CLACTON: Essex Convalescent Home, Coppins Road

WW1_Clacton_EssexConvalescentHome_FrontFacade_Name_OwnedByHeather.A.Johnson

ESSEX CONVALESCENT HOME,

Coppins Road, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.

‘Essex Convalescent Home’, Clacton. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

‘Essex Convalescent Home’, Clacton. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

There are three WW1 ‘hospitals/homes’ known to have been in Clacton-on-Sea: ‘The Middlesex Military Hospital’ (previously known as ‘The Middlesex Hospital  Convalescent Home’);  ‘The Essex Convalescent Home’; and ‘The Reckitt’s Home Auxiliary Hospital’ (once called ‘The Reckitt Convalescent Home’).   There is no doubt that not all the people who assisted in the running of these establishments have been discovered within records and, thus, they remain un-named.

There is a strong possibility that other Convalescent Homes (of which there were many in Clacton-on-Sea at the time) may have played a role in nursing the returning, wounded or ill soldiers – perhaps on a regular basis or just on an odd occasion in times of emergency.     Likewise, they remain un-named.

‘Essex Convalescent Home’ opened in 1884.   The building was financed by private subscription and the architect was Fred Chancellor.  A Lodge was built in 1887.  The Home stood on what is now Coppins Road in Magdalen Green, Great Clacton.   It was a memorial to John Perry-Watlington, who was the chairman of the Essex Quarter Sessions.  It was sometimes known as the ‘Perry-Watlington Convalescent Home’.

The Home was intended to house ten patients of each sex. In 1892, extensions doubled the accommodation for patients and a new smoking room and lobby was provided in 1898.

However, in 1901, there were only eight males and four females.  In that same year, new rooms were built at each end of the Home which increased the number of patients to 20 male and 24 female. In 1904, another male ward was added.  In 1913, the Home had a total of 569 patients through its door.  See http://archiseek.com/2009/1884-convalescent-home-clacton-on-sea-essex/.

Architect’s sketch of the ‘Essex Convalescent Home’ building. Courtesy of Paul Clerkin of http://archiseek.com

Architect’s sketch of the ‘Essex Convalescent Home’ building. Courtesy of Paul Clerkin of http://archiseek.com

The Essex Convalescent Home only opened during the summer months: it being closed each year from November to March inclusive.   In October 1915, the Essex County Branch of the British Red Cross Society wrote to the Home’s committee – asking if the Home would accept wounded soldiers for convalescence during the winter months.   It was agreed to take 40 soldiers from 1st November 1915 to the end of March.

‘Essex Convalescent Home’, Clacton. Card postally used 1906. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson

‘Essex Convalescent Home’, Clacton. Card postally used 1906. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson

On 26 November 1915, theChelmsford Chronicle’ reported on the Essex Branch of the British Red Cross and a paragraph was dedicated to the Essex Convalescent Home:  “… Through the kindness of Mr. C. E. Ridley and the committee, the splendid premises of the Essex County Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea, are being made use of during the winter months, and there are in this Home at present between 30 and 40 patients. …” 

The Home’s Matron, Miss Alice Fox, and all the staff rose to the challenge to care for the wounded soldiers and everyone “cheerfully” gave up their Christmas holidays in order to do just that.

By February 1916, the British Red Cross Society had written again – asking if the Home could be made available for the wounded soldiers for the remainder of the year.   The committee agreed to take wounded soldiers for that year “or for any such portion of the year as they thought advisable”.

On Friday 18 February 1916, the Chelmsford Chronicle documented the patriotic decision taken by the committee of Clacton’s Essex Convalescent Home, to accept wounded soldiers:

ESSEX CONVALESCENT HOME.  A PATRIOTIC DECISION 

On Tuesday the annual meeting of the subscribers to the Essex Convalescent Home (Clacton-on-Sea) was held at the Essex County Council Offices, London, the Right Hon. James Round presiding. 

The annual report stated that the Home re-opened as usual on February 15th, and remained open until the first week in Nov., during which time 307 patients were admitted, against 520 the previous year.  The number of patients was very much lower than usual owing to the war.  Towards the end of October the Essex County Branch of the British Red Cross Society asked them to take in convalescent wounded soldiers, and it was agreed to receive 40 from the 1st November until the end of March, as it was felt sure that all subscribers would be glad to know that the home was being put to such good purpose instead of being, as usual, closed during the winter months.  Up to the end of the year from30 to 40 beds were occupied.  The Red Cross Society were paying 3s. per night per head; this paid the cost of provisions, but did not, of course, pay for salaries and upkeep of buildings and garden.  The committee had received a letter from the Red Cross Society asking that the Home might be given up to wounded soldiers for the rest of the year, and the committee, feeling that the subscribers would realise that their first duty was to their King and country, and would be quite willing to show their gratitude to the soldiers who had so nobly fought for their country, were in favour of acceding to the application.  The committee tendered their very grateful thanks to Miss Alice Fox, the matron, and all her staff, for their readiness to take charge of the wounded soldiers.  The whole staff cheerfully gave up their Christmas holidays, and had been unremitting in their care and attention to the soldiers. … 

Mr. W. W. Glenny proposed that the committee be empowered to take wounded soldiers for this year or for any such portion of the year as they thought advisable.  He thought that ninety-nine out of every hundred subscribers would support the application of the Red Cross Society.  Mr. Buxton seconded, saying that he was cordially in favour of it. 

Mr. C. E. Ridley, the hon. Sec., said that several subscribers had written to him on the question. And, with one exception, they were all in favour of the proposal.  The resolution was carried unanimously.”

WW1 soldiers and nurses at ‘Essex Convalescent Home’, Clacton. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

WW1 soldiers and nurses at ‘Essex Convalescent Home’, Clacton. Courtesy of Heather Anne Johnson.

On Friday 02 March 1917, the Chelmsford Chronicle covered the next meeting:

ESSEX CONVALESCENT HOME.  The annual meeting of the Essex Convalescent Home, Clacton, was held at River Plate House, E.C., on Tuesday, Mr. Andrew Johnston, J.P., C.A., presiding.

The Committee reported that the Home at Clacton had been given up to wounded soldiers throughout the year, and 278 were admitted.  Some stayed a long time, and all derived benefit.  Donations amounted to £164 17s., against £160 12s., and subscriptions £556 19s., against £666 3s., but maintenance received from the Red Cross Society was £1,487 8s., against £390 8s.  This not only enabled the committee to meet the large expenditure on provisions, etc., but to place £476 4s. 2d. to reserve.  No money had been expended on repairs and upkeep.  The committee had lately been asked to place a few beds at the disposal of troops, and had arranged for 24 beds.  The committee very much regretted the death of the Rt. Hon. James Round, a warm friend and generous supporter of the Home.  His late brother, Mr. Douglas Round, was also for many years a subscriber.  The work of looking after the wounded soldiers had entailed a great deal of hard work on the Matron (Miss Alice Fox) and her staff.  Many friends from the neighbourhood had been most kind in providing drives, afternoon teas, and various entertainments for the wounded soldiers.  Among those who helped were Mrs. Cowley, St. Osyth Priory; Lady Newton, Boxted; Mr. W. W. Hewitt, Dedham; Mrs. Coleman, Clacton; Mrs. Stimon, Clacton; ladies of Clacton and the local V.A.D.

The financial statement showed that for 1916 the receipts were £2,509 18s. 4d., against £1,570 9s. 9d., the increase being due to the sum received from the Red Cross Society for maintenance.  Provisions cost £1,006 7s. 4d., against £608 4s. 11d.

The Chairman, in moving the adoption of the report, said that giving up the Home to wounded soldiers was not only the right thing, but was popular, as was shown by the very small falling off in the subscriptions when their subscribers got to know the tangible benefit derived from the subscriptions.  The whole country, as well as the subscribers, would be glad and thankful that the memorial to their late friend, Mr. Perry Watlington, who was such a prominent country man, should be used in aid of a national need and as a national duty to the wounded men who had done so nobly at the Front.  (Applause).  The only other subject that called for comment was the death of his dear old friend, Mr. James Round, who went into Parliament with him nearly half a century ago.  Although they sat on different sides of the House, and he remained there only five years and Mr. Round about thirty-six, they had always been close friends. He was sure they all most deeply regretted his death.  (Hear, hear).

Mr. E. North Buxton, J.P., C.A., seconded the motion, which was carried. 

It was agreed to continue the use of the Home for wounded soldiers, the Chairman remarking that it would be very much regretted if this were not done.—The committee were re-elected, with the addition of Mr. C. J. Round; Dr. Percy Coleman was re-appointed medical officer; and Mr. C. E. Ridley, J.P., C.C., hon. Sec. and treasurer.” 

1st March 1918, Chelmsford Chronicle:  “The annual meeting in connection with the Essex Convalescent Home (Clacton-on-Sea) was held yesterday at River Plate House, E.C., Mr. A. Johnston presiding. 

The thirty-fourth report stated that the Home had been full the whole year with wounded soldiers, 422 having been admitted, against 278 the previous year.  The average number of days each patient stayed was 38, and nearly all cases the men derived benefit.   The average number of men resident daily during the year was 44.   Donations, subscriptions and collections all showed a falling off but this was not to be wondered at, as no civilian patients could be admitted.   The majority of the subscribers had, however, been very kind in continuing their subscriptions, and this had enabled the committee to meet the heavy cost of maintenance without asking the Red Cross Society for an increased capital grant.  Donations amounted to £59 9s. against £174 17s; subscriptions to £488 13s, against £596 19s.; and collections to £8 16s., against £14 17s. 1d.   On one hand the amount received from the Red Cross Society £2,238 11s. 6d., against £1,487 8s.   Subscribers would be glad to know that the Matron, Miss Alice Fox, had been given the Royal Red Cross.  The committee thanked the staff and all who had helped the Institution and its inmates, and Miss Oxley Parker (lady superintendent), Dr. Percy Coleman (medical officer), and Mr. C.E. Ridley (hon. sec. and treas.), for their services.   …” 

On one surviving but undated British Red Cross card for the “49” bed Essex Convalescent Home, the following hand-written names appeared: Florrie Turner; Cecilia M. Brady; Mabel M. Pineo; Adeline Garbutt;  and Elizabeth M. Mundy.   All women are marked as “J.C.” – which means that all women were trained nurses who volunteered direct to the Joint War Committee, as opposed to being British Red Cross or Order of St John members.


The surviving British Red Cross Card for the Essex Convalescent Home. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

The surviving British Red Cross Card for the Essex Convalescent Home. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.


LIST OF PEOPLE KNOWN TO HAVE WORKED AT ESSEX CONVALESCENT HOME: if a British Red Cross card exists for a person, a link is displayed at an individual’s profile [dates in () refer to length of service at Essex Convalescent Home]:-

ADAIR, Mrs. Dorothy (9.1914-9.1918. V.A.D. Assisting)

APPLEBY, Miss Elsie  (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

BEAUMONT, Miss Beatrice A. Commandant etc (worked at Reckitts too)

BRADY, Miss Cecilia M. (13.4.1917-23.11.1917. Trained Nurse.  Also worked at Harwich Garrison Military Hospital)

BRYAN, Miss Maud (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. General Work. Assisting Ambulance Train & at Reckitts)

CARTER, Mrs. Maud (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

CHAPMAN, Mrs. Ella (1915-1918. V.A.D. Nursing. General Work/Needlework)

CLACK, Miss Dorothy (9.1916-1918. V.A.D. Nursing. Assisting)

CLARK, Miss Dora (9.1915-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing Member)

CLARK, Miss Lillian (7.1918-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing Member “Special Service”)

COLEMAN, Dr. Percy (Medical Officer)

COX, Miss Alice (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

DRAKE, Mrs. Minnie (1912-?9.1918. V.A.D. Needlework duties)

FOX, Miss Alice R.R.C. (Matron. “hard work recognised” 02 March 1917. Royal Red Cross award 02 November 1917)

FREND, Mrs. Florence (1912-?9.1918. V.A.D. Needlework duties & at Reckitts)

GARBUTT, Miss Adeline (23.5.1918-28.8.1918. Trained Nurse)

JOHNSON, Miss Susie (1915-1918. V.A.D. Nursing. Teacher doing holiday duties & at Reckitts)

LAMPARD, Miss Mildred  (9.14-1916. V.A.D. Nursing + Ambulance Train)

LODGE, Miss Maralina (1915-1918. V.A.D. Nursing.  Canteen/General Work)

MUNDY, Mrs. Elizabeth Mary (nee Dowsett)  (28.8.1918-20.2.1919. Trained Nurse)

OXLEY PARKER, Miss (Superintendent, mentioned 01 March 1918)

PINEO, Miss Mabel (Julia) Mary (28.8.1918-20.2.1919. Trained Nurse)

RIDLEY, Mr. C. E., J.P., C.C.  (Hon. Secretary & Treasurer for Essex Convalescent Home)

SALTER, Mrs. Jane (Quartermaster. Ambulance Trains. War Work Depot. Army Canteen Work. Also worked at The Reckitt Convalescent Home)

SHADBOLT, Miss Freda (9.1914-9.1916. V.A.D. Assisting.  Also worked at The Reckitt Convalescent Home)

STRINGER, Miss S. A.  (“valuable services rendered” mention 14 February 1919)

TURNER, Miss Florrie (22.1.1917-23.4.1917. Trained Nurse)


N.B. Some British Red Cross members worked solely at the Clacton Railway Station – assisting when the Ambulance Trains arrive – and other duties, such as engineering … these are mentioned at the end of The Reckitt Convalescent Home chapter.



PROFILES:

ADAIR, Mrs. Dorothy (9.1914-9.1918. V.A.D. Assisting) ??


APPLEBY, Miss Elsie Doris (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

Born 1Q 1898.  Daughter of Wivenhoe-born “Removal Contractor & Jobmaster/Employer of Men” Ernest Moses Appleby and his Corbets Tey-born wife Lizzy.

1901 Census:      Mertle Villa, Beach Road, Clacton-on-Sea. “3”.  With parents and 1 servant.

1911 Census:      Dudbrook House, Pallister Road, Clacton-on-Sea.  “13”. At school. With parents; 2 sisters; and 1 General Servant.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=appleby&hosp=clacton&id=4804&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Pallister Rd, Clacton-on-sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex / 86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: Not yet demobilized; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Essex Ca. Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Part time 720; COMMISSION: Essex.


BEAUMONT, Miss Beatrice A. Commandant etc (worked at Reckitts too)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=BEAUMONT&hosp=clacton&id=14887&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Beaumont Hall, Clacton – on-Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: 7 years service; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Comdt.; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 1912; DATE OF TERMINATION: not yet Demobliized; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Organizing work etc; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Organizing all work, for Essex & Reckitts Convalescent Homes, for wounded soldiers, refreshments for Ambulance trains at Clacton-on-Sea Station, assisting at War Work Depot & Canteen work. Resigned October 7th, 1919; DEPARTMENT: Essex/86;  COMMISSION: Essex /86.


BRYAN, Miss Maud (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. General Work. Assisting Ambulance Train & at Reckitts)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=BRYAN&hosp=clacton&id=30644&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Marine Parade Clacton-on-Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex/86; RANK AT; ENGAGEMENT: nursing member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assisting Ambulance train; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 300; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Have assisted for general work at the Essex & Reckitts Con. Home. Also assisted at Clacton-on-Sea Railway Station Serving refreshment to wounded; COMMISSION: Essex.


BRADY, Cecilia M.  (13.4.1917-23.11.1917. Trained Nurse.   (Also worked at Garrison Military Hospital, Harwich.  6.8.1914-?4.1917 Trained Nurse/Sister. In charge of medical cases on First Floor).

Born. c1879 Ipswich, Suffolk

1891 Census:      156 Wherstead Road, Ipswich, Suffolk.  With Edward Clarke (Head) and his wife Caroline. “Adopted Daug”.  Aged “12”.

1901 Census:      ?

1906-1909:         Nurse training at Hertford County Hospital, Hertford.

1910?:                 Private nursing in Cannes, France perhaps?

1911 Census:      15 Childer Road, Stowmarket, Suffolk.  Aged “31”.  Occupation: Trained Nurse

1917, 13 Mar:     Nurses House, Brook Street, Ipswich, Suffolk.

The death of one Cecilia M. Brady was registered in Mar 1949, in Harwich, Essex.

A British Red Cross Card for Cecilia M. Brady. Side 1. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Cecilia M. Brady. Side 1. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Cecilia M. Brady. Side 2. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Cecilia M. Brady. Side 2. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.


CARTER, Mrs. Maud (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=carter&hosp=clacton&id=37634&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Sea Glimpse, Vista Road Clacton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex /86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: Not yet demobilized; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing, Essex Ca home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 900; COMMISSION: Essex.


CHAPMAN, Mrs. Ella (1915-1918. V.A.D. Nursing. General Work/Needlework)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=chapman&hosp=clacton&id=39731&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Victory Road, Clacton-on-sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex/86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1912; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Essex Con Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 310; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1915 to 1918. Doing general work & needlework at The Essex Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea. 250 hours; COMMISSION: Essex.


CLACK, Miss Dorothy (9.1916-1918. V.A.D. Nursing. Assisting)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=clack&hosp=clacton&id=41678&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Connaught Gdns Clacton-on-Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex /86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1916; DATE OF TERMINATION: 1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assisting Essex on Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 200; COMMISSION: Essex.


CLARK, Miss Dora (9.1915-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing Member)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=dora&sname=clark&hosp=clacton&id=41934&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Pier Avenue, Clacton On Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S Essex/86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1915; DATE OF TERMINATION: Still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assisting Essex Cn Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 380; COMMISSION: Essex.


CLARK, Miss Lillian (7.1918-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing Member “Special Service”)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?fname=lillian&sname=clark&hosp=clacton&id=42156&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Pier Avenue, Clacton-on-Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex /86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Special Service; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 07/1918; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assisting Essex Con Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 200; COMMISSION: Essex 86.


COLEMAN, Dr. Percy.  Born 1865 Southwark, London.  Birth registered 2nd Quarter. Son of London-born Hat Manufacturer Francis Coleman and his wife Elizabeth Mary.

1891 Census:  Lewisham, London. With parents & siblings + 2 servants. Occupation: Medical Practitioner/Surgeon.

1901 Census:  Riemore Lodge, Carnarvon Rd., Clacton. With wife and son;  + 2 servants.  Occupation: Surgeon.

1911 Census:  Riemore Lodge, Carnarvon Rd, Clacton On Sea, Essex. With wife + 2 servants.  Occupation: Surgeon.

Percy (“of Riemore Lodge, Carnarvon Road, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex”) died on 04 February 1938.


COX, Miss Alice (9.1914-?9.1918. V.A.D. Nursing)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=cox&hosp=clacton&id=50560&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Holland Rd, Clacton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex /86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Essex Con. Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 358; COMMISSION: Essex.


DRAKE, Mrs. Minnie (1912-?9.1918. V.A.D. Needlework duties)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=drake&hosp=clacton&id=63909&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Old Rd, Clacton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex / 86 over; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1912; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 185 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Has belonged to the Detachment 5 years during the war. Has done needlework at the Essex Convalescent Home Clacton-on-Sea for wounded soldiers. – 185 hours; COMMISSION: Essex.


FOX, Miss Alice R.R.C. (Matron. Trained Nurse. “hard work recognised” 02 March 1917. Royal Red Cross award announced 02 November 1917).

Born 1868 Coventry, Warwickshire.  Baptised 30 December 1868 at Holy Trinity, Coventry. Daughter of Coventry-born Lawyer’s Clerk Theophilus Fox and his wife Coventry-born Anne (nee Foster).

1871 Census:        79 Howard Street, Coventry, Warwickshire.  “2” yrs old. Living with Solicitor’s Managing Clerk father & mother; 1 sister; 4 brothers; and 1 General Servant.

1881 Census:        2 Ford Terrace, Ford Street, Coventry, Warwickshire. Scholar.  Living with Solicitor’s Managing Clerk father & mother; 3 brothers; 2 sisters; and a Domestic Servant.

1891 Census:        ‘The Hollies’, Foleshill, Warwickshire.  Occupation: Housekeeper.  Living with widowed father (High Bailiff for Coventry); 1 sister; 2 brothers; and 1 Domestic Servant.

1901 Census:

1911 Census:        Essex Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea.  Matron/Trained Nurse.  With 19 named staff and 19 named patients.

It is deduced that this is <strong>Matron Alice Fox</strong>.  She was the only Matron at Essex Convalescent Home during the Great War and this lady sits prominently placed within the group photograph, which is seen near the beginning of this chapter.

It is deduced that this is Matron Alice Fox.  She was the only Matron at Essex Convalescent Home during the Great War and this lady sits prominently placed within the group photograph, which is seen near the beginning of this chapter.

02 November 1917, Chelmsford Chronicle

ROYAL RED CROSS FOR ESSEX NURSES.  The King has awarded the Royal Red Cross to the undermentioned ladies of the nursing services in recognition of their valuable service in connection with the war:–  To be Associates, Royal Red Cross (2nd Class).  … …  Miss Alice Fox, Matron, Clacton Aux. Hpl.”


FREND, Mrs. Florence (1912-?9.1918. V.A.D. Needlework duties & at Reckitts)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=frend&hosp=clacton&id=79522&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Avondale Rd., Clacton-on-Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex/86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1912; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Needlework; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 261; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Has assisted at the Reckitts and Essex Convalescent Home with needlework – 260 hours; COMMISSION: Essex


GARBUTT, Adeline.  (23.5.1918-28.8.1918. Trained Nurse)

Born 1 Q 1852 Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire. Daughter of Tailor John & his wife Margaret.

1901 Census:  Ashdown House Private School, Forest Row, East Grinstead, Sussex.  Occupation: Nurse.

1911 Census:  Grosvenor Chambers, 110 Westborough, Scarborough.  Occupation: Sick Nurse.

A British Red Cross Card for Adeline Garbutt. Side 1. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Adeline Garbutt. Side 1. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Adeline Garbutt. Side 2. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Adeline Garbutt. Side 2. Courtesy & © of/Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.


JOHNSON, Miss Susie (1915-1918. V.A.D. Nursing. Teacher doing holiday duties & at Reckitts)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=johnson&hosp=clacton&id=120175&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Wellesley Road, Clacton-on-Sea; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1913; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Essex & Reckitts Cn Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 424; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1915 – 1918 A teacher doing holiday duties at the Essex & Reckitts Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea. 150 hours; DEPARTMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex/86; COMMISSION: Essex.


LAMPARD, Miss Mildred  (9.14-1916. V.A.D. Nursing + Ambulance Train)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=lampard&hosp=clacton&id=128971&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: White Friars, Edith Rd, Clacton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S.. Essex/86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing Member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; RANK AT TERMINATION: Nursing Member; DATE OF TERMINATION: still serving; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing in Essex Con Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: Half time 2 yrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Served at the Essex Convalescent Home Clacton during the War. Half time. For 2 years refreshments at Ambulance Trains Clacton-on-Sea Station. Still serving in the canteen work; COMMISSION: Essex/186.


LODGE, Miss Maralina Jane (1915-1918. V.A.D. Nursing.  Canteen/General Work)  Born 1Q 1868 Gt. Dunmow, Essex.  Daughter of High Easter-born “P.O. Rural Messager” and “Shoemaker” George Lodge and his Chelmsford-born Eliza.

1871 Census:      Dunmow Downs, Gt. Dunmow, Essex. “3” yrs. With parents; 1 sister; and 2 brothers.

1881 Census:      Dunmow Downs, Gt. Dunmow, Essex. “13” yrs. With parents; 3 brothers; and 2 sisters.

1891 Census:      North Street, Gt. Dunmow. Servant/Housemaid for Brewer George Randall & family.

1901 Census:      Towns End, Writtle, Essex. Housekeeper for brother (Baker).

1911 Census:      Easton Villa, Hayes Rd, Clacton, Clacton-on-Sea.  Living with mother; an aunt; & 1 sister.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=lodge&hosp=clacton&id=136553&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Easter Villas Hayes Rd, Clacton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex 186; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1912; PAY AT ENGAGEMENT: Member; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Nursing Essex Con. Home; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 478; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: 1915 to 1918 Doing canteen work & general work at The Essex Convalescent Home. 300 hours; COMMISSION: Essex.


MUNDY, Elizabeth Mary (nee Dowsett).  (28.8.1918-20.2.1919. Trained Nurse).

Born 1Q 1874 Gatton, Reigate, Surrey.  Daughter of Cowman George Dowsett and his wife Mary.

1901 Census:  St. Pancras Workhouse, St. Pancras, London.  Occupation: Mental Nurse

1910, 4Q:         Married Arthur William Mundy at Rochford, Essex.

1911 Census:  235 High Street, Sheerness, Kent.   No occupation given.

1916, 02.29:    Widowed.

A British Red Cross Card for Elizabeth Mary Mundy. Side 1. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Elizabeth Mary Mundy. Side 1. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Elizabeth Mary Mundy. Side 2. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Elizabeth Mary Mundy. Side 2. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

Elizabeth Mary Mundy’s husband ARTHUR WILLIAM MUNDY: Reg. No. 14006. Company Serjeant Major, Royal Garrison Artillery. Permanent Staff (Sussex).  Died:  Home. 29/02/1916.  Age 43.  Husband of Elizabeth M. Mundy, of 101 Richmond Road, Barnsbury, London.   Arthur was in his 21st year of service.  Born: St, Pancras, Middlesex.  Enlisted: London.  Residence: Ashford, Kent. Cemetery: St, James`s, Dover Kent. Ref: L. K. 26. (St. James Cemetery List)  A. W. Mundy : Born 2 Q 1872 St. Pancras, London.  Royal Garrison Artillery Company Sgt. Major.


OXLEY  PARKER, Miss

Probably one of two daughters of Gentleman/Banker Christopher William Oxley Parker? Either:

Cecilia Oxley Parker (1887 Woodham Walter, Essex – 1942 “of Faulkbourne Hall, Witham”) OR Flora Helen Oxley Parker (1889 Hatfield Peverel, Essex -1926 “of Faulkbourne Hall, Witham”)

N.B. Their brother William Lefevre Oxley Parker (Lieutenant, 11th Hussars/ Prince Albert’s Own) was killed on the 31 October 1917 nr Arras, France.  Two of their cousins were also killed: Captain Greville Oxley Brunwin-Hales and his brother Second Lieutenant Henry Tooke Brunwin-Hales – they were the sons of Canon Greville Turner and Mrs. Eva Caroline Brunwin-Hales (nee Parker), of St. Mary’s Rectory, Colchester.


PINEO, Mabel Julia Mary.  (14.5.1918-22.5.1918. Trained Nurse).

Birth registered 4Q 1869 Southsea, Hampshire.  Born in Portsmouth, Hampshire.  Daughter of Kent-born Admiralty Clerk Francis Baring Pineo & his wife Hertfordshire-born Elizabeth Jane (nee Trayler).

1871 Census: Meadowleigh, Merlin Road, Portsea, Hampshire. “1” yr old, with parents (father Clerk, Cashiers Department, HM Dockyard, Portsmouth); 2 sisters; 1 brother; and 3 servants.

1881 Census: ‘Oakfields’, Midhurst, Sussex.  Scholar, with parents (father retired); 1 brother; and 1 servant.

1891 Census:  ?Training at Royal Hants County Hospital, Winchester?

1901 Census:  Blagdon, Somerset. At home of a G.P. brother. With that brother; parents; and 1 servant.

1911 Census:  60 Creffield Road, Colchester, Essex.  Occupation: Sick Nurse.

1942:  Mabel’s death was registered Mar 1942, in Wokingham, Berkshire – she never married.

A British Red Cross Card for Mabel Julia Mary Pineo. Side 1. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Mabel Julia Mary Pineo. Side 1. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Mabel Julia Mary Pineo. Side 2. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.

A British Red Cross Card for Mabel Julia Mary Pineo. Side 2. Courtesy & © of /Permission to reproduce given by: The British Red Cross Society.


RIDLEY, MR. C. E.  J.P., C.C.  (Hon. Secretary & Treasurer for Essex Convalescent Home) ??


SALTER, Mrs. Jane (nee Mayhew) (Quartermaster. Ambulance Trains. War Work Depot. Army Canteen Work. Also worked at The Reckitt Convalescent Home)

Born c1875 Sibton, Suffolk.   Daughter of Sibton-born Agricultural Labourer Samuel Mayhew and his Suffolk-born wife Eliza (Wootten).   Married Horace Gustavus Salter in 1897 (Tendring).

1881 Census:      Sibton, Suffolk. With parents; 3 brothers; and 3 sisters.

1891 Census:      4 Chilcot Gardens, Hampstead, London.  With Widow Pauline H. Bamberger (Head); and Cook. Occupation: Housemaid.

1901 Census:      4 Milton Villas, Hayes Road, Clacton. With Bricklayer husband, son plus brother-in-law.

1911 Census:      11 Hayes Rd, Clacton-on-Sea.  With husband and son Francis.

A Jane Salter’s death was registered Jun 1951 in the Colchester District.

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=salter&hosp=clacton&id=182759&first=true&last=true

ADDRESS: Hayes Croft, Hayes Road, Clacton-on-Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex /86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Quartermaster; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 01/1912 DATE OF TERMINATION: not yet demobilized; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assisting organisation WHOLE OR PART TIME: Whole time; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: At the Essex & Reckitts Convalescent Home, Railway Station (Ambulance trains) War Work Depot., Army Canteen Work, etc; Quartermaster to Essex/86. From August 4th 1914, to (Still serving); COMMISSION: Essex.


SHADBOLT, Miss Freda (9.1914-9.1916. V.A.D. Assisting.  Also worked at The Reckitt Convalescent Home)

http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War/Card?sname=shadbolt&hosp=clacton&id=186580&first=true

ADDRESS: Avondale Rd, Clacton on Sea; PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENT: B.R.C.S. Essex/86; RANK AT ENGAGEMENT: Nursing member; DATE OF ENGAGEMENT: 09/1914; DATE OF TERMINATION: 09/1916; PARTICULARS OF DUTIES: Assisting generally V.A.D.; WHOLE OR PART TIME: 200 hrs; ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Assisting at The Essex & Reckitts Convalescent Home, Clacton-on-Sea for general work. 18 months. 200 hours; COMMISSION: Essex.


STRINGER, Miss S. A.  (“valuable services rendered” mention 14 February 1919)

14 February 1919, Chelmsford Chronicle

VALUABLE NURSING SERVICES.  The undermentioned have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War by the Chairman of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:-  Stringer, Miss S. A. , Essex Convalescent Hospital, Clacton …


TURNER, Florrie. (22.1.1917-23.4.1917. Trained Nurse)

Is this Florence Turner who was born in Camden Town, London in 1868?  1911 Census: 24 Chesterford Rd, Manor Park E, West Ham. Occupation: Children’s Nurse. At the home of her sister Kate and her family.


NEXT:  CLACTON: The Reckitt Home Auxiliary Hospital 

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