the time the photograph was taken, Mary Herring lived at 4 West Lodge Road, Colchester – presumably, Mary and Mabel were friends.  It would have literally only taken a couple of minutes for Mary to walk from her home to ‘Ashbourne House’, to help Mabel with her entertainment/s.   Heading in the direction of the town centre, West Lodge Road began where Victoria Road ended.

Widow Mary Herring was born Mary Anne Halpin on 4 January 1859, in Cavan, Ireland.  Her parents have not been identified, as yet.  N.B. Birth date entered in the 1939 Register.

On 28 September 1886, Mary married retired Royal Navy Lieutenant Charles Harvey Herring at St. Mary, Henbury, Gloucestershire.   Mary’s father was named as Charles Halpin.

Charles’ birth was registered as “Charles Henry Herring” 3Q 1846; born Fordham, Essex.  His parents were William Harvey Herring and his wife Frances Louisa “Fanny” nee Brock), at St. Mary, Henbury, Gloucestershire.  Charles died 6 July 1899, at Heath Lodge, Lexden, Colchester.

In the 1891 Census, Mary and Charles were lodging at 256 Monument Road, Edgbaston, Warwickshire. Charles’ occupation was given as “Tramway Manager” and there was also one Sarah Herring lodging with them – perhaps Charles’ Aunt Sarah.  On 6 July 1899, Charles died at Heath Lodge, Lexden, Colchester.

In 1902, widow Mary Ann Herring sold her home – Heath Lodge, Heath Road, Lexden – to Solicitor Cecil Howard Morton and (it is deduced) moved in with her widowed mother-in-law Fanny – at Merly House/4 West Lodge Road, Lexden, Colchester – they are found together in the 1911 Census.  Fanny had been living with her older sister Amelia Maria Brock but Amelia had died on 26 April 1901.

During World War One, it appears that Mary would “assist” Mabel Impey-Lovibond in entertaining wounded soldiers – as per afore-shown newspaper articles.  It would have only be a short walk from Mary’s home in West Lodge Road, to Mabel’s at Ashbourne House.  It is deduced that the two women were good friends.

In the 1939 Register, Mary A. Herring was shown to have “Independent” means.  She had Deborah A[nn] Pettitt (born 14 February 1876, Braxted, Essex) as her Housekeeper, with Sophia Pettitt as her Cook (born 9 April 1881, Mount Bures).   Deborah and Sophia were cousins.

Mary died in 1953: “of Merly House West Lodge-road Colchester widow died 14 February 1953 Probate Ipswich to John Aylmer Fitz-Hardinge Morton solicitor and Margaret Bryan Owen spinster.  Effects £12731 12s. 9d.”

Mary’s solicitor is noted as John Aylmer Fitz-Hardinge Morton.  John Morton was the son of the aforementioned Cecil Howard Morton – whom Mary had sold ‘Heath Lodge’ to.  There is a suspicion that the Morton and Herring families were related in some way.

So … this is part of the story behind one World War One photograph, taken in Colchester.  But whatever happened to George and Dorothy?

Australian George’s 1918 message of love, to a Dorothy:

Australian Red Cross, Colchester, Essex. Message of love: 10 August 1918.

Australian Red Cross, Colchester, Essex.
Message of love: 10 August 1918.

___________________________________________________________________________________

AUSTRALIAN PATIENTS AT THE GENERAL MILITARY HOSPITAL IN COLCHESTER

Cyrus Clarence Allsopp

Cyrus Clarence Allsopp. Left: 1916, 19 yrs old. Right: Seated, Cheltenham Mil. Hospital patient c1918/19. Courtesy/© of Julie & Terry Preston.

Cyrus Clarence Allsopp. Left: 1916, 19 yrs old. Right: Seated, Cheltenham Mil. Hospital patient c1918/19. Courtesy/© of Julie & Terry Preston.

Australian Cyrus Clarence Allsopp was only 19 years old when he became Private 2029 in the Australian Imperial Forces.   After receiving gun shot wounds to his left thigh and left side (probably near Messines, Belgium), Cyrus was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital on 4 June 1917.  After spending seven months recuperating, Cyrus returned to his Battalion on 9 February 1918 – only to need further treatment in Colchester Military Hospital, a few weeks after promotion to Lance Corporal on 16 April 1918.  At the end of August 1918, another wounding to the left wrist and hand necessitated treatment in Cheltenham Military Hospital.  Cyrus was not discharged until January 1919.

Read much more about Cyrus Clarence Allsopp here:  https://tpr76797.wordpress.com/2015/04/25/lance-corporal-cyrus-clarence-allsopp-australian-imperial-forces/


MENTIONS OF COLCHESTER

IN AUSTRALIAN NEWSPAPERS DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR

An interesting selection: with the majority relating to Australian patients.

Courtesy of http://trove.nla.gov.au/ (Nat. Library of Australia)

______________________________

The Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (NSW) Friday 27 November 1914 p 5 [sic]:

War Notes.  A sergeant-major just returned wounded to Colchester relates a grimly humorous story of the war. With their front files dressed in uniforms taken from the killed and wounded of the Wiltshire Regiment, a German corps attempted to surprise an English battalion  As they approached the English Commander, becoming suspicious, gave the order to fix bayonets, where, upon the Germans shouted, “Nien, nien,  Ieedle mistake; ve vos not Shermans; ve vos- der .Vilts.”  The British then charged with the bayonet, and the Germans –“Vilted.”…”  


Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (NSW) 4 Dec. 1914 [sic]:

WAR NOTES.  Private Macnamara, of the Royal Fusiliers, who is at Colchester hospital, relates that during the fighting on the Aisne a German called out to a company of Fusiliers, ‘Wait till we catch you in our barber’s shop in London.”  The Fusiliers wiped out the German company with the bayonet, a Private shouting, ‘You won’t get to London again.””  


Saturday Mail (SA) Saturday 26 December 1914 p 4 [sic]:

“”PICK OFF THE RED CROSS MEN”  A private in the East Anglian Field Ambulance, writing to his parents, who have sent the letter to the “Daily Express,” says that among the German wounded at the hospital at Colchester are several who have admitted that “the special duty they were told off for was to pick off the Red Cross men so that our wounded could not be attended to.”  


The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Friday 15 January 1915 p 7 [sic]:

SPLENDIDLY FIT.” THE KING’S PRAISE.  The King, dressed in the khaki of a staff officer in the field, spent some hours recently with his soldiers in training at Colchester. His visit must have had a special personal interest, for the King was able to meet on the Braiswick golf links the Sandringham Company of the Norfolk Territorials, which is almost entirely composed of men from his own estate. They were the best part of a hundred young fellows in khaki, whose faces were familiar to King George – farm hands, farmers, gamekeepers, artisans, household servants, and so on – for naturally Sandringham has yielded to the colours an unusually large proportion of its manhood. Even so the Sandringham estate men who have joined the new army wore not included. 

“I should have been sorry to have missed them. They look splendidly lit,” the King remarked, after taking the salute when the men marched past. 

All the troops on parade were Territorials – the 4th and 6th Norfolks and the 5th Suffolks, under General Inglefield, who had to answer a great many searching questions put by the King about food and quarters.

Four thousand were under inspection, and they made a Uno picture as they swung by to the tune of “Tipperary,” which the King must know by now quite as well as the rank and file of his army. 

Returning to Colchester station to take train for Woodbridge, his Majesty fell in with a number of wounded on their way to convalescent homes from the local military hospitals, and had a few words with several, asking where they had fought and how they were progressing.

At Woodbridge the King inspected the Essex Yeomanry and Essex Field Artillery.”


Lithgow Mercury (NSW) Friday 22 January 1915 p 6 [sic]:

THE GERMAN POINT OF VIEW.

A letter (dated November 3) from a German lady, who left Colchester (England) only a few days before the war, has been received by a Colchester lady in whose house she had been staying. The letter comes from Gera, a town about three times the size of Lithgow, about 35 miles from Leipsig, and is as follows: – “How are you all in dear old Colchester? Do you notice much of this unhappy war, which, has already brought, and will still bring, so much sorrow and misery with it. Here at home everything goes its old way. We notice very little of the war, but employ ourselves with work for the Red Cross.  During the mobilisation, for seven nights and several days we were at the railway station, happy to feed the troops on their way through—now we are busy knitting woollen things for our dear ‘grey and blue boys.’  We are threatened on all sides and Germany must use all our strength, but for all that we do not lose courage, and there is no German subject who doubts the final victory of the Germans—to that end we are one people and one and all would give his life joyfully for Emperor and Empire.  It is splendid to be a German.

“The military are everywhere, many volunteers have joined already, among them 70-year old war veterans of 1870-71. One and all are full of enthusiasm, and yet the English say that the Germans have no patriotism.

“Here, in Gera we have a hospital where there are only French.  They have exactly the same kinds of beds as our own wounded and have equally conscientious nursing.  There is no difference between them and our own wounded. We are Germans who say.  “They too are men- who have had to fight for their Fatherland.”  They are all very grateful, and one of the four, on whom my father operated, even gave, ten francs to the Red Cross.

“In Germany, too, there are still many English people who can come and go as they please and can carry on their business as in times of peace.  But the way our countrymen are treated abroad, that is quite another question.  They are sent to concentration camps and have to sleep on grass or straw. Their chief nourishment is water and bread. Naturally our poor prisoners and wounded are treated the same way. We have more than enough proof of it. (!)

“Our house is partly turned into a hospital with twelve beds; for six weeks we had two slightly wounded Germans who were in the Battle of Namur.  Now they have been declared fit for service again, and they have gone back to their old regiments in the eastern battlefield.”  


Mentions of Braintree; Braiswick; Coggeshall; Colchester; Harwich; Kelvedon; & Witham in The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Tuesday 23 February 1915 p 7 [sic]:

BOMBS ON ENGLAND NO DAMAGE DONE BY THEIR EXPLOSION.  …

A German aviator on Sunday flew over the county of Essex and dropped bombs on Braintree, Colchester, and Coggeshall.  The explosions did practically no damage, although the windows of one house were broken, some furniture was injured, and a kitchen was wrecked.   The bombs were evidently powerful, for “big holes were made in the ground where they fell. …  …  

AVIATORS BUSY / BRITAlN ATTACKED / BOMBS AT BRAINTREE.  LONDON, February 22.

A German aeroplane last night passed over England, and the aviator dropped an incendiary bomb in a field near Braintree, a market town in the Maldon division of Essex, on the Great Eastern Railway, 11 miles north-north-east of Chelmsford, which is only 26 miles north-east by east of London. 

The same aviator dropped another bomb a mile further away, but in both cases the explosives proved harmless.  Another bomb was dropped in the garden of a residence at Colchester, a town on the River Colne, in Essex, 52 miles north east of London. The explosion shattered the windows of an adjoining house and damaged the furniture. ..  

COGGESHALL ATTACKED. LONDON, February 22.

Three bombs were dropped near Brain tree and one at Coggeshall, a town in the Maldon division of Essex, 5i miles east by south of Braintree and two miles from Kelvedon railway-station. The Coggeshall bomb, when it burst, tore a hole in the ground 8 ft. in diameter and 2 ft. deep. The aeroplane, when it was last seen, was moving towards Harwich, the chief port of trade with Denmark and Holland, which is 16 miles east by north of Colchester. …  … 

A KITCHEN WRECKED. LONDON, February 22, 6 a.m.

The aeroplane made its appearance above Braintree at &30 p m. on Sunday. It was travelling from the direction of London and proceeded to Colchester, where the aviator dropped a bomb close to a cottage occupied by soldiers near the barracks. When it exploded the bomb gave off dense fumes and fragments of the bomb wrecked the kitchen of the cottage.  A hole 5 ft. in diameter was made in the ground, and pieces of shrapnel were found at a distance of 250 yards. …  … 

LOCALITIES AFFECTED.

Essex is a maritime county on the south-east of England, bounded on the north by Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, on the east by the North Sea, on the south by the River Thames, and on the west by Middlesex and Hertfordshire. 

Braintree is a village on the River Blackwater, six miles north-west of Witham Junction, and 44½ miles north-east of London by rail.   It was once a seat of the bishops of London.   It has a weekly market, is the seat of silk and crape manufactures, and has a population of 6,000 people. 

Colchester is on the south bank of the River Colne, and has a population of25, 000.    It is of great antiquity. It was the Camelodunum of the Romans, the Colnecaester of the Saxons, and a favorite stronghold of the Danes.   The Roman walls are almost entire, and Roman remains are plentiful.  The castle of the 12th century has the largest Norman keep in England.  It is the centre of a large agricultural district, and is the site of many manufactures. Its port and suburb, Hythe, is 15 miles from the sea. 

Coggeshall, which consists of Great and Little Coggeshall, is six miles east of Braintree and 44½ miles north-east of London.  Its history goes back to the time of the Romans, and it has manufactories of silk, velvet, and isinglass.* 

Harwich is on the south side of the River Stour at its confluence with the Orwell, 21 miles north-east of Colchester and 70 miles north-east of London. The population is about 6,000.   Its port is one of the best and safest on the east coast. It has been a place of note for 1,000 years, and it was called Harwich by the Saxons. There are shipbuilding and other works at Harwich.”

*N.B. Isinglass is a substance obtained from the dried swim bladders of fish. It is a form of collagen used mainly for the clarification of wine and beer. It can also be cooked into a paste for specialized gluing purposes.


The Register (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 3 November 1915 p 8 [sic]:

THE LATE PTE. F. E. COLLINS.  Miss A. Klopper, of Gilberton; received news on Saturday that Pte. Frank Collins had died of sickness in the Gibraltar Hospital. Mr. Collins was an employee of the Municipal Tramways Trust prior to his enlisting.   He was born in Colchester, England, and was 26 years of age on the date of his .death.  He left South Australia a signaller to the 6th Reinforcements, 10th Battalion.”  


Goomalling-Dowerin Mail (WA) Friday 31 December 1915 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONAL.

By the last mail Sister Despard, who was matron of the Toodyay, Beverley and Greenbushes hospital for some years in succession, wrote to a friend from the Colchester Hospital, England, where she has been resting for a few weeks. Her first engagement was in the 15th General Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. Then she was on a hospital ship for two months, running to Malta and Alexandria from the Dardanelles. Among the first patients she nursed on this ship was Billy Hampshire, whose wife, Matron Hampshire, succeeded Sister Despard at the Toodyay Hospital. Writing of the Australians, she says: “I shall never forget them coming on to the ship. Some of them had been in the trenches for months, and their uniforms were torn and faded almost white with the sun’s rays. They were ill and footsore, but they came on with their heads held high. I used to feel I wanted to cheer them. They just loved to have one of their own nurses.” Sister Despard caught malaria on a trip to the Dardanelles and was invalided home to Essex, she is now recovered and expects to be detailed for duty “somewhere in France or Egypt” shortly.”


The Sydney Stock and Station Journal (NSW) Friday 7 January 1916 p 3 [sic]:

HIS YARN.  Wounded soldier (in hospital): ‘Soon me ribs’ll grow together once again, and then they’ll have me out o’ this and send me back to what they calls ‘light duty.’  Back to Aldershot or Salisbury Plain or Colchester. I don’t want none o’ that. I’d rather go back to the front again — to draw me second ration.  They ain’t so rigimental at the front. They don’t mess a man about so much. . . There’s more peace for a man out there at the front.’  — ‘Kitchener Chaps,’ by A. Neil-Lyons.”


Bendigo Advertiser (Vic.) Monday 13 March 1916 p 3 [sic]:

A DUMB SOLDIER RECOVERS SPEECH.  Another instance of a dumb soldier recovering his speech is recorded, this time from Colchester Military Hospital.   Private Wood, of the Buffs, was brought there suffering from shock and severe injuries sustained through being buried in a wrecked trench.    He had altogether lost the power of speech, and all efforts to restore it were futile. At length it was decided to send for his mother, who lives at Doncaster, in the hope that her unexpected appearance might have some effect.  When Mrs. Wood arrived she was ushered quietly into the ward, and took up a stand at the foot of her son’s bed.  After looking hard at his visitor for some time, Wood got excited and at length called out ”’Mother! Mother!”  Now he is able to converse fairly freely.    He explained that he was in deep distress and had tried his utmost to articulate, but could not utter a word.”


The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW) Saturday 3 June 1916 p 12 [sic]:

PERSONAL PARS. Mrs. Watson, of Fairfield, recently received word that her husband, Sergeant Watson, had been wounded. She has now been officially informed that her husband received a gunshot wound and had his left leg fractured. He is in Colchester Hospital, England.”   


Daily Examiner (Grafton, NSW) Wednesday 28 June 1916 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  Mrs. E. J. Harrison, of Brushgrove, is in receipt of a cable from her brother, Private Jno. Shaw, stating that he was recovering from his illness, and was then in hospital in Colchester, England.”   


Lithgow Mercury (NSW) Friday 7 July 1916 p 6 [sic]:

PTE. “JACK” MORRIS. PEPPERED WITH SHRAPNEL.

Writing to, his mother and father (Mr. and Mrs. E. Morris, of Yale-road, from Colchester Military Hospital, on May 22 last, Pte. “Jack” Morris said he was improving. He supposed they were aware ere this, that he had lost his right eye completely, and also had a shrapnel bullet through his nose. The other wounds in his head were not so bad, and were healing up nicely. He also received three pieces of shrapnel in his right leg and one piece in his left leg, which were, he was pleased to say, healing up rapidly. The young soldier expressed the opinion that without having “gone out” altogether, he had received his share of stray Hun metal. His left eye was also knocked about, but was now getting stronger. He asked his mother if she received a letter from a Miss Gordon, at the base in France, as she wrote a letter home concerning his wounds and all about him. A lady who resided in Colchester was sending to Bolton, asking his cousins to come to the hospital to see him; some cousins in Penzance would be written to with a similar request. The soldier lad concludes by asking them not to worry, as he was still “on deck,” and hoped to see them all again in due course.

The Lithgow friends of Pte. Morris, who is a mere lad, will learn with regret that his injuries were so extensive, but will be glad to see him back again after,having done honor to the town of his birth.”  


Euroa Gazette (Vic.) Tuesday 11 July 1916 p 1:

The North West Post (Formby, Tas.) Saturday 29 July 1916 p 4:

The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural and Mining Advocate (NSW} 10 August 1916 p 3:

AN UNUSUAL HONOUR. WOMEN WHO HAVE ACCORDED MILITARY BURIAL.

Few women, with the exception of queens, are ever honoured at burial with full military honours, yet cases where this has been done are not unknown. A few years ago Sister Mabeaux, a popular Red Cross nurse, who was stationed at Gibraltar, received a great military funeral, while not long ago Sister Milne, of the Royal Army Nursing Department was interred with full military honours. She had died, while in the service in the garrison hospital near Colchester.  Her body was borne to its last resting-place, on a gun carriage to the solemn music of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment.”   


The West Australian (Perth, WA) Saturday 14 July 1917 p 7 [sic]:

WESTERN AUSTRALIAN.  War Casualties. Mrs. B. Ford, of Troy-street, West Guildford, has been notified by the military authorities that her husband, Private George Jack Ford, has been wounded in France (gunshot wound in the thigh) and is now in Colchester Military Hospital, England.”  


The Journal (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 19 August 1916 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONAL NOTES. Mrs. E. Grewar, of Victoria street, Payneham, has been officially notified that her son, Pte. Wilfrid Grewar, has been wounded in France. Pte. Grewar’s eldest son, Capt. L. D. Grewar, R.F.A., is in hospital at Colchester, England.”    


Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate (Vic.) 31 August 1916 p 2 [sic]:

LETTERS FROM THE FRONT. Private J. R. Boyd.

Writing to his wife from the general hospital, Colchester, England, and date 12th July, Private J. H. Boyd of Lake Boga, who was wounded, says:—Just a line to let you know I am still alive, but lucky to be so. I hope this finds my three dear children and yourself in the best of health.  I am splendid, except for my wound.  Well, you know my wound is not too bad. It is just a scratch on the back, and bless me, if they did not have send me into the hospital. But I will admit its a change for a while. But I think if a person happened to cut his finger they would give you a few days’ spell in here.  Well, I must say I’m having the time of my life here, for I’m fed on the best of everything, and plenty of attention. I will be that fat that they will need to give me extra drill to run it off. Well, now, don’t worry over me, and tell them not to worry at home, for I’m better off here than where I was before, for I must say up in the line they throw about some very rough stuff at times. It’s rougher than a final football match is, and I can tell you it hurts if it hits you in the right place. One thing here, there’s no danger of getting hit with it. But I know this much, I miss the noise of the big guns, for you cannot even hear that here. I think I will be here for about four or five weeks or longer, and then I will have to go into a camp here before going back to the roar of guns, and our neat little homes under the ground. You can guess the time I’m going to have in England for a few weeks after the dirt of Egypt, and then after being in France, where you cannot understand what they are talking about or saying to you. But I would rather live 12 months in France than a week in Egypt. Well now, I suppose I had better tell you a bit about my wound. It is a small shrapnel in the small of the back, so I won’t be long before being right and I’m going about again, for I’m sitting in bed writing this, so you can tell I’m not too bad on it. But all the same, I must say I’m lucky, for a shrapnel burst about six feet above our heads, and only wounded eight of us, and some were that slight that you would not have known they were hit. For instance, one chap went on to work, and found out that he was hit, and had to come back to us. Well, we had about two miles to go to a dressing station then, and from there for the next three days we were on the go from one hospital to another, and at last, on the 11th of July, we landed here, that was yesterday. I expect the boys will get a shock to find me gone, for when I saw them last they were doing well, except Charlie and Eddy Hungerford, and they were bad with mumps and going to hospital in France. So they also will have a few weeks’ spell. They are fine mates both of them. You asked me in your letter did I have a good time for my birthday. Well I spent it in the trenches, so you can guess what a time I had. But it’s all in the game, and we are here to play the game, and we can play it too, so long as they stay in their trenches and we are left in ours. I got letters from Lil, Sarah, and Mary the same mail as yours, so enjoyed reading the news from sunny Australia. But I have not got any of the paper you sent, and don’t suppose I ever will for papers are just thrown about over here anywhere, and to anyone. But keep on sending them if you like, for if I don’t get them some other poor devel will, and I can t:ll you they are appreciated here.”   


The Daily News (Perth, WA) Wednesday 6 September 1916 p 3 [sic]:

Mainly About People.  “Franziska.”  Mrs. P. E. Jaekman, of South Perth, has received a cable from her son, Signaller P. R. Allen, who has been in action for 12 months, both in Gallipoli and France, that he is now in hospital at Colchester suffering from  a fractured leg. His eldest brother, Private W. Allen, who was also in Gallipoli and France, is in Croxley Green Hospital recovering from bronchitis. His second brother, PrivateJack Allen, is also in hospital in France.”  


Wingham Chronicle and Manning River Observer (NSW) 23 Sept. 1916 p 4 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  Mr. and Mrs, J. F. Lattimore, of Burrill Creek, have been notified that their son (Private Oscar Lattimore) has been severely wounded in France. He is now in Colchester Hospital.”  


The North West Post (Formby, Tas.) Tuesday 26 September 1916 p 3 [sic]:

ABOUT PEOPLE. The Rev F. J. Rankin, of Barnie, received word on Saturday that his eldest son, Francis Roy had died in the Colchester Military Hospital, England, from the effects of wounds received in France two months ago.”   


The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Friday 29 September 1916 p 11 [sic]:

WOUNDED. Sergeant W. F. DOE, son of Ald. and Mrs. B. J. Doe, is in the Colchester Hospital in England. He was wounded in the foot, which has been amputated.”  


Eastern Districts Chronicle (York, WA) Friday 29 September 1916 p 3 [sic]:

A YORK SOLDIER WOUNDED. A FEW INTERESTING PARTICULARS.  Private L. H. Inkpen, of the 28th Battalion, writes as follows from the Military Hospital, Colchester (Eng.), under date August 19:- Well, here I am with a wound in the foot and several flesh wounds on the body, in fact Fritz sprinkled me all over from foot to shoulders, but some are very slight, and they need to be too. It happened on the 4th of August as we were going into the front line to take up position at about 9 p.m. for a scrap. But your humble got one in the foot a few yards from our destination and had to stop, bandage, and try to get back to the first-aid station, but with no luck!  In the darkness and owing to the cut-up state of the position (Pozieres) I got absolutely bushed amongst shell-holes, for there is not a yard square of this position but what is torn and churned up by ‘shell fire, so it will give you an idea of what bombardments are like in France.   Absolutely bushed, and not a human voice even to be heard—nothing but the scream of shells and whistling of bullets, and a shell-hole for protection.  Next morning broke only to bring more trouble, as almost as soon as daylight appeared a shrapnel pellet smacked me just under the short rib, which as you may guess snatched my wind, as well as giving me a nasty wound (flesh). Fortunately it did not go through. By this time I was pretty well fagged out, but this was not all, as during the day I got peppered with small pellets from a Minnie-werfer.  Still no aid and not able even to crawl very far before becoming exhausted.   

A solid bombardment continued from that afternoon till the next morning, and I was just about done when at about 8 o’clock I raised myself with the help of a tree root and looked round, and to my enjoyable surprise I could see a stretcher party pretty close by, whom I signalled to by waving my steel helmet, and at last I experienced the comfort of a ministering angel in reality.   Down to the first-aid station per stretcher, dressed and onto motor ambulance and off to dressing station, thence to clearing station where the surgeons operated on the foot and removed sundry shrapnel from my frame. Now August 7.  On board the hospital-train down 1 to Boulogne, two days here and across the channel to Dover, and from thence to Colchester. I will be glad when I can get away to our own convalescent camp which I am afraid will not be just yet…  It opens one’s eyes to see the wounds of some of the poor chaps about these places. Something awful and you would wonder how on earth they manage to patch some up.  I have not seen anything of England yet as I am unable to take walks. Regards to all friends in York.”


Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW) Tuesday 3 October 1916 p 2 [sic]:

SERGEANT W. F. DOE.  Sergeant W. F. Doe, son ex-Alderman B. J. Doe; who was reported wounded some time ago, is now reported as being in the Colchester Hospital, England. Sergeant Doe was wounded in one foot, which has been amputated.”


The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 13 October 1916 p 5 [sic]:

AUSTALIAN SOLDIERS’ LETTERSBombed, Buried Alive, and Shot.

A wounded soldier, writing to his mother, gives this vivid account of his individual experiences in the fighting at Pozieres:- “I have been through an awful experience, and was in two charges around Pozieres in 11 days. I came out of the first without a scratch although we lost our captain and half the company. Then we had to hang on against counter-attacks and artillery for days. During this time I had the misfortune to he buried alive, and it took three of my boys two hours to dig me out, but I got over it all right. D Company entered the last charge 55 men out of 193. We got well away, and I got my first wound about 100 yards out. It was a nasty one, through the left thigh. I whipped off my equipment, and bound it up. I then got another bullet through the right biceps of the arm. I wriggled into a narrow trench and lay still. The next time I looked up I could see a party of Germans within 40 yards of me. I only had nine rounds in, but eight Germans are lying dead in front of Pozieres to-day. Latterly one of their number spotted me, and then they made off, after throwing a bomb. It got me fairly, fracturing my right leg in two places, and putting five bad wounds in my legs from just above the knee downwards. . Don’t ask me how I got back, but I did-three hours later, my broken leg trailing. Five hours later I was at the main aid post, and put out of my torture for many hours. I came to my senses in Etaples. Another operation, and was then shipped across to England, and am now lying in military hospital, Colchester.”  


National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW) Monday 23 October 1916 p 3 [sic]:

Personal.  Mrs. Dowell has received official information that her son, Private J. W. Dowell was admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital on October 1, suffering from a mild form of bronchitis.”  


Gippsland Independent, Buln Buln, Warragul, Berwick, Poowong and Jeetho Shire Advocate (Vic.)  Friday 10 November 1916 p 4 [sic]:

A DROUIN LAD’S EXPERIENCES.

Pte. E. Lewis, who was wounded in action in France, sustaining a compound fracture of the lower part of the right thigh, writing from the Military Hospital in Colchester, England, to his sister in Drouin, says: You will be surprised to know that I am already in England. My wound got on so well that they were able to send me over here sooner than they expected, so I don’t suppose it will be long before I can get about. I hope not, anyway. We left 23 General Hospital early in the morning, and went by train to Calais, and they by boat to Dover, and then again by train to here, taking about 4 hours. This place, i believe, is situated in a very pretty part of the south of England I have not had time yet to find out much about it. Since being in hospital, I have been treated very well. You may read of the comforts for travelling for wounded, but you have not the slightest idea of how well you are cared for, and the arrangements for your comfort. The ambulance trains are fitted up something wonderful—spring mattress beds for stretcher cases, and kitchens on them, and they provide you with soup as well as plenty of bread, butter, jam, and hot tea or cocoa. Really travelling for about 24 hours has very little more effect on you than lying in bed in a ward all day. They provide you with cigarettes on the train as well. So far as feeling fit is concerned,  I never felt better, and I have been putting on great weight. The stretcher-bearers reckon I am a terrible weight to them. I am glad to say that I am doing well, although as you must expect, it will be a month or six weeks before I can get up as the thigh bone will take some time to get strong enough to get about on with safety. The wound is just on right, and the leg is in a splint from under the arm down to the ankle, and I have a 10lb/ extension weight on my foot, so you see they have got me well down, and, after an active life, it is hard to get used to, but, by the time it is right. I suppose I will be quite used to it, and won’t want to get up. I was wounded at 2.30 on the morning of 29th July at Pozieres, near Albert, I suppose you read in the papers of the great advance that started there on 1st July, and of the good work done by Australian and English regiments. It was after an advance made by my battalion that I was wounded. We had advanced about from 400 to 500 yards, and had gained our objective. and had got our trench dug and con solidated and at 2.30 I had to report to a company about 100 yards on my left. At the time the trench, with all men working in it, it was impossible for me to get through all the way with my equipment and tools, so I had to get well over the back, and sneak along. I had not gone far when I got hit. It was either a sniper or a machine gun that got me. Both parties were very active at the time. We got a very bad time that night. We lost our captain and a staff major, and another major, a company commander. Our stretcher-bearers were going so much, and so knocked up, they did not get me until 11 o’clock in the morning. I was lying out all the time. I cannot describe on paper to you what an advance under fire is like. I can only leave it to your imagination. It is simply marvellous that anyone gets through at all. It was 12.15 when we hopped over, and we had only gone about 20 yards when Fritz spotted us and opened fire—rifle, machine gun, and artillery all opened up within a few seconds. Well, we faced it and went like the devil right at it, and, from that time until we got orders to halt and dig in. I have very little recollection. The battalion has been over again since, and driven the Huns right out from there now. ln this ward, in the bed right opposite me. is a sergeant of my company, and he says the second hopover was simply hell, and there are very few of the battalion now. When I joined them, they were at Armentieres, and had some exciting times there, but I do not want any more Pozieres stunts for a while. You cannot imagine what the place is like. Pretty well every square yard of ground for miles around has been ploughed up with shells. There are shell holes varying from 10 to 20 feet deep, and 10 feet in diameter. There is a mine crater which the British let off on 1st July, about 50 yards in length, 20 feet wide, and 30 feet deep. I expect to be nearly three month here before going to a convalescent home. While in hospital we do not get any money, but can get it as soon as we leave. The ladies around here are very good to us. They bring us cigarettes, matches, fruit, stationery, or anything we want. There is a Sydney lady living here who comes to see Australians, and brings them all sorts of things. She has promised to bring me some home-made cakes and jelly next time she comes. A barber comes and cuts our hair and shaves us”.  


Warracknabeal Herald (Vic.) Friday 17 November 1916 p 3 [sic]:

PTE. GARDINER GETTING ON WELL. Pte. R. J, Gardiner, writing from the General Hospital, at Colchester, England, on September 24th, stated that he was getting on well, and expected to be shifted to the Australian Convalescent Home, at Uxbridge.   He says the Germans sent over another lot of Zeppelins the night previous to writing, and he believes they went back three short. One came down about three miles away, and he could hear the aircraft guns going all night.   The wounded were to be taken out to inspect it.   In a later letter Pte. Gardiner stated that he had been removed to the Australian Home, which was a very nice place, and the people were most kind.  They came round in motor cars and took the wounded out driving.  One place visited was Westminster.”


Eastern Districts Chronicle (York, WA) Friday 17 November 1916 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  News to hand this week from Private L. H. Inkpen, who was peppered with shrapnel by the Huns at Pozieres in August last.  He is still at Colchester Hospital, and at time of writing thought the medicos had an idea that there  were still some stray bits of lead or useless bone splinters about his anatomy.”


Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Tuesday 21 November 1916 p 6 [sic]:

TASMANIAN CASUALTIES.  A letter received by Miss S. Tucker, of “Heazlemere,” Scottsdale, from a friend in Colchester, England, mentions having made friends with a Tasmanian soldier named Jones, from Launceston, where he was in an ironmonger’s business.  They met him in a hospital, where they took him some “Couriers,” a “Sydney Mail,” some postcards of Launceston, and some smokes. They found the patient quite convalescent, and able to relate quite a lot of experiences.  He had seen service in Egypt, had spent seven hot, weary mouths in Gallipoli, and then went to France, where he was slightly wounded in the battle of the Somme.  He got mixed up with a lot of English troops, which explains why he was brought to Colchester.  When the letter was written (September 24) he was off to a convalescent home at Epsom.”


Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Thursday 23 November 1916 p 8 [sic]:

FIGHT FOR MOUQUET FARM WEST AUSTRALIANS TO THE FORE.

Mr. D. Jones, of Palmerston-st., Kalgoorlie, has received an interesting letter, dated October 2, from his brother, Sergt. L. Emlyn Jones, who is in the Colchester Military Hospital suffering from wounds received while fighting in France with one of the latest Australian battalions formed in Egypt. In the course of his letter he says :—

“After about six months’ fighting at Gallipoli (where I was once wounded), we left Egypt for France in June, and were in the trenches up near Ypres on June 28. In for 13 days and lost about — men from our battalion. It was hardly a fair go for infantry. It was all artillery, rifle grenades, aerials, etc. It was as if we had our hands tied — being hit and couldn’t hit back. No infantry attacks were made up there then; just an occasional raid when the battalions did well. We then in August went down to the ‘Big Push’ on the Somme. About the middle of August our division took its place by battalions in the front firing line. Our position was just north-east of Pozieres, or where Pozieres once was. Thiepvay is not far from there. Our battalion was in one charge there. After a terrific artillery bombardment lasting about a quarter of an hour — that is, concentrated, of course, all batteries going like hell, heavy and light alike — we hopped over the parapet at 9 p.m. Our artillery then ‘lifted’ or lengthened its range on to their supports. Unfortunately the artillery’s range was a bit long, and they hadn’t knocked the Germans’ front trenches about much. The shells went over more into their supports. The result was that when we made our final charge we were met with a perfect stream of bullets from their front machine-guns and rifle fire. We lost a lot of men, but had the pleasure of piercing their line and doing a good few Germans ‘in.’ But we were not properly connected up, and two of the companies went back to our lines after an hour. My company hung on until just on daylight, and a hot time we had. I had mates killed all round me, but Fritz suffered pretty heavily too.

On September 3 our brigade went in again to take the famous stronghold, Mouquet Farm (near Thiepval). This time better arrangements were made. We had a photograph taken by our airmen of the enemy trenches, and we knew exactly where we were, where to go, and what to do. Our battalion was allotted the task of taking the farm. W.A. and Tasmania were on our right, Queensland on our left, whilst

S.A. were in support. After a lively bombardment by the famous Lahore batteries we hopped over at 5 a.m. just before dawn. This time the artillery had done the work properly, and Fritz’s trenches were pounded to mud (it was wet weather). The front line was soon beaten, and we W.A.’s got 200 yards ahead of the farm. The charge was done in three waves or lines. Those coming behind bombed the Germans out of their fine dugouts with smoke bombs. We took any amount of prisoners and many we didn’t take prisoners.  It’s not a fair thing when Fritz fires point blank and then throws up his hands. He should make up his mind earlier. We held on until 11 o’clock that morning, when Fritz came through a gap between us and the —nd, and got part back, but the farm was taken altogether a couple of days after. The shelling on both sides was tremendous. It was a perfect hell— high explosives, shrapnel and all sorts. They knew where our trenches were, and we knew theirs.  The only trouble is getting forward from reserves to the front firing line. Fritz searched every yard of our saps in his shelling. We lost a lot that way. One wonders how on earth one comes out alive; mates killed ahead, behind, and all round. I lost more than three-parts of my platoon. But don’t think that if we suffer like that that Fritz is not. It must be like the innermost part of hell where he is, for for every shell he puts over we put at least 10 great big high explosives. 5.92-in., 11-in., 12-in., 13.5-in., and an occasional 15-in. By jove, don’t they rip and tear! Then the shrapnel is going over all the time. We have big plumb pudding bombs fired from trench mortars, too, that put the fear of God in Fritz’ heart. They are awful things. To count against this Fritz has an aerial torpedo.

“I was hit on the morning of the charge on the 3rd. A piece of either high explosive or shrapnel went in to my right upper arm, and has embedded itself in the bicep. I have been X-rayed twice, but the piece has shifted half an inch. They probed the wound, and tried to get it out with the forceps, but could not. Then they froze part of the arm and lanced from the other side — made a hole right through. Then he didn’t get it. Now I am down for the X-rays again to-day, when they will photograph the piece in the arm, and on the following day I am to be chloroformed and operated upon. So I am writing this whilst my arm is not too bad. It’s not very painful if I don’t go in for tricks. This is a military hospital, and there’s any amount of discipline — more discipline than food. I would like to get in an Australian hospital. They are absolutely splendid. I was in No. 2 Australian Hospital at Boulogne. It was good. However, I hope soon to get out and about again, then 14 days’ furlough. It will be the first leave for 21 months.

“I think it is the beginning of the end with Fritz. Our troops are doing great work now. Our air service is simply wonderful. Fritz hasn’t a chance. He sneaks over in his Zeppelins here, but another was brought down in flames last night. That makes four in four weeks. Our hospital here is right in his ‘track’ to London, but he hasn’t hit us yet. One Zep. Came down five miles away.”  


Bendigo Advertiser (Vic.) Friday 1 December 1916 p 2 & Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic.) Thursday 7 December 1916 p 9  [sic]:

SERGEANT G. CROSS.  Extracts from letters received from Sergeant Geo. Cross, of Armadale, Melbourne, wounded, in the great advance of the Somme, dated Colchester Military Hospital, 25/9/16:-

“Again I have been in bed for 14 days, and had a wretched time from the gas attack. Yesterday I cabled home, and I guess when you heard the results you were delighted.   I have been marked up for home, probably Christmas together.  Can you imagine it?    The climate here does not agree with me.   I shall send a photo, soon as possible, so prepare yourself for a complete wreck.” 

Under date of 5/10/16, 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Sergeant Cross wrote:-

“I know what a cruel disappointment this will mean to you.   Two days ago I arrived here, and have now been marked up for 14 days’ leave, so I suppose France will see me again for Christmas.   I would willingly go through it again if it were the means of returning the breadwinners to their children.    During the months I was in France I often thought life had given me many pleasant memories.   Then why am I here, where my life is not worth a halfpenny, and where at any moment a violent death may come to me?   The agony of death is really nothing; the mere giving up of life is a little thing but the thought of losing home ties and all that is dear to me in this world gives me the fierce desire to live.    Then for why am I here?   You see it is for the good things of life and the retention of those good things that I must risk my life.   Nothing can be gained in this queer world without payment, and it is now I am squaring the account.   Still, it seems unfair that I should pay for the natural and rightful things of life when so many thousands refuse to pay.   But no doubt they will pay in loss of respect, insults, and the everlasting stigma of that unbearable word ‘Shirker!’ “


The Maitland Weekly Mercury (NSW) Saturday 2 December 1916 p 7 [sic]:

WOUNDED IN FRANCE. STRUGGLE WITH A HUN. ZEPPELIN RELICS. LETTER FROM BOMBARDIER STORM.

Bombardier W. Storm, son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Storm, of West Maitland, writing to his parents from the Schools Military Hospital, Colchester, Essex, under date October 8, says: – “I am still here, but I think I will be getting shifted to London any day now.  There is a chance of my getting through this awful war yet.   I have gone through a lot, but it was God’s wish, I often think, that I was to live.  I can hardly realise myself being alive after the thousands of tons of lead and iron that had gone past me without having fatal results. It’s only a dream, thank God. I have the noise of the gun out of my ears, now and sleep 0.K.  The only trouble is the heart.   My wounds are all healed, and I can get along tip top with a stick. My right leg is still a little stiff from a bayonet wound.  It I also trembles when I sit down. I think a nerve is severed, but I am hoping for the best. They may send me home for six months leave. I have had no letters for three and a half months.”   

On October 10, Bombardier Storm writes:- Received your welcome letters to-day. They have been a long time looking them up.  I got quite a number from you, also from mother, Ethel and Lydia. I am leaving hospital to-morrow morning for Dartford, near London.  I will have a good time there. It is a home for wounded Australians. I believe it only accommodates 50 of us. If they don’t send me home on six months’ leave I shall be there for two months.  If they think me fit I suppose I will have to fight again. I am not the same old Bill Storm now you knew. My nerves are gone. I was always brave enough to face death, but the strain has told on me.  My wounds have healed splendidly, but my heart has not.  I was talking to Frank Walsh, at Etaples, in France, two months ago. He was looking well and had not been to the front up to that time. The noise of the guns in battle is something terrific. I often wonder where my gun is – perhaps, in the hands of the Germans, but I hope not.  I was working my gun from a large shell hole in front of the trench.  I had to go there to reach their trenches with the shells. The infantry charged and took the trenches. I was busy with my gun when a Hun tackled me.  He got his bayonet in my thigh, and before he had time to pull it out I shot him with my revolver.  I am now here in England to think over it.   I have just come back after looking at the Zepp which was downed five miles from Colchester by the British anti-aircraft guns. What a huge ship it is – as large as the boat I left Australia on.  I am enclosing two small pieces of it — all aluminium. 

Writing from No. 3 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Dartford, Kent, on Oct. 13, to his mother, Bombardier’ Storm says:-‘I received a letter from you last week which was lying at the base some time.  Fancy you only getting two letters from me since I enlisted. I wrote many from France and sent you a nice card soon after I got wounded the first time in Bois Gremier, France.   I bought the card in Armentieres, and one tor Lydia at Erquimgham.  I hear that both places have since been razed to the ground.  When we left Armentieres for the Somme, shells were setting fire to it.  When we got to Albert it was the same. I was wounded a second time in the trenches at Contal Maison, near Albert, and opposite Pozieres.  The villages you hear of us taking back are simply a heap of bricks, with German dead lying everywhere – that is after our artillery is finished with it.  Out of our battery of eight guns and 70 men on the Somme only 11 are surviving to-day.  It is the most dangerous game in the army. With the aid of glasses the enemy can see our shells leave the guns, and you can see them in the air with the naked eye.  He then gets his artillery on to us, and big stuff at that, because he knows as well as we do the damage the mortars do. If he takes us prisoner he has no mercy for us. It means certain death. I don’t know what they intend to do with me. They shift me from one hospital to another. I am now in our own at last. I left Colchester the other day. Arriving at Liverpool street we were met by some nice people who gave us cigarettes and fruit. We went in motors to another station, by train to Epsom, and came back through the tube to another station.  Then we caught train to Dartford, 15 miles from London, and here l am just as I left France— no better.’”

[N.B. Storm, William Milton; Service number 2016; 18 Infantry Battalion – 1 to 13 Reinforcements (May 1915 – June 1916); Place of embarkation: Sydney.   Ship embarked on: HMAT Runic A54]


Geelong Advertiser (Vic.) Saturday 2 December 1916 p 4 [sic]:

NEWS OF GEELONG & DISTRICT SOLDIERS.

Mr. Geo, Mitchell, Noble-streot, Newtown, received the following telegram yesterday morning:—”I regret to advise you that information has been received to the effort that Bombardier Mowbray T. Mitchell was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital.  14/11/16 suffering from gunshot wound, right thigh severe-—(Melbourne N.A.E.F. 25/11/16. J. McLean, Major.)”  


The Register (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 9 December 1916 p 10 [sic]:

PERSONAL. Mrs. C. L. McCarthy, of Payneham road, St. Peters, has received a cable message from her brother, Cpl. E. Jay, of the Australian Artillery, from England, stating that her son, Pte. T. F. McCarthy has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital with “trench feet,” contracted in the trenches in France, and is progressing favourably. Her younger son, Pte. B. J. McCarthy, it is stated in the same message, is in the military hospital, Birmingham also doing well. Pte. B. J. McCarthy was wounded by shrapnel in the head, chest, and left forearm on August 15 in the battle of the Somme.”  


The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.) Monday 11 December 1916 p 6 [sic]:

TASMANIAN CASUALTIES. SOME PERSONAL NOTES.  

News has been received from Mrs. Harrison that her husband, Corporal P.H. Harrison, who enlisted in Hobart, was killed in action on November 5.  Corporal Harrison enlisted over 12 months ago, and had been serving in France and Belgium for some time.  He was the second son of Mr. and Mrs. P.H. Harrison who has been killed in action.  Their eldest son, William, who enlisted with Corporal Harrison, is at present seriously ill in Colchester Hospital, England.”


Bendigo Advertiser (Vic.) Thursday 14 December 1916 p 8 & Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic.) Thursday 21 December 1916 p 9 [sic]:

SICK SOLDIERS.  Mr. Lionel Lee has received a letter from the Defence department – saying that his son Private S. A. Lee, has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, suffering from trench feet.    Private Lee has been in France since last March.”


The Daily News (Perth, WA) Wednesday 10 January 1917 p 3 [sic]:

Mainly About People. “Franziska”  News to hand (says a York exchange) states that Private L. H. Inkpen, who was peppered with shrapnel by the Huns at Pozieres in, August last, is still at Colchester Hospital, and at time of writing thought the medicos had an idea that there were still some stray bits of lead or useless bone splinters about his anatomy.”  


The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Friday 12 January 1917 p 8 [sic]:

IN HOSPITAL. PRIVATE H. A. DICKMAN.   Mr. W. Dickman of Moore Park has been informed by the military authorities that his youngest son, Private H.A. Dickman, of the 30th Battalion, was admitted to the Military Hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from trench feet.”


The Ballarat Courier (Vic.) Saturday 13 January 1917 Edition: DAILY. p 4 [sic]:

CORPORAL A. R. ROBERTS.  Mrs A. Roberts, of 76 Josepths St. Ballarat East, has received word that her son, Corp A. R. (Bert) Roberts, of the 8th Battalion, has been reported wounded in the left leg, and admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital.”


Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW) Tuesday 16 January 1917 p 2 [sic]:

IN BROKEN HILL. PRIVATE GEORGE GILBERT AGAIN WOUNDED.  Mr. G. B. Gilbert, Frieberg Hotel, Railway Town, has received report from the Base Records Office that his son, Private George C. Gilbert, was wounded (second occasion) and admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital (England) on January 1, with gun-shot wound to right thigh.”


Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic.) Thursday 18 January 1917 p 9 [sic]:

SICK SOLDIERSMrs. Goudge, of Golden-square, has received word from the Defence department that her husband, Private A. I. Goudge, was admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital on the 16th December, suffering from pleurisy. Private Goudge is the eldest son of Mrs. J. Nesbit, of Burke’s Flat.”  


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) 18 January 1917 p 5 [sic]:

DISTRICT CASUALTIES. ILL. PRIVATE McCRACKEN:- Mr. T. McCracken, of Steel-street, Hamilton, has received intimation that Private T. A. McCracken has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, suffering from trench feet.”


Murray Pioneer and Australian River Record (Renmark, SA) Friday 19 January 1917 p 3 [sic]:

FOR BRAVERY.  RENMARK LAD DECORATED.

The London Gazette of October 28,1916, announces the award of the Military Medal for bravery to (among others) No. 1599, Pte, W. L. Dyer. 

Pte. W. L. Dyer, son of Captain Dyer of the s. s. Royal, is better known in Renmark as Leo, and Captain states that though Leo wrote to his brother, Sgt. Charley Dyer, on Nov. 5, he does not mention anything in his letter about having been awarded the Military  Medal, nor has he himself received direct intimation “of the act, apart from the announcement made in the Adelaide Register, which quoted the London Gazette.  It is unlikely, however that there has been any mistake, as the London Gazette, which is official, may be presumed to be correct.

Pte. W. L. Dyer enlisted in the early stages of the war, and he was at Gallipoli seven days after the landing. During the whole of that campaign he did not get so much as a scratch and after the evacuation of the Peninsula he was in Egypt till early in the following year, when his unit was drafted over with the first contingent to France. He saw considerable fighting round Armentieres and whilst in that district a high-explosive shell burst near him and killed four of his companions out-right and wounded fourteen others. Captain Dyer thinks that it is probably in connection with some deed which he did at that time that, he has received the honour mentioned in the Gazette. Pte. \V. L. Dyer was wounded some time prior to August 26, after which he was sent to military hospital at Colchester, England, and latterly he has been employed at the Military Post Office at Regents Park, London.

Capt. Dyer in speaking of his son’s characteristics states that he was always interested in the lighter side of life, and instead” of describing in his letters the climate, or his surroundings and the horrors of war, he would give a full account of how he and his mates were in the habit, when opportunity offered, of raiding certain cherry trees behind the lines, until the Germans got the trees ranged and made it too hot for their attentions. All honour to Pte. W. L. Dyer: if he takes life lightly he comes up to scratch at the right moment.

Capt. Dyer’s other son, Sgt. Charley Dyer, enlisted at the same time as his brother. He was wounded at Gallipoli in the first landing, after which he was sent to Harefield Hospital, England, and from there he was sent to Weymouth and thence back to Gallipoli after four months absence. After his second fortnight in Gallipoli he was hit on the head with a piece of shrapnel, but he was not sufficiently wounded to necessitate his removal to hospital, and he remained on Gallipoli until the time of the evacuation. He states that Gallipoli was only a “fleabite” to France, where he has been buried four times in the space of five minutes. In one of his letters to his father Sgt. Dyer says that he had seen men wounded and killed, by bullets before, but in France it was the first time that he had seen men torn to pieces by shell-fire. On one occasion he was struck by an aerial torpedo 6 inches long, and though, it only scratched his hand he had to go back to hospital to be inoculated against tetanus, as the least scratch was likely otherwise to bring on that dreadful disease.

Captain Dyer possesses a wonderful history of the war, so far as the part played in it by Australians are concerned, in the well preserved letters which he has received from his sons, some of the passages and descriptions contained in these letters constituting records of both historical value and literary merit.”  


Euroa Gazette (Vic.) Tuesday 6 February 1917 p 2 [sic]:

Personal. During last week a cable came through stating that Private Alex Johnston had been wounded, and is in Colchester hospital.  It is hoped the wound may prove a slight one.” 


St Arnaud Mercury (Vic.) Wednesday 14 February 1917 p 3 [sic]:

CASUALTIES.  The Barkly correspondent of the “Avoca Mail” says:- Private Will Cheesman, 39th Battalion, is lying severely wounded (gunshot wound through chest) in France, Private Charles Marshall, also 39th Battalion, wounded (by a gunshot wound through the right arm) Is in Colchester Hospital, England.”


The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Qld.) Saturday 3 March 1917 p 20 [sic]:

CENTRAL QUEENSLANDERS IN ENGLAND.  Signaller Les Fraser is in hospital in Colchester sick, but was very pleased to get the ‘Capricornians’ I sent. He tells me that Sapper K. J. Hood from Mount Morgan, is in the same hospital; I have sent both boys a parcel.”  


Hamilton Spectator (Vic.) Friday 16 March 1917 p 2 [sic]:

PUBLISHED DAILY. AUSTRALIA’S HEROES.

Mrs. Fallon, of Learmonth-street, Hamilton, has been informed by Base Records that her son, Private T. H. Fallon, was admitted to the military hospital, Colchester, suffering from haematuria, in a mild form.  Two other members of this family have seen active service, and both have suffered wounds.  


The Evening Echo (Ballarat, Vic.) Saturday 5 May 1917 p 3 [sic]:

HERE THERE EVERWHERE.

Miss F. Wood, at the corner of Ascot and Latrobe streets, has received word that her nephew, Pte J. R. Wood, of the 14th Battalion, was admitted to the Colchester General Hospital, Colchester, England, on

18th April, suffering from gunshot wounds in the left arm and side.  The injuries are described as mild.”  


The Ballarat Courier (Vic.) Wednesday 9 May 1917 Edition: DAILY. p 4 [sic]:

SERGEANT R. B. RAMAGE.  Mr W. Ramage has received word from the Defence Department that his son Sergt R. B. Ramage, is in the Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wound in the right thigh, received on the 18th April.”


The Register (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 9 May 1917 p 8 [sic]:

PERSONAL NOTES.

Mr. and Mrs. W J. Kelly of Clare, have been informed that their youngest son, Pte. Eric G. Kelly, was wounded in the right arm, while fighting in France, was admitted to the Colchester General HospitalEngland, on April 18.”  


The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Wednesday 9 May 1917 p 8 [sic]:

AUSTRALIANS ABROAD.

The Defence department has advised Mr W. Calway, of Leigh Creek, that his son, Corporal Frank Calway, has been wounded in action. Miss Wood, of Ascot street, Ballarat, has also been advised that her brother, James Wood, has been wounded in the arm and side, and Is now an inmate of the Colchester Hospital, England Both these firemen left Australia early in October, 1915, and have been fighting together as mates.”  


Geelong Advertiser (Vic.) Saturday 12 May 1917 p 4 [sic]:

NEWS OF GEELONG AND DISTRICT SOLDIERS. …  

A letter received from Pte. Arthur Harrison by his parents at Highton states that he had been admitted to the 2nd A.G. Hospital, Boulogne, suffering from a septic arm and severe attack of bronchitis.  At the time of writing he was in Colchester Hospital, England. From a cable recently received it is learnt that he is well, and has met his brother.”  


Stawell News and Pleasant Creek Chronicle (Vic.) Saturday 9 June 1917 p 3 [sic]:

WOUNDED IN THE NECK.  Mr. R. Phillips,” Doctor’s Creek, has ascertained that his son, Private Bert, Phillips, who was previously reported wounded, is suffering from slight gun-shot wounds in the neck, and is an inmate of the Colchester Hospital, England.”


Daily Telegraph (Launceston, Tas.) Wednesday 13 June 1917 p 2 [sic]:

TASMANIAN CASUALTIES PERSONAL NOTES.

Mr and Mrs Fred Badcock, Westbury, received word from the Base Records Office that their son, Private

Percy C. Badcock, has been admitted to the Military Hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from gun-shot wound in the left shoulder.”   


Gippsland Farmers Journal (Traralgon, Vic.) Friday 22 June 1917 p 4 & Traralgon Record (Traralgon, Vic.) Friday 22 June 1917 p 3 [sic]:

ON THE WAY TO THE FRONT. TRAINING IN ENGLAND.  Notes from England. AN AUSTRALIAN’S IMPRESSIONS.  Following are extracts from a letter received last week from Sapper 0. G. Pettit, of the 7th Engineer Reinforcements.   It is dated from Brightlingsea training camp 1-4-17. and runs as follows: 

“Again I am able to write before leaving for “shell-land,” as I believe there is a mail for Australia in a few days, though we cannot definitely ascertain on account of the procedure of advertising the departure of overseas mails being cut out.   I am glad to say I am still keeping well. The weather during the past month has been mortifying and I think we’ve had a sample of everything known to an English winter.  One day will be cold and wintry with heavy sleet driving in all directions, and the next fierce gales will crop up which pierce one to the bone.  Then we get just a glimpse of a spring day, with the birds beginning to harbinger its arrival, and the sun struggling through a heavy mist of fog.  Such are the days which have made me glad in anticipation of the approaching summer months, but such thoughts have been time and again subjected to disappointment, when the next few hours bring the frost and snow, and, worse than all ,the old easterly winds, which I have said penetrate to the very bones.  

Today is a typical Saturday half holiday, one which damps the spirits of the most ardent, especially when trips have been arranged by the troops to various neighbouring places, such as Clacton on Sea, which is only twelve miles distant, and is one of the most popular and fashionable sea side resorts in England. Fancy visiting such parts in this weather!   Yet there have been days delightfully mild, when the sea side would not be at all out of place.  March is now over (the severest known for many years in England) so surely spring will come at last, with all its raptuious enchantments.  From the slight indications I have seen I can quite imagine how delightful this season of the year must be in this hemisphere and the lengthening of the days is already most striking.  I believe in the summer-time it is twilight up till nine or ten at night!  Under ordinary conditions this must be a great country, and I’ve often thought that if it were possible to transfer England, with all its industrial and commercial wealth, to Australia, whose possibilities as a country are so immense, what a wonderful and world-predominating and self-supporting nation we would be.  The more I see of the vastness of England’s industrial productions and commerce the more I think what wonderful prospects lie before young Australia, and though perhaps we will not live to see the day (or probably the next generation) it will most assuredly rank as the greatest country in the world. That is, of course, providing the administration of affairs is alright. But I’m simply speaking from a natural productive point of view.    

At the present time things are very bad in England.  I’ve seen young lads, just barely 18, frail and delicate looking, being marched off to barracks to undergo a training which l venture to say will prove too strenuous to a large majority of them.   Now I see they are pressing the medically unfit or the best of them into service and the cry is still for more and yet more men!  Where are they going to get them from is the question which presents itself, when already the country is taxed to its utmost? Why, in our own cases, we have hundreds who are absolutely unfit for service but under the stress of the situation are being utilised in many ways instead of being sent back home where their labor will be of more service in the development of their country.   This is a question which will have to be faced by the authorities as it is neither fair to the young fellows, who have become incapacitated through their noble endeavours to help the Motherland nor to the country which sent them. 

Then, again, the seriousness of the situation is brought forcibly home by the shortage of food caused, we are led to believe, by the U boat menace.   When on a visit to Colchester, a fairly large city not far from here, last week I wondered at a large crowd that thronged the street in front of a certain shop and blocked the thoroughfare for quite a time.  The shoving and jostling for positions was just as you might see at a football match or something of the sort, so I became quite interested in the throng and the cause of all the excitement.  ln fact I joined in myself thinking there must be some startling objective.   But you can quite imagine my surprise when two or three waggons arrived on the scene with potatoes!   Then there was a general rush for this scarcest of all commodities.   I wondered if such a shortage would ever be the lot of those fortunate ones in Australia, and whether if such were the case more value would be placed on the, at times, rather despised spud.  Fancy paying a shilling per lb. for them here, and then only a very limited quantity can be obtained. But if things keep going on in this same manner the people will be lucky to see any at all shortly. 

Every imaginable plot of available land in park and other places is being cultivated for the production of potatoes, and in one instance I saw where a tennis court had been ploughed up for the cultivation of this valuable article!   And yet there seems to be any amount of privately owned property going to waste. But, this, I presume, is owned by the aristocracy, who prefer to help their country in this manner rather than throw it open for the raising of necessary productions for the hungry people!    Much dissatisfaction exists in the food line and the pinch is being felt all over.  What the state of things will be in another 12 months if war continues I’m half afraid to think of.   At all events, I don’t want to be here to sample it!   But if conditions of living are so bad here, what must they be in Germany, with the increased vigilance of the British blockade?     A further instalment of this interesting and informative letter will appear in our next issue.”

_________________________

Gippsland Farmers Journal (Traralgon, Vic.) Tuesday 26 June 1917 p 3 & Traralgon Record (Traralgon, Vic.) Tuesday 26 June 1917 p 4 [sic]:

ON THE WAY TO THE FRONT. (By Sapper O. G. Pettit)   (Continued).

I mentioned in a previous part of this letter, that I visited Colchester, a fair sized city of about 45, 000 inhabitants, just 10 miles from here. I made the trip per bicycle, as the roads in this part are specially adapted for that means of travel.    Colchester is supposed to be the oldest town in England, dating back to the eighth century. It is notable in later history for the memorable siege of Colchester, during the civil war between the Royalists and Parliamentarians in 1648. The old castle, a fine sample of the old Roman fortress, and used afterwards in   the siege I have just mentioned, stands on a prominent part in the heart of the city, and has been preserved and beautified by the formation of picturesque gardens round about it, which have been named ” Castle Park.”  At a spot not far from the rear of the castle, a pillar of stone marks the place where, after the victory by the Parliamentarians, the two Royalist leaders (Captains Sir Charles Lucas and Sir Geo. Leslie) were led out and shot by order of Sir Thomas Fairfax as traitors to the people’s struggles against the Stuart despotism. I could not gain admission to the interior of the castle, which was a great disappointment, as having seen the outside of this old historical building, with all its wonderful workmanship in the art of defence, I was naturally curious to know what was hidden behind its massive walls.  Roman walls of a wonderfully built character, run for miles round this interesting old city, but they are in parts falling into ruin, chiefly by pure vandalism, I found, and steps are being taken to preserve these sacred relics of the ancient Roman days. 

In Brightlingsea, a church, dating back, I believe, to the eleventh century, is a landmark known all over the district, and is also a fine sample of early ecclesiastical architecture. It stands to-day as sound and intact as ever, but is used only in cases of funerals or marriages. The towns burial grounds are attached to this imposing old edifice, and many tombstones there date back as far as the 15th and 16th centuries. Tennyson’s brother is buried there, his resting place being marked by a plain towering cross, with simply the name, age and date of death inscribed upon it. The first day after arrival I was one of a complimentary escort to the funeral of a naval sub-lieutenant (a late resident of the town) who was a victim to one of the Hun’s inhuman atrocities. The event was one of much sadness, as a widow and little child were left un provided for, practically friendless in the world. The cortege moved of, with a firing party of naval men marching with reversed arms, the military escort bringing up the rear. As the procession approached the church, the bell in the old tower rang out its mournful toll for the dead, and as the church yard was reached these solemn tones were added to by the huge pipe organ, whose massive notes rumbled out the thrill of the funeral march. The service in the grand old edifice was most interesting to me, and as I sat thus within its precincts, I wondered whether amid all the generations the sacred building has seen come and go, such another scene as this, with its horrible war-time memories, had ever been experienced.  

I have been receiving home papers more regularly of late, and notice in an issue of the “Herald” an unusual (if nothing else) controversy as to the merits and demerits of Australian soldiers marrying English girls. We had a military wedding the other day (in fact, two or three have taken place since I’ve been here) when an Anzac D.C.M. winner was married to a nurse who had attended him while lying wounded in hospital.    

By-the-Bye, a sample of the postal authorities expedition came to hand on Thursday, March 29, in the shape of a cablegram despatched somewhere in December. So the cable must have gone for a tour round the world before reaching its destination. I sent another one on March 14, but have heard nothing yet, and suppose a reply will be here when I’m in France.   

The weather is still most unsettled, and the equinoctial gales have set in with a vengeance. We had a snowstorm the other day, with flakes as big as half-crowns, and the heavy wind that was blowing gave me the nearest approach I have yet seen to a blizzard. It was sufficient to give me a good idea, and I’m quite satisfied to let it stop at that. I see by the papers that Ted Cobbledick and young Miller are amongst the latest war victims. It is terrible when you think that the country is being bled of its young manhood in such a cruel manner. Many other of the boys I know in Frankston and Healesville have gone under.  

We have about completed our training here, which consisted of trench digging, rivetting, bridge building, bomb throwing, barb wire entanglements (very unpleasant to handle), mining, etc., though on account of the length of our school we have been rushed through many items. We had to walk about three miles each way every day to the mining fields and ford, where our training was carried out, so we had physical exercise as well. Night work was also included in the syllabus, and with the wind howling and snow falling on several occasions, our experiences in this department were no one too pleasant, but memorable.”


Port Fairy Gazette (Vic.) Monday 25 June 1917 p 2 [sic]:

Personal.  Mr and Mrs R. J. Russell, Bank-street, Port Fairy, have been advised that their eldest son, Bombardier J. J. Russell, 36th Heavy artillery group, A.I.F., has been admitted to the Colchester military hospital, England, suffering from the effects of shell gas. Bombardier Russell enlisted 2½ years ago in Melbourne as a gunner, and was in camp at Bristol, proceeding thence to France. Another son, Roy Russell, is at present fighting in France.”  


Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA) Saturday 21 July 1917 p 5 [sic]:

AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCES.

Mrs. M. J. McKinnon, of Mount Gambier (recently of Glenburnie) has received information from the Base Records Office that her son, Priv. A. L. McKinnon, has been admitted to the Colchester General Military Hospital, England, suffering from a gunshot wound in the thigh. He was attached to the 50th Battalion.”  


National Leader (Brisbane, Qld) Friday 10 August 1917 p 3 [sic]:

A member of the 42nd Battalion, writing from the Military Hospital, Colchester, says: —

“How very surprised you will be to know I am back in England again! I have a gun-shot wound in the right foot, and a few minor little scratches on the legs, and some blood-blisters on my hands and face. I got my wound about midnight on the 6th. Our battalion had been out of the trenches for four days, and we were just going back to take part in a big battle when I got knocked. We were moving silently through a big forest (‘the King of ‘the Belgians’ hunting ground in peace times), one behind the other. We were thinking of the damage we were going to do in a few hours’ time. We were fairly loaded down with ammunition and stuff. We each had 230 rounds of ammunition. I had a big bag of bombs, and some wire cutters, and two gas protectors; also food and water to last 48 hours. Then we had our greatcoats and waterproof sheets, and other things too numerous to mention. We hadn’t quite reached our back line of trenches when, whiz-bang! a shell dropped just by me and knocked me in a heap into a drain near by. For a minute I didn’t know where I was hit. Then I could feel one leg numb and the old foot paining. I could also smell gas, so I dragged myself out of the ditch and put on my mask, and crawled away to a bit of shelter. Here I stopped till nearly midday. At ordinary times I wouldn’t have had to wait so long to be attended, but on this morning there were a lot being knocked, and the stretcher-bearers had a terrible time of it. I was taken in an ambulance to a clearing station. Here we were attended to again, and innoculated against poisoning. We were then put into a lovely hospital in Boulogne — a magnificent building. I only stopped here a couple of days, and was then taken to a hospital ship, and then to ‘Blighty.’ To Colchester we travelled to a nice new hospital train, and were fairly comfortable in nice clean beds. We have plenty of nurses to look after us, and receive the very best of treatment.”  


The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 27 August 1917 p 4 [sic]:

HONOURS.

COLLINS, Corporal. Basil. A., youngest son of Mrs and the late E. Collins, of Carlton, has been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for consistant, good, and faithful service.He is in hospital at Colchester, England, suffering from trench fever.” 


The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 27 August 1917 p 9 [sic]:

AUSTRALIA’S SOLDIERS. CASUALTY NOTIFICATIONS. PROMOTIONS AND DISTINCTIONS.

Corporal BASIL A. COLLINS, youngest son of Mrs. Collins and .the late Mr. E. Collins, of Carlton, has been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for consistent, good and faithful service. He is attached to the intelligence dept., 29th Battalion, 5th Infantry Brigade, and has been in Egypt and France. He enlisted in July, 1915, after having teen rejected twice. The latest news from him stated that he is in hospital at Colchester, Essex, suffering from trench fever.”  


The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Tuesday 4 September 1917 p 4 & The Week (Brisbane, Qld.) Friday 7 September 1917 p 27 [sic]:

Personal Notes.

Mrs. Bradford, of Windsor road; Red Hill, Brisbane, has received further news from the base records office, Melbourne, that her husband. Sergeant-bugler J. W. Bradford, who was admitted to the Suffolk hospital, has now been -admitted to the military hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from severe gunshot wounds to the arm.”  


The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 10 September 1917 p 1 [sic]:

Family NoticesIN MEMORIAM. On Active Service.

RANKIN.- In loving memory of our dear soldier son and brother, Francis Roy, 6th Infantry, 21st Batt., who was wounded at Pozieres, 29th July, and died at Colchester Military Hospital, England, September 10, 1916. Egypt, Gallipoli, France.

You were so good and trusting, dear,

That when you saw the foe was near,

You clearly heard your country’s call,

And gave your love, your life, your all.

Now you have reached that other shore

Where wars and tumults are no more,

By faith in Jesus, entered rest,

And are forever with the blest.

– (Alvina F. Rankin, Panton street, Golden Square.)”  


The Hillston Spectator and Lachlan River Advertiser (NSW) Saturday 22 September 1917 [sic]:

A Soldier’s Letter.

The following is an extract from a letter received by Mr. Denton from William Lowns, one of the boys who enlisted from Hillston, who writes to say : — “I am in the best of health, and desire to be remembered to all my old Hillston friends. Relieved from duty temporarily I came to England suffering with a badly strained heart, and run down. They treat us all here like Kings in every way. Now as to our diaries since we left Egypt, We left Heliopolis and went in open trucks to Alexandria, and embarked there, and had a fairly exciting trip, there being plenty of submarines kicking around. We landed at Marseilles, and then marched to the railway station, and had three days’ journey to our reinforcement base, where we were well received. The scenery in France almost takes one’s breath away, but there are pitiful sights, too — the old people and kiddies working on the farms, girls doing porters’ work, and old women in the signal boxes. We had rather an uneventful time in Paris. I went to the bull ring, but escaped that heavy training, being a signalist. We marched about eight miles to Armentieres and then about two miles to the trenches, and joined up the battalion.  We do about twelve days in and about twelve days out of the dugouts. We left Armentieres and went to Messines in Belgium, a distance of twelve miles. We had our first experience at Messines, and also an attack of gas. There were many alarms, but never the “dinkum” until up here. The gas did not get any of us. We were too quick with our masks, but it got a lot of rats, the only thing it is good for. We travelled from stage to stage, and reached a place called Albert. Albert is knocked about a bit, especially the Church, which is absolutely ruined, and the tower is smashed, and the way the leaning Madonna hangs from it is something wonderful. We travelled on and on without much to eat until we reached a certain point at 2 o’clock in the afternoon. We were then told we had to take Pozieres, and I we laid on the top of the trenches on what they called the tram line. The shelling was fearful, but we did not lose extra many, but when we got up and advanced it was murder. We had 800 yards to go before we reached Fritz’s front line, but the way the lads went over was beautiful to look at.  The shells were falling every yard round us, and the bullets, gee whiz, they were whistling past us like hail stones. I thought my ears were off two or three times. Fritz was sending bombs at us like rain, and we could not get at him without bayonets through the barbed wire, and we had to take the wounded and bandage them up while some of us dug a trench on ‘No Man’s Land.” Just at daylight a thick mist came over us, which was a God-send, preventing a lot of us from being wiped out. Fritz played the game very well with us and bandaged a lot of our lads up, and beckoned our stretcher- bearers to come for our wounded, and we went to them flying the white flag and brought them in.  We happened to strike a good lot.  Most of them fire on the wounded and stretcher bearers. We have to dig, dig, dig, dig, sometimes under a heavy barrage fire, but have to dig on. We lost a good number, and I was fairly done up. We were moving down the trenches when a shrapnel burst low over our heads, killing three men in front of me, and behind me, and wounded the man next to me, knocking me head over heels. We stayed just out of the firing line in supports, and on Friday night moved up. We were to go over at 8.40, just at dusk, then all of a sudden, hell seemed to break loose, but once we started we forgot everything. A couple of Fritzs started to bomb us, and we bayoneted them and bombed others. Some put up their hands and others ran away. We took Fritz’s first and second lines without much trouble, and held them.  We went to a place called Sausage Gully, where we had thousands of guns almost wheel to wheel, and they were barking all the night, making it impossible to sleep. We went back to Para Hill on Sunday night, and Fritz bombarded us all the way, but it made no difference. I slept seventeen hours at a stretch. Fritz’s dugouts are something wonderful, being fifty and sixty feet deep. We captured thirty and forty men in some of the dugouts. They were only too willing to be taken. There were a good many who could speak English, and said they were glad to be out of it, and that we did not know what our bombardment was like. Still, if our’s is worse than their’s I would not care to be in it. We went to Ypres, which is utterly ruined — not a building in the place that is not riddled by shell holes. We went in to the trenches at Ypres for six days, and things were quiet with us after the Somme, where we used to be bombarded at least three times a day with “minnies” and “rum jars,” which wobble all over the place, and you cannot tell where they are going to lob. We marched from place to place in soaking rain, knee deep in mud, and sometimes up to the waist in places. I took very ill, and was sent across to England, and am in the Hospital at a place called Colchester, on the east coast, an old walled Roman fortress, which has some very historic museums and buildings. This is visitors’ day, and there are friends coming with, sweets and cigarettes, so I will conclude with kind regards to friends at Hillston.”  


The Ballarat Courier (Vic.) Saturday 13 October 1917, p 7 [sic]:

SERGEANT G. A. LAVARS.  Mrs M. E. Lavars, Otway Street, has been officially notified that her son, Sergt G.A Lavars, has admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester England, suffering from gunshot around left thigh, severe.”


Glenelg Guardian (SA) Thursday 18 October 1917 p 1 [sic]:

LANCE-CORP. H. N. BARRETT.

Mrs. W. H. Barrett, of Todd-street, St. Leonards, has been notified that her youngest son, Norman, has again been wounded.  He was first wounded, in the battle of the Somme on March {11 and was sent to the Birmingham Hospital. He returned to the firing line in June, and was now wounded for the second time. He is in the Military Hospital, Colchester, Eng.”  


The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times (Tas.) Monday 22 October 1917 p 3 [sic}:

PERSONAL.

Official notification has been received that Pte. C. Last, son of Mr. and Mrs. Last, of Boat Harbor, has been admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester, suffering from gunshot wounds in the shoulder and legs.  Unfortunately, the injuries are described as severe. Pte. Last is one of the original Anzacs, he has been on active service for three years, and saw much fighting on the Gallipoli peninsula.”  


The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 26 October 1917 p 8 [sic]:

Australians and the War.  Killed in Action.

Gunner F. G. GILES, 1st Field Artillery Brigade, son of Mr. E. P. Giles, 52 Holmes-road, East Brunswick. — Dangerously wounded; has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England.  Mr. Giles’s youngest son, Private W. GILES, has been wounded in France. His eldest son, Sergeant G. L. GILES, died of wounds received at Gallipoli 11th July, 1915. All three enlisted from East Brunswick.”  


Referee (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 31 October 1917 p 10 [sic]:

Queensland A.A.A.  Driver G. C. Foster (Field Artillery), the well-known East Sydney A.A.C. arid N.S.W. representative distance runner, has been wounded and admitted to the Colchester (London) Hospital. The many friends of this popular athlete will wish him a speedy recovery.”  


Yea Chronicle (Yea, Vic.) Thursday 1 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

Two Brothers Wounded.

Word was received on Thursday that Lance-Corporal Ernest Bolger was wounded on the 5th October, in France. His wounds consist of gunshot in the legs. He is now an inmate of Colchester Hospital, England. On Saturday word was received that his brother, Private M. Bolger, had also been wounded. Later on in the afternoon of the same day another wire notifying that another Private Andrew Bolger been dangerously wounded by gun shot on the 12th October, and was an inmate of the 16th Philadelphia General Hospital.  This is the second occasion on which Private M, Bolger has been wounded.  


The Daily News (Perth, WA) Thursday 1 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

Mainly About People.

Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Lowth, of East Cannington, have been notified by the Defence Department that their eldest son, Private Samuel Thos. Lowth, was admitted into the Colchester General Military Hospital, England, with gun-shot wound in the eye, received in Belgium. They have also received word that their second son, Bombardier Cyril Lowth, has been awarded the Military Medal in France.”  


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) Friday 2 November 1917 p 5 [sic]:

WOUNDED.

PRIVATE M cQUEEN.-Mr. and Mrs. M cQueen, of Gipp-street, Carrington, have received word that their son, Private J. T. M cQueen, has been admitted to Colchester General Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wounds in the thigh.”  


The Riverine Grazier (Hay, NSW) Friday 2 November 1917 p 2 [sic]:

A district volunteer, Private Thos. T. Wilson, cousin of Mrs. Rose, of Glen Rye, Booligal, has been severely wounded in the thigh, and is now a patient of Colchester (Eng.) Hospital.”  


The Bombala Times (NSW) Friday 2 November 1917 p 6 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  Pte. Edgar Wright, of Tombong, was admitted to the Colchester military hospital,   England, on the 8th October, suffering with gun-shot wound in the face.”


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) 2 November 1917 p 5 [sic]:

WOUNDED.  PRIVATE BOWMAN.-Mrs. H. Bowman, of Cleary-street, Hamilton, has received word that her son, Private J. Bowman, has been admitted to the Essex County Hospital, Colchester, suffering from a severe gunshot wound of the left leg.”


The Bendigo Independent (Vic.) Saturday 3 November 1917 p 7 [sic]:

WOUNDED.  SAPPER H. JENKINS.

Mr. J. F. Jenkins, of Havlin Street, received word on Wednesday to the effect that his son. Sapper H. Jenkins, has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, suffering from a gunshot wound in the side, Sapper Jenkins has been wounded five times.”  


Northern Times (Newcastle, NSW) Tuesday 6 November 1917 p 5 [sic]:

ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL.  Mrs. R. Brokmann, of Narara Road, Adamstown, has been advised by the officer in charge of Base Records that her son, Private T. Brokmann has been reported as having been admitted to Colchester General Military Hospital.”


Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Tuesday 6 November 1917 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONAL.

Mrs. J. Lulham, Lismore, has received word from the Base Records that her son, Pte. P. Lulham, 9th Batl. A.I.F., has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital suffering from gunshot wound in the right leg.”  


Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW) Wednesday 7 November 1917 p 2 & Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW) Friday 9 November 1917 p 18 [sic]:

PERSONAL.

Superintendent Childs, of Albury, has received word from the Base Records, Melbourne, that his brother, Pte. William Childs, of 4th Battalion, who was recently reported wounded in France, was on October 19 admitted to the Colchester General Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wounds in the shoulder and a fractured clavicle.”  


The Macleay Chronicle (Kempsey, NSW) Wednesday 7 November 1917 p 4 [sic]:

LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.

Mr. and Mrs. Ben. Piggott, of East Kempsey, have been officially informed that their son, Pte. William Piggott, was admitted to Colchester general military hospital, England, 22nd October, suffering severe gunshot wound ia lift knee. We understand their other son, Pte. Bert Piggott, is in hospital with trench feet.”  


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) Wednesday 7 November 1917 p 5 & The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW) Wednesday 7 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

DISTRICT CASUALTIES. WOUNDED.

PRIVATE CUMMINGS.-Mr. G. Cummings, of Wallace-street, West Wallsend, has been advised that his son, Private W. Cummings, was admitted on October 22nd to Colchester Military Hospital, England. Suffering from gunshot wound in the legs (mild).  In June last Private Cummings was gassed, and on recovering he went back into the firing line in August.”  


Burra Record (SA) Wednesday 7 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

Our Boys at the Front.

Mrs T. Kellaway received word last week, reporting that her son, Sergeant Leslie Kellaway had been admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester, on Oct. 9th, 1917, suffering from gunshot wound in the leg, mild.”  


Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic.) Thursday 8 November 1917 p 21 [sic]:

WOUNDED SOLDIERS.

JENKINS.—Mr. J. F. Jenkins, of Havlin-street, has received information from the Defence department that his only son, Sapper A. Jenkins, of the 2nd Field Company Engineers, was admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, on 8th October, suffering from a gunshot wound in the side. Sapper Jenkins enlisted in Bendigo at the commencement of the war, and received training at the Broadmeadows Camp for a short period. He was then transferred to Egypt. Later he partiicipated in the attack on Gallipoli, and went all through that campaign, being one of those who evacuated that peninsula later. Next he went to France, and has been with his unit on active service since that date. This is the fifth occasion that Sapper Jenkins has been wounded, he having received wounds in the Gallipoli campaign twice, and in France three times.”  


Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (Qld.) Thursday 8 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

PersonalMr. and Mrs. John Green, Deep Creek, have been advised that their adopted son. Private Phillip Smith was admitted to Colchester General Hospital (England), on the 22nd October, suffering from severe gunshot wound in the chest. He enlisted from Brisbane about two years ago, and was wounded last year. Latest advice of their son Private Henry Green, who was wounded last year by an exploding shell, is that he has been in France for the past three months after having been in England for seven months on account of his wound.”  


The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 8 November 1917 p 11 [sic]:

WOUNDED.

Pte. WILLIAM H. FIRMAN, son of Mr. C. Firman, of Kew. has been wounded in the thighs by gunshot, and is now in the Colchester Military Hospital, England.  Prior to enlisted in July, 1915, he was employed by Aroneon and Co., Jewellers, Little Collins-street.  


The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Qld.) Saturday 10 November 1917 p 8 [sic]:

LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.  Mr. Michael Moriarty, of the Railway Hotel, Rockhampton, is in receipt of the following telegram from the Base Records Office:—“Now reported Private Sydney Moriarty admitted Colchester Military Hospital, England. 8th October, gunshot wounds left groin.””  


The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Saturday 10 November 1917 p 7 & The Week (Brisbane, Qld.) Friday 16 November 1917 p 15 [sic]:

Personal Notes.  Mrs. G. O’Keefe, East Brisbane (formerly Park road, South Brisbane), has been informed from the base records that her son, Corporal J. P. O’Keefe, of the Pioneers, was admitted to the Colchester general military hospital, England, on 9th October, suffering from a gunshot wound in the nose.  


Evening News (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 13 November 1917 p 6 [sic]:

FOR THEIR COUNTRY.  N.S.W. WAR CASUALTIES.

Mr. and Mrs. George Hill, of 19 Yule-street, Dulwlch Hill, have been informed that their son, Private Hector B. Hill has been wounded in France. He has been admitted to Colchester General Military, Hospital, England. 


Euroa Gazette (Vic.) Tuesday 13 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

DISTRICT NEWS.  Mr W. Burke received a communication from the Defence Department stating that his son, Private George Burke, was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital suffering from nephritis (severe).” [nephritis: inflammation of the kidneys].


Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW) Friday 16 November 1917 p 2 [sic]:

DISTRICT NEWS.  Pte. P. J. Carswell, 7th Battalion, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wound in the back.” 


Riponshire Advocate (Vic.) Saturday 17 November 1917 p 3 [sic]:

FOR THE EMPIRE.  Mrs. Geo. Nothnagel, of Beaufort, has received advice from her sister-in-law, Mrs Harold Pimblett, of Sydney, that she was informed on 12th inst. by the base records office that her husband, Pte. Harold Pimblett, was admitted to Essex County Hospital, Colchester, England, on Oct. 14th, suffering from a severe gunshot wound on the face.  Mrs Pimblett had previously heard from a comrade of her husband’s that he had been wounded.  Pte. Pimblett was also wounded some months ago.”


The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Tuesday 20 November 1917 p 5 [sic]:

Personal NotesAdvice has been received from the base records that Private Heywood Massey, son of Mr. and Mrs. Massey, Belmont, had been admitted to a military hospital, Colchester, England, on 22nd October, suffering from gas poisoning.” 


The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 21 November 1917 p 7 [sic]:

Pte. E. WRIGHT.—News has been received by Mr. A. H. Wright, of Iomlong, that his son, Pte. Edgar Wright, has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from a gunshot wound in the face.  


Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Friday 23 November 1917 p 4 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  Mrs. Blame has word from Base Records, Melbourne, that her husband) Pte. C. G. Blame, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gun shot wounds in the left wrist and fracture. This is the second time wounded.”  


Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Monday 26 November 1917 p 5 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  Mr. M. Scarrabelotti, of “Fairview,” Coorabell, has been advised by the Base Records Office, Melbourne that his two sons, Lance-Corporal L., and Pte. Angus Scarrabelotti, have been wounded in France. The latter has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wounds in the right hand and left knee, received on 15th October.”


Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW) Tuesday 27 November 1917 p 4 [sic]:

CASUALTIES.  Mr.and Mrs. James Southwell, of “Heywood,” Hall, have received word from the military authorities, Melbourne, that their son, L.-Corpl. Aubrey V. Southwell, was admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester, England, on the 20th October, suffering from severe gunshot wound in right thigh.”  


The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Thursday 29 November 1917 p 6 [sic]:

PERSONAL NOTES.  Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Tate, Chester street, Teneriffe, and late of Gympie, have received word that their second son, Private F. R. (Roy) Tate, was admitted to the Military Hospital, Colchester, England, on October 29, suffering from heart trouble. Private Tate has been 12 months on active service for the second time.”  


Gilgandra Weekly (NSW) Friday 30 November 1917 p 12 [sic]:

LOCAL AND DISTRICT NEWS. …

Mrs. Tipper, of Darlinghurst Road, Sydney, late of Gilgandra district, is in receipt of a communication from the military authorities to the affect that her husband, Private E. H. Tipper, had been wounded in the left arm, and is now in Colchester Hospital  England. Private Tipper was manager of “Pine Lodge” property, Collie.”  


The Braidwood Dispatch and Mining Journal (NSW) Friday 30 November 1917 p 9 [sic]:

Mr. G. Stoyles has been advised by the Base Records Office, Melbourne, that Private C. E. Stoyles was admitted to the Colchester General Hospital, England, on the 20th October, suffering from a gunshot wound in the right shoulder.” 


Cumberland Argus & Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW) 1 Dec. 1917 [sic]:

LOCAL SOLDIERS NEWS.  Mrs. Woodward, of ‘Gungalma’, Water Street, who had four sons at the front and is herself energy personified in local patriotic matters, received two advices last week of casualties to her boys.  On Wednesday word came that her son Roy – the latest of the family to enlist, and who left last January and  reached the firing-line at the end of August has received gunshot wounds in the right arm, and was removed to Colchester Hospital, England, on October 19.  On the following day (Thursday), Mrs. Woodward received a cable that Lce. Cpl. Harry Woodward – who sailed on October 12, 19.10, and has been in the firing line since April has been wounded ‘mild,’ the cable stated. Mrs. Woodward has one boy, Walter, home wounded, and another, Herbert, is escort-corporal in England.”


Camperdown Chronicle (Vic.) Tuesday 4 December 1917 p 2 [sic]:

LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS. Local Soldier Wounded.

Word was received by his relatives in Camperdown on Saturday that Private C. E. Jelleff has been admitted to the General Military Hospital,  Colchester, England, suffering from severe gunshot wounds in the thigh. His numerous local friends will wish Private Jelleff a speedy recovery.”  


The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Friday 7 December 1917 p 2 & The Week (Brisbane, Qld.) Friday 14 December 1917 p 14 [sic]:

Personal Notes.  Mr. and Mrs. R. O’Callaghan, Martin, Quay street, Bulimba, received further notification from base  records yesterday that their only son, Sapper R. E. O’Callaghan, was admitted to Colchester Military hospital,  at the end of October, suffering from a gunshot wound in the back (penetrating the lung).”  


Nhill Free Press (Vic.) Friday 7 December 1917 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONAL.  Mr E. Harmer, of Gerang, has been informed by the Defence Department that his son, Private F. H. Harmer, was admitted into the General Military Hospital, Colchester, England on 19/10/17, Suffering from mild gunshot wounds in the head and mouth. Private A. G. Harmer, of the machine-gun section, is officially reported as wounded.” 


Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Friday 7 December 1917 p 3 [sic]:

Tasmanian Casualties.  Mr. R. Freiboth, of St. Patrick’s River, has been advised that his son, Gunner A.W. Freiboth, has been admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from gas poisoning (severe).”


The Ballarat Courier (Vic.) Saturday 8 December 1917 p 7 [sic]:

PRIVATE T. C. GALVINMrs. Galvin, of 37 Eastwood street, has been further advised that her son, Pte T. C. Galvin, has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wound in the right foot.”  


Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW) 11 December 1917 p 2 [sic]:

GOULBURN AND THE WAR. PTE. J. A. PIGGOTT.   PTE. J. A. PIGGOTT:  Mrs. Hoare, of Sloane Street, received word on Saturday that her son, Pte. J. A. Piggott, was admitted to Colchester Hospital, England, on Nov. 19, suffering from trench fever. Mrs. Hoare has also received a second cable intimating that another of her sons, Bombardier D.M. Piggot, was admitted to Richmond Hospital, England, on Nov. 15, suffering from a gunshot wound to the right thigh.  As before reported, he was also gassed.”


The Register (Adelaide, SA) Tuesday 11 December 1917 p 8 [sic]:

WOUNDED SOLDIERS.  Gnr. J. R. Balfour, of the machine gun section, 30th Battalion, is suffering from gas poisoning, and has been admitted to the military hospital at Colchester, England.  He is a son of Mrs. E. Balfour, of Braund road, Prospect. …”  


Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Thursday 13 December 1917 p 2 [sic]:

PERSONALMr. Geo. Thomas, of North Lismore, has been further advised by the Base Records Office, Melbourne, that his son, Pte. Kenneth G. Thomas, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital suffering from gunshot wounds in the head and left leg.”


The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Thursday 13 December 1917 p 6 [sic]:

PERSONAL NOTES.  Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Millar, of Ipswich and Fairney View, have received further notice that their son, Private Andrew Miller, has been admitted to hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from shell shock.”  


Chronicle and North Coast Advertiser (Qld) Friday 14 December 1917 p 5 & The Northern Herald (Cairns, Qld.) Friday 28 December 1917 p 22 [sic]:

MONTVILLE.  IN HOSPITAL.

Mrs. P. W. Thompson has been officially informed from Melbourne that her son private Arthur Thompson had been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, on the 20th Nov. suffering from trench fever. He has been with a Lewis gun company somewhere in France for the past 10 months.”  


Rutherglen Sun and Chiltern Valley Advertiser (Vic.) 14 December 1917 p 3 [sic]:

WOUNDED.  Mr. and Mrs. E. Withers have received word their son, Gunner B. Withers, has been admitted to the Colchester Hospital, Colchester on 11/11/17 suffering from gunshot wound in the arm and leg.”


Queensland Times (Ipswich) (Qld.) Monday 17 December 1917 p 6 [sic]:

MILITARY ITEMS.  Mrs. J. C Millar, of Ipswich and Fairney View, has received further word that her son, Pte. A. Millar, has been admitted to Colchester Hospital, England, suffering, from shell shock.”


Cairns Post (Qld.) Tuesday 18 December 1917 p 6 & The Northern Herald (Cairns, Qld.) Friday 21 December 1917 p 54 [sic]:

TOWN AND COUNTRY.

Mrs. Jellie, Wynnum South, has been further advised from the Base Records Office that her son, Pte. David Jellie, was admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester, England, on November 2, with gun-shot wound in the thigh (severe).”  


The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 19 December 1917 p 4 [sic]:

MEN AND WOMENA cable received by Mr. Jack Callagher, of Selwyn-stroet, Moore Park, states that Driver H. H. Callagher, who left with a detachment of Engineers In May, is in Colchester Hospital, England, suffering from pneumonia.”  


Observer (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 22 December 1917 p 36 [sic]:

WOUNDED.  Gnr. J. B. Balfour, of the machine gun section, 30th Battalion, is suffering from gas poisoning and has been admitted to the military hospital at Colchester, England. He is a son of Mrs. E. Balfour, of Braund-road, Prospect.”  


Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Friday 11 January 1918 p 3 [sic]:

ROLL OF HONOUR.  Gunner A. W Freiboth, writing to his parents at St. Patricks River from the military hospital at Colchester on November 19, reports himself doing well, and able to get up for a while each day.  He is enjoying the best of food and treatment, and the sisters are indeed “angels of mercy”.  The Red Cross, he adds, is doing fine work.  He had hardly got into the hospital when a lady came round desiring to know if he wanted anything, and bringing notepaper, shaving kit, cigarettes, and a host of other things.   They change French money, give concerts and motor rides, as well as hot drinks and chocolate on the trains and stations.   It is a good thing, he says, and worth support from those at home.   Gunner Freiboth was “gassed” in Flanders.    Mr. and Mrs. Freiboth have received a very complete and interesting diary from their son.”


Shepparton News (Vic.) Thursday 17 January 1918 p 3 [sic]:

PTE. M. J. HANNAN.  Mrs. Hannan, Ashenden Street, Shepparton, now of Bendigo, has received word from the Defence department that her son, Pte. M. I. Hannah, A.I.F., was admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, on December 11, suffering from trench feet.”


The Ballarat Courier (Vic.) Saturday 19 January 1918 p 4 [sic]:

PRIVATE R. KELLY.  Mrs E. Kelly, of 15 Skipton Street, has been advised that her son, Pte R. Kelly, was admitted an 6th January to the Colchester Military Hospital, gassed.”


St Arnaud Mercury (Vic.) Saturday 26 January 1918 p 3 [sic]:

CASUALTIES.  Mr. Wm. Torney, of Carapooee West, has been officially notified that his brother, Private H. Torney, was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital on 6th January suffering from gunshot wound in the leg. Private Torney is attached to the 1st Pioneer Battalion.” 


The West Australian (Perth, WA) Wednesday 13 February 1918 p 7 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES.  Mrs. Cecil Carter, Northam, has been notified by the military authorities that her husband, Sergeant Cecil Carter, was admitted into the Colchester Military Hospital on January 6, suffering from gunshot wounds in the back.”


Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Monday 15 April 1918 p 6 [sic]:

LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.  Advice has been received from the Base Records Office, Melbourne, that Corporal Norman Richardson has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital suffering from appendicitis.”


Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Friday 19 April 1918 p 3 [sic]:

SIGNALLER GOODALL. The Base Records Office has advised Mr. and Mrs. Goodall, of 8 Outridge Terrace, that their son, Signaller R. G, Goodall, was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, on March 29, suffering from a severe fracture of the left fore-arm.”


The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Qld.) Saturday 20 April 1918 p 14 [sic]:

LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.  Advice has been received from the Base Records Office, Melbourne, that Corporal Norman Richardson has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital suffering from appendicitis.”


Daily Observer (Tamworth, NSW) Monday 22 April 1918 p 1 [sic]:

TAMWORTH CASUALTIES.  Mrs. Jack Hawley, Dungowan, has been informed that her husband Private J. Hawley, 1st Battalion, has been admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from gunshot wounds in legs.”  


Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, WA) Tuesday 23 April 1918 p 14 [sic]:

SIGNALLER GOODALL.  The Base Records Office has advised Mr. and Mrs. Goodall, of 8 Outridge Terrace, that their son, Signaller R. G. Goodall, was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, on March 29, suffering from a severe fracture of the left fore-arm.”


Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Tuesday 23 April 1918 p 3 [sic]:

HOSPITAL CASES.  On Saturday Mr. and Mrs. D. Peebles, of Sassafras, were advised that their son, Private B. Peebles, had been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from a gunshot wound in the finger (mild), received, while fighting in France.” 


Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic.) Thursday 25 April 1918 p 8 [sic]:

NEWS OF SOLDIERS. Gunner A. C. D. Thomas, 4th Field Artillery Brigade, son of Mr. H. D. Thomas, shire engineer, Heathcote, has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, suffering from gas poisoning.” 


Clunes Guardian and Gazette (Vic.) Tuesday 7 May 1918 p 2 [sic]:

THE HONOR ROLLMrs. Gillespie has received word that her son, Gillespie, has wounded in France.  He is in Colchester Hospital, England, suffering from a gun-shot wound in the thigh.”


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) 8 May 1918 p 5 [sic]:

WOUNDED.  PRIVATE SHERIDAN.–Mrs. T. Sheridan of Donald-street, Hamilton, has been notified that her son, Private P. W. Sheridan, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital. England, suffering from gunshot wound in the left foot.” 


Daily Observer (Tamworth, NSW) Saturday 11 May 1918 p 7 [sic]:

SOLDIERS OF THE NORTH.  Mrs. C. Davis, Armidale Road, has been further notified that her son is still an inmate of the Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from shell shock and gas, and is progressing favorably.”


Lang Lang Guardian (Vic.) Saturday 11 May 1918 p 3 [sic]:

PRIVATES C. AND F. KEIGHERY.  Mr and Mrs Keighery, of Lang Lang, received a cable on April 13 that Private Chris. Keighery was admitted to Colchester Hospital, England, on March 31, suffering from gunshot wounds in the right loin.   He was in business in Lang Lang, and volunteered, sailing for the field of battle on August 16,101(5. He was attached to the 8th Machine Gun Company, and was engaged in dangerous work. We hope the young soldier (says a Dandenong contemporary). who was educated at Dandenong State School, is not very seriously wounded, and will soon be back in the family circle at Lang Lang. His younger brother, Private Frank Keighery, of the 24th Battalion, 6th Infantry Brigade, sailed for Gallipoli on May 8th, 1915, and was killed at Lonesome Pine on September 11th of the same year, at the early age of 21. He was the first boy to volunteer from Lang Lang, and we are pleased to say was engaged on the “Lang Lang Guardian” when he set such a good example to those who have shown the white feather.  Under the pen name of “Heron” he contributed many interesting items to the Nature Notes in ” The Argus,” and of his voyage to his doom he wrote several descriptive articles to ” The Guardian”.   He was a musician of some ability as well as a fighting man, who bravely fought and fell on the fatal heights of Gallipoli.”


Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, WA) Tuesday 21 May 1918 p 7 [sic]:

TRENCH FEVER.  Mrs. R. W. Chinnick, of 75 Dugan Street, has received word from the Base Records Office that her son, Ernest Gordon Clyde, was admitted on April 13 to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from trench fever. His brother, Mr. William Aitchison, is a resident of Kalgoorlie.”


North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times (Tas.) 27 May 1918  p 3 [sic]:

ROLL OF HONOR.  Sir. R. Lee, of East Launceston, has been advised by the Defence Department that his son. Tom Lee, has been admitted  been into hospital in Colchester suffering from wounds in the arm.”


Bendigo Advertiser (Vic.) Thursday 30 May 1918 p 6 &

Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic.) Thursday 6 June 1918 p 21 [sic]:

NEWS OF SOLDIERS.  Mrs. Garland, of Harp and Shamrock Hotel, has been notified that Pte. J. (Sam) 0’Connor, 57th Battalion, has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, Colchester, England, suffering from gunshot wounds in the face and hands.


The West Australian (Perth, WA) Saturday 1 June 1918 p 7 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES.  Mrs. E. A. Gray, 8 Chat late of Simpson-street, West Perth, has received word that her son. Driver J. W. Gray, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wounds. “


The Register (Adelaide, SA) Monday 10 June 1918 p 6 [sic]:

WOUNDED SOLDIERS.  Mrs. Hall, Tynte-street, North Adelaide, has been notified that her husband, Pte. Ernest N. Hall, is suffering from gunshot wound in chest and is in Colchester Hospital, England. He enlisted from Port Augusta in October, 1916.”


Molong Express and Western District Advertiser (NSW) 6 July 1918 p 12 [sic]:

CUDAL.  News came through on Wednesday that Private J. E. McGrath was wounded during June.  This is the second time that this warrior has been wounded. His brother, B. J. McGrath, is lying in Colchester Hospital   (England), severely wounded about the head, back, and shoulders.  Another member of the family, Vin. McGrath, answered the final call last year.  Our sympathy for the mother is far beyond words.”


Toodyay Herald (WA) Saturday 6 July 1918 p 2 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES. Mr. and Mrs. W.C. Kyred of Wattening, have been notified that their son, Pte. C. E, Kyred has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from gunshot wounds, and right ankle fractured.”


The Horsham Times (Vic.) Friday 12 July 1918 p 6 [sic]:

MINYIP.  Mrs. Rabl of Boolite, has just received word that her brother Private W. Vanderfeen, who has recently been reported ill in France after 6 months in the trenches there, has been transferred to Colchester Military hospital, England.”


Cairns Post (Qld.) Thursday 18 July 1918 p 4[sic]:

ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL.  Advice has been received from Base Records Office that Lance-Corporal W.P. Munro has been reported admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering “from multiple gunshot wounds penetrating the chest.”


The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural and Mining Advocate Thursday 8 August 1918 [sic]:

INTERESTING SIGHTS In Colchester.

Following are extracts from a letter dated June 10, from Sapper J. B. Moulton, of Albury, who is in the Colchester Military Hospital, Essex, England, suffering from injuries to his hand : —   

I have been here nearly a fortnight now.    To-day is Sunday so there will be plenty of people to see the different patients.   I often go down town and walk through many little lanes.  One is called ‘Lion Walk.’  It is strange to walk about and see the names of the different inns and shops.   I noticed the Red Lion Inn, and the Greyhound and noticed on the sign of a tobacconist shop, ‘Ye Olde Tobacco Shoppe’.   One could easily get lost in Colchester, for there are so many lanes and streets and alleys.  The main street has a double-decked car running along, and there are a few ‘busses about.   This is one of the oldest towns in England; has two very old castles and St. Botolph’s Priory.   These places were built by, or in the time of the Romans.   

The walls of Colchester are very old, and grass is growing over some parts of them.   I even saw a tree growing on one of the corners on top of the wall.    I went inside one day and the first thing I saw was an old-fashioned corn-grinding mill, made perhaps, over a thousand years ago.   It consists of two flat stones and cogs made from oak.   The handle was still in position and the mill could still be worked.    The stones turned in opposite direction to one another.  On our right hand side were the dungeons whore tortures were committed.   I could not go down to see there for they were closed for the time being.     

I went upstairs though, up a winding stair, built of solid sandstone, and the steps were not worn out either.  There were tiles in the wall, sand and flint-stones.   Scientists for years have been trying to find out the composite parts of this mortar.     It is solid and holds better even than ours does to-day.   When I reached the first storey I looked around me and saw several other people looking at curios in the museum.   I felt somewhat relieved, as little ‘somethings’ were making a race course of my spinal column, for every-thing seemed so eerie and I could hear the echo of my own foot fall against the other end of the wall.   I went along further and saw the oldest and most interesting relics I have ever seen yet. Old Roman coins, iron razors, surgical instruments, tweezers, probes, scissors, needles and other things.    

I went on into another room, where were bronze statues, broken pieces of glass with beautiful patterns on them, swords, and even old-fashioned guns, an Egyptian mummy and a ‘mummied’ cat- This cat has a history attached to it — as well as a tail.  It was believed to have been found in the castle between the walls, where it had got stuck whilst trying to catch a mouse. It was rescued and ‘mummied’.   There are old spinning wheels, and axes, and many other things.    In the middle of the Castle there is a square of ground, 30ft square, and long grass was growing there.   Try to imagine that the centre was the place where all the dwelling took place and the great feasts were held !  I could not gain admission to the second storey of the Castle.    I am going to take a walk down to St. Botolph’s Priory and have a look through it.


Geelong Advertiser (Vic.) Saturday 3 August 1918 p 7 [sic]:

THE LATE PTE. S. E. BARCLAY.  

Mrs. H. Barclay, of 50 Maud-street, has received information that her son, Pte. S. E. Barclay, 45th Battalion, died in the Military Hospital, Colchester, England, on April 11th, from gunshot wounds in the neck. He was accorded a military funeral. The coffin was draped with the Union Jack, and surmounted with a beautiful wreath.   A gun carriage was supplied by R.F.A., Colchester, and a firing party, buglers, and pall-bearers by the 52nd Gordon Highlanders. Prior to the interment a service was conducted by Chaplain Middleton in the Colchester Chapel. This information, which was forwarded from the officer in charge of base records, adds that the grave will be turfed immediately, and an oak cross erected by the A.I.F.   Administrative Headquarters of the A.I.F., London, were represented at the funeral.”


Cootamundra Herald (NSW) Tuesday 20 August 1918 p 3 [sic]:

JUGLONG.  Mr. and Mrs. Butt, of Jugiong road, have again received word from: Base records that their son, Pte. J. A. Butt, has been wounded (gunshot) in the left shoulder and right arm, and is in Colchester Hospital, Eng.”


The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW) Tuesday 3 September 1918 p 4 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES. WOUNDED.  Mr. G. Cridland, of 168 Elgin Street, West Maitland, has received word that his son, Pte. F. G. Cridland, has been has boon admitted to Colchester Military Colchester, England, suffering from gunshot wound in the left leg, severe.  He was employed at Dimmocks Ltd. before enlisting.”


The Register (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 12 September 1918 p 8 [sic]:

WOUNDED SOLDIERS.  Dvr. W. Horace Bone, husband of Mrs. Bone of Lily Street, Goodwood; admitted to Colchester Hospital, suffering from internal fracture (fourth occasion).”


Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW ) Thursday 19 September 1918 p 2 [sic]:

WOUNDED.  Mrs. W. Randall; Grafton-street, has received word from Base records that her son, Lance-Corp. L. A. Randall, has been admitted to Essex County Hospital, Colchester, England suffering from gas (classed as wounded), severe.


The West Australian (Perth, WA) Tuesday 8 October 1918 p 7 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES.  Mrs. Black of No. 9 Diver-street, Claremont, has been notified by the Base Records that her husband, Private T. Black has been wounded the fifth occasion, and is now in the Colchester Military Hospital, England.” 


Warrnambool Standard (Vic.) Thursday 17 October 1918  p 3 [sic]:

HEROES AT THE FRONT GUNNER PULHAM.   Mr. and Mrs. Pulham of Panmuir have received a notification from an officer in charge of Base Records to the effect that their son Gunner A.J. Pulham, of the 12th Army Field Artillery Brigade, had been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, on the 30th of September, suffering from gunshot wound in the left ankle (severe).”


Bendigo Advertiser (Vic.) Wednesday 23 October 1918 p 3 [sic]:

NEWS OF SOLDIERS.  Mr. W. A. Stone, Young-street. Long Gully, has been informed that his eldest son, Sapper Alex. Stone, of 2nd Tunnelling Company, was admitted on 3rdOctober to Colchester Military Hospital, suffering from gunshot wound in his head. The injury was stated as being mild. Sapper Stone enlisted in June 1915, and was previously gassed whilst fighting in France.”


Upper Murray and Mitta Herald (Vic.) Thursday 31 October 1918 p 2 [sic]:

NEWS OF SOLDIERS.  Mr. James Wood, of George’s Creek, has been advised that his son, Private A. J. Wood, of 5th Machine Gun Battalion, was admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, on 3/10/18, suffering from gunshot wound in left buttock (mild).”


The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW) 5 November 1918 p 2 [sic]:

OUR SOLDIERS.  Mrs. H. W. Mylchreest received word by cable on Thursday that her husband is in Colchester Military Hospital, Eng land, sneering from a mild attack of diphtheria.”


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) 7 December 1918 p 7 [sic]:

DISTRICT CASUALTIES. FURTHER REPORTED.  SAPPER WHEATLEY. — Mrs. F. H. Wheatley, of Alexandra-street, Kurri Kurri, has been advised that her husband, Sapper F. H. Wheatley, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from a crushed finger.”


The West Australian (Perth, WA) Friday 29 November 1918 p 7 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES.  Mrs. A. Williamson, of Alexander-road, Freemantle, has been notified that her husband. Sapper Arthur Williamson has been admitted to the Colchester Military Hospital, England, suffering from influenza.”


Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate (NSW) 10 Dec. 1918 p 5 [sic]:

DISTRICT CASUALTIES ILL.  SAPPER RICHARDS. Mrs. Richards of 44 McMichael Street, Maryville, has received word that her son, Sapper John Richards, has been admitted to Colchester Military Hospital, suffering from bronchitis. He sailed with the 5th Railway Unit.”


The West Australian (Perth, WA) Saturday 25 January 1919 p 7 [sic]:

WAR CASUALTIES.  Mrs. Pearson, of Murray Street, has received word that her husband was admitted to the General Military Hospital, Colchester England, on November 25, and a private cable message announcing that her son, Private S. W. Pearson, is on his way home.” 


BELGIAN PATIENTS

 

Carolus [Charles] Louis Dierickx

3e Chasseurs à pied Belge

Carolus Louis Dierick/x Courtesy/© Bernhard Chevalier.

Carolus Louis Dierick/x
Courtesy/© Bernhard Chevalier.

Carolus (or Charles) Dierick/x was born on 22 January 1888 in Lebbeke, East Flanders, Belgium – where the family continued to live (address was still Lebbeke in 1923). He was the son of Jean François Dierick and Maria Joanna (nee Philips).

Carolus enlisted into the 3 Bn. 3 Chasseurs a pied/Jagers te voet (11 Cie) of the Armée Belge/Belgisch Leger in 1908, becoming Soldat Deuxième Classe mil (Service. No. 127/51536).

Carolus was a patient at Colchester Military Hospital from 25 October 1914 to 10 December 1914.His admission date ties in nicely with the article afore-shown (31 October 1914, Essex Newsman): BELGIAN WOUNDED at COLCHESTER. “About 120 wounded Belgian arrived at Colchester on Monday.   Over 50 of them were stretcher cases.   They were given a hearty reception, and were removed to the Military Hospital in motor cars.     All the men were suffering from severe wounds, but were cheerful. …”

The following was written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book, perhaps on 9/10 December 1914 (?) :

Flemish   Carolus Dierickx 3e Chasseurs à pied Belge

English    Charles

Henri Vandereyde 2 e Chasseurs à pied Belge

Militaire Hospital. Colchester 1914

Le 25 Octobre partit le 10 Decembre (French)

Hendrick Vandereyde (Flemish)”

Carolus was killed on 10 May 1915 at Kaaskerke, Belgium – “along the Yser Dam at Terminal 20 (near Diksmuide)”.   Carolus (or Charles) was initially buried in the Kaeskerke Military Cemetery (Jardin de la cure) – Grave number 57.

Charles’ body was exhumed in 1924 and buried in the ‘De Panne Kerkstraat’ Military Cemetery, Kerkstraat 69, 8660 De Panne, Belgium (Grave Reference/graf nr 24) – it being recorded that his father was notified of this relocation.

Thanks given to: Bernard Chevalier, Commandant http://chasseurs-a-pied-belges.be/ and Myriam Bruzac  https://memoiredhistoires.com/a-propos/

 

Henri [Hendrick] Vandereyde

2 e Chasseurs à pied Belge.

Henri was a patient at Colchester Military Hospital from 25 October 1914 to 10 December 1914. He has not been identified yet.

Henri’s admission date ties in nicely with the article afore-shown (31 October 1914, Essex Newsman): BELGIAN WOUNDED at COLCHESTER. “About 120 wounded Belgian arrived at Colchester on Monday.   Over 50 of them were stretcher cases.   They were given a hearty reception, and were removed to the Military Hospital in motor cars.     All the men were suffering from severe wounds, but were cheerful. …”

The following was written in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book, perhaps on 9/10 December 1914 (?).  :

 “Flemish   Carolus Dierickx 3e Chasseurs à pied Belge

English    Charles

Henri Vandereyde 2 e Chasseurs à pied Belge

Militaire Hospital. Colchester 1914

Le 25 Octobre partit le 10 Decembre (French)

Hendrick Vandereyde (Flemish)”  


GERMAN PATIENTS

The following German prisoner of war soldiers all signed one page of Sister Ellen Mary “Nellie” Carter’s Autograph Book.   The identification of the men has only been achieved with help from Great War Forum members (https://www.greatwarforum.org/).  No German dated their autographs but it is deduced that, regardless of any individual’s admission or discharge dates, they were probably all together in Colchester’s Military Hospital in January 1915.

 

Richard Karl Gottfried BRETSCHNEIDER

Regiment 107   9. Komp.

Kriegsfreiwilliger (War Volunteer) “Richard Gottfried Carl Bretschneider” was born 3 September 1887, in Hainichen in Saxony, Germany.   His father was Oswald Raabe and his mother Amalie Bretschneider.

As a War volunteer, Richard Bretschneider had not served in peacetime. He was detailed to the IR 104 regiment but, for some reason, he was with IR 107 when he was captured and “Regiment 107” was what he wrote in Nellie Carter’s autograph book.

Richard had only been “in the field” for a very short time when he was wounded and captured.  He was reported missing on 28 October 1914, at “Rue de Bois, No3 Coy IR 104”.  The Verlusteliste (German Casualty List), of 15th November 1914, officially noted him as missing. The Verlusteliste of 6th February 1915 reported that Bretschneider was alive and in British captivity at Colchester.  A further update, on 8th November 1915 clarified that he had been in wounded condition when captured.

Richard’s Red Cross Card shows that he was in the Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 January 1915.  Richard wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book:  “Richard Bretschneider from Hainichen in Saxony, Germany    Regiment 107   9. Komp.  For thinking to the time in the Military Hospital in Colchester.”

Records show that he was later held at Dorchester PoW camp on 15 March 1915; Sutton Veny Military Hospital (nr Warminster, Wiltshire) on 16 July 1916; and Dorchester PoW camp, again, on 2 March 1917.

 

Leonhard BÜHRINGER

Stuttgart in Wurttemberg Miliär 74

Leonhard Bühringer was born 13 January 1891, Kraßholzheim (near Scheinfeld) (near Nuremberg), Mittelfranken, Germany.  Leonhard was “called up” on 8 August 1914, to a regiment of the Württemberg 26. Inf. Div. / XIII. Armeekorps – being posted to Infanterie-Regiment ‘Alt-Württemberg’ (3. Kgl. Württembergisches) Nr.121 on 23 September 1914.

As an Ersatz-Reservist, Leonhard was one of the eligible males who had not been picked for training during peacetime – once he had reached military age.  This group of men had been called up soon after the outbreak of war – if they hadn’t already enlisted.   These men were sent to the Front as replacements as soon as their accelerated training was completed.

Leonhard was taken prisoner at Fromelles/Messines on 26 October 1914. His Stammrollen [Roster] number was 270.  His mother advised the German Army on 2 November 1915, via the Mayor’s office in Krassolzheim, that her son was in the English PoW camp in Dorchester, Dorset: “nr. 3292, Barracks C2, Company 14” – after he had been recuperating in Colchester.

On 20 November 1914, the German Casualty List Verlusteliste had reported Leonhard as missing during the fighting at Fromelles on 25th-26th October 1914.  Probably, Leonhard had only been at the Front with his regiment for a few days or weeks – before he was taken prisoner.   In a second entry, over a year later on 24th November 1915, a correction noted that Leonhard was reported as wounded and captured.

Leonhard wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Leonhard Bühringer Stuttgart in Wurttemberg Miliär 74”.  Leonhard signed the Autograph Book with fellow German patient Richard Bretschneider.  Who was in the Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 January 1915.

 

Bernhard HERBURG

Regiment No. 4. Hannover

This may be “Bernhard Herburg” who was born on 7 October 1899, Thalwenden, Heiligenstadt, Eichsfeld, Thüringen, Saxe, Prussia.  This Bernhard was the son of Andreas Herburg and Anna Margaretha (nee Meyer).

Bernhard was recorded wounded and taken prisoner at Moorslede, West Flanders, Belgium between 26 October and 14 November 1914.

Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Bernhard Herburg. R. No. 4. Hannover“.   Bernhard signed the Autograph Book’s page with fellow German patient Richard Bretschneider (and five others), who was in the Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 January 1915.

It is recorded that Bernhard was in captivity in the PoW Camp at Dorchester, Dorset, from 02 July 1915.  It is deduced that he was transferred to the PoW Camp from Colchester Military Hospital. It is recorded that, at some point, Bernhard also spent time at the Lower Southern Hospital, Dartford.

Bernhard was repatriated back to Germany on 7 February 1916.  Such repatriation would indicate that a soldier may have been badly wounded and disabled – in Bernhard’s case, he obviously had issues with his sight.  The following entry (transcribed/translated) confirms Bernhard’s situation:

“Reserve=Ersatz=Infanterie=Regiment nr 4  Herburg, Bernhard (6. Komp.) – Thalwenden, Heiligenstadt  – Until now reported as wounded and taken prisoner, was in captivity in Dorchester since 2nd July 1915, now Reserve Lazarett 6 Blindenanstalt [Home for the Blind], Hannover”

 

Franz Richard KRONDORF

Infanterie Regiment No. 179, Leipzig in Sachsen

Under the mis-spelt name of “Kropdorf”, it is recorded that [Franz] Rich[ard] was reported missing on 24 November 1914.

Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Rich. Krondorf Inf Reg. No. 179, Leipzig i/Sachsen”.   Rich signed the Autograph Book with fellow German patient Richard Bretschneider, who was known to be in the Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 January 1915.

 

LIPINSKI, August

  1. Company, Regiment 57 (on attachment from Füsilier Regiment 39)

This may be the “August Lipinski” who was born on 12 December 1890.  This August married Marie Klimm on 21 July 1913, at Bankau, Preußen, Germany.

August Lipinski was initially reported as “Killed in Action” but he had been taken prisoner and was reported as being in Bethune, France, on 24 October 1914.  August had been a miner before the First World War.

Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “August Lipinski 5. Comp  Rgt 57”.  August signed the Autograph Book with fellow German patient Richard Bretschneider, who was known to be in the Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 January 1915.

As a Prisoner of War in Great Britain, August was recorded as being held at Colchester; Frith Hill, Surrey; and Dorchester, Dorset.  Records show that August was eventually repatriated to Germany, from Switzerland on 1 September 1917.

 

Erdmann Louis Gustav Erich MEISTER
Infanterie-Regiment 107  9. Company

One “Erich Meister” signed an Autograph Book at Colchester Military Hospital but his real name was Erdmann Louis Gustav Erich Meister.   He was born 10 June 1888 ?Leipzig?.  His parents were Ernst Louis Adolf Erdmann Meister and his wife Auguste Martha (nee Neumann).

His next of kin was his wife “frau Ella Meister” [nee Richter] at Leipziger strasse, Chemnitz, Sachsen [Saxony], Germany.   The couple had married on 2 August 1914, in Chemnitz.

Erich was officially reported missing on 28 October 1914, probably at Rue du Bois, near Bois-Grenier, in Northern France.   He was wounded – having a bullet wound to his right shoulder.

Erich wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Erich Meister from Leipzig i Sachsen Infanterie-Reg 107 Germany  9. Comp”.  Erich signed the Autograph Book with fellow German patient Richard Bretschneider, who was known to be in Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 Jan. 1915.

At some point, Erich was held on one of three Prisoner of War Ships that were moored off the pier at Southend-on-Sea, Essex.

Erdmann Louis Gustav Erich Meister died on 10 October 1954, at Darmstadt, Hessen, Deutschland (Hessen, Germany).  The cause of death was given as “Sklerose. Hypertonie. Apoplex” = Sclerosis. Hypertension. Apoplexy.

 

Johann WEIHOFEN

Infanterie Regiment Nr. 57, 5 Company

This may be “Joannes Weihofen”, who was born 7 April 1887 in Alpen, Rhineland, Preußen, Germany.  This Joannes’ parents were Joannis Weihofen and Joannae (nee Rosendahl).   He was baptised on 10 Apr 1887, in Alpen.

Johann was wounded on 25 October 1914, in France.  He was taken prisoner at Fournes en Weppes, in Northern France.

It would appear that, by 10 December 1914 (at Colchester Military Hospital?), the shrapnel wound was infected.   The following words on Johann’s Red Cross card explain more: “Plaie perforante de la cuisse droite causant paralysie du pied” – “Piercing wound of the right thigh has caused paralysis of the foot”.   His family (his father Johann?), in Alpen (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) was duly informed on 11 January 1915.

Wrote in Nellie Carter’s Autograph Book: “Johann Weihofen Inf Reg Nr. 57; 5 Comp”.   Johann signed the Autograph Book with fellow German patient Richard Bretschneider, who was known to be in the Colchester Military Hospital with Typhoid on 11 January 1915.



AS A FOOTNOTE … to finish this chapter …

Colchester Barracks Kitchen. Postcard posted 11 November 1916. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

Colchester Barracks Kitchen. Postcard posted 11 November 1916.
Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

The photograph shown above was acquired with words “Colchester Barracks Kitchen” written above the address: “Mrs. Alexandra, Upper Leyton, Tintern, Near Chepstow, Monmouthshire.”  It is assumed that whoever wrote the identification knew that was accurate.  The photographic postcard was posted on 11 November 1916.  Strictly speaking, this is not a image that relates to Colchester’s Military Hospital but, given the date, it seems appropriate to place it here within this chapter – given both the barracks kitchen staff and hospital staff were caring for soldiers.

 

Barracks Kitchen, Colchester, Essex. 1911-1918. Courtesy/© of Heather Anne Johnson.

Barracks Kitchen, Colchester, Essex. 1911-1918. Courtesy/© of Heather Anne Johnson.

The photograph above was taken by George Whitfield Cosser of ‘Whitfield Cosser & Co.’.  “Whitfield Cosser & Co., Colchester, Ipswich, King’s Lynn, Salisbury, & Bath” appears on the back of the photograph.  It cannot be identified as being at the Colchester Military Hospital but it will be one of the kitchens within Colchester’s Barracks.  It could date to between 1911 and 1918 – the period when George Whitfield Cosser was living in Colchester, Essex.   George lived in Recreation Road, so it would have been a short stroll for him to visit any of the Barracks around Abbey Field.   George W. Cosser died in 1918.


NEXT: COLCHESTER: Gostwycke 2nd Field Ambulance Hospital plus St. Martin’s House

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