CLACTON: Middlesex Military War Hospital, Holland Road (Convalescent Home)

MIDDLESEX  MILITARY  WAR  HOSPITAL

Holland Road, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex

Middlesex Convalescent Home/Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Middlesex Convalescent Home/Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

N.B. In most chapters, links will be found to British Red Cross volunteers’ cards – but please note that the BRC search facility recently underwent an upgrade.  This means that the links given below will not work.  Old links will be replaced with new links slowly but surely.   As each chapter is renewed, this warning will be deleted.  In the meantime, the Home Page for the BRC search facility is here:  https://vad.redcross.org.uk/Volunteers-during-WW1

There are three WW1 ‘hospitals/homes’ known to have been in Clacton-on-Sea: ‘The Middlesex Military Hospital’ (previously known as ‘The Middlesex Hospital  Convalescent Home’);  ‘The Essex Convalescent Home’; and ‘The Reckitt’s Home Auxiliary Hospital’ (once called ‘The Reckitt Convalescent Home’).   There is no doubt that not all the people who assisted in the running of these establishments have been discovered within records and, thus, they remain un-named.

There is a strong possibility that other Convalescent Homes (of which there were many in Clacton-on-Sea at the time) may have played a role in nursing the returning, wounded or ill soldiers – perhaps regularly or on an odd occasion in times of emergency.  Likewise, they remain un-named.

‘The Middlesex’ at Clacton-on-Sea was a Convalescent Home connected to ‘The Middlesex Hospital’ in Mortimer Street, London.   The Home was built by ‘Young & Hall’ (1895/6) and built on a plot on the northern side of Holland Road.   The Home was opened in 1896.

Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex. Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.
Courtesy/© Heather Anne Johnson.

The Times, Thursday, Jul 02, 1896; pg. 12; Issue 34932:

“Yesterday afternoon the Duke and Duchess of York visited the Middlesex Hospital for the purpose of inaugurating a fete in celebration of the opening of the new convalescent home connected with the hospital at Clacton-on-Sea.  This home has cost nearly £80,000, and is intended for the reception of patients from the hospital who require to recruit their strength before resuming work.  It is contemplated that in many instances patients will be able to be transferred there before their full course of treatment has been concluded, thus benefiting themselves by a change of air, and at the same time making room in the wards for case of more urgent character.  The maintenance of the home, after its cost has been liquidated, will be provided by the income of a legacy left by the late Mr. Henry Spicer.  The home stands in about five acres of ground, and provides accommodation for 26 men, 17 women, and 12 children.  In addition, provision is made for nurses who, from sickness o other causes, require rest and change of air.” 

The property was converted into flats by ‘G.H.B. Gould’ in 1938/9. [Source: ‘Essex: Buildings of England Series (Buildings of England)’ By James Bettley]

At the outbreak of the First World War, the Joint War Committee took over ‘The Middlesex’.   The British Red Cross Hospital Card shows that it administered to a maximum of 130 beds – apparently, some 9,242 military patients were treated there.    Two “over-age” gynaecological surgeons, George Harold Arthur Comyns Berkeley and William Francis Victor Bonney, ran the Hospital from 1914 to 1919.

Digging up the front lawn of Clacton's WW1 Middlesex Military Hospital, for the war effort. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Digging up the front lawn of Clacton’s WW1 Middlesex Military Hospital, for the war effort.                   Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


Friday, 14 August 1914, Essex County Chronicle [sic]:

THE CRY FOR HELP.  The County Organising.   Numerous Patriotic Offers.  Care of the Wounded. “A Willing Helper Does Not Wait To Be Called.”

Essex is always to the fore to answer the cry for help, and she is at one with the nation in the intention to do everything that is necessary for the suffering and distress which the war must unfortunately incur. … … …

RED CROSS WORK.  SPLENDID RESPONSE IN ESSEX.  2,000 MEMBERS: ACCOMMODATION FOR 2,000 PATIENTS.

The voluntary Aid (Red Cross) Detachments in Essex have responded nobly to the call of their country, and the Essex Branch of the British Red Cross Society now consists of 73 Voluntary Aid Detachments with a personnel of about 2,000 of whom some three-fourths are women.   Three of the detachments are formed from the St. John Ambulance Brigade.  For organising purposes the county is divided into divisions corresponding generally with the police divisions of the county.  The Countess of Warwick is president of the branch, and Col. R. B. Colvin, C.B., is the county director.  Each division is controlled by a vice-president and assistant managing director.  The offices of the Branch are now at 74 Duke Street, Chelmsford, with Col. G. H. Coleman, V.D., as hon. Secretary, it being felt that Chelmsford is a more convenient centre than Colchester.

The Voluntary Aid Detachments are officially inspected annually by an officer from the R.A.M.C., who reports to the War Office.  Most of the inspections for this year have taken place, and the reports in all cases have been very good, testifying to the zeal and energy which have been so conspicuous in all ranks of the organisation.

Since the commencement of the war many generous offers of private houses, institutions, and other buildings for use either as hospitals or convalescent homes have been made, and in many instances steps have been take to equip some of these buildings at short notice.  Among the private houses that have been offered are the following:- … …

Thorpe Hall … …

The following have also been placed at the disposal of the branch:- … …

Severalls Asylum, Colchester, accommodation from 270. … …

Middlesex Hospital, Clacton, 90.

Messrs. Cooper, Tabor, and Co., a large building at Witham, with three floors, to hold 200 beds.

The hall of the Essex and Suffolk Fire Office at Colchester. … …

As already mentioned, the G.E.R. Hotel at Harwich has been requisitioned as a hospital, and the Essex No, 33 Detachment (men), under Mr. Etherden, late of the Essex Yeomanry, and the Essex 84 (women), under Mrs. Brooks, are now employed, 120 beds having been prepared.

At Wivenhoe a 12-bedded rest-station has been prepared, and the local detachment, under Miss Dewhurst, has been mobilised. … …”


Saturday 19 September 1914, Essex Newsman [sic]:-

“A G.E.R. hospital train, containing over 100 wounded soldiers, arrived at Clacton at 6.30 p.m. on Sunday, and were conveyed to the Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, where accommodation has been provided for 150 beds.  A large crowd had collected outside the station a couple of hours before the train arrived, and the gallant heroes were greeted with rousing cheers as they left the station.   Most of the war-stained warriors were to get out of the train unaided and walk or limp along to the waiting cars.  A few had to be carried, and there were five stretcher cases.   All were in excellent spirits.  Many had received their wounds at the battle of Mons; others had been wounded in more recent engagements. 

One of the heroes proudly showed a pistol which had belonged to a German officer, and another carried a German helmet. 

Refreshments were served to the men on the platform by local Red Cross nurses, and a detachment of the R.A.M.C. from Colchester assisted in the removal of the more seriously injured cases. 

On the way to Clacton the train stopped at Kelvedon, where the Red Cross detachment had provisions cooked in readiness.   About 4.30 p.m. the train pulled up.    When the train steamed into the station a large crowd was present on the platform.  Refreshments of all kinds were at once handed to the soldiers by the Red Cross nurses, and they all seemed very grateful for what they had received.  Several of the public received mementoes from the soldiers – bullets, and other things picked up on the battlefield, and it was noticed that one solder was wearing a German coat, which it was stated he had got from the German who had wounded him.”  

On 04 November 1914, the 1st death at the Middlesex Military Hospital occurred.  The first soldier to die was 1st Northamtonshire Regiment Lance Corporal Albert Edward Brawn.  Lance Corporal Brawn was born in 1893, at Earls Barton, Northamptonshire.  He was the son of Northamptonshire-born boot baker James Herbert Brawn and his wife Mary Jane (nee Ward).    

On the same day, at 11.30 p.m., Middlesex Military Hospital’s 2nd death occurred – when 1st Northamtonshire Regiment Private 3/9388 Sydney Munton (of “B” Coy., 3rd Batl.) died.   Private Munton was born in 1895, in Rothwell, Northamptonshire.  He was the son of Rothwell-born Shoe and Boot Maker & Riveter John Munton and his wife Sarah Ann (nee Cox).

Both soldiers had fought together; been wounded together; travelled back to England together; died within hours of each other; and were buried together.

14 November 1914, Essex County Standard printed this poignant article [sic]:

MILITARY FUNERAL OF WAR HEROES.

An impressive sight was witnessed by a large number of people on Saturday afternoon, when the burial took places, with military honours, of the remains of two of the soldiers who had died during the week at the Middlesex Convalescent Home (Red Cross Hospital), following their injuries received in the war.  The men were Lance-Corporal Albert Brawn, aged 23, of Newport Pagnell, and Private Sidney Munton, aged 20, of Fuller Street, Kettering, both single men and both of the Northamptonshire Regt.  They were among the third batch of wounded which arrived in Clacton by the hospital train from Southampton on October 27, and Brawn passed away on Wednesday and Munton on Thursday of last week, one of them from the wounds inflicted on the head and the other from shock following an operation. The coffins, conveyed in glass hearses, but not covered with Union Jacks, were followed by Mr. and Mrs. Brawn (father and mother), Miss Brawn (sister), and Mr. F. Harris (a former school fellow of deceased), and and by Mr. and Mrs. Munton (father and mother), Miss Munton (sister), and the cortege was preceded by the band of the North Devon Hussars, under Bandmaster Hind, and a firing party of twelve men and bearers, from the same regiment, under the command of Sergt.-Major Cliffe.  The solumn procession wended its way from the mortuary to the Cemetery, the soldiers with arms reversed and the band playing Chopin’s Marche Funèbre.  The funeral service was conducted by the Rev. J. Silvester, vicar of Great Clacton, who gave a short and impressive address, appropriate to the sad circumstances, in the chapel.  The coffins were borne to the graves, which were side by side, each by six of the North Devon Hussars, and the committal prayers were recited in the presence of a very large concourse of sympathetic listeners.  The prayers were followed by the firing of three volleys and the sounding of the Last Post by a trumpeter, and as the family mourners took their leave of their dear ones, the sorrow so affected Mrs. Brawn, an elderly lady, that she fainted, and had to be conveyed to the carriage.  Among those present at the gravesides were many men of the North Devon Hussars, and in the procession from the chapel were Messrs. G. Gardiner, A. W. Tovell, A. W. Matthews, W. Adams, S. Wheeler and C. L. Beaumont, members of the Urban District Council, officially representing the governing body of the town.  There were few flowers.  Among them, other than those of the relatives, being a beautiful spray from Dr. and Mrs. Coleman, with the inscription “Duty bobly done,” another “With sincere sympathy from a soldier’s wife.” And two each inscribed “With sincere sympathy from the staff of the Middlesex Home.””

READ MORE ABOUT THESE TWO YOUNG MEN, AND OTHER SOLDIERS DISCOVERED, AT THE END OF THIS CHAPTER.    


Dublin Daily Express – Saturday 05 December 1914

“The King has sent presents of game for the wounded soldiers at the Middlesex Branch Hospital and Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea …”  


 12 March 1915, Chelmsford Chronicle’ [sic]:-

WAR ITEMS. … … Ninety-two wounded from the Front arrived at Clacton on Sunday by a special ambulance train, and were conveyed to motor cars, etc., to the Middlesex Convalescent Home.  There were thirty-one stretcher cases.”

Aerial view of ‘The Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Clacton. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Aerial view of The Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Clacton. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.


Dundee People’s Journal – Saturday 02 December 1916

ANOTHER X-RAY OPERATOR GIVES HIS LIFE.

After manfully bearing the pain of X-ray dermatitis for many months, Mr. R. F. Mann, of Harrow, has fallen a victim to his sense of duty.  He was the first X-ray operator at the Middlesex Hospital, and as such was in constant practice for the last 17 years, commencing before the present safety appliances were in use.  Four years ago he was medically advised to give up his work, but refused to do so, and since the outbreak of the war the demand on his services was so great that it must have hastened his end.  In addition to his work at the Middlesex Hospital, he undertook the work of radiographing wounded soldiers at the Clacton branch and for the Duchess of Bedford’s Military Hospital at Woburn. Notwithstanding the fact that within twelve months he had undergone four operations, he remained at his post until last July, when another operation ended his activities.” 


 October 1917 War Office List:

In a War Office List of V.A.D. Hospitals (under Eastern Command), dated October 1917, the Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home is shown as having 120 beds occupied, Miss Morgan was the Matron.

Princess Alice at Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex. 1917. Courtesy/© of Mr. Roger Kennell.

Princess Alice at Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex. 1917.
Courtesy/© of Mr. Roger Kennell.

The photograph above was taken on one of Princess Alice’s visits to the Middlesex War Hospital in Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.  Mr. W. F. Victor Bonney M.D., F.R.C.S., stands at Princess Alice’s right side and it should be Matron/Miss G. E. Morgan on her left.  The photograph is reproduced by kind permission of Mr. Roger Kennell.


 11 April 1919, Chelmsford Chronicle [sic]:

HYLANDS HOSPITAL. Splendid Record of Good Work”: There has been little publicity accorded to the splendid work performed by Hylands Auxiliary Military Hospital, Chelmsford, during the war, but its record thoroughly deserves fame.  The Hospital has just been “demolished.”  Here are a few facts and figures concerning its deeds : 

Opened 14th August, 1914. Received Local Sick from the South Midland Division, 20th August, 1914.  Passed through over 500 cases. Received Overseas Patients, October 23rd, 1914.  Passed through 59 Belgians and 901 British; total, 960. Average residence of each patient, 70 days.  Operations performed, 160.  These fell away very much towards the end of the war, as so much operating was done in France. 

At the opening, the staff were assisted by V.A.D.’s provided by Detachments Essex 4 and 46.  After a few months these had to undertake service elsewhere, and probationers were employed to fill their places.  The staff consisted of : 5 trained nurses, 5 probationers, 2 orderlies, and 2 wardmaids. 

On receiving Expeditionary Force case, the Hospital laid itself open to take all the heaviest cases from the Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, and the General Military Hospital, Colchester, and men with terrible injuries have been successfully treated.  Only one convoy was received direct.” 


The following images show some of the rooms in the Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home.  A couple of the photographs are dated April 1948 on the back so the others can probably be classed as from the same era.   However, it is felt that the look of these rooms will be similar enough to those seen by the wounded soldiers being treated at the Middlesex Hospital during First World One.

The Sitting Room at the Middlesex Hospital,, Clacton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Sitting Room at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Sitting Room, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Dated April 1948. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Sitting Room, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Dated April 1948.
Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

 The Dining Room at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Dining Room at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Dining Room, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. April 1948 Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

The Dining Room, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. April 1948
Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

A Dormitory at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

A Dormitory at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.



A surviving Hospital Card for the Middlesex Military Hospital. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.

A surviving Hospital Card for the Middlesex Military Hospital. Courtesy and ©/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.

Only two people’s names are written on the one surviving Hospital Card for Clacton’s Middlesex Hospital: Miss Montgomery (Lady Superintendent) and Caroline Charles “J.C.”.  Caroline Charles was a trained nurse who had volunteered direct to the Joint War Committee, as opposed to being a British Red Cross or Order of St John member.

Other people have been discovered via other sources e.g. local newspapers and British Red Cross cards (online).  However, there is no doubt that many people who assisted in the running of this establishment will never be discovered within records and, thus, they remain unknown.

Where it is possible, it is hoped to (eventually!) create a more detailed profile for each person, if they can be 100% identified.   Please make contact if you know that a person worked here but they are not within the list, or if you have additional information on someone who is named.



LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT MIDDLESEX MILITARY WAR HOSPITAL: if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to Middlesex Military War Hospital length of service]:-

ALLOTT, Miss E. Violet (Quartermaster. Trained nurse. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class award)

BERKELEY, George Harold Arthur Comyns B.A. Contab. 1887; B.C. 1891; L.R.C.P. Lond., M.R.C.S. Eng. 1891; M.B. Contab. 1892. (1914-1919. General Surgeon)

BONNEY, William Francis Victor M.S., M.D.Lond., F.R.C.S. (1914-1919. General Surgeon)

CHARLES, Miss Caroline (24.1.1917-16.10.1917. Trained Staff Nurse, J.C.)

DE ROUGEMONT, Mrs. Muriel Evelyn, formerly Heseltine (1.10.1914-6.11.1914. V.A.D. nurse)

GORDON, Miss Charlotte Alice Muriel “Muriel” (11.1915-1.1919 Nursing.  Also worked at Wethersfield Hospital – where mother Edith was Commandant)

HILL, Ms. F. (Trained Staff Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention)

KEAN, Mrs. Emilie (26.02.1918-12.1918. Nurse)

KNIGHT, Miss Margaret Amy (1.1918-1.1919. Nursing)

LLOYD, Miss L. (Trained Staff Nurse.  “valuable nursing services rendered” mention)

MONTGOMERY, Miss Mary Gertrude (Matron, although named on her B.R.C. hospital card as “Lady Superintendent”. Royal Red Cross 1st Class award.)

MORGAN, Miss Georgena Emma “Georgie” (Matron – pre and post First World War. Awarded Royal Red Cross 1st Class, mention 2 & 3 March 1917)

PICK, Miss Constantia (8.1915-9.1915. VAD Nurse)

ROUND, Sibyl Mary (1914 – 1 week nursing. Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Also worked at St. Martin’s House [Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester]; Stanway Rectory Hospital)

TOMLINSON, Ms. L. (Trained Staff Nurse/Sister.  “valuable services rendered” mention)

TRAVERS, Mrs. Mabel Frances (? Nursing)

WALFORD, Miss Maude Mary (Part Time Nurse)

WHEELER, Miss M. (Trained Staff Nurse.  “valuable nursing services rendered” mention)


N.B. Some British Red Cross members worked solely at the Clacton Railway Station – assisting when the Ambulance Trains arrive – and other duties, such as engineering … these are mentioned at the end of The Reckitt Convalescent Home chapter.


Middlesex Convalescent Home/Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.    Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

Middlesex Convalescent Home/Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.
Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

PROFILES:

ALLOTT, Miss E. Violet (9.8.1914-? Quartermaster. Trained nurse. Royal Red Cross 2nd Class award)

Is this Evelyn Violet Allott, born 1883 Southend-on-Sea. Daughter of Lincolnshire-born Reverend Henry Hepworth Allott and his Warwickshire-born wife Alicia Georgiana?

1891 Census:      Sifford Rectory, Grays, Essex. Aged “7”, at home with “Rector” father; mother; 3 brothers; 1 sister; 1 visitor; 1 nurse; plus 2 servants.

1901 Census:      ‘Deerhadden’, 19 Bolsover Road, Eastbourne. Pupil at a private school.

1911 Census:       Stifford Rectory, Grays, Essex. At home with “Rector” father; mother; 3 brothers; 1 brother-in-law; plus 3 servants.

1917, 24 Oct:       Issue of Supplement to The Gazette – Royal Red Cross award entry: “SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 24 OCTOBER, 1917.  … To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2nd-Class). … Miss Evelyn Violet Allott, Q.M. and Nurse, Coombe Lodge, Aux. Hpl., Essex …”

A death was registered for Evelyn Violet Allott in Dec. 1956, at Aldershot, Hampshire – she never married.

British Red Cross card:

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=allott&hosp=clacton&id=3151&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Herongate House, nr Brentwood; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/08/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/05/1919; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Joined V.A.D. Essex 12 in January 1910 as Quartermaster, appointed Quartermaster Essex 18 in 1914 April; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/08/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: V.A.D. Essex 18; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/05/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Staff Nurse in Grammar School Hsp. Brentwood & Coombe Lodge Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: at Middlesex Hospital, Clacton on Sea, at Coombe Lodge Primary Military Auxiliary Hospital, Essex from Nov. 6th 1914 to March 19th 1919 when patients left, but Mrs Allott remained on to assist return equipment lent, etc, clean the Hospital, & arrange for the sale of surplus equipment on May 2nd 1919. Miss Allott was responsible for the collection of the greater part of the Hospital equipment prior to the outbreak of War; COMMISSION: Essex at Grammar School Temporary Hospital, Brentwood Essex; HONOURS AWARDED: R.R.C. 2nd Class.


BERKELEY, George H. A. Comyns (1865-1946)

B.A. Contab. 1887; B.C. 1891; L.R.C.P. Lond.,   M.R.C.S. Eng. 1891; M.B. Contab. 1892.

http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E003831b.htm

SIR COMYNS BERKELEY. Reproduced from: RCOG Archive, Reference RCOG/PH1/3/8 with the permission of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Photograph credit: Pearl Freeman.

SIR COMYNS BERKELEY. Reproduced from: RCOG Archive, Reference RCOG/PH1/3/8 with the permission of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Photograph credit: Pearl Freeman.

and BONNEY, W. F. Victor M.S., M.D.Lond., F.R.C.S. (1872-1953)

http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E004910b.htm

W. F. VICTOR BONNEY. Reproduced from: RCOG Archive, Reference RCOG/PH1/4/11 with the permission of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

W. F. VICTOR BONNEY. Reproduced from: RCOG Archive, Reference RCOG/PH1/4/11 with the permission of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

Both George Comyns Berkeley and Victor Bonney were consulting gynaecological and obstetric surgeons in London when the First World War broke out.  They became the General Surgeons for the Middlesex Military Hospital.  Bonney was Berkeley’s junior at the time.   In 1921, the two friends collaborated and co-wrote the book ‘The Annals of the Middlesex Hospital at Clacton On Sea, during the Great War, 1914-1919’.

An extract from an archived review for the afore-mentioned book (in ‘The Spectator’) reads “How mortal men could double their work for four years and a-half and survive we do not know, but the lively sense of humour which is displayed throughout their book probably served them.    It is well illustrated with photographs and comic drawings, and might to add an appreciable sum to the hospital funds.”


CHARLES, Caroline. (24.1.1917-16.10.1917. Trained Nurse, Joint War Committee) Born 1Q 1878 Woolwich, London.  Parents: Bricklayer/Plasterer Joseph. William Charles and his wife Mary (nee Anderson).

1881 Census:  21 Wade Road, Poplar. Aged “3”, at home with parents and 7 siblings.

1891 Census:  3 Argyle Road, Edmonton. Aged “13”, at home with parents and 4 siblings.

1901 Census:  1 Chapman Road, Fulwood, Lancashire. Visiting widow Alice Crouch and her family.

1911 Census:  Hospital Nurse, The Western Fever Hospital, (Metropolitan Asylums Board),

Seagrave Road, Fulham, London S W.

A death for Caroline Charles was registered Jun 1966, at Thanet, Kent.

A British Red Cross Card for Caroline Charles. Side 1. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.

A British Red Cross Card for Caroline Charles. Side 1. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.

A British Red Cross Card for Caroline Charles. Side 2. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.

A British Red Cross Card for Caroline Charles. Side 2. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross.


DE ROUGEMONT, Mrs. Muriel Evelyn, formerly Heseltine   Member of the Executive Committee Essex Branch B.R.C.S. (1.10.1914-6.11.1914. V.A.D. nurse)

Born 1883 Godalming, Surrey.  Baptised 30 September 1883. Daughter of Lambeth-born Stoke Broker Evelyn Heseltine and his Godalming-born wife Emily Henrietta.  Muriel married Cecil H. De Rougemont in 2Q 1914 in the Registration District of Romford, Essex.

1891 Census:      The Goldings, Gt. Warley, Essex. At home, with parents; 1 brother; 1 Uncle; 1 Aunt; and 14 servants, including a Governess and a Nurse.

1901 Census:      Not in Gt. Warley with family…

1911 Census:      The Goldings, Gt. Warley, Essex. At home, with parents; 2 visitors; and 10 servants.

Muriel’s death was registered March 1967, in the Brentwood District.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=60349

ADDRESS: Great Warley; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 09/08/1914; SERVICE TO: 02/05/1919; HOSPITAL: Coombe Lodge, Great Warley; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Was appointed Commandant of V.A.D. Essex 18 in January 1910; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/08/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: 02/05/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Comdt. VAD Essex 18 & of Coombe Lodge Primary Military Auxiliary Hospital; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole Time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Mrs. de Rougemont is a member of the Executive Committee Essex Branch B.R.C.S. Was Commandant of the Brentwood Grammar School temporary Hospital for a month from August 9th. 1914, worked during October 1914 until Nov. 6 as V.A.D. nurse at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton on Sea, & from that date until its closing was Comdt. of Coombe Lodge Hospital living in the Hospital. The last patients left on March 19th. but Mrs. de Rougemont stayed on until April 1st. to return Equipment lent, clean the Hospital & arrange for the Sale on May 2nd. 1919; COMMISSION: Essex Combe Lodge Hospital Great Warley; HONOURS AWARDED: Officer of the Order of the British Empire, also “Mentioned”.


GORDON, Miss Charlotte Alice Muriel “Muriel” (11.1915-1.1919 Nursing.  Also worked at Wethersfield Hospital – where mother Edith was Commandant)

Born 1874 London (Registered 2nd Quarter St George Hanover Square). Daughter of British Subject, East Indies-born Army Officer/Colonel William Gordon and his Yorkshire-born Edith (nee Rouse).

1881 Census:      Fernie Hurst, Baildon, Yorkshire. At an aunt and uncle’s home; with mother; two sisters; one brother; and eight servants of the house.

1891 Census:

1901 Census:      The Place, Wethersfield, Nr Braintree, Essex. With parents; two sisters; a cousin; a cook; and two more servants.

1911 Census:      The Wethersfield Place, Nr Braintree, Essex. With parents; two sisters; and 4 servants.

1965, 15 Jun:      Charlotte Alice Muriel Gordon “of Milverton Hotel, Cheltenham” died at The General Hospital, Cheltenham.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=87095

ADDRESS: Wethersfield Place, Nr Braintree; COUNTY: Essex; HOSPITAL: Wethersfield House, Braintree; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: received; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1918; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: £20 per annum for 1 year; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1919; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Entirely; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Nov 5th.1914 to July 5th.1915 Nursing at Wethersfield V.A.D. Hospital, Essex 52. Nov.1915 to Jan. 1919 Nursing at the Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, almost continuously & a short time at the Chelmsford Military Hospital. Came home owing to illness occasioned by a fall in Hospital; COMMISSION: Essex.


HILL, Ms. F. (Trained Staff Nurse. “valuable services rendered” mention).

10 March 1917, ‘Essex Newsman’: MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:– … Hill, F., Nurse, Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Clacton.”


KEAN, Mrs. Emilie (26.02.1918-12.1918. Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=123601

ADDRESS: Tanglewood Cottage, Boreham Wood, Elstree; AGE WHEN ENGAGED: 37; SERVICE FROM:24/11/1916; SERVICE TO: 12/1918; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: P.T.O.; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 24/11/1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: With; DATE OF TERMINATION: 12/1918; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 24.11.1916 to 24.06.1917 at 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth. 26.02.1918 to December 1918 at Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton on Sea; DEPARTMENT: J.W.V.A.D.; COMMISSION: Herts. 42.


KNIGHT, Miss Margaret Amy (1.1918-1.1919. Nursing)

British Red Cross card:

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=knight&hosp=frinton&id=127775&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: The Rectory, Frinton; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 03/1915; SERVICE TO: 07/1917; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; PAY AT TERMINATION: £20 a yr; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Date of Engagement / Date of Termination: March 1915 – June 1915 (Recess) Frinton Feb. 1916 – July 1917 (Turret Lodge) Frinton July 1917 – Nov. 1917 Singholm Jan 1918 -Jan 1919 Middlesex (Clacton); COMMISSION: Essex Essex /126.


LLOYD, Miss L. (Trained Staff Nurse.  “valuable nursing services rendered” mention).

16 August 1918, ‘Chelmsford Chronicle’: NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED and the Middlesex Hospital featured:   “The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war: …  Lloyd, Staff Nurse Miss L., Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea; …”


MONTGOMERY, Miss Mary Gertrude  (Matron, although named on B.R.C. hospital card as “Lady Superintendent”. Royal Red Cross 1st Class award.)

Born 2ndQ 1875 Manchester, Lancashire.  Daughter of Irish-born Bank Cashier Robert Montgomery and his London-born wife Sarah.

1881 Census:     4 Lincoln Grove Terrace, Chorlton on Medlock, Lancashire. Aged “5”. Living at home with parents and 4 siblings.

1891 Census:     Yeardsley Hall, Yeardsley cum Whaley, Cheshire. Visiting the Clarke famiy.

1901 Census:     St. Thomas’ Hospital, Lambeth, London. Hospital Nurse.

1908:                 Became Matron at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge.

1911 Census:      Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge. Matron.

1913, 08 Aug:    It was reported (Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 08.08.1913):

ADDENBROOKE’S HOSPITAL. MATRON RESIGNS. AN IMPORTANT APPOINTMENT. …

At the Quarterly Court of the Governors of Addenbrooke’s Hospital on Wednesday it was announced that the Matron (Miss Montgomery) had been appointed Lady Superintendent of Middlesex Hospital. … …

Resignation of Miss Montgomery. Finally, the committee announced, which they did with the greatest regret, that Addenbrooke’s Hospital was losing the services of Miss Montgomery as Matron.  Miss Montgomery had been appointed to the important post of Lady Superintendent of the Middlesex Hospital.  The appointment was made in a manner which showed in a remarkable way the high esteem in which Miss Montgomery was held.  Miss Montgomery had filled the post of Matron for the past five years with great distinction and success.  She was appointed Matron in very difficult circumstances, and she left the Hospital in the highest state of efficiency and good organisation.  The committee had put on record their high appreciation of the very valuable services which Miss Montgomery had rendered to the Hospital, and in leaving she carried with her the gratitude and esteem of everyone connected to Addenbrooke’s and their good wishes for her happiness and success in the responsible and important position to which she has been called.”  

THE LONDON GAZETTE, 26 MAY, 1914. 4227

“TERRITORIAL FORCE NURSING SERVICE. The following Principal Matrons, on their retirement, are granted permission to retain and wear the Badge of the Territorial Force Nursing Service, in recognition of their specially valuable services. Dated 27th May, 1914. … … Miss Mary Gertrude Montgomery …”

4576 SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 9 APRIL, 1919

War Office, 9th April 1919 His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned Ladies in recognition of their valuable nursing services in connection with the War — … Awarded the Royal Red Cross 1st Class … Miss Mary Gertrude Montgomery, Matron, Midd’x. Hosp., Aux. to 5th London Gen.


MORGAN, Miss Georgena Emma “Georgie” (Matron – pre and post First World War. Awarded Royal Red Cross 1st Class, mention 2 & 3 March 1917)

Born 31 August 1863 Secunderabad, India (twin city of Hyderabad). Baptised 29 November 1863, at Secunderabad, India.  Daughter of Worcestershire-born “Captain in the Indian Army” Osborne Morgan and his wife Anna Maria (nee Harris) – who married on 20 June 1860, at Waltair, Madras, India. Siblings were: Charles Lewis Morgan (1862, Secunderabad, India); Jessy Hope Morgan (1867 Walcot St Swithin, Somerset); May Winifrid Morgan (1873 Walcot St Swithin, Somerset); Osborne Macdonald Morgan (1878 Cheltenham, Glos.)

1881 Census:      12 Hamilton Terrace, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire. “Georgie”. “Scholar”. With mother (“Colonel’s Wife”); siblings Charles, May and Osborne; and one “Servant”.  Father was not at home and sister Jessy had died in 1873.

1889, 13 Apr:      Father Osborne Morgan died. “Major General in Her Majesty’s Army” and “Deputy Lieutenant of Monmouth”.

1891 Census:      Middlesex Hospital, St. Marylebone, London.  “Hospital Lady Nurse”. “Boarder”.

1901 Census:      The Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Holland Road, Great Clacton, Essex.  Trained Matron. Army Nursing Reserve.  With 4 x “Trained Sick Nurse” “Servant”; 1 “Sick Nurse” “Servant”; 1 “Trained Nurse” “Boarder”; 2 x “Sick Nurse” “Boarder”; a Cook “Servant”; a “Kitchen Maid” “Servant”; a “Scullery Maid” “Servant”; a “Matron’s Maid” “Servant”; 2 x “Laundress” “Servant”; 4 x “Housemaid” “Servant”; 20 x “Boarder” male; and 26 x “Boarder” female.

1911 Census:      The Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Holland Road, Great Clacton, Essex.  Matron.  The Home’s site consisted of: “Gardener’s Cottage”; “Engineer’s Cottage”; “Two wards in separate building”; “Five bedrooms open air treatment”; and “Main Building”. Matron was with: a “Home Sister”; an “Honorary Assistant”; 2 x “Sick Nurse” “Hospital trained”; a “Nurse”; 4 x “Probationer” “Nurse”; 1 “Matron’s Maid”; 3 x “Child of servant”; 1 x Gardener, with wife and 2 children; a “Cook”; 2 x “Kitchen Maid”; 2 x “Laundress”; 4 x “Dormitory Maid”; a “Messenger”; a “Stoker”; 40 “inmate” male patients; and 46 x “inmate” female patients.

Chelmsford Chronicle – Friday 02 March 1917

“NURSES HONOURED.  The King has been pleased to award the Royal Red Cross decoration to the under-mentioned ladies in recognition of their valuable services in connection with the war: — … … ROYAL RED CROSS, 1st CLASS. …  …  Miss G. E. Morgan, Matron, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton.”

148 The British Journal of Nursing March 3, 1917

HONOURS FOR NURSES. A list of 480 awards of the Royal Red Cross decoration to Matrons, Sisters, and Nurses in hospitals throughout the country “in recognition of their valuable services in connection with the war,” are announced. Included in the list are a number of awards to members of the overseas nursing services. Whilst heartily congratulating all the proud recipients upon their well-deserved honours, we regret lack of space prevents the publication of the whole list.  ROYAL RED CROSS (IST CLASS) … G. E. Morgan, Matron, Middlesex Hosp., Clacton-on-Sea; …”

1931, 18 July:      Death: MORGAN Georgena Emma of Longshore The Parade Holland-on-Sea Essex spinster died 18 July at Middlesex Hospital Middlesex Probate Ipswich 8 October to Westminster Bank Limited and Edmund Major Leaning solicitor.  Effects £3542 3s. 7d.”


PICK, Miss Constantia (8.1915-9.1915 – 3 weeks.  VAD Nurse)

Born  1872 Baston, near Thetford, Lincolnshire. Baptised 8 September 1872 Baston, Lincolnshire. Lincolnshire-born Farmer Robert Pick and his Rutland-born Ann Ellen.

1881 Census:      Lodge Farm, Bourn, Cambs. At home, with mother; Farmer father; 1 brother; 4 sisters; and 2 servants.

1891 Census:      Harston, Cambridgeshire. At home, with mother; Farmer father; 2 brothers; 3 sisters; 1 visitor; and 1 servant.

1901 Census:      Manor Farm, Pampisford, Cambs. At home, with mother; Farmer father; 2 brothers; 1 sister; 1 nephew; and 1 servant.

1911 Census:      Parks Farm, Wethersfield. At home, with parents; 1 brother; 1 niece; and 1 servant.

Constantia died 23 October 1960 and the death was registered in the Ipswich District.  She never married.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=238724

ADDRESS: Bakers Farm, Wethersfield; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 05/11/1914; SERVICE TO: 01/1918; HOSPITAL: Wethersfield House, Braintree; Auxiliary Hospital, Earls Colne; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: VAD Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 05/11/1914; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: none; RANK AT TERMINATION: Essex-52; DATE OF TERMINATION: 01/1918; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Entirely Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Wethersfield V.A.D. Hospital dating from November 5th 1914 to July 5th 1915 Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton, Essex Augt & Sept 1915 = 3 weeks Earls Colne V.A.D. Hospital Nov 1915 to Jan 1918 = 9 months with occasional intervals for Home Duties; COMMISSION: Essex 52; HONOURS AWARDED: 5 years Service Badge & Certificate for Service with V.A.D. Detachment.


ROUND, Sibyl Mary (1914 – 1 week nursing. Vice President of British Red Cross Lexden & Winstree Division & Commandant. V.A.D. Nursing and Administration.  Mentioned in Dispatches. Also worked at St. Martin’s House [Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester]; Stanway Rectory Hospital)

Born 1872, birth registered St. George Hanover Square, London.  Daughter of Colchester-born M.P. & J.P. James Round and his wife Ovington-born Sibylla Joanna

1881 Census:      The Holly Trees, East Hill, Colchester, Essex.  At home, with parents; 5 sisters; I aunt; 1 cousin; 1 Governess; and 8 servants.

1891 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington, London. With parents; 6 sisters; 1 brother; 1 cousin; and 8 servants.

1901 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington, London. With parents; 4 sisters; and 8 servants.

1911 Census:      31 De Vere Gardens, Kensington, London. With parents; 1 sister; 1 uncle; 1 aunt; and 8 servants.

Sibyl’s died on 27 July 1949 and her death was registered in Colchester, Essex.  She is buried at St. Peter’s church in Birch, Essex.   She never married.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=180115

ADDRESS: The Cross House, Layer de la Haye, Colchester; COUNTY: Essex; CHARACTER: Mentioned in despatches Jan 1918; SERVICE FROM: 1910; SERVICE TO: still serving; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 02/1910; RANK AT TERMINATION: Vice President & Commandant; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still Serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: none; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: V.A.D. Nursing & administration work; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 5200 hours 2 stripes; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Vice President – Lexden & Winstree Division since 1911 & Commandant of Essex 44 1914 1 week nursing Middlesex Hosp. Clacton 1914 5 months nursing Stanway Hosp. Colchester 1914 Dressing Vaccination Aux. Colchester 1915 – 1916 Padding splint, work rooms. 1916 2 months County Hospital Colchester 1917 – 1919. 2 years Commandant of Gostwycke Auxiliary Hospital Colchester; COMMISSION: Essex 44 Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round.


TOMLINSON, Ms. L. (Trained Staff Nurse/Sister.  “valuable services rendered” mention)

Essex Newsman – 19 March 1917

“MORE NURSES HONOURED.  The following additional ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:– …  … Tomlinson, L. Sister, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton.  …  …”


TRAVERS, Mrs. Mabel Frances (? Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=210748

ADDRESS: Brooklyn House, Warley; COUNTY: Essex; SERVICE FROM: 08/1914; SERVICE TO: 05/10/1916; HOSPITAL: VAD Auxiliary Hospital, Downham Market; Coombe Lodge, Great Warley; Wern Auxiliary Military Hospital, Portmadoc; Hospital for Facial Injuries, 78, Brook Street, and 24, Norfolk Street, W1; Paddington VAD, 37, Porchester Terrace, W2; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: Honary Comdt. Glamorgan V.A.D. joined Essex 18 in June 1914; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: August 1914 to Sept 1914; Nov 1914 to Oct 5th 1916; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Nil; RANK AT TERMINATION: V. A. D. Essex 18; DATE OF TERMINATION: 05/10/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Brentwood temporary Red X Hospital, Middlesex Hospital, Clacton on Sea, Coombe Lodge Primary Auxiliary Military Hospital, Subsequently Wern Hospital, Portmadoc, N. Wales, 24 Norfolk Street, Downham Market Hospital Paddington V.A.D. Hospital, 37 Porchester Terrace, W. until January 1919; COMMISSION: Essex.


WALFORD, Miss Maude Mary (Part Time Nurse)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?hosp=middlesex+clacton&id=215301&last=true

ADDRESS: 235 Maldon Road, Colchester; SERVICE FROM: 03/1911; SERVICE TO: 03/1919; HOSPITAL: Stanway Rectory, Stanway; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nurse; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 03/1911; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: None; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nurse; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PAY AT TERMINATION: None; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 3300 hours; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Lexden & Winstree Division, Miss Round. Part time given at Middlesex Hospital Clacton on Sea 1914 Stanway V.A.D. Hospital 1914 – 1915 Essex County Hospital 1915 – 1919 Gostwycke V.A.D. Hospital Colchester 1918 – 1919; COMMISSION: B.R.C.S. Essex 44.


WHEELER, Miss M. (Trained Staff Nurse.  “valuable nursing services rendered” mention).

On Friday 16 August 1918, the ‘Chelmsford Chronicle’ printed a long list of names under the heading of NURSES’ SERVICES RECOGNISED and the Middlesex Hospital featured:   “The names of the following ladies have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable nursing services rendered in connection with the war: … Wheeler, Staff Nurse Miss M., Middlesex Hospital, Clacton” ….”



LANCE CORPORAL ALBERT EDWARD BRAWN : CLACTON-ON-SEA WW1 PATIENT

The first fatality at the Middlesex Military Hospital

Born 1893 Earls Barton, Northamptonshire.  Son of Northamptonshire-born Boot Maker James Herbert Brawn and his wife Mary Jane (nee Ward).

1901 Census:       78 Great Park Street, Wellingborough, Northants. With parents & siblings.

1909, 07.12:        Became a ‘Special Reservist’ in the Northamptonshire Regiment – Private 8818.

1910, 10.03:         Attested into the Northamptonshire Regiment and became Private 9125.

1910, 16.03:         Transferred to 2nd Battalion of the Northants. Regiment – Colchester.

1910, 03.10:         Injury to knee at Colchester.

1911, 14.03:          Transferred to 1st Battalion of the Northamptonshire Regiment.

1911, 02.04:         Census: South Raglan Barracks, Devonport, Devon.  Private in 1st Northants. Regiment.

“During his military service, Lance Corporal Brawn kept a diary, which contained the following entries:-

1914, 06.09:             Albert was with his regiment at Bernay.

07.09:         … at Vaudy.

10.09:         … Battle of Priez (after a convoy).

11.09:         … at Croincy.

12.09:         … at Paars.

13.09:         … seven days in the trenches.  Very bad weather, raining all the time.

20.09:         … to 25th, rest.

25.09:         … to 27th, went back into the trenches as reserve. On the night of 27th, went into firing line again until relieved by the Sussex Regiment on the night of the 29th.

29.09:         … to October 1, went back to the reserve trenches.

01.10:         … to night of October 3, went back to trenches in the firing line.

03.10:         … to 5, went back to reserve trenches.

05.10:         … to 7, went back to firing line.

07.10:         … to 14, went back to reserve trenches until relieved by the French on the 14th.

15.10:         … entrained at Fismes for the North of France.

16.10:         … riding all day.

17.10:         … got out at Cassel.

18.10:         … day’s rest.

19.10:         … left Cassel and marched to Elverdine and stopped there the night of the 20th.

21.10:         … left Elverdine and got to Pilcombe the following night and here we stopped, and next day.

Here the diary closes.  At this point, he (and Sydney Munton) took part in the engagement that caused their fatal wounds.

1914, 22.10:        Signaller Albert and his regiment moved north of Pilkem, to assist the Cameron Highlanders – one company attacking an inn on the Bixschoote – Langemarke road.

1914, 23.10:        Albert fatally wounded – Gun Shot Wound to left thigh.   Northants. Regiment War Diary entry:-  “Attacks more or less all day.  A very vigorous attack in the evening but it was repulsed.”   (War Diary entry is very short – most officers capable of writing it having been killed during that time!).

1914, 26.10:        Transferred ‘Home’ to England and the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea.

1914, 30.10:        Parents informed by the War Office that he was in the Middlesex Hospital.

1914, 04.11:         Albert died (Service Record entry) – 1st death at the Middlesex Military Hospital.

1914, 07.11:         Albert was buried with military honours, at the same time as Sydney Munton.

His final resting place is the Clacton-on-Sea Cemetery in the town’s Burrs Road.

Bucks Standard – 14 November 1914

On October 30th, Mr. and Mrs. James Brawn, of Osborne’s Farm, High Street, Newport Pagnell, had been informed by the War Office that their son, Lance Corporal Albert Brawn, of the 1st Battalion, Northants. Regiment, had been dangerously wounded, and was in the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton.   He had been born at Earls Barton, Northants., and had been in every engagement since the beginning of the war.    In fact the previous day his parents had received a postcard from him, written on the battlefield, saying that he was going on well.   Tragically, aged 21 he died on Wednesday, November 4th at Clacton Hospital, and with full military honours was buried in the little seaside cemetery on Saturday, November 7th.  This was the first fatality at the hospital, but was quickly followed by that of a Kettering soldier, of the same regiment.     Both soldiers had fought together, and were laid to rest in the same grave.    As well as Mr. and Mrs. Brawn and their daughter, almost all the population of Clacton attended the solemn service, at which the buglers sounded ‘The Last Post,’ and a firing party fired three volleys over the grave.”   

Research of diary/newspaper extracts credited to: http://www.mkheritage.co.uk/nphs/docs/war/warletters.html and John Taylor of Bletchley (North Bucks Times; Bucks Standard; & Wolverton Express).

Albert Brawn’s headstone in Clacton. Courtesy/© of Joanne Lowe

Albert Brawn’s headstone in Clacton. Courtesy/© of Joanne Lowe.

The inscription at the bottom of Albert’s headstone (as requested by the family) reads:-

“IN LOVING MEMORY OF

OUR DEAR BOY

MOTHER, FATHER

SISTERS AND BROTHERS”

“Son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Brawn of Osborne Lodge, High St., Newport Pagnell, Bucks.”

Death registration quotes age as 23 but Albert was only 21 years of age when he died.

WW1 Medal Card for Albert Edward Brawn. National Archives and Ancestry.co.uk credited.

WW1 Medal Card for Albert Edward Brawn. National Archives and Ancestry.co.uk credited.

Albert Brawn’s First World War Army Service Record (16 pages) has survived – it is held at the UK National Archives.  Images are available online and have been downloaded by the author of this site.



PRIVATE 3/9388 SYDNEY MUNTON : CLACTON-ON-SEA WW1 PATIENT

1st NORTHAMPTONSHIRE REGIMENT

The second fatality at the Middlesex Military Hospital

Sydney Munton: Newspaper photograph (Kettering Leader credited) and headstone in Clacton (Courtesy/© of Joanne Lowe)

Sydney Munton: Newspaper photograph (Kettering Leader credited) and headstone in Clacton (Courtesy/© of Joanne Lowe)

Born 1895 Rothwell, Northamptonshire (Birth registered 3rd Q District of Kettering).  Son of Rothwell-born Shoe/Boot Maker & Riveter John Munton & his wife Sarah Ann.

1901 Census:      School Lane, Rothwell, Northants. With parents and siblings.

1911 Census:      32 Jubilee St., Rothwell.  With parents and siblings. Occupation: Bootmaker Clicker.

1914, May?:        Enlisted in the Northamptonshire Regiment. (42 Water St., Kettering, Northants.) 

Sydney’s experiences leading up to his fatal wound must mirror those documented in the diary of 1st Northants. Regiment Lance Corporal Albert Brawn.   Referring to Albert Brawn and Sydney, the Essex County Standard (14 Nov. 1914) stated that one of them had died “from the wounds inflicted on the head and the other from shock following an operation” … it is deduced that Sydney was the one with the head wound because Albert’s Service Record states he received a gun-shot wound to left thigh.

1914, 22.10:        Sydney and his regiment moved north of Pilkem, to assist the Cameron Highlanders – one company attacking an inn on the Bixschoote – Langemarke road.

1914, 23.10:        This is the day Sydney was probably fatally wounded – the same day as fellow Northants. Regiment comrade-in-arms Lance Corporal Albert Brawn.  The Northants. Regiment War Diary entry states:-   “Attacks more or less all day.  A very vigorous attack in the evening but it was repulsed.”   (The War Diary entry is very short – most of the officers capable of writing it having been killed during that time!).

1914, 26.10:        Probably transferred ‘Home’ to England and the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea (date as documented for Albert Brawn, in his Service Record – they were wounded together and were patients together in the hospital).   Sydney’s Army Service Record has not survived.

1914, 04.11:        Sydney’s parents received telegram notifying them that he was dangerously ill.  Mother and sister set off the next morning (05 Nov.) to travel by train to Clacton-on-Sea.

1914, 04.11:        Sydney died 04 November 1914, 11.30 p.m.

1914, 07.11:        Sydney was buried with military honours, at the same time as Albert Edward Brawn – Saturday 07 Nov. 1914.   His final resting place is the Clacton’s Cemetery in the town’s Burrs Road.

WW1 Medal Card for Sydney Munton. National Archives and Ancestry.co.uk credited.

WW1 Medal Card for Sydney Munton.  National Archives and Ancestry.co.uk credited.

Telegraphs from Albert Brawn’s Army Service Record. National Archives & Ancestry.co.uk credited.

Telegraphs: Albert Brawn’s Army Service Record. National Archives & Ancestry.co.uk credited.

The telegraphs above are held within Albert Brawn’s Army Service Record.  They confirm the deaths of both Albert and Sydney.

Kettering Leader – Friday 13 November 1914

A SOLDIER’S GRAVE

Kettering Private Buried At Clacton-on-Sea

“We regret to announce that another Kettering soldier – Private Sydney Munton, of “B” Company, 3rd Battalion Northants. Regiment – has lost his life as the outcome of taking part in the present war.   He was wounded in Belguim and rather more than a fortnight ago he was removed to the military hospital, St. Michael’s Home**, Clacton-on-Sea.       From this institution, his parents – Mr. and Mrs. Munton of 6 Fuller Street, Kettering – received a telegram on Wednesday stating that Sydney was dangerously ill.   Mrs. Munton and one of the deceased sisters hurried off by first train next morning but soon after they set off upon their sorrowful journey there arrived a second telegram to say that the young “Steelback”  – his age was only 19 – passed away at half-past eleven the previous night.  Mr. Munton proceeded to Clacton on Friday, arrangements having been made for the funeral to take place there on Saturday.  Much sympathy is expressed with the parents and family in their sad loss. 

Private Sydney Munton was formerly in the employ of the Kettering Boot Company.   A brother is in the Territorials.” 

“Very impressive scenes were witnessed on Saturday at Clacton-on-Sea, in connection with the funeral of Private Sydney Munton, son of Mr. and Mrs. Munton of 6 Fuller Street, Kettering.  Among the soldier’s comrades moved along with him into the firing line was one who, by a pathetic coincidence, occupied the very next position in the trenches, was wounded at the same time as Private Munton, was eventually conveyed to the same hospital – St. Michael’s Home**, Clacton-on-Sea – and, passing away within a few hours of the Kettering soldier’s death, was buried at the same time. 

A remarkably large crowd of people witnessed the funeral of the two soldiers, and military honours were accorded.    Mr. and Mrs. Munton (parents) and Miss Munton (sister) were the principal mourners following the mortal remains of their son and brother to the grave.”   

** This appears be an error, as place of death is given as the Middlesex Hospital in all other documents.

The inscription at the bottom of Sydney Munton’s headstone reads “Jesu Mercy”, as requested by the family.   N.B. For a fee of 3.5 pennies a letter, a family could add an extra inscription at the bottom of the CWGC headstone. 

A niece of Sydney, Susan Bigham, spoke about how touched she was upon reading the Kettering Leader’s story on Sydney and about the mercy dash of her grandmother and aunt.    Susan does not possess a photograph of Sydney and, on seeing the image of Sydney in the article, she commented on the family resemblance that the following generations had inherited from Sydney.  Susan recalled what her mother Winifred/“Winnie” would say about her brother Sydney and her family when she reminisced …  …

Winnie was only just nine years old when brother Sydney died.   Sydney was her “big brother”, whom she loved dearly –he was ten years older than Winnie.    Winnie would say that he played the bugle in the Army.*

Winnie also said that their father John had once worked as a gardener.    Certainly, John kept a large garden to feed his family and his wife Sarah always stressed that he provided fresh vegetables every day – enough for all of the family.  However, in all the census entries, John’s occupation is always recorded as a shoe/boot maker.   John made all the boots for his children – Winnie would say that the boots didn’t always fit too well and her feet were a testament to that!    Winnie always stressed that, at a time when many children ran around bare footed and with empty bellies, it was no mean feat to provide your children with footwear and food on the table.

Niece Susan said “I think the people of Clacton were amazing and the Drs and nurses went far beyond anything that would be normally expected of anyone.  We knew of Sydney but not about him.  We are proud that he was a part of our family and his memory will be passed through the generations.”

*A duty bugler took post every day (and continued to do so right into the 1980s) and his first call was ‘Rouse’, after which he positioned himself between the Adjutant’s and RSM’s offices, making calls for ‘Officers’, ‘Orderly Sergeants/Corporals’ and ‘Cookhouse/Dinner’ calls as directed.  All calls were preceded by the regimental call so that in a garrison of several units you could listen for your own bugler and thus what was required. In the evening he played ‘Defaulters’ and ‘Tattoo’ (First and Last Post) and finally, ‘Lights Out’.

(http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php credited)

SYDNEY MUNTON’S FAMILY

Sydney Munton’s father John (left). Sydney’s sister Winifred & mother Sarah. Images courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

Sydney Munton’s father John (left). Sydney’s sister Winifred & mother Sarah. Images courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

Sydney Munton’s mother Sarah. Image courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

Sydney Munton’s mother Sarah. Image courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

The photograph above, of Sydney Munton’s mother Sarah, has a message to Sydney written of the reverse – shown below. It was amongst Sydney’s belongings, which were returned to his family after his death at Middlesex Hospital.

Message on back of photo of Sydney Munton’s mother. Image courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

Message on back of photo of Sydney Munton’s mother. Image courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

The ‘Imperial War Graves Commission’ was established by the British government in 1917 – it had developed from the ‘British Army’s Graves Registration Commission’, which had been established in 1915.     In turn, the IWGC was re-named the ‘Commonwealth War Graves Commission’ in 1960.

Numerous requests were received from families – for information, photographs & details of the overseas’ location of the graves.   A photograph of the original cross (pre-CWGC headstone) standing at the grave could be sent, for a price, on a card that would also give the location of the grave within the cemetery plus the nearest railway station. Once Cemetery Registers had been proofed/printed (after cemeteries had been deemed completed?), these could be purchased.   An Order Form was sent to the stated ‘Next of Kin’ – it would possess the proof-slip relating to the family member, as the entry appeared in the Register.   Below is the image of the Order Form for the Register of the Clacton Cemetery, sent to Sydney’s mother.  As many families may have found it difficult to afford to buy such a Register (for just the few lines pertaining to their loved one), perhaps it was enough to treasure the Order Form with the attached personal proof-slip – as the Munton family have with theirs?

N.B.  The Canadian Government sent out a free copy of the relevant Cemetery Register to each Next Of Kin but the British and Australians had to purchase copies if they wished to possess one!

Both sides of the Order Form for the Register of the Clacton Cemetery, sent to Sydney Munton’s mother. Images courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

Both sides of the Order Form for the Register of the Clacton Cemetery, sent to Sydney Munton’s mother. Images courtesy/© of Susan Bigham.

Sydney’s name upon Kettering War Memorial. Courtesy/© of Patrick Craig, a great-nephew of Sydney.

Sydney’s name upon Kettering War Memorial. Courtesy/© of Patrick Craig, a great-nephew of Sydney.


KETTERING  WAR  MEMORIAL,  NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

LANCE CORPORAL ALBERT EDWARD BRAWN & PRIVATE SYDNEY MUNTON

1/NORTHAMPTONSHIRE REGIMENT

1st and 2nd fatalities at Middlesex Military Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex

Kettering War Memorial. Images courtesy/© of Patrick Craig. Acknowledgement to Darren Ward.

Kettering War Memorial. Images courtesy/© of Patrick Craig. Acknowledgement to Darren Ward.

Kettering WW1 Roll of Honour. Image courtesy/© of Patrick Craig. Acknowledgement to Darren Ward.

Kettering WW1 Roll of Honour. Image courtesy/© of Patrick Craig. Darren Ward acknowledged.  

MORE PATIENTS AT MIDDLESEX MILITARY WAR HOSPITAL

GUNNER L. DENT

Birmingham Mail – Wednesday 30 September 1914

“BRAVE ASTON GUNNER.  Among the many gallant deeds which have been performed during the present war, the conduct of Gunner L. Dent, of the Royal Field Artillery, who recedes at 259, Tower Road, is particularly note-worthy.  Dent, who is now among the wounded at the Middlesex Convalescent Home at Clacton-on-Sea, was the only gunner left when his battery was cut up and all the officers and men shot down.  Although one wheel was smashed in the firing, he stood to his gun and fired another 25 rounds till the buffers were burst by a shrapnel.  Then he got hold of a lame horse which had been shot twice, tied his putties round it, and joined another battery.  Dent hopes to be able to return to Aston for a few days shortly.”

PRIVATE A. NORTON

Sheffield Daily Telegraph – Thursday 07 January 1915

     “Private A. Norton, of the 2nd York and Lancaster Regiment, whose home is at 397, Earl Marshal Road, Sheffield, has been under treatment at the Institute for serious stiffness of the limbs, as a result of two wounds he received at Armentieres, and has now practically recovered.  When first brought to England he was taken to a hospital at Clacton-on-Sea and upon becoming convalescent and telling the doctor that his home was in Sheffield, the doctor at once remarked that the treatment at the Edgar Allen Institute was just what Norton wanted. 

     Yesterday, Private Norton told our representative that many wounded men who have thought they would never regain the use of an arm or other limb had made a complete recovery as a result of the treatment, while others are on the road to recovery.”

N.B. The Edgar Allen Institute was begun by Steel Maker and Engineer Mr. Edgar Allen in 1911.  Its original aim was to treat casualties from the pits and steel works but, at the outbreak of the First World War, it began to take service men from Military Hospitals and treat them with an early form of physiotherapy.  The Institute became known as the Edgar Allen Physical Treatment Centre in 1946.

PRIVATE JAMES GUTHRIE

Arbroath Herald and Advertiser for the Montrose Burghs – Friday 12 March 1915

OTHER ARBROATH SOLDIERS WOUNDED.

“Mr. Robert Guthrie, 20 Green Street, has received a letter from his son, Private James Guthrie, of the 5th Black Watch, stating that he had been wounded in the calf of the leg, on the 3rd inst. Private Guthrie is in hospital at Clacton-on-Sea, and states he is doing well.  At the time he was hit he saw other members of the battalion injured—one in the forearm and the other in the head.  The latter, he states, belonged to Montrose, and had died of his wounds.  Private Guthrie is only 16 years of age and was one of the first to join the Arbroath High School section of the Battalion.”

TROOPER G. BALKWILL

North Devon Journal – Thursday 25 March 1915

“Trooper G. Balkwill (Instow). Of the Royal North Devon Hussars, who has been in hospital at Clacton, has been invalided out of the army.”

PRIVATE ARTHUR WELLS

Harrogate Herald – Wednesday 21 April 1915

“The funeral of Private Arthur Wells, of Starbeck, took place on Monday afternoon. He was wounded at Neuve Chapelle and died in the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea.  He was one of the best billiard players of the Starbeck Working Men’s Club.  We have not got used to these troubles and are feeling very sad at poor Wells’ death.  We have one consolation, it is always we who are left behind who suffer most.  Wells died a hero and his memory will live.”

Harrogate Herald – Wednesday 21 April 1915

“MISCELLANEOUS. Private A. Wells, who was severely wounded in the Neuve Chapelle fighting, has succumbed to his wounds in the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea.  Private Wells, who lived at Starbeck, Harrogate, was one of the finest amateur exponents of billiards in the Harrogate district, and played for the Starbeck Working Men’s Club in the tournament of the Harrogate and District Billiard League.  Wells was buried at Harrogate on Monday with military honours.  There were many marks of respects at the graveside by Starbeck people, among whom he was very popular.”

PRIVATE HARRY LOUGHLIN

Ballymena Weekly Telegraph (of County Antrim, Northern Ireland) – 22 May 1915

Private Harry Loughlin, 2nd Royal Irish Fusiliers. Image © Johnston Press plc. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

Private Harry Loughlin, 2nd Royal Irish Fusiliers.
Image © Johnston Press plc.
Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

BALLYMENA SOLDIER WOUNDED.  HIS EXPERIENCES ON BATTLEFIELD.

Private Harry Loughlin, 2nd Royal Irish Fusiliers, who is a native of Ballymena, where his friends still reside, has been wounded at the front, and is at present in an English hospital.   His many local friends hope that he will make a speedy and complete recovery.  Writing to a friend in Ballymena under date of 17th May he says—I managed to get here about 4 a.m. yesterday morning (Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex).  I was getting my first sleep this afternoon when the nurse wakened me up to get me ready for the knife, as I am for an operation some time this afternoon.   There is a bit of shrapnel in my thigh, and I expect it will be all right, as it is causing me the pain. The boss (his officer) and I were going up to the trenches the morning we were wounded, and we were laughing at the escape we were having from the shells bursting near us, when one came too blooming near, and put us out of the count.  It burst right in front of us, and we were lucky in only getting wounded.  We had to lie and shout for a stretcher party, as there was no one near us at the time.  The boss had two fingers blown off his left hand, and was wounded in the shoulder. He was able to walk to the dressing station, but I had to get a stretcher, being wounded in the leg.  They had over a half-mile to carry me, and I thought I would never get into the dressing station that morning.  One of the chaps who was carrying me got wounded in the hand, as the blooming shells were bursting all around.  I was glad when I got to the hospital outside Boulogne.  I left Boulogne on Saturday for here, and we were nice and comfortable in the train from our landing port to here.—Harry Loughlin.”

PRIVATE CHARLES FREDERICK CLARKE

Grantham Journal – Saturday 06 November 1915

Pte. Charles Frederick Clarke, aged 19 years, son of Mr. and Mrs. Clarke, 107, Norton-street, has been wounded and gassed, and is at present in Hospital in Essex.  He joined the Grantham Territorials in August, 1914, underwent his training in Luton, and proceeded to France in February this year.  It was in August that he received his first injury, being wounded in the face by gunshot, for which he was under treatment at a convalescent camp at Etaples.  He made a speedy recovery, and rejoined his regiment on August 30th, but on Oct. 13th, in the great charge, when many casualties occurred among the Grantham Territorials, he was gassed.  He was conveyed to the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, and this week has been removed to Budsworth Hall, Convalescent Home, Ongar, Essex.  In a letter to his parents, Pte. Clarke states he is progressing satisfactorily.  In civil life, he was employed at Messrs. R. Hornsby and Sons, Ltd.

PRIVATE JAMES P. BRADY

Belfast News-Letter – Monday 01 May 1916

“Mrs. Ralph, of 141, McDonnell Street, Belfast, has been notified that her brother, Private James P. Brady, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, succumbed in Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, to wounds received in action.  Deceased enlisted almost twelve months ago, prior to which he was in the employment of the Belfast Corporation.”

BOMBARDIER T. T. HALL

Coventry Standard – Friday 21 July 1916

“Bombardier T. T. Hall, Royal Garrison Artillery, has been wounded, and is now an inmate of the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea.  He enlisted in the Royal Garrison Artillery on May 19th, 1914. Information has been received by his relatives, of Spencer Street, Coventry.”

PRIVATE THOMAS DOUGLAS BLACK

Dumfries and Galloway Standard – Wednesday 09 August 1916

“CARRONBRIDGE CANADIAN WOUNDED.  Mrs. Savage, Drumshinnoch, Carronbridge, has received word that Private Thomas Douglas Black, of the 8th Battalion Canadians, is in Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, suffering from gunshot wounds in the thigh and ankle, but that he is progressing as well as can be expected.”

PRIVATE WALTER ERNEST HERRIOTT and PRIVATE ALBERT JAMES THOMSON

The Newsman – 19 August 1916

“DOUBLE AUSTRALIAN FUNERAL.  Two wounded soldiers of the Australian Contingent died at the Middlesex Red Cross Hospital, Clacton, on Monday—Pt. Walter Ernest Herriott and Pt. Albert Jas. Thomson.  They were buried with military honours on Wednesday, the Durham L. I. providing escort, band, and firing party.  There was a large attendance at the cemetery.  The service was conducted by the Rev. J. Silvester, vicar of Great Clacton, and the Rev. Walter J. Elvy, Wesleyan minister at Clacton.  The floral emblems included tokens from the local wounded soldiers’ fund and the Red Cross Society.”

PRIVATE J. W. FOX

Uxbridge & W. Drayton Gazette – Friday 29 September 1916

PTE. J. W. FOX, WEST DRAYTON.  Pte. J. W. Fox, 1-8th Middlesex, son of Mr. Fox, of Old Farm Road, West Drayton, is now lying in the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, wounded in the right arm.   He was brought to England on Saturday and taken to Clacton on Monday.  He was with the 1-8th at Gibraltar, and went with them to France, where he has seen a lot of fighting.”

CORPORAL EDGAR KIRBY

Bedfordshire Times and Independent – Friday 27 April 1917 – MAULDEN

“Corpl. Edgar Kirby has been wounded in the head and is now in the Middlesex Hospital in Clacton-on-Sea.  Fortunately, the wounds are not very serious.”

SERGEANT WALTER SHAW

Kirkintilloch Gazette (of East Dunbartonshire, Scotland) – Friday 25 May 1917

“Sergeant Walter Shaw, Seaforth Highlanders, is in Middlesex Hospital, Clacton on Sea, wounded for the second time.  This time he suffers from a shrapnel wound in the joint of the right hand.  On the first occasion he was wounded in the forehead by a rifle bullet.  He got his second injuries on 25th April.   A single man of 22 years, Sergeant Shaw was a miner at the Haugh Colliery and lived with his mother at Church Street, Kilsyth, when he joined the Army a month after the war broke out.”

SAPPER HERBERT LORD

Rochdale Observer – Wednesday 01 August 1917

“The funeral took place at the Rochdale Cemetery on Monday, with full military honours, of Sapper Herbert Lord of the Royal Engineers, who died of shrapnel wounds at Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, on July 25th.  Service was conducted at the house, 32 Molyneux-street, and at St. Edmund’s Church by the vicar (the Rev. J. B. Phillips), who also officiated at the graveside.  The coffin was draped by the Union Jack.  At the cemetery a bugler sounded the “Last post,” and members of the Lancashire Fusiliers from the depôt at Bury fired three volleys over the grave.  Sapper Lord was 29 years of age, and had been in the Army about 16 months.  Prior to his enlistment he worked for J. F. and S. Buckley, decorators.”

PRIVATE T. W. BALL

Leeds Mercury – Monday 03 September 1917

CASTLFORD HERO’S DEATH

Private T. W. Ball. Image © Johnston Press plc. Courtesy of BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

Private T. W. Ball.
Image © Johnston Press plc.
Courtesy of BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

POPULAR YOUNG SOLDIER DIES OF WOUNDS.

     The interment took place yesterday of Private T. W. Ball, aged twenty-eight, of the Scots Guards, the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ball, of King William Hotel, Outsyke, Castleford, who died at the Middlesex Military War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea, from wounds received in action on July 31st, 1917.

     Crowds of sympathetic spectators lined the streets leading from his home to the cemetery at Castleford, for Mr. Ball was very highly respected by all who knew him.

     There were many beautiful wreaths, and the coffin was covered with the Union Jack.  The first part of the service was held in Hightown Parish Church.

      Private Ball was formerly employed in the Lancashire and Yorkshire Company’s office at the Outsyke railway station, Castleford.

     A military band and a firing party were in attendance.”

LEONARD DREWETT

Private 24392, 12th Bn. Devonshire Regiment (Private 90737, Labour Corps).

Born 13 December 1886 Great Bedwin, Edington, Wiltshire.  Baptised “Leonard Stephen Lovelock” on 2 February 1887. Son of Machine Sawyer Edington-born Stephen Drewett and Gt. Bedwin-born Ellen [Marie] Lovelock.

1891 Census:      Edington, Wiltshire. “Leonard Drewett”. Living with grandparents Jesse Coldrake & his wife Ann [Jane] (nee Drewett); Ann’s mother Betsy Drewett; and mother [sic]“Emily”  Drewett.

1901 Census:      Lower Street, Tinhead, Edington, Wiltshire. “Stephen Leonard Drewett”. Living with grandparents Jesse & Annie Jane Coldrake.

1911 Census:      Tinhead, Edington, Wiltshire. Living with Coldrake grandparents. Farm Labourer.

1916, 12 Jan:       Enlisted at Devises, Wiltshire. Occupation: Asylum Attendant.

1916, 14 June:    Embarked to France.

1917, 7 Sept:      Admitted to hospital.  Became a patient in several Casualty Clearing Stations.

1917, 12 Dec:      Returned to England.  He had had fits since receiving a blow to the head.

1917, 15 Dec:      Leonard was admitted to Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton, with “epilepsy”.

1917, 17 Dec:      Leonard was transferred to the Military Hospital in Colchester, with “epilepsy”.

1918, 12 Mar:     Leonard died at 2.50 p.m. in the Colchester Military Hospital, still in Service.  Lieut. Col. Herbert Stockley Taylor signed the document sent to the Labour Corps Records, Nottingham.

1918, 18 July:      Probate: “DREWETT Leonard of Tinhead Edington Wiltshire died 12 March 1918 at the Military Hospital Colchester Probate Salisbury 18 July to Henry Bathard no occupation.  Effects £60 7s. 6d.”  Buried a CWGC war grave.

Leonard is buried and commemorated at the Priory Church (Ss. Mary And Katherine And All Saints) Churchyard, Edington, Wiltshire, PLUS the following webpage tells the sad story of Six Bell Ringers of Edington, Wiltshire, who enlisted (of which Leonard was one:

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/nations-bells-to-ring-out-together-to-mark-armistice-centenary

PRIVATE J. W. HADDON

Grantham Journal – Saturday 27 April 1918

“PTE. J. W. HADDON, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Haddon, of Toft, is now in hospital wounded for the second time.  Notification was received last week, but further particulars to hand since state that Pte. Haddon is now in the Middlesex Hospital, at Clacton-on-Sea, and that he is suffering from a wound in the left side.  We are glad to state that, so far, Pte. Haddon is progressing favourably.  It is less than a month since a brother of Pte. Haddon died in hospital.”

PRIVATE D. BUCHANAN

Stirling Observer – Saturday 04 May 1918 – THORNHILL

Mr. Peter Buchanan, Main Street, has received word from his son, Private D. Buchanan, that he has been wounded in the arm.  He is progressing favourably, and is an inmate of the Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton on Sea.”

DRIVER CASTLE

Thanet Advertiser – Saturday 13 July 1918

DRIVER CASTLE, the only son of the Rev. J. T. Castle, of St. Peter’s Baptist Church, is seriously ill at the Middlesex War Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea. He joined the Mechanical Section of the Motor Transport as a first-class driver when 18 years of age, and while on service in France contracted pleurisy and blood poisoning, Mr. and Mrs. Castle were sent for last week, and visited him at Clacton with their daughter.

PRIVATE FRANK PRIOR

Cambridge Daily News – Friday 04 October 1918 – SWAVESEY

“PTE. F. PRIOR.—News has reached Swavesley that Pte. Frank Prior, Taylor’s-lane, was wounded by shrapnel in the right shoulder on the 21st ult. when serving in France. He is at the Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea.  Pte. Prior joined up on 25th October, 1916, went to Egypt in February, 1917, and was wounded in the shoulder in Palestine.  Last May he was sent to the Western Front.”


NEXT:  CLACTON: Essex Convalescent Home, Coppins Road

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